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and yet

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daily ruined by careless nurses

how tender ought they to be of a poor infant, since the least hurt or blow, especially upon the head, may make it senselefs, ftupid, or otherwise miserable for ever.

• But I cannot well leave this subject as yet ; for it ' seems to me very unnatural, that a woman that has fed • a child as part of herfelf for nine months, should have

no desire to nurse it farther, when brought to light and before her eyes, and when by its cry it implores her " aflistance and the office of a mother.

Do not the very • cruelest of brutes tend their young ones with all the

care and delight imaginable? for how can the be call“ed a mother that will not nurse her young ones? The

earth is called the mother of all things, not because she

produces, but because she maintains and nurses what • The produces. The generation of the infant is the effect • of desire, but the care of it argues virtue and choice.

I am not ignorant but that there are some cases of ne

cefsity where a mother cannot give suck, and then out • of two evils the least must be chosen; but there are so

very few, that I am sure in a thousand there is hardly

one real instance; for if a woman does but know that her • husband can spare about three or fix shillings a week

extraordinary, although this is but seldom confidered, the certainly, with the assistance of her gossips, will soon persuade the good man to send the child to nurse, and easily impose upon him by pretending indisposition. Thus cruelty is supported by fashion, and nature gives place to custom.

Sir, your humble servant."

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No 247

Thursday, December 13.

Τών δ' ακάματος ρέει αυτή 'Εκ Γομάτων ηδεία----

Hesiod. Their untir'd lips a wordy torrent pour. We are told by fome ancient authors, that Socrates was instructed in eloquence by a woman, whose name, if I am not mistaken, was Aspasia. I have, indeed

very often looked upon that art as the most proper for the female sex, and I think the universities would do well to consider whether they should not fill the rhetoric chairs with the professors.

It has been said in the praise of some men, that they could talk whole hours together upon any thing; but it must be owned to the honour of the other sex, that there are many among them who can talk whole hours together upon nothing. I have known a woman branch out into a long extempore differtation upon the edging of a petticoat, and chide ber servant for breaking a china cup, in all the figures of rhetoric.

Were women adınitted to plead in courts of judicature, I am persuaded they would carry the eloquence of the bar to greater heights than it has yet arrived at. If any one doubts this, let him but be present at those debates which frequently arise among the ladies of the British fishery.

The first kind therefore of female orators which I fhall take notice of, are those who are employed in stirring up

the passions, a part of rhetoric in which Socrates his wife had perhaps made a greater proficiency than his above-mentioned teacher.

The second kind of female orators are those who deal in invectives, and who are commonly known by the name of the censorious. The imagination and elocution of this fet of rhetoricians is wonderful. With what a fluency of invention, and copiousness of expression, will they enlarge upon every little dip in the behaviour of another? With how many different circumstances, and with what variety of phrases will they tell over the same story? I have known an old lady make an unhappy marriage the subject of a month's conversation. She blamed the bride in one place; pitied her in another ; laughed at her in a third; wondered at her in a fourth; was angry with her in a fifth; and in short, wore out a pair of coach-horses in expressing her concern for her. At length, after having quite exhausted the subject on this side, The made a visit to the new-married pair, praised the wife for the prudent choice she had made, told her the unreasonable reflections, which some malicious people had caft upon her, and deared that they might be better acquainted. The cenfure and approbation of this kind of women are therefore only to be considered as helps to discourse.

Á third kind of female orators may be comprehended under the word gossips. Mrs. Fiddle Faddle is perfealy accomplished in this sort of eloquence ; she launches out into descriptions of chriftenings, runs divisions upon an head-dress, knows every dish of meat that is served up in her neighbourhood, and entertains her company a whole afternoon together with the wit of her little boy, before he is able to speak.

The coqueite may be looked upon as a fourth kind of female orator. To give herself the larger field for difcourse, she hates and loves in the same breath, talks to her lap-dog or parrot, is uneasy in all kinds of weather, and in every part of the room : she has false quarrels and feigned obligations to all the men of her acquaintance ; fighs when the is not sad, and laughs when she is not merry. The coquette is in particular a great mistress of that part of oratory which is called action, and indeed feems to speak for no other purpose, but as it gives her an opportunity of firring a limb, or varying a feature, of glancing her eyes, or playing with her fan.

