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Hartley, F. W. Gas analyst's manual. N. Y., E. & F. N. Spon, 1879. 146 p. il. cr. 8°. cl., *$2.50. Hedley, Alfred E. Craniognomy; or, the science of character. Phil., Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 1879. 72 p. 12°. cl., $1.

Hughan, W: Ja., ed. Numerical and numismatical register of lodges which formed the United Grand Lodge [Freemasons] of England. Phil., C: E. Meyer, 1879. 88 p. 8°. cl., **$4.

Kellogg, J. H., M.D. The soul and the resurrection. Battle Creek, Mich., Review and Herald Pub. Assoc., 1879. 224 p. 16°. 75 c.

Kip, Leonard. Under the bells: romance.

N.Y., Putnam, 1879. 3 + 307 p. D. cl., $1.25. Romantic love-story of France in the sixteenth century; characters, a priest, a knight, a noble lady, and a girl of the people; story grows out of the knight's falsity to his vows and the fulfilment of an old tradition based upon an ancient enmity of two noble houses. By author of "The dead Marquise."

Lockwood, Howard. Directory of paper manufacturers in U. S. and Canada, dealers in paper and paper materials, and wholesale stationers in the principal cities. N. Y., H. Lockwood, 1879. 142 p. O. cl., $2.

A new feature of this edition (5th) is a statement following name of each town, including population, its railway communication, the nearest bank, and whether it has a money-order, telegraph and express office.

McClure, J. B., ed. Edison and his inventions. Chic., Rhodes & McClure, 1879. 171 p. il. O. cl., 75 c.

Anecdotes and descriptions, under newspaper headings, forming a semi-continuous sketch of incidents of life of T: A. Edison and his invention of quadruplex telegraph, phonograph, electric pen, motograph, telephone, megaphone, voltameter, tasimeter, pressure relay, rheostat, aerophone, phonometer, harmonic engine, and motographic receiver, and experiments on electric light. Rude portraits and cuts, but appendix groups usefully good diagrams of most of above inventions.

McCulloch, Hugh. Bi-metallism: lecture del. at Harvard Univ., May 8, 1879. N. Y., Putnam, 1879. 33 p. D. (Economic monographs, no. 17.) pap., 25 c.

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By Ex-Sec. of Treasury, U. S. Publ. for the HardMoney League of the Northwest. Acknowledges publicly a change of opinion, and concludes that "international trade would be facilitated and increased. by the use by all nations of bi-metallic money," which "ought to be and will become the universal money." But regards U. S. act of 1878 as a mistake and asserts that parity of two metals cannot be maintained in U. S. without co-operation of leading nations of Europe.

McDonald, E. Old Copp's Hill and burialground; with historical sketches. Bost., W. F. Brown & Co. [A. Williams & Co.], [1879]. 28 p. O. pap., 25 C.

Description of old Copp's Hill and burial-ground, Boston, by the superintendent.

Martin, Theodore.


Life of H. R. H. the Prince
N. Y., Appleton, 1879.

Consort. V. 424 p por. D. cl., $2. Covers in detail the public and private events of the Prince's life during the years 1857, 58, '59; embracing an account of the opening of the Manchester Fine Arts Exhibition; outbreak and suppression of the Indian mutiny; marriage of the Princess Royal and her reception in Germany, etc.

Paddock, Mrs. A. G. In the toils; or, martyrs of the Latter Days. Chic., Dixon & Shepard, 1879. 301 p. D. cl., $1.50. The characters, incidents and scenes of this story are taken from life among the Mormons of Salt Lake, and said to be real. The book claims to show some of the fruits of Mormon preachings, as exemplified in the past history of this people, dealing, however, with the least repulsive and shocking facts in that history.

Patrick, Mary. Mr. Leslie of Underwood: story with two heroines. N. Y., Harper, 1879. 69 p. Q. (Franklin sq. lib., no. 67.) pap., 15 c.

