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The laws of the Church of Scotland require that, in order to be enrolled for the first year of his attendance, every Student shall produce to the Professor of Systematic Theology a certificate from the Minister of the Parish in which he has his usual residence, or in his absence, or during a vacancy in said Parish, the Moderator of the Kirk Session, bearing that he is a member of the Church of Scotland, and that his character is suitable to his views; together with a certificate from the General Assembly's Examining Board for intrants at one of the Universities that he has satisfied the requirements of the Board and passed their Examination. In order to be enrolled for subsequent years, the Student is required to produce a certificate, as before, from the Minister of the Parish, or the Moderator of the Kirk Session, and a certificate from the Presbytery.

According to the Act of the General Assembly of 1883, all Candidates for the Ministry are required to attend at the Divinity Hall either three full and regular Sessions, without the fourth partial Session; or two full and regular Sessions and three partial Sessions; and further, in the case of Students whose last Session is a regular one, the motion proposing them for trial shall not be considered by the Presbytery until that last regular Session shall have been duly certified as completed.

Every Student must give regular attendance during at least two full and regular Sessions on the Classes of Systematic Theology, Church History, Biblical Criticism and Hebrew; and a third full and regular Session, or three partial Sessions, on the Class of Systematic Theology. Every Student is required to deliver Six Discourses, viz., a Theological Essay, a Homily, a Critical Exercise on some portion of the Original Text of the New Testament, a Critical Exercise on some portion of the Original Text of the Old Testament, a Lecture and a Popular Discourse; and it is expected that every Student will deliver his first Discourse during his second Session at latest. The Professor of Systematic Theology receives the Essay and hears the Lecture and Popular Sermon. The Professor of Divinity and Church History hears the Homily, the Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism hears the Critical Exercise on a portion of the New Testament, and the Professor of Hebrew hears the Critical Exercise on a portion of the Old Testament.

All Students of Theology who have completed the prescribed. course of Theological instruction are required, before being taken on trial for licence, to be examined by the Examining Board of the Church on the various subjects of Theological Study. It is competent, however, for that Board to exempt Students who have taken the Degree of Bachelor in Divinity at one of the Universities of Scotland, from examination in those subjects of

Theological Study proficiency in which is denoted by the said Degree.

During the first three days of the Divinity Session, Students producing the necessary certificates will be enrolled by the Professor of Systematic Theology; but thereafter, no Student will be enrolled until the grounds of absence have been submitted to the Divinity Faculty, and declared satisfactory.

Students who are Bursars must attend not fewer than two classes in any one year of their course, except in the last. In the last Session, provided the required attendances at the classes of Church History, Biblical Criticism, and Hebrew have been completed, it is permissible to attend the class of Systematic Theology only. No reduction is allowed in the fee for subsequent attendance on any of the classes.


Entrance and Exit Examinations of Divinity

Students who produce a diploma of M.A. at any of the Universities of Scotland, or of B.A. after an undergraduate course at a British or Irish or approved Colonial University, or who produce certificates of having passed the Preliminary Examination, and of having given attendance on a degree course in Arts, and of having passed in subjects with a view to the degree of M.A. at a Scottish University, will be exempted from examination in the subjects covered by the degree or certificates.

All students-graduates as well as non-graduates-will be examined in Scripture Knowledge and New Testament Greek, and those whose certificates in their progress to a degree do not cover Greek, Latin, Moral Philosophy and Hebrew will, in addition, be examined in any or all of those subjects not included. Under the provisions of the Act of Assembly, 1916, students who fail at the Entrance Examination in October in not more than two of the following subjects, viz., Latin, Classical Greek, Moral Philosophy, and Hebrew, will have an opportunity of being examined in the following April, at the time of the Exit Examination, in the subject or subjects in which they have failed. In the event of failure to pass in Greek, students are strongly recommended to attend a class in Greek during the session.

The Entrance Examination, 1919, will take place at the several Universities on Wednesday and Thursday, 8th and 9th October, at 10 A.M. each day.

