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Marischal College and University.
ALTHOUGH the Foundation Charter of 1593 contemplates the existence of a Chancellor, it prescribes no mode of election, and the successors of the Founder--the Earls Marischal-under the title of Patrons of the Earl Marischal's College”_seem to have been regarded as Chancellors until their forfeiture in 1715. In 1727, a petition was presented to George II., representing the difficulties experienced from the want of a Chancellor, and praying His Majesty to appoint the Duke of Cumberland * to the Office. The result of the petition is unknown. The first recorded appointment of a Chancellor is that of the Earl of Bute in 1761,
as the office is become vacant by the death of his Grace the Duke of Argyll”. From that time the Chancellor was elected for life by the Senatus Academicus.
Besides a Rector to be chosen annually by the “ suppositi,” divided into four Nations, the Charter established an official entitled the Dean of Faculty (to be elected at the same time by the Chancellor, Rector, Principal, Regents, and Senior Minister of Aberdeen), whose duty was to preside at Examinations, and at the granting of Degrees. No formal record of these elections is extant of earlier date than 1664.
The officials charged with the ordinary work of tuition were the Principal and Three Regents, to whom a fourth was added in 1620, when the Principalship t was temporarily conjoined with the Divinity Chair. It was the intention of the Founder that
The Duke of Cumberland, who in 1727 was only six years of age, became, in 1746, Chancellor of St. Andrews.
+ The Principalship in Marischal College was in two instances, in the 17th century, held by Doctors of Medicine.
each Regent should devote himself to the teaching of some special branch or branches; and this system seems to have prevailed until the short-lived union with King's College in 1641, after which date each Regent began to carry his students through all the four years of the curriculum. After 1717 one of the Regents was, in tardy compliance with the Act of Visitation of 1700, set apart to the duties of Professor of Greek, and in 1753, the other Regencies became Professorships of Moral Philosophy of Natural Philosophy, and of Civil and Natural History respectively.
To the original offices the following Professorships were added ---Mathematics in 1613,* Divinity in 1625, Medicine in 1700, Oriental Languages in 1732, Chemistry in 1793, Church History in 1833, Humanity, Anatomy, and Surgery in 1839, and that of Medical Logic and Medical Jurisprudence in 1857.
Charles Gordon Lennox
John Milne 1666-72 No Record
1673-75 George Meldrum
1676-78 No Record 1679-86 Patrick Sibbald 1687 No Record
No Professor of Mathematics was appointed until 1626.
+Further details as to the Officials will be found in the New Spalding Club's Fasti Academiae Mariscallanae, vol. ii., 1898.
See under King's College (list of Principals).
RECTORS--(Continued). 1730-31 No Record
1826-27 Sir James Macgrigor, M.D. 1732 Sir Alex. Ramsay of Balmain,
1828 Joseph Hume, M.P. 1733-36 No Record
1829 Vacant 1737-45 George Skene of Skene
1830 Sir Charles Forbes of Newe, 1746-60 No Record
Bart, M.P. 1761-63 Sir Arthur Forbes of Craigievar, 1831 The Earl of Errol Bart.
1832 Sir Michael Bruce of Stenhouse 1764-69 John Gray
Bart. 1770-71 Alexander Fordyce of Colpna 1833 Sir Charles Forbes, Bart. 1772-81 No Record
1834 Alexander Bannerman, M.P. 1782-83 Cosmo Gordon of Cluny 1835-36 John Abercrombie, M.D. 1784-85 No Record
1837 Lord Lyndhurst 1786-87 Cosmo Gordon
1838 Lord Brougham and Vaux 1788-89 Francis Garden of Gardenston 1839 J. C. Colquhoun of Killermont, 1790-91 Sir William Fordyce, M.D.
M.P. 1792-93 Sir Wm. Forbes of Pitsligo, 1840 Sir George Sinclair of Ulbster, Bart.
Bart., M.P. 1794-95 James Ferguson of Pitfour, M.P. 1841 Sir James Macgrigor, Bart., 1796-97 Alexander Allardyce of Dun
M.D., LL.D. ottar, M.P.