English novel of to-day, by the author of "Marjorie Bruce's lovers;" plot turns upon the love of the two heroines for the same man, and an inheritance gained by


Pole, W: Philosophy of music substance of lectures at Royal Inst. of Great Britain, Feb. and Mar., 1877. Bost., Houghton, Osgood & Co., 1879. 15 + 316 p. O. (Eng. and for. philos. lib., v. 15.) cl., $3.50.

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Practical instruction upon the theory and composition of music. Divided into 3 pts.: The material of music; Elementary arrangements of the material; The structure of music. With chapters on: The phenomena of sound in general; Special characteristics of musical sounds; Theoretical nature of the sounds of musical instruments; General arrangement of musical sounds by steps or degrees; Musical intervals; History of the musical scale; Theoretical nature of the diatonic scale in its ancient form; The ancient modes; Modern tonality; The modern diatonic scale as influenced by harmony; The chromatic scale; The scales of the minor mode; Time; Rhythm; Form; Melody; Harmony, history of, etc.; Counterpoint.

Powell, G: T. Foundations and foundation walls, for all classes of buildings, pile-driving, etc.: [also] Treatise on foundations, with practical illustrations of method of isolated piers as followed in Chicago, by F: Baumann, rev. by G: T. Powell. N. Y., Bicknell & Comstock, 1879. 119 p. 60 il. O. cl., $1.50.

Practical explanations of the various methods of building foundation walls for all kinds of buildings; tables of the weight of materials, etc.; the kind of materials used, the loads sustained, and the sizes of wall piers, etc.; use of piles in foundations, with terms, etc.; plastering, mortars, limes, cements. Extracts from New York building laws,

with notes.

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N. Y., Appleton, 1879. IO + 498 p. D. (Int. sci. ser., v. 27.) cl., $2.


B. 2,

Author is Prof. of Anthropology in Museum of Nat. Hist., Paris. Book 1, Unity of the human species, concludes with Linnæus, Buffon, Lamarck, Cuvier, Geoffroy, Humboldt and Müller "that all men belong to the same species, and that there is but one species of man." Origin of, controverts Darwin and answers "we do not B. 3, Antiquity of-, states that man lived through entire pliocene epoch, possibly as far back as secondary period. B. 4, Original localization of-, adheres to probability of northern Asia. B. 5, Peopling of the globe; 6, Acclimatization of h. s.; 7, Primitive man -formation of the h. races; 8, Fossil h. races; 9, Present h. races-physical characteristics. B. 10, Psychological characters of the h. s., favors existence of a universal belief in a supreme deity. Table of contents, but lacks index. Reid, Whitelaw. Some newspaper tendencies: address del. before Editorial Assoc. of N. Y. and Ohio. N. Y., Holt, 1879. 76 p. sq. S. pap., 50 c.

literary relations of journalism, and future development of Delivered June, 1879. Discusses the commercial and

the "

great daily," illustrated from statistics of N. Y. Tribune, of which author is editor-in-chief.

Seyffarth, G. Egyptian theology according to a Paris mummy-coffin. N. Y., B. Westermann & Co., 1879. 28 p. I photo. and I pl. 8°. 50 C.

Shea, G: Life and epoch of Alex. Hamilton: hist. study. Bost., Houghton, Osgood & Co., 1879. 9+ 470 p. por., map, and facsimilies, O. cl., $4.50.

Author is Chief-Justice of "Marine" Court (of petty genDedicates book eral, not admiralty, jurisdiction) of N. Y. to Lord Houghton. Treats Hamilton (b. 1757, d. 1804, the great federalist leader at adoption of U. S. Constitution) as the founder of the American states in empire," "the truest representative of that which has endured and lives in our political fabric." Work is a study in political history and philosophy rather than an individual biography, and pursues subject at length only to 1776. Appendix and full analytical index.

Tanner, T: Hawkes, M.D. Memoranda on poisons. 4th Am. from last Lond. enl. and rev ed. Phil., Lindsay & Blakiston, 1879. 7-201 p. cl., 75 c.

