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Marischal College and University.

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ALTHOUGH the Foundation Charter of 1593 contemplates the existence of a Chancellor, it prescribes no mode of election, and the successors of the Founder--the Earls Marischal-under the title of Patrons of the Earl Marischal's College”_seem to have been regarded as Chancellors until their forfeiture in 1715. In 1727, a petition was presented to George II., representing the difficulties experienced from the want of a Chancellor, and praying His Majesty to appoint the Duke of Cumberland * to the Office. The result of the petition is unknown. The first recorded appointment of a Chancellor is that of the Earl of Bute in 1761,

as the office is become vacant by the death of his Grace the Duke of Argyll”. From that time the Chancellor was elected for life by the Senatus Academicus.

Besides a Rector to be chosen annually by the “ suppositi,” divided into four Nations, the Charter established an official entitled the Dean of Faculty (to be elected at the same time by the Chancellor, Rector, Principal, Regents, and Senior Minister of Aberdeen), whose duty was to preside at Examinations, and at the granting of Degrees. No formal record of these elections is extant of earlier date than 1664.

The officials charged with the ordinary work of tuition were the Principal and Three Regents, to whom a fourth was added in 1620, when the Principalship t was temporarily conjoined with the Divinity Chair. It was the intention of the Founder that

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The Duke of Cumberland, who in 1727 was only six years of age, became, in 1746, Chancellor of St. Andrews.

+ The Principalship in Marischal College was in two instances, in the 17th century, held by Doctors of Medicine.

each Regent should devote himself to the teaching of some special branch or branches; and this system seems to have prevailed until the short-lived union with King's College in 1641, after which date each Regent began to carry his students through all the four years of the curriculum. After 1717 one of the Regents was, in tardy compliance with the Act of Visitation of 1700, set apart to the duties of Professor of Greek, and in 1753, the other Regencies became Professorships of Moral Philosophy of Natural Philosophy, and of Civil and Natural History respectively.

To the original offices the following Professorships were added ---Mathematics in 1613,* Divinity in 1625, Medicine in 1700, Oriental Languages in 1732, Chemistry in 1793, Church History in 1833, Humanity, Anatomy, and Surgery in 1839, and that of Medical Logic and Medical Jurisprudence in 1857.

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George Gordon

Charles Gordon Lennox

John Milne 1666-72 No Record

1673-75 George Meldrum

1676-78 No Record 1679-86 Patrick Sibbald 1687 No Record


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No Professor of Mathematics was appointed until 1626.

+Further details as to the Officials will be found in the New Spalding Club's Fasti Academiae Mariscallanae, vol. ii., 1898.

See under King's College (list of Principals).

RECTORS--(Continued). 1730-31 No Record

1826-27 Sir James Macgrigor, M.D. 1732 Sir Alex. Ramsay of Balmain,


1828 Joseph Hume, M.P. 1733-36 No Record

1829 Vacant 1737-45 George Skene of Skene

1830 Sir Charles Forbes of Newe, 1746-60 No Record

Bart, M.P. 1761-63 Sir Arthur Forbes of Craigievar, 1831 The Earl of Errol Bart.

1832 Sir Michael Bruce of Stenhouse 1764-69 John Gray

Bart. 1770-71 Alexander Fordyce of Colpna 1833 Sir Charles Forbes, Bart. 1772-81 No Record

1834 Alexander Bannerman, M.P. 1782-83 Cosmo Gordon of Cluny 1835-36 John Abercrombie, M.D. 1784-85 No Record

1837 Lord Lyndhurst 1786-87 Cosmo Gordon

1838 Lord Brougham and Vaux 1788-89 Francis Garden of Gardenston 1839 J. C. Colquhoun of Killermont, 1790-91 Sir William Fordyce, M.D.

M.P. 1792-93 Sir Wm. Forbes of Pitsligo, 1840 Sir George Sinclair of Ulbster, Bart.

Bart., M.P. 1794-95 James Ferguson of Pitfour, M.P. 1841 Sir James Macgrigor, Bart., 1796-97 Alexander Allardyce of Dun

M.D., LL.D. ottar, M.P.

