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By ELISABETH R. FINLEY
HE God of the Great Endeavour gave me a torch to bear.
But slowly my arm grew weary upholding the shining locd
[From the New England Magazine, Volume 34, March-August, 1906, page 347.)
Three Weeks at Cambridge'
F many delightful vacations, none music, and its great men in religious and seven dollars a teacher could take the
has been more enjoyable than the civil life were presented by speakers whole course and attend any gr. all the summer spent in the British Isles. who, for the most part, have attained lectures, a reduction being řade for at
a I arrived in England the first of July, prominence as scholars and lecturers. tendance at only half the Meeting. : and after a month of intensive sight
The work of the Meeting is cultural seeing, came at last to restful Cambridge,
entirely, no examination being given and in time for the Summer Meeting, which
no credit allowed. One is treated as begins the last of July, and continues for
a real "grown-up” and left to enjoy the three weeks. It is in two parts and a
course in his own way. member is allowed to take either the first
My living quarters in Peile Hall were or second part, or both. The Meeting
most agreeable. Newnham College, resembles very closely the Extension
where the women students of the winter Work done by our Universities. Lec
session live, is a large modern brick ture Courses are given in the English
structure built around an enormous towns throughout the winter and the
court. Peile Hall—one section of the Summer Meeting at Cambridge con
college, accommodating about sixty stutinues the same type of work. Teach
dents—was opened to the women memers traveling in England will find it
bers of the Summer Meeting. I was most agreeable to stop at Cambridge for
one of the three Americans fortunate a part of the course at least, or if enough
enough to be lodged there.
In fact, interested in the work and the lovely
the clerk of the Summer Meeting told surroundings, would enjoy three weeks
me that they made a point of so locating there immensely.1
American students as to enable them to Medieval and Modern Italy was the
get a little of the atmosphere of English main subject of the lectures this year,
college life. and the Duke of Aosta, brother of the
My room, a bright, sunny and comKing of Italy, came to England to open THIS is King's Chapel
, Cambridge; fortably furnished one, looked out on
, the Meeting. Every phase of the life
one sees it from the beautiful
the court of which I have spoken. It of this most interesting country was de
was a lovely garden filled with roses and veloped its history, its art, architecture, Cam, with which the name "Cambridge"
old-fashioned flowers of many kinds. is associated.
At one end, in the center, is a white Prepared for The JOURNAL by Miss Ellen L. Corbett, Washington, D. C.
stone memorial seat, placed on a round American teachers are encouraged to at- The other courses, also highly in- elevation three or four feet high, the tend the summer meetings at Cambridge. The big summer meeting of 1923 will be at
teresting, were on Government Control cdges of which were covered with exOxford, using the subject “Universities of the in Industry; Psychology of Religion ; quisite pink and red ramblers. From World,” while Cambridge will give a course
Beginning and Advanced Italian. Three this point, paths lead through flowering in Geography. In 1924 the big meeting will be at Cambridge on the subject of "India."
lectures were given in the morning, two shrubs and trees to a sunken garden, in Full information may be had by writing to in the afternoon, and an art or music the center of which bubbled a little Dr. David H. S. Cranage, Syndicate Build- lecture in the evening—a pleasing ar- fountain surrounded by water lilies. ings, Cambridge, England, director of the summer meeting.
rangement. For the small fee of about In the four corners of this sunken
The Mississippi Education
garden were dainty rose bushes and on brilliantly colored blazers give a pleas- bordered on one side with flowers and two of its upper edges were hedges of ing touch to the picture. The lawns on the other with ancient buildings. American Beauty
banked with continue a hundred yards beyond the At four o'clock many boats will be found lavender. On entering the court Cam and there graveled walks find their anchored at the banks while the octhrough the huge iron gates one was way through magnificent old trees to a cupants have tea, for everyone has tea, moved by the exquisite beauty of this public driveway. A pleasant afternoon
either at home, in a tea room, or by inflower arrangement and the senses were may be spent rowing up this stream, vitation in the town. further charmed by their fragrance. The birds, too, seems to love this spot, for thrushes, as numerous as our robins, have chosen it for their playground. Another end of the grounds is devoted
to tennis and contains several courts and nearby are hammocks and a little -summer house where one may rest and
