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1996.) Addressed to the British Roman Catholic Association. 7 over a deluded multitude, for the establish- so completely falsified by the history ment of a despotism which threatens to in- of ancient and modern times, would volve our laws and liberties in one common never have been issued. We

suspect ruin."

that you are the mere tools—the obseA letter from Dundale, dated July 5, quious creatures of your perfidious which describes the chairing of Mr. • Expounders.” But do not deceive Dawson, the friend of Popery and the yourselves. The late occurrences have Dominee of the priests, offers these torn away the mask ; you cannot disforcible remarks:

guise the spirit which Papal bigotry “The sight of the mob and procession displays on every occasion. It proves was most tremendous. The priests accom

itself to be the reverse of what your panied it, and the most dreadful yells filled spiritual guides pretend. They declare the air. Some of the most wealthy and that they reject and detest that distinguished Roman Catholic landed pro- unchristian and impious principle, prietors walked in this procession; they had that faith is not to be kept with heinnumerable banners, with the Harp divested retics ;' that they “ regard all the reof the Crown inscribed upon them, exactly venues and temporalties of the Church similar to the Rebel banner in 1798 ; they Establishment as the property of those were all decorated with green ribbons, the on whom they are settled by the laws Rebel colour at the same period. The peo of the land ;” that “ no power in any ple of this kingdom, who are the dupes of the priests, seem ready for any thing the Pope or Council, or in any individual clergy may urge them to, and with this or body of men, invested with authopower, their object is the establishment of rity in the Catholic Church, can disPopery in our land. I see nothing but a pense with any oath, by which a Castruggle for it at last, and I think before tholic has confirmed his duty of allelong you will see it. The priests ought to giance to his Sovereign, or any obligabe given to understand, that their duties do tion of duty or justice to a third pernot consist in political tyranny, breaking son," &c. &c. those ties and affections between landlord The Papistical doctrines against and tenant which have existed for years,

which you now protest, unfortunately holding out threats to them, as Mr. Foster for this Declaration,' are confirmed says in bis farewell address, of all the ter- by every page of history, and by innurors of another world.""

merable Bulls of the Romish Church, Notwithstanding, these outrageous Not only have these diabolical tenets proceedings, the Monthly Committee been maintained by Papists of the preof the Catholic Association, which sent and past ages, but frequently acted met on the 26th July, has the pre- upon with relentless fury. Suill you sumption to say, " In Ireland, 'the will perhaps attribute the horrible cause of humanity has been triumph- crimes of Popery to the “mistaken ant! and the honr is come when we zeal of the professors of the Catholic are most imperatively called upon to faith in times long past," and "lament exert ourselves, as one man, to accom- their errors ;" thus renouncing, the plish our liberation. If we are true to usual claims to infallibility. Be it so; ourselves at the present juncture, our let us then refer to modern times to success cannot be doubtful."-If their prove the fallacy or perfidy of the “ liberation,” as they term it, is to be above protestations. We will not adobtained according to the modes just vert to the black catalogue of crimes, described, let the Protestants be true of which the besotted Papists of Italy, to themselves, and they have nothing Spain, Portugal, &c. have been guiliy, 10 fear. The bludgeon and dagger of but confine ourselves to our more inthe assassinating Irish Papist will be mediate connexions — the good Cafeeble weapons against the cool bravery tholics of Ireland and their domineerand superior intelligence of the Eng- ing priesthood. We shall revert to the lish Protestant.

transactions of the Rebellion of 1798, In your Address, Gentlemen, you of which the priests were the moving ask, if we can "believe that you are springs. Here we have proofs, from joined in a perfidious league to deceive incontestible evidence, of the infamous os." We cannot say, decidedly, that tenets of Popery, which were then you misrepresent things with a perfi- broached and actually enforced by its dious intention ; but this we most so- own priesthood. Then there was no lemnly believe, that perfidy or hypo- qualifying the business ; no hiypocrisy somewhere exists; or statements, crisy; all was straight forward work,

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according to the canons of the infulli- the most forcible ones, as being the bie Church. It was not simply “ No most catholic." Perhaps the Cathofaith with heretics,” but “ Extirpation lic Association can append them as a to heretics.” On referring to Mus. supplementary leaf to their next Adgrave's History of the Rebellion," dress : we find, from the affidavit of James

