The Role of the Member of Parliament Since 1868: From Gentlemen to Players
OUP Oxford, 2001 M09 20 - 264 páginas
This wide-ranging study, by one of the UK's leading scholars of British politics, presents a fascinating picture of the role of the MP during the last 150 years. The author examines the various roles of Members of Parliament since the middle of last century. Backbench MPs have three major roles-a partisan role, a constituency role, and a scrutiny role. They increasingly expect and are expected to support their parties; to help constituents with individual problems and look after their collective interests; and they are expected to keep a check on the government and its policies. These roles existed 150 years ago, but the balance between them has changed. The partisan role now dominates at Westminster, the constituency role has expanded beyond all recognition, and the scrutiny role is widely seen as the poor relation. Moreover, while constituency work has been virtually hived-off as a non-partisan role, the conflict between the partisan and the scrutiny role creates a dilemma at the heart of parliamentary government.
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activity Alpheus Todd benchers Bernard Crick Berrington bills by-election candidates cent changes Conservative and Liberal Conservative MPs constituency role debates defeat demands dissidence division lobbies divisions election electoral government and opposition government backbenchers growth of government Hansard indexes House of Commons House of Lords Ibid ideological increased increasingly individual interests investigatory committees Irish Nationalists John Labour government Labour MPs Labour Party leadership legislation less Lib-Lab Liberal Party Liberal Unionists London Macmillan majority means Member of Parliament ment Michael Rush ministerial nineteenth century number of MPs occupations opposition backbenchers opposition frontbenchers Oxford parliamentary government parliamentary Questions participation partisan role party cohesion party organization party system party voting Philip Norton politicians Porritt Procedure proportion Redlich Reform Report representative resign salary scrutiny role seats Select Committee services and facilities session socio-economic standing committees standing orders Table tion TSRB two-party two-party system Westminster Whigs whips
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