Manual for practitioners; shows at a glance the treatment to be adopted in each particular instance of poisoning. Divided into: General Toxicology; Corrosive poisons; Simple irritant poisons; Specific irritant poisons; Neurotic poisons.

Tardieu, Jul. Money: a tale. N. Y., Appleton, 1879. 168 p. S. (Appletons' new handy-v.

ser., 37.) pap., 25 c.

Characters French; scene laid in Paris; hero a literary man to whom a fortune is bequeathed in a most singular manner, with some strange restrictions; the "money" is the chief motive in the story, making and unmaking matches, separating and bringing friends nearer together. Universal atlas for school and home. Rev. in accordance with treaty of Berlin, 1878. [Phila.] Marcus Ward & Co., [1879]. 18 p. Q. pap. 20 c.

Up de Graff, Thad. S., M.D. Bodines; or, camping on the Lycoming complete practical guide to "camping out." Phil., Lippincott, 1879. 279 p. D. cl., $1.50.

A record of the actual experience of two amateur fishermen, who for eight years, during the month of June, have camped upon the banks of Lycoming Creek, Pa.; their personal adventures and fishing exploits; also advice about camping out, paraphernalia needed, and recipes for camp cooking.

Van Loon, Mrs. Eliz. Under the willows; or, the three countesses. Phil., Peterson, 1879. 17-296 p. D. cl., $1.50.

A novel; characters mostly Americans; action shifts from this country to Europe, France, Italy; interest depends upon plot, which is intricate and startling.


Wadleigh, Frances E. 'Twixt wave and sky [romance]. N. Y., Authors' Pub. Co., 1879. 261 p. sq. 12°. cl., 81.25. Ward, Marcus (pub.) Home atlas with all latest discoveries 30 maps in colors, with a complete index of upwards of 4000 references. [Phila.] Marcus Ward & Co.. [1879]. maps + 32 p. index. sq. Q. bds., 60 c. Ward, Marcus (pub.) Portable atlas: 30 maps in colors, with index to all the places. [Phila.] Marcus Ward & Co., [1879]. maps, 55 p. index. O. cl., $1.


White, Matt., jr. Harry Ascott abroad. N. Y., Authors' Pub. Co., 1879. 94 p. sq. 16°. (Enchanted lib. for young folks.) cl., 60 c.

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Pole, Philosophy of music.



Shea, Life and epoch of Alex. Hamilton.. 4.50 Ford, Studies on baptismal question.... ... 2.25

J. B. LIPPINCOTT & Co., Phila.

Up de Graff, Bodines......

Lockwood, Directory of paper manuf.... 2.00 McDonald, Old Copp's hill......

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A. WILLIAMS & Co., Boston.


The Publishers' Weekly.

F. LEYPOLDT, Bibliographical Editor. R. R. BOWKER, General Editor.

JULY 26, 1879.

PUBLISHERS are requested to furnish title-page proofs and advance information of books forthcoming, both for entry in

the lists and for descriptive mention. An early copy of each book published should be forwarded, to insure correctness in the final entry.

The trade are invited to send "Communications" to the editor on any topic of interest to the trade, and as to which an interchange of opinion is desirable. Also, matter for "Notes and Queries." Notes from librarians will also be gratefully received.

In case of business changes, notification or card should be immediately sent to this office for entry under "Business Notes." New catalogues issued will also be mentioned when forwarded.

THE EDUCATIONAL CATALOGUE AND THE SCHOOL-BOOK BUSINESS. We present in this issue the American Educational Catalogue for its tenth year. It has been compiled by Mr. Leypoldt on a new plan, following that modification of the dictionary system which had previously been adopted for the "American Catalogue"-an alphabet by authors and titles (which in school-books be

comes simply an entry by author) and a supplementary subject-index alphabet. This is a modification of the plan first projected for this year's Educational Catalogue, which contemplated one alphabet (author and subject) only, but it is believed to be practically more advantageous both for the trade and for teachers. The title-a-line system of the present list has also great practical advantages for a finding-list, and it is to be hoped that, on the whole, this list will be found the most satisfactory in its arrangement and complete in its features of any yet issued. It has been made entirely anew from publishers' latest data, and has been a work of unusual labor.