Article 3d. We acknowledge the suFarrel, that the following persons premacy of the Holy Father, the Lord God were the chief movers in the Rebel- the Pope, and that he is Peter's successor Jion :- James Butler, titular Arch- in the chair. bishop of Cashel; Pierce Creagh, titu- " 5th. We are bound to believe there lar Bishop of Waterford ; Dr. Butler, can be no salvation out of our holy Church. titular Bishop of Cork; Dr. Fitzsim. “ 6th. We are bound to believe that the mons, titular Bishop of Dublin ; late holy massacre was lawful, and justly put Heley, Popish priest of Cork; Doyle, into execution against Protestants, and that Popish priest of Ardfinnan, and several we should continue the same as long as we others of the Roinish clergy. Many

can do it with safety to ourselves ! were driven to engage in the Rebel

“7th. We are bound to curse, ring the lion by the threats and representations bells, and put out the candles four times in

each year on heretics. of their priests. Father Meara swore

“8th. We are bound to believe that hein vast numbers, and among them retics can never be saved, unless they purinany of his own brotherhood. The fol- cake of that holy sacrament, extreme un tion. lowing oath was adminisered 10 the

" 9th. We are bound to believe that those Papists by their priests. Printed copies who elope from our holy religion are under of it were found upon numbers of the power of the Devil, whom heretics fulthe rebels who were slain, particularly low. at the battles of New Ross and Bally- “10th. No faith is to be kept with herecarew :-“1, A. B. do solemniy tics, though bound by the most sacred oaths; swear, by our Lord Jesus Christ, whó for, says our Holy Fatber, they have followsuffered for us on the cross, and by the ed damnation, and Luther and Calvin ! blessed Virgin Mary, that I will burn, for their principles are damnation ! -We are

"11th. We are not to believe their oaths, destroy, and murder all heretics, up to my knees in blood! So help me God.” fire, sword, faggot, and confusion ; as our

bound to drive heretics out of the land with The Committee of Assassination had Holy Father says, if their heresy prevails, we their priests, who regularly absolved

are still to become their slaves. Oh! dear them after the commission of fresh father, keep us from that. (Here the holy murders. Father Neil, a priest of water is shaken, and they say–Hail Mary, Ballymacody, when taken up, confess. three times.) ed that he had advised and approved “ 13th. We are bound to absolve, withthe murder of a Protestant, of the name out any reward, all those who imbrue their of Murphy, who had been most inhu- bands in the blood of heretics ! manly buichered. He also gave ab

“31st. We believe that heretics eat their solution to the persons who perpe

kind of sacrameut to their eternal damna

tion.” trated it. Fathers O'Brien and Meara, parish priests of Nenagh and Doone, Now Father Murphy was an honest were most active in inciting the pea- and fearless son of “ Holy Mother santry of their respective neighbour- Church.” He scored treachery and hoods to murder and rebellion. They hypocrisy: He believed in the prewere both transported for life. Many cepts and canons of that religion of of the Popish clergy were either killed which he was a professor. He relied in battle, or hanged, during the insur- on the infallibility of his Church. He rection.

understood her tenets, and knew that In the pocket of Father Michael it was expected from every priest and Murphy, who was killed at the battle good Catholic to enforce them on every of Arklow, was found a journal, in opportunity, according to the infallibie which he exultingly acknowledges rule of “times long past." This rehiinself to have been a party to nu

verend father in God would have merous murders; a very extraordinary, viewed with utter contempt the hypobut perfectly characteristic, document critical and uncatholic Declaration" was also discovered on the person of of the “ Expounders” of the Roman this “estimable legate of the Pope.” Catholic Association, as a compromise It was entitled “ Articles of the Roinan unworthy of Catholicism. Catholic Faith," and these articles

NAN. were thirty-five in number. We quote

(To be continued.)

1826.]

All Souls Church, Marylebone. NEW CHURCHES.-No. VIII. who have been accustomed to the old

style of church-towers, the present ALL SOULS CUURCH, LANGHAM PLACE. Architect, Nash.

suffers greatly by comparison; its no

velty surprises, but does not produce TPON this building so much delight. The spire trans

already been said in the way planted from the country village, and of criticism, that but little remains made a finish to a shewy street of at this time beyond a mere descrip- modern houses, is so out of chation of the building, without reiterat- racter, that whatever may be the ing strictures which would no longer meri: of originality displayed by Mr. possess the mark of originality. Nash, his design is less pleasing than

As much censure perhaps as ihe archi- if it had assimilated more closely tect has deserved has been poured upon to the older style of church-spires, him in prose and verse, in caricature of the school of Sir C. Wren and his and satise, in some instances as pointed followers. The approaches are by two as bis steeple; in others severiiy of doorways in the principal front, and criticism has lost sight of candour and by another beneath the lower peristyle, truth, and even the merits of the de- which leads into a circular vestibule, sign have been overlooked. In the en- lighted by two windows. The interior suing description, a regard to truth is very pleasing; it is formed more compels the writer to point out the closely on the model of the older faults, at the same time that he endea. Churches in the Italian style than the vours to set the merits of the building generality of the new ones are. The in their proper light.