1842 Sir John F. Herschel, Knt. 1798-99 Sir Alex. Ramsay Irvine of 1843 The Marquis of Breadalbane Balmain, Bart.

1844 Vacant 1800-01 Sir Wm. Forbes of Craigievar, 1845-46 Archibald Alison, LL.D. Bart.

1847 Vacant 1802-08 Alexander Baxter of Glassel 1848 Patrick Robertson, Lord Robert1808-13 Sir William Grant 1814-18 Charles Forbes of Auchmedden, 1849-50 John Thomson Gordon M.P.

1851-52 The Earl of Eglinton and Winton 1819 Sir George Abercromby of Bir- 1853 The Earl of Carlisle, LL.D. kenbog, Bart.

1854 William Henry Sykes, M.P. 1820-21 Earl Fife

1855-56 Austen Henry Layard, D.C.L. , 1822 Charles Forbes of Auchmedden,


1857 Vacant 1823 Earl Fife

1858 The Earl Stanhope 1824-25 Joseph Hume, M.P.

1859-60 The Earl of Airlie

DEANS OF FACULTY. 1598 Peter Blackburn, the elder 1714-27 Alex. Thomson of Portlethen 1619 William Forbes

1728-45 James Thomson of Portlethen 1632 John Forbes

1746-60 No Record 1664 Lewis Gordon, M.D.

1761-66 Professor John Stewart 1665 Robert Thomson

1767-70 David Skene 1666-76 No Record,

1771 William Thom, Civilist of King's 1677 Robert Bruce

College 1676-78 No Record,

1772-81 No Record 1679-81 Robert Spence

1782-83 George Moir of Scotstown 1682 Lewis Gordon, M.D.

1784-85 No Record 1683-84 No Record

1786-87 James Mercer 1685-86 George Garden

1788-89 George Moir of Scotstown 1687 No Record

1790-91 James Mercer 1688-90 John Forbes

1792-93 Alexander Irvine of Drum 1691-1713 No Election

1794-95 Alex. Burnett of Strachan


DEANS OF FACULTY--(Continued). 1796 George Campbell, late Principal | 1826 Alex. Thomson of Banchory 1797-99 Alex, Burnett of Strachan 1827-33 Duncan Davidson of Tullichetly 1800-01 William Forbes Leith of White- 1834-36 James Blaikie, Provost haugh

1837-47 Alexander Bannerman, M.P. 1802-03 Alexander Irvine of Drum 1848-51 Sir Michael Bruce, Bart. 1804-06 Sir Robert Burnett of Leys, Bart. 1852-55 Alexander Thomson of Banchory 1807-13 Alexander Irvine of Schivas 1856-57 Sir John Forbes, Bart., M.D. 1814-18 George Douglas, Sheriff of Kin- 1858 Alexander Thomson of Banchory cardineshire

1859 Sir Thomas Blaikie, Knt. 1819-25 Hugh Lumsden of Pitcaple 1860 Alex. Stronach

PRINCIPALS. 1593 Robert Howie*

1717 Thomas Blackwell, elder 1598 Gilbert Gray

1728 John Osborn 1616 Andrew Ædie

1748 Thomas Blackwell, younger 1620 William Forbest

1757 Robert Pollock 1621 Patrick Dun, M.D.

1759 George Campbell # 1649 William Moir

1796 William Laurence Brown 1661 James Leslie, M.D.

1832 Daniel Dewar 1678 Robert Paterson



REGENTS. 1601 Patrick Gray

1630 Hugh Gordon, Professor of Logic 1602 William Forbes, Prof. of Logic 1632 William Aidie, Professor of Greek 1603 Thomas Reid ||

John Rae, Professor of Moral 1605 Andrew Keith

Philosophy 1610 Patrick Dun, Prof. of Logic 1635 William Blackhall, Prof. of Logic 1611 Alexander Scroggie

1636 James Hay 1613 William Gray

164- John Menzies 1616 Peter Blackburn, the younger

1644 Andrew Youngson John Ross

1646 Patrick Sandilands ** Adam Reid

1648 Robert Burnet
John Gordon

Robert Forbes **
George Chalmers

James Chalmers 1619 Andrew Massey, Prof. of Logic

1649 Andrew Cant, the younger ++
William Ogston, Professor of Moral 1651 Andrew Birnie

Alexander White 1620 James Sibbald, Professor of Natural 1655 George Meldrum I Philosophy

1660 William Meldrum 1623 William Wedderburn, Professor of John White Greek

1661 George Bannerman 1626 John Seton, Prof. of Nat. Phil. 1663 Thomas Paterson

* Afterwards Principal of St. Mary's College, St. Andrews. † Afterwards first Bishop of Edinburgh.