W. N. TAYLOR read.
Executive Secretary of the Mississippi Education Association, Aside from the pleasure of the sur
Jackson, Mississippi roundings and the interest of the lectures, a series of college visits was HE HISTORY of the Mississippi was an insistent and wider proclamation arranged. There are about fifteen or Education Association (called Mis- of education as the chief need and sole sixteen colleges in Cambridge Uni- sissippi Teachers' Association until re- hope of the despoiled and impoverished versity, each consisting of a group of cently) is a splendid example of what State. Prejudice against the public buildings and each having its own may be accomplished by persevering ef- schools must be removed, and they must chapel. The oldest, architecturally
oldest, architecturally fort in the face of all sorts of obstacles be adapted to whites and to blacks, and most beautiful, and most historic of these and difficulties.
so taught that every child in the State were grouped in four tours, and parties The Association was organized at might be assured that through integrity, of about ten arranged. Quaint and his- Jackson in 1838, and met regularly for intelligence, and industry the way to toric old colleges, chapels, cloisters, gate- several years. There were
prosperity was yet open to all.” ways, and fountains; exquisitely-carved controlled colleges in Mississippi at that In 1885 came a new era for the Mischoir stalls, beautiful stained glass time, and there was no public school sissippi Teachers' Association and for windows, some by Burne-Jones, libraries system. The institution of slavery, of public education in Mississippi. The with ancient books and manuscripts, and
Association was reorganized in that wonderful Fellows' gardens, with little and few towns. The only education year, and has had a continuous existence lakes and swimming pools, abounding in offered within the State was that pro- since that date. In speaking of the bright-colored flowers and magnificent vided by a few private schools and period following 1885, Dr. Dabney old trees, give a charm to this university academies. The wealthy planters and Libscomb, the Dean of the living exwhich cannot be surpassed. Combina- slave holders usually sent their children presidents of the Association, says, “Taktion rooms used by the Fellows and filled to eastern universities.
ing 1885 to 1922 as the measure of active with rare old mahogany furniture, hand- Under these conditions it can easily life of both the public schools and the carved paneled dining halls, with por- be imagined that the State Teachers' State Teachers' Association, it is easy traits of famous graduates and bene- Association was a small affair, and had to see their connection; and yet it may factors---some by Gainsborough and little influence in shaping educational surprise some to learn that almost every Reynolds—added interest. A special thought.
thought. The annual gatherings were step in the progress of education during tour was planned to the Pepysian Li- small, and there was no constructive these years has been foreshadowed by brary, bequeathed to Magdalene College program. Naturally the organization discussion and resolution in the State by the author of Pepy's Diary, the orig- was soon abandoned.
Teachers' Association, followed geninal of which is shown, as are several The Association was reorganized in erally by appeals to the public, to the other rare old books.
1866, and held an important assembly trustees, and to the legislature to make Still other delightful features were in 1867. What was accomplished by effective the proposals by petition, legisplanned. Organ recitals, one or two this reorganization and the subsequent lation, and appropriation." each week were given in the chapels; assembly is unknown, as there are prac- During the time covered by this Chancellor and Mrs. Pearce entertained tically no records of the assembly of period, there have been three distinct the summer students at an evening 1867. It is safe to assume that the dis- phases in the growth of the Association. garden party at Corpus Christi Lodge; cussions turned largely along the lines The first of these was from 1885 to and one afternoon Sir Charles and Lady of the new conditions brought about by 1905; the second from 1905 to 1918, Walston entertained us with lovely the Civil War, the destruction of and the third from 1918 to the present music and a program of æsthetic dancing slavery, the prospective enfranchisement time. at a garden party at their country home. of the negro, and the like.
