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this work have been many and, for the most part, are named in the text. But sweeping credit is here due to the invaluable “ Memorial History of Boston" and to the “ Boston Antiquities” of Samuel Drake. I have to thank also Mr. Irwin C. Cromack of the engineering department, City of Boston, for kindly aid given and the editor of the Canadian Magazine for permission to incorporate in the chapter How Winthrop Treated With the La Tours” my article on the “ Fight Between La Tour and D'Aulnay” contributed to his magazine

M. O. O.

last year.

CHARLESTOWN, 1908.

“S

T. BOTOLPA'S Town! Far over leagues of

land

And leagues of sea looks forth its noble tower,
And far around the chiming bells are heard :
So may that sacred name forever stand

A landmark and a symbol of the power
That lies concentred in a single word."

- LONGFELLOW. ole

AE distinctive characteristic of the settlement of the English colonists in America is the in

troduction of the civilization of Europe into a wilderness without bringing with it the political institutions of Europe. The arts, sciences, and literature of England came over with the settlers. . . . But the monarchy did not come, nor the aristocracy, nor the church as an estate of the realm. Political institutions were to be framed anew such as should be adapted to the state of things." - DANIEL WEBSTER.

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THE spirit of that age was sure to manifest

itself in narrow cramping measures and in ugly

acts of persecution ; but it is, none the less, to the fortunate alliance of that fervid religious enthusiasm with the love of self-government that our modern freedom owes its existence." JOHN FISKE.

HOU, too, sail on O ship of State !

Sail on, O Union, strong and great !

Humanity with all its fears, With all the hopes of future years

Is hanging breathless on thy fate!– LONGFELLOW.

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DOROTHY QUINCY, FROM A PORTRAIT BY COPLEY Frontispiece CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH

4 OLD HOUSE IN MEDFORD, BUILT BY GOVERNOR CRADOCK 12 GOVERNOR JOHN WINTHROP St. BOTOLPH'S CHURCH, BOSTON, ENGLAND JOHN COTTON'S VICARAGE

43 REV. John COTTON .

56 COTTON CHAPEL, Sr. BOTOLPH's, Boston, ENGLAND 60 SIR HARRY VANE, FROM AN OLD MINIATURE JOHN ENDICOTT

72 OLIVER CROMWELL

80 SiR HARRY VANE's HOUSE, STILL STANDING IN HAMPSTEAD, LONDON

86 FORT LA TOUR (OR ST. JEAN), ST. JOHN, New BRUNSWICK, FROM A DRAWING BY LOUIS A. HOLMAN

102 ROGER WILLIAMS

118 THE WELLS - ADAMS HOUSE, ON SALEM STREET, WHERE THE BAPTISTS HELD SECRET MEETINGS.

121 SIR RICHARD SALTONSTALL

134 GOVERNOR SIMON BRADSTREET

147 INCREASE MATHER

166 HOUSE OF COTTON MATHER, WHICH STOOD AT WHAT IS NOW 298 HANOVER STREET

172

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