The Effects of Arts, Trades, and Professions: And of Civic States and Habits of Living, on Health and Longevity: with Suggestions for the Removal of Many of the Agents which Produce Disease, and Shorten and Duration of Life

Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman, 1832 - 238 páginas

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Página 80 - The untimely labour of the night, and the protracted labour of the day, with respect to children, not only tends to diminish future expectations as to the general sum of life and industry, by impairing the strength and destroying the vital stamina of the rising generation, but it too often gives encouragement to idleness, extravagance and profligacy in the parents, who, contrary to the order of nature, subsist by the oppression of their offspring.
Página 190 - His manner of study was this : He wore a long quilt cap, which came two or three inches at' least over his eyes, which served him as an umbrella to defend his eyes from the light. About every three hours his man was to bring him a roll and a pot of ale, to refocillate his wasted spirits : so he studied and drank and munched some bread ; and this maintained him till night, and then he made a good supper.
Página 164 - ... cheerfulness and colour; but these appearances rarely survive the age of manhood. Cuvier closes an eloquent description of animal existence and change, with the conclusion that
Página 11 - Slaughtermen, their wives, and their errand-boys, almost all eat fresh-cooked meat at least twice a-day. They are plump and rosy. They are, generally, also cheerful and good-natured, neither does their bloody occupation, nor their beef-eating, render them savage, as some theorists pretend, and even as the English law presumes.
Página 80 - ... years of age, roused from their beds at an early hour, hurried to the mills and kept there, with an interval of only forty minutes, till a late hour at night: kept, moreover, in an atmosphere impure, not only as the air of a town, not only defective in ventilation, but as loaded also with noxious dust. Health!
Página 191 - Almost unpeopling water, air, and land ; Beasts, fishes, birds, snails, caterpillars, flies Were laid full low by his relentless hand, That oft with gory crimson was distain'd : He many a dog destroy'd, and many a cat ; Of fleas his bed, of frogs the marshes drain'd, Could tellen if a mite were lean or fat, And read a lecture o'er the entrails of a gnat.
Página 90 - The explanation of the harmful nature of sandstone as compared with limestone is, "that the latter is full of vertical and other fissures, which allow the superincumbent beds of water to percolate through the roof of the mine; whilst the sandstone strata, which are impervious to water, preserve the mine quite dry; consequently the minute particles of rock formed by blasting or the pickaxe, are kept in a dry state within the sandstone mine, forming, as it were, an atmosphere of dust, which the miner...
Página 43 - Among the printers, however, of whom we have inquired, care is generally taken to avoid composing till the types are cold, and thus no injury is sustained. The constant application of the eyes to minute objects gradually enfeebles these organs. The standing posture long maintained here, as well as in other occupations, tends to injure the digestive organs. Some printers complain of disorders of the stomach and head, and few appear to enjoy full health.
Página 28 - Their common affections are indigestion, diarrhoea, and dull headache with giddiness, especially during summer. They attribute their complaints to two causes, one of which is the posture, the body bent for thirteen hours a-day, the other, the heat of the shop.
Página 80 - The employment of young children in any labour is wrong. The term of physical growth ought not to be a term of physical exertion. Light and varied motions should be the only effort, — motions excited by the will, not by the task-master, — the run and the leap of...

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