1842 Sir John F. Herschel, Knt. 1798-99 Sir Alex. Ramsay Irvine of 1843 The Marquis of Breadalbane Balmain, Bart.
1844 Vacant 1800-01 Sir Wm. Forbes of Craigievar, 1845-46 Archibald Alison, LL.D. Bart.
1847 Vacant 1802-08 Alexander Baxter of Glassel 1848 Patrick Robertson, Lord Robert1808-13 Sir William Grant 1814-18 Charles Forbes of Auchmedden, 1849-50 John Thomson Gordon M.P.
1851-52 The Earl of Eglinton and Winton 1819 Sir George Abercromby of Bir- 1853 The Earl of Carlisle, LL.D. kenbog, Bart.
1854 William Henry Sykes, M.P. 1820-21 Earl Fife
1855-56 Austen Henry Layard, D.C.L. , 1822 Charles Forbes of Auchmedden,
1857 Vacant 1823 Earl Fife
1858 The Earl Stanhope 1824-25 Joseph Hume, M.P.
1859-60 The Earl of Airlie
DEANS OF FACULTY. 1598 Peter Blackburn, the elder 1714-27 Alex. Thomson of Portlethen 1619 William Forbes
1728-45 James Thomson of Portlethen 1632 John Forbes
1746-60 No Record 1664 Lewis Gordon, M.D.
1761-66 Professor John Stewart 1665 Robert Thomson
1767-70 David Skene 1666-76 No Record,
1771 William Thom, Civilist of King's 1677 Robert Bruce
College 1676-78 No Record,
1772-81 No Record 1679-81 Robert Spence
1782-83 George Moir of Scotstown 1682 Lewis Gordon, M.D.
1784-85 No Record 1683-84 No Record
1786-87 James Mercer 1685-86 George Garden
1788-89 George Moir of Scotstown 1687 No Record
1790-91 James Mercer 1688-90 John Forbes
1792-93 Alexander Irvine of Drum 1691-1713 No Election
1794-95 Alex. Burnett of Strachan
DEANS OF FACULTY--(Continued). 1796 George Campbell, late Principal | 1826 Alex. Thomson of Banchory 1797-99 Alex, Burnett of Strachan 1827-33 Duncan Davidson of Tullichetly 1800-01 William Forbes Leith of White- 1834-36 James Blaikie, Provost haugh
1837-47 Alexander Bannerman, M.P. 1802-03 Alexander Irvine of Drum 1848-51 Sir Michael Bruce, Bart. 1804-06 Sir Robert Burnett of Leys, Bart. 1852-55 Alexander Thomson of Banchory 1807-13 Alexander Irvine of Schivas 1856-57 Sir John Forbes, Bart., M.D. 1814-18 George Douglas, Sheriff of Kin- 1858 Alexander Thomson of Banchory cardineshire