The question of prices is still as perplexing as last year. We have solved the difficulty as clearly as possible, by presenting parallel columns giving either retail or wholesale prices, according to the publishers' own price-list, net if net, retail if retail, both if mailing charge is made by the publisher. The mailing price, when made, is starred. The dealer has thus all the facts at his command. The imprint Educational Catalogues have this same doublecolumn system, the notice heading the Catalogue being drawn to cover the case of private buyers.

We had intended issuing still another imprint edition, in which the retail column should

be dropped, and the blanks filled out (where no retail or mailing prices are made by the publisher) by adding 20 per cent to the trade-list prices. But so small a proportion of the trade desire what some call the " doctored" edition, and so many publishers insist on giving "net" prices in their advertisements (without which the cost of the Catalogue could not be covered), and deprecate the making of a fictitious price, that the practical difficulties and discrepancies involved make the issue of this proposed edition improbable. We shall issue it after the two-column edition, only in case there is a decided demand for it among retailers. Meanwhile, we receive orders for the two-column edition either by the hundred or thousand, and not for large orders only, as at first announced, and we ask those intending to supply themselves with imprint editions to send their orders

at once.

We had intended making this year the additional feature of a full-title descriptive list, with notes in the fashion of our Weekly Record, of all new educational books issued since the unusual cost of compiling the Catalogue on appearance of the Catalogue of last year. The this new basis, and the uncertainty as to the space it would occupy, made it impracticable to introduce other features of interest until an

other year. New books will, however, be found designated by an asterisk before the title; books announced for issue this fall, but not yet published, are marked with double asterisk in

the price column.

We regret that we cannot this year report the desired improvement in the educational book business. It is very questionable whether, balancing all the publishing trade together, any money has been made beyond expenses in the school-book business for a year or two past. Certainly there has been no adequate return for the labor and brains involved. There are many popular superstitions about the school-book business, and educational publishers are commonly supposed to be rolling in wealth. As a matter of fact, there are probably few businesses, at once of such magnitude and dealing with such detail, that return so little remuneration as the publishing trade. Nor are the jobbing and retailing dealers in school-books better off. The margin afforded by the scale of prices in vogue with most of the large educational houses often does not pay more than the actual expense of handling, and rarely covers a reasonable return for the work done. And instead of American school-books being dear, they are among the very cheapest books in the world.

The misapprehension of the public and the tribulations of the trade centre in one cause—

the obnoxious agency system. It is the expense of this which eats the life out of the school-book publishing trade, and robs the retailer of his fair return. And the key to this acknowledged evil is the fear of each publisher that if he cuts loose from this system by which he is manacled, his books will be forced out of the schools by the other agents. It is this which reconciles him to doing business not unfrequently at a loss. But this system cannot go on forever. It becomes finally a reductio ad absurdum. It used to be supposed that restraint by mutual agreement and co-operation was the sufficient and practical remedy. But the remedy may come in a simpler and more effective way. Each house now confesses that the present method is not sound, and that it holds to it only for lest a rival house may otherwise obtain undue advantages. Some day one of the leading houses, looking both forward and backward, with such perception of the sound business principles as underlies any business of stability, will come to a realizing sense that it does not pay to be doing business for nothing simply because somebody else will do a bigger business for nothing if you stop off. It will be seen that this is simply permitting your neighbor to manage your business for you by letting him entice you to any extent of competition. It will suggest itself that the indefinite "future years," for the patronage of which to-day's business is too often done at actual loss, are yet as far off as ever. When a cool, clear view. of the situation is thus taken by a house able to act independently for itself, there will be the beginning of the end. Other houses may or may not follow suit at once, but the system will have received a fatal blow. Perhaps such a step is more likely to come from a house that deals also in miscellaneous books, and sees that in crippling the retailer by cutting off his margin on school-books, it is seriously threatening its general distributing system.