1. The subjects of examination for the Entrance Examination in October, 1919, will be :

Latin.-1. Cicero, De Amicitia; Virgil, Æneid, VI. 2. Prose Composition, and translation of unseen passages.

Greek.-1. Xenophon, Memorabilia, II.; St. Luke's Gospel. 2. Translation of unseen passages, and Prose Composition.

Hebrew.-Davidson's Hebrew Grammar, sections 1-31. Genesis, chapters i. and ii., with grammatical questions limited to the subject in the Grammar. Moral Philosophy.-Mackenzie's Manual of Ethics. 4th edit., pp. 1-273. Scripture Knowledge.-(1) Knowledge of English Bible-the following books specially prescribed: 1 and 2 Samuel; St. Matthew's Gospel; Epistle to Ephesians. (2) Shorter Catechism.

2. The subjects for the Exit Examination, April, 1920, will be:

1. Apologetics.-Flint's Anti-Theistic Theories.
II. Church History.-1. To A.D. 325.

Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.

2. Scottish Church History—

III. Old Testament Introduction and Exegesis.-1. Isaiah liii.-lvi. 2. Psalms cxx.-cxxxiv.

IV. New Testament Introduction and Exegesis.-1. Pastoral Epistles. 2.
Greek New Testament ad apert.

V. Christian Doctrine.-1. Doctrine of Sin. 2. Theology of Epistle to the
Hebrews. 3. Confession of Faith (historical origin and contents).
VI. Scripture Knowledge.-1. General knowledge of the English Bible-
special attention to be paid to the following books: 1 and 2 Samuel;
Jeremiah; St. John's Gospel; Acts of the Apostles and First Epistle of
St. Peter. 2. Shorter Catechism.

Those who have passed for the degree of B.D. will be examined in IV. 2, V. 3, and VI. only.

For further information, students are requested to apply to Rev. Gordon J. Murray, D.D., 11 St. Swithin Street, Aberdeen, from whom Forms to be filled up, ten days previous to the Examinations, can be obtained. See also Church of Scotland Year Book.

Graduation in Divinity.

The Degrees conferred in the Faculty of Divinity are Doctor of Divinity (D.D.), and Bachelor of Divinity (B.D.), the former being conferred honoris causâ tantum, and the latter after examination.


The Degree of Bachelor of Divinity is conferred in virtue of Ordinances Nos. 63 and 154 of the Scottish Universities Commissioners (1889), and under Regulations framed by the Senatus Academicus.

1. In terms of the above Ordinances, no one shall be admitted to examination as a candidate for the degree of Bachelor of

Divinity (B.D.) in this University, unless he be (1) a Graduate in Arts of the University, and have taken a complete Theological course in a Scottish University or Universities, or in an institution or institutions specially recognised for the purpose of the Ordinance by the University Court, or partly in a Scottish University or Universities, and partly in such institution or institutions; or (2) a Graduate in Arts of any Scottish University or other University specially recognised as aforesaid, and have completed his Theological course, of which not less than two years' attendance shall have been given in this University.

Candidates may be admitted to examination in not more than three of the subjects, after the completion of the second session of attendance on their Theological course.

2. Candidates must pass a satisfactory examination in APOLOGETICS, and DOGMATICS (including BIBLICAL THEOLOGY), CHURCH HISTORY, BIBLICAL CRITICISM, and HEBREW.

The degree is conferred with Honours on those who pass this examination and the Special Honours Examination (see below) on a sufficiently high standard. Candidates for Honours cannot enter for less than two subjects (see below), and both examinalions, Ordinary and Honours, must be taken at the same time-March or October.

3. No candidate may be examined in any subject until he has completed the attendance on classes in that subject required by the theological curriculum of the University, College, or Seminary from which he comes up for examination. Further, in the event of a candidate appearing for examination more than once in any subject, he must, before being again admitted to examination, pay an extra fee of half a guinea for each such subject.

4. Candidates must intimate beforehand to the Secretary of the Senatus when they propose to present themselves for examination.


I. Systematic Theology. In October, 1919. See "Calendar" of 1918-19. In March and October, 1920 :


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Note.-The accompanying literature is suggested for guidance in study; but a special knowledge is required of the works italicised.