Author of " The Philosophy of Rhetoric," " A Dissertation on Miracles," &c.

Previously Professor of Church History, Moral Philosophy, and the Law of Nature, Utrecht University ; author of the first Burnet Prize Essay on Theism. || Afterwards Latin Secretary to King James VI.

One of the “ Aberdeen Doctors ** Afterwards Regent, King's Coll. # Afterwards Principal of Edinburgh University. #Afterwards Professor of Divinity, Edinburgh University.

REGENTS—(Continued). 1663 Patrick Strachan

1753 William Duncan, Professor of 1664 John Gordon

Natural Philosophy
William Paterson *

1758 William Kennedy, Prof. of Greek 1667 Alexander Alexander

1760 James Beattie, Professor of Moral Robert Bruce

Philosophy I
Thomas Gray

George Skene, Professor of Natural
Robert Paterson

Philosophy; of Civiland Natural 1672 John Lorimer

History, 1775 1673 George Peacock

1775 Patrick Copland, Prof. of Natural 1674 William Seton

John Farquhar

1779 Robert Hamilton, Prof. of Natural 1675 John Paton

Robert Farquhar

1782 John Stuart, Prof. of Greek 1679 James Lorimer

1787 James Hay Beattie, Prof. of Moral 1681 Thomas Burnett *

Philosophy 1682 Alexander Litster

1788 William Morgan, Prof. of Civil and 1683 Robert Keith

Natural History 1686 John Keith

James Beattie, Prof. of Civil and James Moir

Natural History 1688 Alexander Moir

1796 George Glennie, Professor of Moral 1693 William Smith +

Philosophy 1713 George Keith

1811 Robert Rainy, Prof. of Civil and 1715 William Meston, the Jacobite poet

Natural History 1717 Patrick Hardie

James Davidson, Prof. of Civil and
David Verner

Natural History
John Anderson

1817 Patrick Copland, Prof. of Natural George Cruden, Prof. of Greek

Philosophy 1721 George Turnbull

1823 William Knight, Prof. of Natural 1723 Thomas Haddow, Prof. of Greek

Philosophy Thomas Blackwell, Prof. of Greek 1827 Robert James Brown, Prof.of Greek 1724 Daniel Gordon

1841 Wm. MacGillivray, Prof. of Civil 1727 William Duff

and Natural History S 1729 Matthew Mackaile, M.D.

1845 David Gray, Professor of Natural 1734 Francis Skene, Prof. of Civil and

Natural History, 1753

1846 William Martin, Professor of Moral 1739 Alex. Innes

Philosophy 1742 David Fordyce

1853 James Nicol, Professor of Civil and 1752 Alex. Gerard, Professor of Moral

Natural History

1856 James Clerk Maxwell, Professor of

Natural Philosophy !! PROFESSORS OF DIVINITY. 1625 Robert Barron |

1745 Robert Pollock 1649 John Menzies

1759 Alexander Gerard 1684 Patrick Sibbald

1771 George Campbell 1697 James Osborn

1795 William Laurence Brown 1711 Thomas Blackwell

1831 Alexander Black ** 1728 James Chalmers

1843 William Robinson Pirie
* Afterwards Regent, Edinburgh University.
+ Appointed Regent át King's College in 1711, but declined to accept.

Author of the “Essay on Truth,' " The Minstrel,” &c.
Ś Author of “ A History of British Birds,” and other Zoological works.

| Author of “A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism,” and other works ou Physics. Afterwards Professor of Experimental Physics, Cambridge University.

Previously Regent, St. Salvator's College, St. Andrews. One of the “ Aberdeen Doctors”.

** Afterwards Professor in New College, Edinburgh.

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