West, North, and South sides, and a With the exception of the steeple portion of the East end, have galleries and portico, the exterior shows a plain attached to them, resting on octagonal stone building, lighted by two tier of piers; the residue of the East end is windows, and finished with a bal- occupied by the altar, Above the lustrated parapet. The former por- fronis of the galleries rises a colonnade tions are, then, the only parts parti- of Corinthian columns sustaining an cularly to be described. The steeple architrave and cornice, on the latter of consists of two portions, a circular which rests the cieling of the Church. tower and a cone; the first rests on a The South and North sides have each Alight of steps, and is occupied to a eight columns; two others are situated considerable portion of its height by on the Eastern gallery, and two more a peristyle of twelve lonic columns, to correspond on the Western. The sustaining the entablature of the cieling of the centre division of the order. The capitals are highly en- Church is elliptical, Aattened in the riched; from the volutes depend fes- centre, the whole surface of the cove toons of foliage, and between them, being enriched with octagonal sunk attached to the abacus, is a che- panels. The fronts of the galleries rubim with expanded wings: the ef- are panelled, and are broken at intervals fect, however, is not pleasing, the ex. by the plinths of the columns, on uberance of the ornament giving to the which are sculptured chaplets in relief. capital an appearance of clumsiness. The allar is very handsomely ornaAbove the entablature of this peristyle mented. An extensive crimson curthe tower is continued plain to the re- tain, tastefully arranged in festoons, is mainder of its height, broken only by drawn up sufficiently to display Mr. the dials. The base of the cone, Westall's painting of Christ crowned which is situated within the circular with Thorns,” exhibited at Somerset lower, is surrounded with a peristyle of House in 1822. Immediately beneath fourteen Corinthian columns sustaining this is the altar-table, the whole coman entablature and ballustrades; the position being far superior to the geremainder of the cone is unbroken; neral arrangement of the altar in the surface is fluted, and to render the Churches. The pulpit and desk are point the more acute, it is finished placed against the piers sustaining the with metal. It surely would have pro- extreme ends of ihe galleries at the duced a better effect if the spire had East; the former is bracket-shaped, terminated in the usual way with a but is not remarkable for beauty or cross : as it is, the whole structure has ornament. The font is situated, con$0 novel an appearance, that to those trary to custom, near the altar-rails ; it Gent. MAG. July 1826.

consists of a circular basin of marble, and two windows on the ground floor, sustained on a pillar of the same form also covered with circular pediments, and material. At the West end is a and three other windows above, of a semicircular recess, which contains square form : behind the pediment is the organ and its gallery. The instru- a tower also constructed either wholly ment is contained in a handsome case, or in part of iron. This structure is a the design of which consists of a pedi- copy of the Choragic Monument of ment between two circular towers, Lysicrates, at Athens, better known as finishing in cupolas ; on the apex of the Lantern of Demosthenes.

The the former a gilt cross. The ceiling of façade, as will be seen from this dethis portion is Auted and radiated. scription, is liable to many objections. Whatever may be the faults resulting The Grecian tower placed above an from the liberties 'which hare been Italian portico, reminds the spectator taken with the general style of eccle- of the freaks of the modern Gothic siastical building on the exterior, they school ; it appears much out of place, are fully atoned for by the light and and speaks too plainly that it is an ad-' elegant arrangement of the inside, and dition to the original design; the the church-like appearance which is most objectionable ornaments however given to it by the adherence to the old for a Christian Church are the symbols fashioned arrangement. The superior of pagan sacrifice which accompany grandeur which results from the division the architecture of this edifice." To of the interior by colonnades into nave say the least, such decorations are unand aisles is so apparent,' that it is nieaning, and are on that account almost to be wished that such an ar- absurd. Was an ancient Roman to be rangement was enforced in all the set down in Regent-street, how would new Churches, by the same authority he be deceived, on entering the supwhich in other respects has controlled posed temple, when he should learn, the formation of them.

ihat the Deity to whom it was erected, The estimated expense of the had declared, that his sacrifice was not Church is 19,5141. 55. *. It accoin- the blood of bulls, as the frieze of the modates 1761 persons. The first stone portico had led him to expect. was laid on the 18th Nov. 1822, and The interior of the Chapel is of it was consecrated on the 25th Nov. the Corinthian order, and displays 1824, an ecclesiastical district in the some of the richer features of the itaparish of St. Mary-le-bone having been lian school. The galleries, which are assigned to it,

attached to the East, South, and North

sides, rest on square plinths, and the ST. PHILIP'S CHAPEL, REGENT ST.

fronts are panelled in oak; the same Architect, Replon.

