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come in ourselves, there is one which stands always empty to carry off our dead men, for fo we call all thofe fragments and tatters with which the room is ftrewed, and which we pack up together in bundles and put into the aforefaid coach: it is no small diverfion for us to meet the next night at fome member's chamber, where every one is to pick out what belonged to her from this confufed bundle of filks, fluffs, laces, and ⚫ ribbons. I have hitherto given you an account of our diverfion on ordinary club-nights; but muft acquaint you further, that once a month we demolish a prude, that is, we get fome queer formal creature in among us, and unrig her in an inftant. Our last month's prude was fo armed and fortified in whalebone and buckram, ⚫ that we had much ado to come at her; but you would ⚫ have died with laughing to have seen how the fober aukward thing looked when she was forced out of her intrenchments. In fhort, fir, it is impoffible to give you a true notion of our sport, unless you would come one night amongst us; and though it be directly against the rules of our fociety to admit a male vifitant, we repose so much confidence in your filence and taciturnity," that it was agreed by the whole club, at our last meeting, to give you entrance for one night as a spectator. • I am your humble fervant,


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P. S. We fhall demolish a prude next Thursday.'

Though I thank Kitty for her kind offer, I do not at prefent find in myself any inclination to venture my perfon with her and her romping companions. Ifhould regard myself as a fecond Clodius, intruding on the myfterious rights of the Bona Dea, and fhould apprehend being demolished as much as the prude.

The following letter comes from a gentleman, whofe tafte I find is much too delicate to endure the leaft advance towards romping. I may perhaps hereafter improve upon the hint he has given me, and make it the fubject of a whole Spectator; in the mean time take it as it follows in his own words.

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IT is my misfortune to be in love with a young creature who is daily committing faults, which though they give me the utmoft uneafinefs, I know not how to reprove her for, or even acquaint her with. She is pretty, dreffes well, is rich, and good-humoured; but either wholly neglects, or has no notion of that which polite people have agreed to diftinguish by the name of delicacy. After our return from a walk the other day, fhe threw herself into an elbow-chair, and ⚫ profeffed before a large company, that "fhe was all "over in a sweat!" She told me this afternoon “ that "her ftomach aked ;" and was complaining yefterday at ' dinner of fomething that "ftuck in her teeth." I 'treated her with a basket of fruit laft fummer, which 'fhe eat so very greedily, as almoft made me refolve never to see her more. In short, fir, I begin to tremble whenever I fee her about to speak or move. As 'fhe does not want sense, if she takes these hints I am happy; if not, I am more than afraid, that these things which fhock me even in the behaviour of a mistress, will appear infupportable in that of a wife. I am, Sir, yours, &c.'

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My next letter comes from a correfpondent whom I cannot but very much value upon the account which fhe gives of herself.


I AM happily arrived at a ftate of tranquillity, which few people envy, I mean that of an old maid; therefore being wholly unconcerned in all that medley of follies which our fex is apt to contract from their filly fondness of yours, I read your railleries on us ⚫ without provocation. I can fay with Hamlet,

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-Man delights not me,

"Nor woman neither"

• Therefore, dear fir, as you never fpare your own 'fex, do not be afraid of reproving what is ridiculous in ours, and you will oblige at least one woman, whois

Your humble fervant,



I AM wife to a clergyman, and cannot help thinking that in your tenth or tithe character of woman'kind you meant myself, therefore I have no quarrel against you for the other nine characters.

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"Your humble fervant,


'A. B.'

N° 218. Friday, November 9.

Quid de quoque viro, & cui dicas, fæpe caveto.

-Have a care

HOR. Ep. 18. lib. 1. ver. 68.

Of whom you talk, to whom, and what, and where.

