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EXECUTIVE RESPONSIBILITY-Continued.

secured by concession of control of revenue, 35, 40, 356, 525

statutes relating to, 40
tenure-of-office,” despatches, etc., 40, 41

(See APPROPRIATION, BRITISH CONSTITUTION, CABINET, CONVENTIONS)

F.

FACTORY ACTS

power of provincial legislature to pass, 375

FEDERALISM-

common to both Britislı and United States systems, 12
in British Imperial system, 5, et seq.

rests on “conventions,” 7, 10, 250

growth of, 8
in United States system. the basis, 8, 43,

upheld by law, 7
in Canadian system, the basis, 43, 47, 245, 281, 423

involves continuation of parties to fædus, 47, 241, 423

v. legislative union, 44 (see UNITARIAN)
opinion may vary as to position of dividing line, 44
full governmental power necessary for each division, 45-6

(See B. N. A. Act)

FEDERAL OFFICERS-See OFFICES AND OFFICERS

FEDERAL COURTS-See JUDICIAL SYSTEM

FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS, 519, et seq., 530, 594, 607, 6:0

FRANCE -

droit administratif in, 14

FRANCHISE-See ELECTIONS

FREE TRADE-

interprovincial, 523, 530

FRENCH LANGUAGE--
in debates, etc., of parliament of Canada, 539

Quebec legislature, 539
in courts, 539
in Manitoba, 593
in N.-W. Territories, 579

G.

GAME LAWS-

power of a provincial legislature to pass, 414, 180, 488

GOVERNOR-GENERAL-chapter VIII.

powers of, defined and limited by commission, 150
no immunity from being impleaded, 152, 162

in English courts, 152-5, 160
in courts of his colony, 155, 162
civilly,

155-9
criminally, 160-2
letters patent constituting office, 162, et seq. (see Appendix)
powers in relation to appointments to office, 165-6

parliament, 165.168
pardon, 166
disallowance of provincial Acts, 342

(Sce DISALLOWANCE)
dual position of, 250
Acts under advice of Dominion cabinet in matters committed to

parliament of Canada, 250
powers in relation to Lieutenant-Governors, 251, 308, 320
not sole representative of the Queen in Canada, 254-5 (see LIEUTE-

NANT-GOVERNOR)
invested with all statutory powers of governors, etc., in pre-con-

federated provinces, so far as exerciseable in federal govern-

ment, 48, 256, 315
power of Dominion parliament to alter, etc., 257
salary of, 517

(See ADMINISTRATOR, DEPUTY, PREROGATIVES)

GREAT BRITAIN-See British ConstITUTION, ENGLAND, IMPERIAL

PARLIAMENT

H.

HARBOURS, 530

HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA-
constitution of, 282-300

membership, 282
representation of provinces in, 282, 294

redistribution, 294
electoral districts in each ;rovince, 297

HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA-Continued.

elections, See ELECTIONS
speaker, 291–

SPEAKER
quorum, 293—

QUORUM
voting, 293— VOTING
duration of, 293

cannot be altered by Dominion parliament, 293
money votes must originate in, 298-See APPROPRIATION AND Tax

BILLS
(See PARLIAMENT OF CANADA)

HOUSE OF LORDS-

functions of, 258
compared with United States senate, 258

senate of Canada, 268-271
(See SENATE)

I.

IMMIGRATION, 512

IMPERIAL EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY-
in relation to Canada, limited, 11, 141-3, 253

disallowance of Dominion legislation, 145.9, 174
(See PREROGATIVES)

IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT-

its dual nature, 7, 55
legislates, prima facie, for United Kingdom only, 7, 185
Acts of, do not primâ facie extend to colonies, 7, 185
no legal limits to legislative power of, 11, 55, 186—See Exclusive
“conventional" limits as to colonies, 7-9, 66, 74

