« AnteriorContinuar »
fixed rules on the subject of corporal the Academy with feelings of jeapunishment; but they are of opi- lousy and aversion ; but we are connion, that the frequent infliction of it fident that every parent, whatever be should be discouraged, and that it his station in life, would rather subshould only be administered for se mit to pay the difference according rious moral offences. In the esti- to a fixed and invariable rule, than mate of annual expenses, one hun- have his son exposed to the humiliadred guineas are allotted for premi- tion of presenting a gift, which was ums, but it is expressly stated, that the next moment, perhaps, to be cothis is not fixed as a limit, should a vered by one of five or ten times the larger sum be found necessary. The amount. It must require optics pevacation is to be two months, com culiarly nice, we should think, to mencing from the first day of August; detect any patrician tendency in thus and there is to be a recess of a week placing all the boys on a footing of at the new-year, and one regular the most perfect equality. Janitor's holiday-the King's birth-day. As fees and coal-money are also supthe crowded state of many of the pressed. In addition to the fees to Classes in the High School was one be paid to the Masters, there is also of the causes which led to the estab- to be levied a school-fee of two lishment of the Academy, it is pro- guine is for the First Class, and three vided, that the number in each of the guineas for each of the others, to profour Junior Classes shall not exceed vide for the interest of the capital, 110, and in the Rector's Class 160, the Masters' salaries, and other anmaking the total maximum number nual charges, of which an estimate is 600. No regulations are made as to given in the “ Statement.” This, the age at which boys are to enter the however, is fixed upon the supposiAcademy; it is presumed, however, tion that the number of boys attend. that as the course extends to six years, ing the Academy shall not exceed they will generally enter about eight, 500 ; but, it is added, that should and leave about fourteen.
the number reach the maximum, or For the details of the fees we must 600, this fee may in time be dimi. refer to the “ Statement" itself. One nished. Detailed computations are obvious and very necessary improve- then given of the payments made in ment has, however, been introduced, six years at the present High School, in laying it down as an absolute rule, and of those which it will be necesa that no Master shall, on any pretence sary to make during the same period whatever, take higher fees than those at the Academy, conformably to the fised by the Directors, or receive scale of fees fixed by the Directors; Candlemas gifts, or any other gratui- from which it appears, that the avety whatever. The abolition of these rage annual expense at the former is donations, so degrading to the teach- £.6, 18s., exclusive of extra payet, and generally so annoying to pa- ments made by a great number of rents, is a real and positive good, and boys ; whereas at the latter, it will be must be productive of the best con £.9, 12s. 10d., being an average ansequences. Every body in the least nual increase of £.2, 14s. 100. In acquainted with what takes in return for this increase, however, the schools, is sufficiently aware of the pupils will have the advantage, 1, of gross and shameful partially often more extended instruction in Greek ; engendered by double fees and large 2, Of being thoroughly grounded in Candlemas gifts, and of the marked English Reading, Elocution, and distinction which is thus openly made Modern History ; 3, Of a regular between the children of wealthy and attention to Geography in all the poor parents. Much contemptible Classes; and, 4, of being taught nonsense has been talked about the Arithmetic, and initiated in the elepatrician character which this school ments of Algebra and Geometry. would inevitably assume, in conse Assuming the whole number of quence of the small increase in the scholars at 500, it is calculated that average amount of the annual pay- the emoluments of the English-MasInents; and many well-meaning per. ter will be £.390, those of the Teacher sons, in moderate or narrow circum of Arithmetic £.291, those of the four stances, have thereby been led to view Under Latin-Teachers £.391 each;
and those of the Rector £.688 ; but petent knowledge of Latin and should the number of pupils reach Greek, and of Composition in those the maximum, or 600, these sums languages, both in Prose and Verse, will then be £.460, £,369, £.466, from persons of acknowledged authoand £.772 respectively. For obvious rity; and they must also state, whereasons, it has been deemed necessary ther they have directed their attento guarantee £.400 a-year to the tion to the teaching of Geography, Rector, and £.200 a-year to each of and if they have had any experience the Masters of the four Junior Clas- in the monitorial system of instrucses for the first four years.
tion. The following are the qualifica “The English-Master is required to tions with regard to which Candi- produce testimonials of his thorough dates are required to furnish state- knowledge of English Literature, of ments:
his having paid particular attention “ 1. The age of the Candidate. to the genius and structure of his
“ It is highly desirable, in an es own language, and of a competent tablishment such as this, especially acquaintance with the learned lanwhere a new system is to be orga- guages,—all from persons of acknownized, that the Masters should be in ledged authority. the full vigour of life, not only on “ It is not merely to give the Boys a account of the present activity that better accent, and to make them reach will be required, but to afford a better, that the Directors have detergreater security of their remaining mined to employ an English Master, long enough to mature the system, but to endeavour to lay the foundaand see it firmly established.
tion of a taste for English, as well as ~ 2. Testimonials of moral charac- for Classical Literature: it is thereter, and most particularly of temper. fore necessary for the fulfilment of
“3 Where he has received his this object, that the Master of this education.