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I HAPPENED the other day, as my way is, to ftroll

into a little coffee-houfe beyond Aldgate, and as I fat there, two or three very plain fenfible men were talking of the SPECTATOR. One faid, that he had that morning drawn the great benefit-ticket; another wished he had; but a third fhaked his head and faid, it was pity that the writer of that paper was such a fort of man, that it was no great matter whether he had it or no. He is, it seems, faid the good man, the most extravagant creature in the world; has run through vast sums, and yet been in continual want; a man, for all he talks fo well of œconomy, unfit for any of the offices of life by reafon of his profufenefs. It would be an unhappy thing to be his wife, his child, or his friend; and yet he talks as well of thofe duties of life as any one. Much reflection has brought me to fo eafy a contempt for every thing which is falfe, that this heavy accufation gave me no inanner of uneafinefs; but at the fame time it threw me into deep thought upon the fubject of fame in general; and I could not but pity fuch as were fo weak, as to value what the common people fay out of their

own talkative temper, to the advantage or diminution of thofe whom they mention, without being moved either by malice or good-will. It will be too long to expatiate upon the fenfe all mankind have of fame, and the inexpreffible pleasure which there is in the approbation of worthy men, to all who are capable of worthy actions; but methinks one may divide the general word fame into three different fpecies, as it regards the different orders of mankind who have any thing to do with it. Fame therefore may be divided into glory, which refpects the hero; reputation, which is preferved by every gentleman; and credit, which must be fupported by every tradefman. Thefe poffeffions in fame are dearer than life to thofe characters of men, or rather are the life of these characters. Glory, while the hero pursues great and noble enterprises, is impregnable; and all the affailants of his renown do but fhew their pain and impatience of its brightness, without throwing the leaft fhade upon it. If the foundation of an high name be virtue and fervice, all that is offered against it is but rumour, which is too fhort-lived to stand competition with glory, which is everlasting.

up in Reputation, which is the portion of every man who would live with the elegant and knowing part of mankind, is as ftable as glory, if it be as well founded; and the common caufe of human fociety is thought concerned when we hear a man of good behaviour calumniated : befides which, according to a prevailing cuftom amongst us, every man has his defence in his own arm and re proach is foon checked, put out of countenance, and overtaken by difgrace.

The moft unhappy of all men, and the most exposed to the malignity and wantonnefs of the common voice, is the trader. Credit is undone in whispers. The tradefman's wound is received from one who is more private and more cruel than the ruffian with the lanthorn and dagger. The manner of repeating a man's name,-As; “Mr. "Cafh, Oh! do you leave your money at his fhop? Why? do you know Mr. Searoom? He is indeed a ge"neral merchant." I fay, I have feen, from the iteration of aman's name, hiding one thought of him, and explaining what you hide, by faying fomething to his advantage when

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you speak, a merchant hurt in his credit; and him who every day he lived, literally added to the value of his native country, undone by one who was only a burden and a blemish to it. Since every body who knows the world is fenfible of this great evil, how careful ought a man to be in his language of a merchant? It may poffibly be in the power of a very fhallow creature to lay the ruin of

the best family in the moft opulent city; and the more fo, the more highly he deferves of his country; that is to fay, the farther he places his wealth out of his hands, to draw home that of another climate.

In this cafe an ill word may change plenty into want, and by a rash sentence a free and generous fortune may in a few days be reduced to beggary. How little does a giddy prater imagine, that an idle phrafe to the disfavour of a merchant may be as pernicious in the confequence, as the forgery of a deed to bar an inheritance would be to a gentleman? Land ftands where it did before a gentleman was calumniated, and the state of a great action is juft as it was before calumny was offered to diminish it, and there is time, place and occafion expected to unravel all that is contrived against thofe characters; but the trader who is ready only for probable demands upon him, can have no armour against the inquifitive, the malicious, and the envious, who are prepared to fill the cry to his dif honour. Fire and fword are flow engines of deftruction, in comparison of the babbler in the cafe of the merchant. For this reafon I thought it an imitable piece of humanity of a gentleman of my acquaintance, who had great variety of affairs, and used to talk with warmth enough against gentlemen by whom he thought himself ill dealt with; that he would never let any thing be urged against a merchant, with whom he had any dif ference, except in a court of juftice. He used to fay, that to fpeak ill of a merchant, was to begin his fuit with judgment and execution. One cannot, I think, fay more on this occafion, than to repeat, that the merit of the merchant is above that of all other fubjects; for while he is untouched in his credit, his hand-writing is a more portable coin for the fervice of his fellow-citizens, and his word the gold of Ophir to the country wherein he refides.

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