(See COLONIAL LEGISLATIVE POWER)
colonial legislature cannot affect Acts of, of express application to

colony, 60, et seq.
repeal of Act by, repeals in colony, 69, et seq.
general legislation by, how far introduced into Canada-See Exo-
LAND, LAW OF

distinction between, and Acts of express application, 58, 75

time limit, 58
when do Acts of, extend to a colony-See COLONIAL Laws VALIDITY

Аст
(Sce PREROGATIVES, PRIVILEGES)

IMPERJAL STATUTES--See ENGLAND (LAW OF), IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT

IMPLIED POWERS, 9, 221, 348-

doctrine of, how far applicable in Canada, 348-9
IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT, 394, 476
INDIGENT DEBTORS, 396, 476—See BANKRUPTCY AND INSOLVENCY,

B. N. A. Act, s. 91, s-s. 21

J.

JUDGES-

appointment of, etc., 512, et seq.-See JUDICIAL SYSTEM
JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF CANADA-See also COURTS

Canadian Courts, at times, practically administer foreign law, 224-5
courts enforce observance of dividing line between Dominion Par-

liament and provincial legislatures, 172, 223, 342
federal courts administer provincial law, and vice verså, 227, 230

power of Dominion parliament to establish, 229, 230,

384, 514
jurisdiction determined by line of division between

Dominion parliament and provincial legislatures,

229, 515

provincial courts no power to supervise, 240
provincial courts, pre-Confederation, continued, 227-9

jurisdiction of, does not depend on line of division

between Dominion parliament and provincial

legislatures, 230, 238, 470
power of provincial legislature to establish new,

238, 470
power of provincial legislature to appoint judicial

officers, 238-9, 470-1
territorial jurisdiction of courts, 225, et 8.9.
vice.admiralty courts, 227
duties may be imposed on courts, etc., in Canada by authority other

than that which created the court, 230
by Dominion parliament on vice-admiralty courts, 231, 384

on provincial courts, 232
by provincial legislature on federal judges, 232-4
scheme of B. N. A. Act illogical, 234, 468, 515
procedure—an essential part of certain legislation, 235-7

maritime law, 236
patent law, 402
insolvency law, 237

election law, 237-8, 290

different meanings of term, 234-7

(See CriminAL LAW, PENAL Laws of PROVINCE3, EVIDENCE)
JUSTICES OF THE PEACE --See JUDICIAL SYSTE:I

L.

LANDS-See Public LANDS

LAW-See RULk or LAW

LEGISLATIVE POWER-
supreme over executive, 12, 137, 144

through financial necessities of executive, 29 –Sec APPROPRIATION

both in British and United States systems, 14
and executive co-extensive, 12, 46, 137, 144, 437.

close connection in England, 15-See CABINET.

lack of symi etic connection in United States, 14, 17, 334
limitations upon, enforced by courts, 11, 202—See Courts of Law

in colonies, part of federal idea, 20
(See B. N. A. Act, COLONIAL LEGISLATIVE Power, Executive)

AUTHORITY, PARLIAMENT OF CANADA, PROVINCIAL LEGISLATURES

LEGISLATIVE UNION-See UNITARIAN, FEDERALISM

LEX ET CONSUETODO PARLIAMENTI-See PRIVILEGES

not carried into colonies, 263

LIEUT.-GOVERNOR-

a link in the chain of federal connection, 48
appointment of, 48, 300, 306
tenure of office, 251, 308
removal of, 251, 306-9

* conventional” rule in Letellier case, ib.

what constitutes “cause," 309
deputy, power to appoint, 321—See ADMINISTRATOR
invested with all statutory powers of governors, etc., prior to Con-

federation so far as exerciseable in provincial government,

48, 313-9
invested with all powers necessary to executive government of pro.

vinse, 49, 303
represents the Queen, 303-6, 325
for purposes of executive government, 303-4

legislation, 306, 325
how far he may act without “advice,” 319-20

subject to “instructions" of Goyernor-General, 304-5,
relations of Dominion executive to, 307-8, 309, 320
Dominion parliament no power to legislate as to, 309, 419

his position compared with that of Governor-General, 303-5
LICENSES, 445—See Liquor TRAFFIC

direct or indirect taxation ? 430, 447

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