important department should be a “ 4. Whether he has gained any well-educated, accomplished scholar. literary honours at any of the Uni “ The Teacher of Arithmetic is versities.
required, in addition to his answers “ 5. Whether he has had any ex to the preceding general inquiries, to perience in teaching, where, of what produce testimonials of his attainkind, and to what extent.
ments in Mathematical knowledge, “ 6. Whether can he name any and that he has given proof of his persons whom he has taught, who being skilful in communicating that have afterwards distinguished them- knowledge to others. selves by their attainments, either at “ The most important testimonials the Universities or elsewhere. which a Writing-Master can produce,
“7. To name persons to whom the are from those whose children he has Directors may make personal appli- already taught. It is desirable also cation for such farther information as that the Candidates should, if rethey may require.
quired, write in presence of the Di. si 8. Whether he belongs to the rectors; and they are to produce speChurch, or has any views to that cimens of their penmanship. This profession.
last testimonial, however, we are well “ Before engaging any Master, it aware, is a very imperfect criterion will be absolutely necessary for the to judge by, in estimating the quali. Directors to ascertain that his general fications of a Writing-Master.” health is good, that he is not subject Next, as to the conditions on which to attacks of any violent disease, such Masters are to be engaged. “ No as fits, and whether he has any Master employed in the Academy marked natural deformity, and what shall be removed, unless two-thirds that is.
of the Directors shall concur in “ In addition to the qualifications thinking his removal indispensable ; inplied in the preceding queries, the and even in this case, the Directors Masters of the Latin and Greek de shall not have power to remove a partment, but more particularly the Master without giving him six Rector, will be required to produce months' notice, or a sum equivalent testimonials of their having a com to his emoluments for half-a-year ;
unless in the case of a grave offence, great evil in itself, without being of which the Directors are to be the productive of any good to counterbasole judges, when the removal may lance it. In the first place, it detake place without the necessity of grades a boy in the estimation of his notice, and on payment of the year's fellow-scholars, unless, indeed, the salary only. Every Master, before flagellation system be so general that leaving the School, shall give six it has ceased to be disgraceful. In months' notice, under a penalty of the next place, a boy's morals will the forfeiture of his year's salary.” never be improved by the mere dread
We observe, with pleasure, that, of physical pain. In the third place, at their first meeting, the Directors corporal punishment is certain to entered on their minute-book the render a high-spirited boy obstinate, following resolution, to which each sullen, and untractable. In the Director affixed his signature: “ The fourth place, it is not necessary; for a Directors resolve and pledge them- Master who cannot maintain order selves to each other, that they will in his class without the lash, will on no occasion come under any en never succeed with it; and those gagement, express or implied, with Masters, who have entirely laid aside regard to any appointment in the this barbarous discipline, have invaInstitution, but keep themselves en riably succeeded, not only in maintirely disengaged till the time of ac taining better order than those who tually making the appointment.” employed it, but in inspiring, the This is manly, liberal, and just; and youth under their charge with high will remove from the minds of Can- notions of honour and propriety, didates all dread of that secret or which become identified, as it were, underhand influence by which such with the very elements of their moappointments are too often disposed ral nature. In the last place, it is of.
apt to create, in the minds of those · It only remains to state, that the who suffer it, an utter distaste of building destined for the reception learning, coupled with a hatred of of the different Classes which com the person who inflicts it, and thus pose the Academy, stands in an area to produce the very evils which it is of nearly four English acres, sur meant to remedy. Boys are naturounded by a wall, with a covered rally full of generosity ; let a master way along part of the boundary, to be kind, and at the same time digshelter the boys while at play in nified ; let him appeal to their sense rainy or damp weather, and that it of honour, and he will never appeal is to be warmed by heated air, and in vain. In proportion as that sense ventilated on the most approved plan. of honour is confidently appealed to, We are happy to be able to illustrate a boy rises in his own estimation ; the previous abstract by a ground his moral sensibility becomes finer plan of the whole space and build- and more acute; he learns that he ings, a perspective elevation of the has a name and a character to supsouth front, and a table of the week- port; he feels the force of opinion, ly distribution of time in the six and desires to stand well with his classes. From these the public will master and his fellow-scholars ; his observe, that, in providing for the ambition for moral and intellectual improvement of pupils, their health superiority is at one and the same has not been lost sight of, and that time called into action. We know the Edinburgh Academy gives a fair the usual common-places by which promise of combining a greater num- this Gothic practice is defended ; but ber of advantages than any similar the answer to all these is, that the ex. institution in this part of the United periment has been tried, and succeedKingdom.
ed. Unless, therefore, flagellation We cannot conclude, however, be a bonum in se, we know no reason without expressing our hope that why it should be continued, -why corporal punishment will be entire boys, receiving the best education ly abolished, even in the extreme the kingdom can afford, should be cases to which the Directors refer. treated like a parcel of negroes in We are convinced that this species 'the West Indies,-why the Master of discipline in public schools is a should add to his other functions that