work is continued along the Western

end, dividing the building into two The principal front of this structure, stories. From the fronts of the North which is situated on the Western side and South galleries rise four Corinof Regent-streel, is all that can be seen

thian columns of scagliola ; the shafts of the exterior. It is taken from a

in imitation of Sienna, the capitals and design of Sir William Chambers; the bases of statuary marble, sustaining a order is the Roman Doric. The por. highly enriched entablature, continued tico consists of four fluled columns of round the whole of the interior. These iron, sustaining an entablature and pe, elegant colonnades are Aanked diment. The metopes are charged their ends, towards the East and W'est, with ox-sculls and paturæ, alternating by arches and piers; the latter ornawith each other. The portico is Aanked mented with pilasters to correspond by two wings of brick sluccoed; in with the columns, and the key-stones each are two windows, the lower co• formed into consoles. The architrave vered with circular pediments; the and frieze of the entablature are diseornioe is continued from the pediment continued above each of these arches. along, each of the wings; and on the Additional galleries are constructed attic is an ox-scull between festoons of above the aisles, and are fronted flowers hanging from the horns. with ballustrades, forming a finish Within the portico are three entrances to the entablature. The ceiling of

the area of the Chapel is in three Vide 2d Report of the Commissioners portions ; those above the arches for building additional Churches.

just described, and which conse

at

1896.) St. Philip's Chapel.-On Extemporary Preaching.

11 quently form the extreme Eastern in visiting the various new Churches, and Western divisious, are elliptically has been led into a comparison between curved, and the coves filled witli oblong those, in which the colonnades or panels. The remainder of the ceiling arcades of our older Churches have is entirely coin posed of a dome, sup- been retained, and those in which the ported by four elliptical arches rising Meeting House of the Sectarian has from the internal piers of the arches; been adopted as the model of the archiin the centre of the dome is a cir: tects; the comparison has been favourcular skylight. The cielings of the able to the former; and, if his strictures lower galleries are divided into large in the pages of Mr. Urban should have square panels, each containing an any in Huence in supporting the purer expanded Aower. The West end, taste, it will be a satisfaction to reflect, against which is placed the altar, is the that he has not bestowed his labour in plainest portion of the building; it has vain.

E. I. C. a mean and unfinished appearance. The altar-screen is oak, and consists of Mr. URBAN,

July 3. four pilasters of the Doric order, with an entablature, the intervals filled with THEresubject of Preaching is of

to panelling; above is a large arched performers and the hearers, 10 priest window, the head of which is divided and people; for the event is alike infrom the other portion by the conti- teresting and of equal consequence to nued entablature; the jambs are Aank- both. But in all important concerns ed by pilasters, and the portion be- of life, and particularly in those which neath the entablature is made into may be so eventful as to affect our futhree divisions by two Corinthian co

lure state, it is of the utmost conselumns, corresponding with those, als quence to fix upon a rule or standard, ready described. The arched head of the adherence to which, or aberration this window is filled with stained glass, from it, may at once point out whether representing a splended irradiation

we are wrong or right. surrounding the Hebrew name of the

Now, for our present subject we have Deity; the rest of the glazing is filled a rule that must be correct

, viz. our up with diapered glass. The remain- blessed Lord's Sermon on the Mount. der of the wall at this end of the build- Whoever will diligently peruse and ing is plain, and contains four other analyze that discourse, will find its windows, which add nothing to the prominent features to be Purity of Docgrandeur or beauty of the design, and trine—Simplicity of Speech, but yet when contrasted with the other parts

an appropriate freedom without respect of the building, the meanness of this of persons, and a zealous exhibition of portion cannot fail to strike any ob- the true interests of the auditors. server.

In whatever discourse we perceive The Eastern end of the Church is

an union of these particulars, we may occupied by a gallery corresponding pronounce such discourse to be good with the lower galleries at the sides of and to be correct, because it accords the Church, and an additional one with the mode of preaching of Him, abore contains the organ and seats who could not err. How then is this for the charily children. On the front best to be done, by a written or by an of the lower gallery is inscribed a

extemporal discourse? The advocates list of the benefactors to the building, for the latter may perhaps plead our which was erected in the year 1821, Saviour's example, whose discourses and is estimated to contain 1500 per- were certainly not written. sons.

must consider that our blessed Lord From the foregoing observations it was God as well as man, and, though will appear, that the merit given to this as well as to the Church last described, fered for us, leaving us an example

we are taught that “ Christ also sure results from the adherence to the old that we should follow his steps,” our arrangement. The writer of this article imitation must be with all humility.

In some parts of his character we cer. * It is to be noted, that in this Chapel tainly cannot follow him. Destructive the relative situations of the altar and would be the temerity to attempt the tower are reversed, the former being at the walking upon the “ waves of the sea," West end, and the latter above the Eastern and blasphemous would be our injunc. front.

tion to those waves, “ peace, be still.".

But we

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