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From the Year 1708, to the Year 1712.

C H A P. I.
Designs of the next campaign.-Ghent and Bruges taken by the

French.--The battle of Oudenard.--Lise invested. Bold ar-
tempt of a French officer.-Battle of Wynendalı.-Elector of
Bararia's design upon Brussels.--Duke of Marlborough and
prince Eugene pass the Scheld.--Citadel of Life taken. The
French army separates, and Ghent and Bruges are relaken.
Campaign in Italy and in Spain.-Conquest of Minorca.- Dif-
ferences between the emperor and the pope.-Campaign in Ger-
many.— Affairs in Hungary and Polund.--Cominodore Iagir
destroys the galleons. The Rufian ambassadır arrested.
Death of prince George of Denmark. The duke of Marlbo-
rough's interest with the




29. Α Ν Ν Ε.

1708. HE advantages gained by the French, the last year, prompted them to entertain several projects, and The printo make still greater efforts to recover their former

France superiority. And indeed their forces this year sent to seemed to be more numerous than ever, especially in the the armies Netherlands, where it was believed the elector of Bavaria in FlanVOL. XVI.

and ders.

ces of

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17€8. and the duke de Vendosme would have again commanded.

But an unexpected alteration was fuddenly made, and the French king declared the duke of Burgundy generalisfimo of his forces, appointing the duke de Vendosme to serve under him ; and he was to be accompanied by the duke of Berry. The pretender (who was returned from his unsuccessful expedition to Scotland) went with them, without any other character than that of the chevalier de St. George. The elector of Bavaria was to command on the Rhine, with the duke of Berwick under him, the marth al de Villeroy being fecalled, and appointed to command in Dauphiné. These proceedings of the French king surprized every one ; but he conceived great hopes from these alterations of his generals. The credit with relation to money was still very low in Fránce : For, after many methods taken for raising the credit of the mint bills, they were still at a discount of forty per cent. No fleets came this year from the West-Indies, and

therefore they could not be supplied from thence. Designs of On the 12th of April, there was a great conference bethe can- tween prince Eugene, the duke of Marlborough, the depupaign are ties of the Sates for private affairs, and penfionary Heinfius, concerted. in the chamber of Triers, the usual place of conferences in B odrick. the States apartment ; which was pitched upon to avoid the Ml. Hift. trouble of the ceremonial; for otherwise it must have been Burret.

at the duke of Marlborough's, as ambassador extraordinary; .
whereas prince Eugene had no character, his credentials im-
porting only, " that his imperial majesty had sent his first
is counsellor, president of the council of war, and general-
“ lieutenant, prince Eugene, to concert the operations of
"s the campaign, in whom the states were desired to put an
or incire confidence." As soon as they were entered the
room, the duke of Marlborough took prince Eugene by the
hand, and led him to a leat above his own; after which the
States deputies placed themselves, without observing any
precedency among them. Prince Eugene opened the con-
ference with a speech, wherein he gave a particular "
"count of the emperor's forces in Naples, Lombardy, and
" Piedmont, and of those designed for Spain, and having
"mentioned the troops which his imperial majesty intended
“ to employ in Germany, he gave, in very modest terms,
"s his own opinion of the operations of the next campaign,

both on the Upper-Rhine and the Low-Countries ; con«cluding, that he had inftructions from his imperial ma“-jefty to use his endeavours to engage the queen of Great* Britaisi and the States-General to approve the scheme he


o had

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“ had proposed, and to second, on their parts, his imperial 1703. “ majesty's efforts, both to reduce the exorbitant power of

France, and io restore his brother king Charles " the whole monarchy of Spain."

After prince Eugene had ended his speech, the duke of Marlborough acquainted the assembly with the instructions he had received from the queen his mistress, in relation to the business before them; and at last mention was inade of a separate 'army to be commanded by prince Eugene. This conference, which lasted above an hour, was but a kind of preliminary; for the deputies of the states were not impowered to make any answer either to prince Eugene's, or the duke of Marlborough's proposals, but only (according to the usual methods observed by that republic) to receive them, and to report the fame to their high mightinefles; which they did on the i6th.

Several other conferences were held, though more privately, between the duke of Marlborough, prince Eugene, and the deputies of the States; the result of which was (as it afterwards appeared). That most of the imperialists em‘ployed the year before on th: Upper Rhine, with the Sax

ons and Heslians in the pay of Great Britain and Holland, • and the troops which the elector Palatine was to furnith ' in consideration of his imperial majesty's restoring him to • the poffeffion of the Upper Palatinate, with the preroga

tives enjoyed by his ancestors, should march into the New . therlands,'to at there, under prince Eugene, in concert ' with the British and Dutch forces, commanded in chief by " the duke of Marlborough, and under him, by veldi-mara • fhal Auverquerque.' Whether prince Eugene, who took . Hanover in his way to the Hague, chen communicated this scheme to the elector of that name, and found him averse to it, or proposed other measures to his electoral highness, is not known; but it was thougbi fit, that prince Eugene and the duke of Marlborough should now both wait on that prince, in order to obtain his conciissence to the resolutions taken at the Hague, and engage him to return to command, the army on the Upper Rhine.

The duke of Marlborough intended to have gone back to The duke England, before the opening of the campaign ; but prince of MariEugene was very earnest with him to meet him at Hanover ; borough and the States having represented to the queen of Great and prince Britain the 'neceflity of his presence on that lide, and how Eugene uncertain the winds might make his timely return, the sea. 50 to Ha. A 3


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1708. son being so far advanced, he resolved upon the journey to

the court of Hanover. Prince Eugene, having finished his negotiations at the Hague, set out the zoch of April N. S. arrived the 22d at Duffeldorp, and, having ended his business, the next day, with the elector Palatine, and sent an express to Vienna, pursued his journey towards Hanover. The duke of Marlborough met him the 26th, two German miles from that place, and, arriving there the same evening together, they alighted at the British envoy's. The duke went first to court, and was followed thither foon after by prince Eugene, where the several audiences of ceremony, which they had of the electoral family, being over, they had together a long conference with the elector, who gave orders for their being accommodated at his own palace. Their conferences were continued the three following days, the count de Rechteren affisting on the part of the States General. They met with some difficulties' at first, which were removed by the dextrous and prudent management of prince Eugene and the duke of Marlborough ; and his electoral highness, though he was sensible, that, by this scheme for making vigorous efforts in Flanders, the army, which he was to command himself on the Upper Rhine, must be extremely weakened, and he should be obliged to stand on the defenfive ; yet, at length, he consented to part with several regiments, and, being satisfied with the laurels he had already gained, chearfully sacrificed to the common cause the glory he might have reaped by acting offensively. But tho' it was agreed, that prince Eugene fhould come into the Netherlands, yet it was industriouly given out, that he was to act with a separate body on the Moselle, which obliged the enemy to send a confiderable number of forces that way

under the command of the duke of Berwick. Prince Eu On the 29th of April, prince Eugene set out for Leipsic, gene goes to confer with king Augustus, who was come thither on to Vienna, purpose, two days before, from Dresden. On the prince's

arrival he finished his negotiations in a few hours, and purand the sued his journey the next day to Vienna. The duke of duke of Marlborough made no long stay after prince Eugene at HaMarlbo

nover; for he set out from thence the day after, and arrived rough to the 3d of May at the Hague, where he communicated to the Hague

the States General the result of the conferences held at HaThe cam-nover; and, having concerted with their high mightinesses paign in further measures for opening the campaign, he went to Flanders. Ghent, where having reviewed the British forces, he pro


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