Could such abuses be reasonably corrected, a satisfactory solution of the school-book problem is not difficult. The "net" prices being recognized as the prices to the ordinary school buyer, the reduction of agency and introduction expenses will permit a sufficient margin of trade discount to remunerate those who keep stock and handle the books, without its being so large as to offer temptations to give it away. This would simply give the retailers a fair chance, without in the least tying the publish ers' hands.

On the other hand, it is not to be expected that all the school-business shall be done through the channels of the regular book-trade. The publisher necessarily seeks direct relations with such large buyers as city or state boards, who are in fact wholesale buyers. And so on. What is fairly to be desired, on both sides, is that the school-book business shall be conducted, by each individual house, according to the independent common-sense that rules other successful trades.



MR. E. STEIGER has just ready his Year-Book of Education for 1879, which he had at first expected to issue in March. The delays found necessary have given opportunity for careful attention to thoroughness, and for late additions in the Directory and elsewhere, and the result is a most comprehensive and useful volume, of great credit to the editors and to Mr. Steiger's bibliographical staff. The work forms. the second annual supplement to the invaluable Cyclopedia of Education issued by Mr. Steiger, and should receive the hearty and practical appreciation of the educational profession. The first part of the book, to the extent of 125 pages, is devoted to editorial articles on the progress and state of education in the United States and elsewhere, with notes on current educational topics, arranged alphabetically in continuation of the body of the cyclopedia. Tables succeeding give the names of state and county superintendents of schools, the educatioual statistics of states, cities and We have no idea that agents for pushing towns, and lists of normal schools, colleges,. school-books will be entirely given up; in the scientific, theological, medical, and law schools. There is a valuable review of recent educational nature of things these are likely to remain an publications, especially of those issued in 1878, integral part of such a business. It is the and an analytical index concludes the body of abuse of the system which we criticise, which is the work. The appendix contains the Educaso disastrous to the interests of the publisher, tional Directory, arranged by states and places, and so undermines the business of the retail of collegiate, special, and private schools; a list of German universities, a catalogue of edutrade. It is the willingness to spend every cational and kindred periodicals in different cent of margin in agents' expenses, to the ex-languages, and the first division of a very imclusion of any at all for legitimate handling; to permit anything that will get somebody else's books out and yours in, even if the books must be given away; to supply specimen copies and books at "introduction" rates when books have been in use for years-it is this which is unsound from any and every point of


portant Bibliographical Bibliography, covering German works on bibliography. Publishers' advertisements, including Mr. Steiger's own lists, always valuable for reference, fill up a goodly volume of over 500 pages. We trust that the support accorded the year-book by edcontinuance; surely their gratitude for Mr. ucators will be such as to justify its indefinite Steiger's efforts should show itself in this practical way.

AN IMPORTANT ENGLISH LITER A tive; the student is further helped by a neatly


ONE of the most important products of educational publishing for the year, and indeed for some years back, is the "Manual of English Literature," prepared by Prof. Moses Coit Tyley, of Michigan University, on the basis of the work by Prof. Henry Morley, of the University of London, which Sheldon & Co. issue this year. The English book on which the American is founded has already won a high reputation in this country as well as in England, for its remarkable freshness and excellence; in using the best of its material, extending and rearranging it, Prof. Tyler has been in thorough accord with Prof. Morley, who has given his sanction to the former's labors. The book is thus remarkable for uniting the best scholarship of both countries, Prof. Tyler having proved his right to so strong a term of praise by his recent publication of the elaborate work on the "History of American Literature." The spirit of the book, and the true spirit in which literature should be taught, is so well expressed in the opening sentences that we quote them here: "The literature of a people tells its life. History records its deeds; but literature brings to us, yet warm with their first heat, the appetites and passions, the keen intellectual debate, the higher promptings of the soul, whose blended energies produced the substance of the record. We see some part of a man's outward life, and guess his character, but do not know it as we should if we heard also the debate within, loud under outward silence, and could be spectators of each conflict for which lists are set within the soul. Such witnesses we are, through English literature, of the life of the English-speaking race. Let us not begin the study with a dull belief that it is but a bewilderment of names, dates, and short summaries of conventional opinion, which must be learned by rote. As soon as we can feel that we belong to a free people with a noble past, let us begin to learn through what endeavors and to what end it is free. Liberty as an abstraction is not worth a song. It is precious only for that which it enables us to be and do. Let us bring our hearts, then, to the study which we here begin, and seek through it accord with that true soul of our country by which we may be encouraged to maintain in our own day the best work of our forefathers.