From 1885 to 1905 the annual conThe “Backs” of the Colleges must not There was not another meeting of the ventions were held either during the be forgotten. Here, indeed, is one of Association until 1877, and from this Christmas holidays or during the sumthe loveliest sights in England. Green date until 1885 the organization met mer vacation. Neither time was satislawns slope down to the river Cam, on irregularly. In speaking of this period factory, and the attendance was usually which boating and punting are favorite a well-known educator says, “The key quite small. No membership fee was sports. Here university men with their note in every assembly of the teachers collected, and the expenses of the annual
meeting were usually cared for by con- was developed, school terms were length- was adopted providing for general sestributions among the delegates. If the ened, the curriculum was enriched, local sions and sectional meetings. The proceedings were published at all, the taxing districts were formed, and pub- Association was at last a real profesexpense was borne by the State Depart- lic sentiment for better schools was sional organization. Through this period ment of Education. aroused.
from 1905 to 1918 the annual convenThe tremendous accomplishments of In 1905 the time for the annual con- tions were largely attended, and a great the Association through this period vention was changed to April and later deal of constructive work of far-reachwere out of all proportion to its mem- to the first week in May. A member- ing importance was accomplished. It bership, furnishing the strongest possible ship fee was established and the mem- would not be interesting to readers of evidence of the skill and devotion of the bership was increased from a few dozens this article to detail the forward moveeducational leaders of the period. Uni- to several hundreds. The first meeting
The first meeting ments in public education in Mississippi form examinations for teachers were held in the spring showed an unusual during this period. It is sufficient to say provided; a system of county institutes increase in attendance. A constitution that some study or investigation by the
Association, some resolution or discussion in the organization furnished the point of beginning for practically every forward-looking, constructive movement.
The year 1918 is a landmark in the development of the Mississippi Teachers' Association, chiefly from the fact that it marks a large increase in membership enrolment. The enrolment increased from 1000 to 5000. This remarkable increase in enrolment followed by another substantial increase in 1919 made possible a Statewide campaign for better salaries for teachers.
In this campaign the teachers were aided by the business men, and remarkable results were obtained both in increasing salaries and securing better teaching conditions. This increased enrolment also paved the way for the final step in development of the organization. This consisted of the establishment of a headquarters' office in the Capitol of the State, the employment of a full-time executive secretary,
and the purchase of the Educational SANITARY GROCERY CO. KG
Advance. This was done prior to June 1, 1921. We are now on our second
year of operation under this system, and SANITARY SANITARY
up to this time most gratifying results have been obtained. With an official organ owned and published by the Association, with an executive secretary giving his full time to the organization, we feel that the time has come when the teachers of the State shall become real leaders, and through their powerful organization they may direct a structive program of education.
'HE VERY RESEARCH in me
chanics and chemistry that produced NEW PROPERTY PURCHASED BY NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIA:
TION—This double brick building and a double frame building, the edge of the machine age has torn asunder the which is shown at the right, have recently been purchased by the Association for foundations of the old social order, re$55,000. As soon as these two buildings can be vacated by their present occupants
leased new and terrifying forces, and they will give the Association additional room for its expanding activities. Even more important still they will afford a building site later when the Association's
now threatens the dissolution of society work has so grown as to demand a modern addition to the present excellent building, itself. The present plight of the world purchased in 1919 for $98,000. The Association is to be congratulated upon having seems to show that mankind is in the obtained this site before it was seized by the real estate interests which are erecting grip of inexorable forces which may many large apartment buildings in the neighborhood. Two large buildings are now
destroy civilization if not subdued to under construction in the block where the Association is located. Another large building is being built across the street and the Walker Hotel—which proposes to
humane purposes.—From The Economic be one of the largest and best in the city-is being erected only two blocks away.
Basis of Politics by Charles A. Beard.