1859 Sir Thomas Blaikie, Knt. 1819-25 Hugh Lumsden of Pitcaple 1860 Alex. Stronach
PRINCIPALS. 1593 Robert Howie*
1717 Thomas Blackwell, elder 1598 Gilbert Gray
1728 John Osborn 1616 Andrew Ædie
1748 Thomas Blackwell, younger 1620 William Forbest
1757 Robert Pollock 1621 Patrick Dun, M.D.
1759 George Campbell # 1649 William Moir
1796 William Laurence Brown 1661 James Leslie, M.D.
1832 Daniel Dewar 1678 Robert Paterson
REGENTS. 1601 Patrick Gray
1630 Hugh Gordon, Professor of Logic 1602 William Forbes, Prof. of Logic 1632 William Aidie, Professor of Greek 1603 Thomas Reid ||
John Rae, Professor of Moral 1605 Andrew Keith
Philosophy 1610 Patrick Dun, Prof. of Logic 1635 William Blackhall, Prof. of Logic 1611 Alexander Scroggie
1636 James Hay 1613 William Gray
164- John Menzies 1616 Peter Blackburn, the younger
1644 Andrew Youngson John Ross
1646 Patrick Sandilands ** Adam Reid
1648 Robert Burnet
Robert Forbes **
James Chalmers 1619 Andrew Massey, Prof. of Logic
1649 Andrew Cant, the younger ++
Alexander White 1620 James Sibbald, Professor of Natural 1655 George Meldrum I Philosophy
1660 William Meldrum 1623 William Wedderburn, Professor of John White Greek
1661 George Bannerman 1626 John Seton, Prof. of Nat. Phil. 1663 Thomas Paterson
* Afterwards Principal of St. Mary's College, St. Andrews. † Afterwards first Bishop of Edinburgh.
Author of " The Philosophy of Rhetoric," " A Dissertation on Miracles," &c.
Previously Professor of Church History, Moral Philosophy, and the Law of Nature, Utrecht University ; author of the first Burnet Prize Essay on Theism. || Afterwards Latin Secretary to King James VI.
One of the “ Aberdeen Doctors ** Afterwards Regent, King's Coll. # Afterwards Principal of Edinburgh University. #Afterwards Professor of Divinity, Edinburgh University.
REGENTS—(Continued). 1663 Patrick Strachan
1753 William Duncan, Professor of 1664 John Gordon
1758 William Kennedy, Prof. of Greek 1667 Alexander Alexander
1760 James Beattie, Professor of Moral Robert Bruce
George Skene, Professor of Natural
Philosophy; of Civiland Natural 1672 John Lorimer
History, 1775 1673 George Peacock
1775 Patrick Copland, Prof. of Natural 1674 William Seton
1779 Robert Hamilton, Prof. of Natural 1675 John Paton
1782 John Stuart, Prof. of Greek 1679 James Lorimer
1787 James Hay Beattie, Prof. of Moral 1681 Thomas Burnett *
Philosophy 1682 Alexander Litster
1788 William Morgan, Prof. of Civil and 1683 Robert Keith
Natural History 1686 John Keith
James Beattie, Prof. of Civil and James Moir
Natural History 1688 Alexander Moir
1796 George Glennie, Professor of Moral 1693 William Smith +
Philosophy 1713 George Keith
1811 Robert Rainy, Prof. of Civil and 1715 William Meston, the Jacobite poet
Natural History 1717 Patrick Hardie
James Davidson, Prof. of Civil and
1817 Patrick Copland, Prof. of Natural George Cruden, Prof. of Greek
Philosophy 1721 George Turnbull
1823 William Knight, Prof. of Natural 1723 Thomas Haddow, Prof. of Greek
Philosophy Thomas Blackwell, Prof. of Greek 1827 Robert James Brown, Prof.of Greek 1724 Daniel Gordon
1841 Wm. MacGillivray, Prof. of Civil 1727 William Duff
and Natural History S 1729 Matthew Mackaile, M.D.
1845 David Gray, Professor of Natural 1734 Francis Skene, Prof. of Civil and
1846 William Martin, Professor of Moral 1739 Alex. Innes
Philosophy 1742 David Fordyce
1853 James Nicol, Professor of Civil and 1752 Alex. Gerard, Professor of Moral
1856 James Clerk Maxwell, Professor of
Natural Philosophy !! PROFESSORS OF DIVINITY. 1625 Robert Barron |
1745 Robert Pollock 1649 John Menzies
1759 Alexander Gerard 1684 Patrick Sibbald
1771 George Campbell 1697 James Osborn
1795 William Laurence Brown 1711 Thomas Blackwell
1831 Alexander Black ** 1728 James Chalmers
1843 William Robinson Pirie
Author of the “Essay on Truth,' " The Minstrel,” &c.
| Author of “A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism,” and other works ou Physics. Afterwards Professor of Experimental Physics, Cambridge University.
Previously Regent, St. Salvator's College, St. Andrews. One of the “ Aberdeen Doctors”.
** Afterwards Professor in New College, Edinburgh.