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"(6.) To take proceedings against a principal or professor, University lecturer, assistant, recognised teacher or examiner, or any other person employed in teaching or examining under section twelve, sub-section five, of the Universities (Scotland) Act, 1858, without the necessity of any one not a member of the Court appearing as prosecutor, and for the purposes of such proceedings to call before it any member of the University to give evidence, and to require the production of documents, and also to institute and conduct any such inquiries as it may deem necessary:
"(7.) To appoint from among members of the University or others, not being members of the Senatus Academicus, one third of the members of any standing committee or committees charged, by ordinance of the Commissioners under this Act, with the immediate superintendence of any libraries or museums, or the contents thereof, belonging to the University and college or colleges thereof existing at the passing of this Act, and on representation made by any of its members, or by any member of the Senatus Academicus, to review any decision which the Senatus Academicus, in the exercise of its powers, may come to in respect of the recommendations of such committee or committees:
"(8.) To appoint committees of its own number consisting of not less than five members, with powers to report on any business that may be entrusted to them by the University Court, or to carry out special instructions ordered by the University Court:
"(9.) To elect the representative of the University on the General Medical Council under the Medical Act, 1886 :
"(10.) After the expiration of the powers of the Commission to found new professorships with the approval of the Universities Committee, and after such expiration no new professorship shall be founded except as herein provided."
The University Court as now constituted consists of the following members:-1. The Rector. 2. The Principal. 3. The Lord Provost of Aberdeen for the time being. 4. An Assessor nominated by the Chancellor. 5. An Assessor nominated by the Rector. 6. An Assessor nominated by the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Town Council of Aberdeen. 7. Four Assessors elected by the General Council. 8. Four Assessors elected by the Senatus Academicus. 9. Such number, not exceeding four in all, of Representatives of Affiliated Colleges as may be appointed under and subject to the arrangements made in terms of Sect. XV., Subsect. (4) of the Universities (Scotland) Act, 1889. The Rector may, before he appoints his Assessor, confer with the Students' Representative Council. The Rector and his Assessor continue in office for three, the other Assessors for four years; but all Assessors are eligible for re-election. No Principal or Professor of any University can be elected Rector or nominated or elected Assessor to any other person or body than the Senatus Academicus. The Rector, and, in his absence, the Principal, presides; in the absence of both, a chairman is elected by the meeting. The chairman at any meeting has a deliberative vote and also a casting vote in case of equality. Seven members form a quorum.
The University Court has the patronage of the Chairs of Mathematics, of Natural Philosophy, of Law, of Chemistry, and of Forensic Medicine. The appointments of Assistants to Professors are made by it on the recommendation of the Professors. It decides (and its decisions are final) on all appeals regarding the registration of Members of the General Council, and it has also the power of fixing from time to time the amount and period of payment of the fee from Graduates for enrolment on the General Council.
Note. The ordinary meetings of the Court are held on the second Tuesday of every month, except April, August and September. The Standing Orders require that business intended for such meetings must be communicated to the Secretary not later than 10 A.M. on the Thursday preceding.
Members of the University Court since its Constitution in 1860 up to 1890.
(See List, above.)
Alexander Thomson of Banchory, LL.D.,
Rev. Wm. Mearns, D.D.,
William Leslie, M.A., of Wartle,
John Ramsay, M.A.. of Barra and Straloch,
Alexander Kilgour, M.D.,
John Webster, of Edgehill, LL.D., 1860, 1863, 1866, 1869, 1872, 1875, 1878, 1881, 1881, 1887.
GENERAL COUNCIL'S ASSESSOR.
SENATUS ACADEMICUS' ASSESSOR.
Francis Ogston, M.D., LL.D.,
1878, 1882, 1886
1872, 1876 1880, 1884
1861 1865, 1869, 1873
Members of the University Court since its Re-constitution in 1890.
The Marquis of Huntly, P.C., LL.D.,
Sir Frederick Treves, Bart., G.C. V.O., C.B., F.R.C.S., LL.D.,
Andrew Carnegie, LL.D.,
1890, 1893, 1896
Winston L. S. Churchill, P.C.,
Sir Wm. D. Geddes, LL.D., D. Litt.,
Very Rev. John Marshall Lang, C.V.O., D.D., LL.D.,
Very Rev. Sir GEORGE ADAM SMITH, D.D., LL. D. Litt. D.,
-1889, 1893, 1897, 1901, 1905, 1909, 1913 1891, 1893, 1897 1900, 1901, 1905 1903 1905, 1907, 1911 1909, 1913, 1917 1911 1915, 1916, 1917
1916 1916, 1917
SENATUS ACADEMICUS' ASSESSORS.
William Milligan, D.D.,
1886, 1890 1889, 1893 1889, 1891
1889, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916
1893, 1894 1895, 1899 1897, 1901
1898 1902, 1906
1903 1905, 1909, 1913 1907, 1911, 1915 1910 1914, 1918 1917 1918
The Senatus Academicus consists of the Principal and Professors. It is entrusted with the regulation and superintendence of the teaching and discipline of the University; has the entire power of granting Degrees; and, up to 1890, it also administered the property and revenues of the University. The Principal is President, with a deliberative and a casting vote; in his absence the senior Professor present acts as Chairman. One-third (nine) of the Senatus constitutes a quorum. The Senatus appoints twothirds of the members of Committees charged by the Universities Commissioners with the immediate superintendence of the libraries and museums of the University, the remaining third being appointed by the University Court; and it receives in the first instance all reports by such Committees, and, subject to the review of the University Court, confirms, modifies, or rejects the recommendations in such reports.
The Senatus elects four Assessors to the University Court. Previous to the Universities Act of 1889, it elected one. No
*For names of Assessors, see under University Court.
Principal or Professor of any Scottish University can be elected Rector, or be nominated or elected Assessor to any other person or body than the Senatus Academicus.
The Professors are classified under the five Faculties of ARTS, SCIENCE, DIVINITY, LAW, and MEDICINE. The Faculty of Science was instituted by Ordinance No. 31 of the Commissioners under "The Universities (Scotland) Act, 1889". The various Faculties are constituted as under:
(1) The following Professors constitute the FACULTY OF ARTS: the Professors of English Literature, Humanity, Greek, Hebrew and Semitic Languages, Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Logic, Moral Philosophy, History.
(2) The following Professors constitute the FACULTY OF SCIENCE: the Professors of Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Natural History, Botany, Anatomy, Physiology, Agriculture.
(3) The following Professors constitute the FACULTY OF DIVINITY: the Professors of Systematic Theology, Divinity and Biblical Criticism, Divinity and Church History, Hebrew and Semitic Languages.
(4) The following Professors constitute the FACULTY OF Law: the Professors of Law, Forensic Medicine and *History.
(5) The following Professors constitute the FACULTY OF MEDICINE: the Professors of Chemistry, Natural History, Botany, Natural Philosophy, Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Materia Medica, Medicine, Surgery, Midwifery, Forensic Medicine.
There are now Assistants to all the Professors except those in the Faculty of Divinity. They are appointed yearly by the University Court on the recommendation of the respective Professors. All the Assistants are debarred from private teaching.
The following Degrees are conferred by the University :-
Doctor of Divinity (D.D.).
By resolution of University Court.