As for news-mongers, politicians, mimics, story-tellers, with other characters of that nature, which give birth to loquacity, they are as commonly fourd among the men as the women ; for which reason I fhall pats them over in silence.

I have often been puzzled to assign a caufe why women should have this talent of a ready utterance in so much greater perfection than men. I have fonietimes fancied that they have not a retentive power, or the faculty of suppressing their thou,hts, as men have, but that they are neceffitated to speak every thing they think, and if so, it would perhaps furnish a very strong argunient to the Car tesians, for the supporting of their doctrine, that the soul always thinks. But as several are of opinion that the fair sex are not altogether strangers to the art of diffembling and concealing their thoughts, I have been forced to reInquish that cpirion, and have therefore endeavoured to seek after some better reason. In order to it, a friend of mine, who is an excellent anatomist, has promised me by the first opportunily to diffe et a woman's tongue, and 10 examine whether there may not be in it certain juices which render it fo wonderfully voluble or flippant, or whether the fibres of it may not be made up of a finer or more pliant thread, or wbether there are not in it some particular muscles which dart it up and down by such sudden glances and vibrations ; or whether in the last place, there may not be some certain undiscovered channels running from the head and the heart, to this little inftrument of loquacity, and conveying into it a perpetual affluence of animal fpirits. Nor must I omit the reason which Hudibras has given, why those who can talk on triffes speak with the greatest fluency ; namely, thar the tongue is like a race-horfe, which runs the faster the leffer weight it carries.

Which of these reasons soever may be looked upon as the most probable, I think the Irishman's thought was: very natural, who, after some hours conversation with a female orator, told her, that he believed her tongue was very glad when she was asleep, for that it had not a moment's rest all the while she was awake.

That excellent old ballad of the wanton wife of Bath, has the following remarkable lines :

“ I think, quoth Thomas, womens tongues

Of aspen leaves are made.” And Ovid, though in the description of a very barba- . rous circumstance, tells us, That when the tongue of a beautiful female wascut out, and thrown upon the ground, it could not forbear muttering even in that posture..

Comprenfam forcipe linguam
Abftulit ense fero. Radix micat ultima lingue.

Ipfa jacet, terraque tremens immurmurat atre ;
Utque falire folet mutilatæ cauda colubre
Palpitat".

Met. lib. 6. ver. 556.

" The blade had cut “ Her tongue sheer off, close to the trembling root : “ The mangld part till quiverd on the ground,

Murmuring with a faint imperfe&t found; “ And, as a serpent wreaths his wourded train, “ Uneasy, panting, and poffel’d with pain.” CROX AD),

If a tongue would be talking without a mouth, what could it have done when it had all its organs of speech,,

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and accomplices of sound about it? I might here mention the story of the pippin-woman, had I not fome reason to look upon it as fabulous.

I must confess I am so wonderfully charmed with the music of this little instrument, that I would by no ineans discourage it. All that I aim at by this dissertation is, to cure it of several disagreeable notes, and in particular of those little jarrings and diffonances which arise from anger, cenforiousness, gossiping, and coquetry. In short, I would always have it tuned by good-nature, truth, discretion, and fincerity.

C:

N° 248.

Friday, December 14.

Hoc maximè . officii eft, ut quisque maximè opis indigeat, ita ei potiffimum opitulari.

'TULL It is a principal point of duty, to assist another moft,

when he stands most in need of assistance: TH

HER E are none who deserve fuperiority over others in the esteem of mankind, who do not make it their endeavour to be beneficial to society; and who upon all occasions which their circumstances of life can administer, do not take a certain unfeigned pleasure in conferring benefits of one kind or other. Those whore great talents and high birth have placed them in conspicuous stations of life, are indispensibly obliged to exert fome noble incřinations for the service of the world, or else fuch advantages become misfortunes, and shade and privacy are a more eligible portion. Where opportunities and inclinations are given to the same person, we sometimes see sublime instances of virtue which so dazzle our imaginations, that we look with scorn on all which in lower scenes of life, we may ourselves be able to practise. But this is a vicious way of thinking; and it bears some spice of romantic madness, for a man to imagine that he must grow ambitious, or seek adventures to be able to do great actions. It is in every man's power in the world who is above mere poverty, not only to do things

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