'The literature of England has for its most distinctive mark the religious sense of duty. It represents a people striving through successive generations to find out the right and do it, to root out the wrong, and labor ever onward for the love of God. If this be really the strong spirit of her people, to show that it is so is to tell how England won, and how alone the English race can expect to keep, the foremost place among the nations."

The book divides English literature into the four periods, First English, or Anglo-Saxon, 670-1066, to which 20 or more pages are given; Transitional English, 1066-1350, to which 40 pages are given; Early Modern English, from Chaucer on, 1350-1550, to which something over 100 pages are given; Modern English, from the approach of the Elizabethan period to contemporary literature, 1550 on, which covers the balance of several hundred pages. This gives the widest range, but in proper perspec

managed use of smaller type for less important detail. The use of full-faced type for names, the chapter divisions with accompanying tables of writers, and other practical features add to the value of this thorough, intelligent, and whole

some manual.


IN nothing has American enterprise been more noticeable than in the vigor with which the publishers of our great dictionaries have kept them "up to the times." The Unabridged Webster and Worcester are now each of them a cyclopedia in itself, a home library in one volume. The new edition of the former issued this year-though under the mistaken date of 1880by G. & C. Merriam, Springfield, who find in this volume alone the material of a large business, presents a combination of features absolutely marvellous. Besides the supplement of over 4600 new words and meanings, bringing the vocabulary in line with the most recent advances in scientific nomenclature and other departments of language, a very remarkable and useful addition is the new biographical dictionary, presenting in compact form an index to the name, pronunciation, nationality, profession, and time of over 9700 noted people. Many households which cannot afford the desideratum of a separate Biographical Dictionary will find this index of constant and great use. The huge work now reaches close towards 7000 pages, retaining still its previous valuable appendixes,-Professor Hadley's history of the English language, Wheeler's dictionary of noted names in fiction, etc., the classified grouping of the pictorial illustrations, the pronouncing vocabularies of personal and geographical names, and the host of others.

The publishers of the rival Worcester's Unabridged, Messrs. J. B. Lippincott & Co., have added to the excellent internal features of this other standard an exterior convenience that will be decidedly appreciated by all who have occasion to handle a dictionary frequently. They supply an edition of this-as well as of their other dictionaries and their noteworthy list of reference-books, Lippincott's Biographical Dictionary, Gazetteer, etc.-furnished with Denison's patent indexes. Thumb-holes are cut at the outer edge of the book, at the beginning of each letter, and bits of leather, pasted on the page and stamped with the proper letter, enable the user to turn to any particular part of the alphabet without an instant's delay. A line of letters stamped on the edge of front and back covers, and also on the edge of each page, gives the hand the cue to the proper thumb-hole at the merest glance. This improvement is also added to other books, on order, by the Readers' and Writers' Economy Co., 32 Hawley Street, Boston, which has facilities for the purpose.

A noticeable work in dictionary-making is now in progress in England, in the preparation of the great Dictionary of the English Philological Society, for which during the past twenty years vast stores of material have been collected, and which is now to be proceeded with under the direction of Dr. J. A. H. Murray and a staff of assistants. The work on its present basis will require four thick quarto volumes, each the size of Webster's Dictionary,

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