(1) Historical Theology.-(a) General: Primitive Religion, and the Religion of Persia; (b) Biblical: The Theology of the Gospels; (c) Ecclesiastical: The Creeds of the Ancient Church.

Literature. (a) Relative sections of Menzies, Moore, and other general works on the History of Religion; Jevons, "Introduction to the History of Religion"; Robertson Smith, "Religion of the Semites"; Jackson, "Zoroaster"; (b) Stevens, " Theology of the New Testament"; Moffatt,

"Theology of the Gospels"; works by Weiss, Beyschlag, Wendt, etc.; (c) Curtis, "History of Creeds and Confessions"; Briggs, "Theological Symbolics"; Schaff, "The Creeds of Christendom"; Stewart, "" Creeds and Churches".

(2) Critical and Apologetical Theology.-(a) The Essence of Christianity; (b) Theism and Theistic Proof.

Literature. (a) W. P. Paterson, "The Rule of Faith" (especially Second Part); W. Adams Brown, "The Essence of Christianity"; Harnack, "What is Christianity ?" (b) Flint, "Theism"; J. Caird, "Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion"; Rashdall, "Philosophy and Religion"; references in works on the Philosophy of Religion and Christian Apologetics.

(3) Constructive Theology.-The Doctrines of God and His Relation to the World; Man and Sin; The Person of Christ.

Literature.-W. Adams Brown, "Christian Theology in Outline"; Orr, "Christian View of God and the World"; Wheeler Robinson, "Christian Doctrine of Man"; H. R. Mackintosh, "The Person of Jesus Christ"; general works by J. Caird, W. N. Clarke, T. B. Strong, Dorner, Haering, etc.

B. Supplementary Subjects for Honours. In October, 1919. See "Calendar" of 1918-19. In March and October, 1920:-(1) Christian Thought from the Reformation to Kant. (2) Studies in Religious Philosophy: (a) The Nature and Development of Religion; (b) The Validity of Religious Knowledge.

Literature.-Fisher, "History of Christian Doctrine"; McGiffert, "Protestant Thought before Kant"; Pünjer, "History of the Christian Philosophy of Religion" (tr. Hastie); Galloway, "Philosophy of Religion" (Parts I. and II.); E. Caird, “Evolution of Religion"; W. James, "Variety of Religious Experience"; works on the Philosophy of Religion by Pfleiderer, Höffding, Sabatier, etc.

11. Church History. In October, 1919. -A. Graduation Subjects. (1) General History of the Church, 312-590 A.D., (2) Scottish Church History, 1560-1690 A.D. In March and October, 1920. Graduation Subjects: (1) General History of the Church, 70-312 A.D.; (2) Scottish Church History, 1690-1843 A.D.

Literature suggested: (1) relative portions of the works of Gwatkin, Kurtz, Schaff, Rainy, Moeller, Robertson, Cheetham; (2) relative portions of the works of Grub, Cunningham, N. L. Walker, Stephen, McEwen, Bellesheim on Scottish Church History.

B. Supplementary Subjects for Honours (October, 1919): (1) Eusebius, History of the Church, Books VI.-X. (in English); (2) Relation of Church and Empire prior to 325 A.D.; (3) Scottish Church History 1153-1560 A.D. In March and October, 1920: (1) Eusebius, History of the Church, Books I.-V. (in English); (2) Adamnan, "Life of Columba" (in English); (3) Celtic period of Scottish Church down to the death of Queen Margaret, 1093.

Literature suggested: McGiffert's edition of Eusebius; Ramsay's "Church and Roman Empire"; Hardy, "Christianity and the Roman Government"; Workman, "Persecutions in Early Church"; relative portions of Skene," Celtic Scotland," Vol. II.; Reeves', Fowler's, and Huyshe's editions of Adamnan's "Life of Columba"; Cunningham, Mackelvie ("Annals of U.P. Church "); Grub, Campbell and Niven (in Story's Church of Scotland"), McEwen, Stephen, Bellesheim, Dowden, Columba Edmonds, Buchanan's "Ten Years' Conflict".

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