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DEIGNED TO HINT EVEN AT THE
specter's" wrath is poured out on the ory is grounded. “We have reason head of the amiable, elegant, accom to believe," says the Doctor, “ that plished, and philosophic Alison the chief part of beauty is truly de & The theory of Mr Alison, concerns rived from that mental process which ing beauty and sublimity, has also has been termed association-the fallen before the sweeping pen (a suggestion of some feeling, or feelsweeping pen !!) of Dr Brown, ings, not involved in the primary though he (Dr Brown) has not perception, nor necessarily dowing
from it.” (Brown's Lectures, Vol.
PROFOUND iii. p. 148.) I need not inform the AND ORIGINAL THINKER,' as he has intelligent reader, that this is Mr been most ludicrously called by his Alison's leading proposition in termifriend Mr Jeffrey.” This is not a nis, and limited exactly as he has very long sentence, yet it has this delivered it. And, what is not a merit, peculiar to itself, that it con little remarkable, Dr Brown, with tains three distinct allegations, dia his usual aptness and felicity of quometrically opposite to the TRUTH. tation, an art in which he shines unTo begin with the least important: rivalled, has produced, in confirmain the review of Alison on Taste, tion of his coinciding with Mr Aliwhich I consider as by far the ablest son, two lines from Dryden, which, and most eloquent literary article in fact, contain the germ of the that has ever adorned any periodical theory : work, Mr Jeffrey has, in no one in
“ The cause of love can never be assign'd; stance, applied the terms “ profound 'Tis in no face, but IN THE LOVER'S and original thinker” to Mr Alison,
MIND !” although, had they been so applied, which they are not, they would have The last, and most monstrous, been the reverse of « ludicrous,". falsehood, contained in the above sennamely, appropriate and just. It is tence-and which, indeed, proves not the fashion here, as among the to demonstration, that the writer Cockney Literatists, and Book-ma never read a line of Dr Brown's kers, and Magazine-compounders, Lectures, thus quoting what he never and “ Popular Retrospect"-men, for sawmis, that Dr Brown HAS NOT authors to be-puff and be-laud one DEIGNED TO HINT EVEN AT THE another, in order to cheat the public. EXISTENCE" of Mr Alison, whom into a belief that “ they are some this most pitiful of all scribblers thing.” Mr Jeffrey speaks of Mr would sneer at, if he durst, under Alison's books in terms of just but the ironical epithets of “ profound measured commendation, in the first and original thinker.” Ah! puuvre. paragraph of the paper, and never hadaud! vous êtes perdu! The folagain returns to the subject, but lowing sentence has turned up at enters at once into a new, and, we random : “ Such is the view of the will add, more convincing exposition origin of this emotion, which has of the theory, than that given by its been given, with much felicity of excellent author, whose “ book is a language, and with much happy illittle too long, and the style a little lustration of example and analysis, too verbose.” The next falsehood by my VERY INGENIOUS AND TERY contained in the ominous sentence ELOQUENT FRIEND, THE AUTHOR above quoted, is, that " the theory OF THE ESSAYS ON THE NATURE of Mr Alison, concerning beauty and
has fallen before the sweep- continued suggestion of trains of haring pen of Dr Brown.” It is mo- monizing images, MR Alison conrally impossible that R. could have siders, &c.!!” The “ Lion's Head," read Dr B.'s Lectures. If he had, he (o quale caput!) obligingly informs must have observed that Dr Brown us, " that a greater number of men of differs from Mr Alison only as to the talent than the London Magazine “combination or succession of trains now unites in its support, were (was) of images, or feelings, called ideas of never before combined in furtherance emotion,", but acquiesces completely of any undertaking of a similar nain the soundness of the fundamental ture.' I hope it is no presumption principle on which Mr Alison's the to ask, if the author of a " Popular
AND PRINCIPLES OF TASTE.
Retrospect of Science and Philosopor, perhaps, so authentically, filled phy” be a unit in this mighty com up by a younger hand.” And here bination? But this would be “ tear occurs another proof that the author ing the veil of mystery from the of the “ Popular Retrospect” never. face of learned ignorance and solemn read farther than the “Advertisestupidity * !”
ment” of the Dissertation, at which Not satisfied with giving us the he has discharged his “imbelle telum.” foregoing samples of his imbecility; There Mr Stewart states, that he petulance, and gross ignorance, this “entertains but a very faint expectaill-starred Zoilus of the “ London" tion of finishing his intended Sketch commences a second tirade against Mr of the Progress of Ethical and PolitiStewart, greatly more insolent, and, cal Philosophy during the Eighteenth as I shall just show you, Mr Editor, Century." This satisfied the Philo--for it gives me pleasure to break sopher of the “ London,” who hence this fly on the wheel-indicative of sagely concluded, that as Mr Stewart ignorance still more manifest,and de had postponed his intended “ Sketch plorable. He assures us, on his own of the Progress of Ethical and Politiauthority, that Part Second of Mr cal Philosophy during the Eighteenth Stewart's dissertation, lately publish-Century," ergo, he had forgotten to ed, is rather tedious and prosing,” say any thing of the Metaphysical and that it is " loaded with notes, Philosophy of that period, and consethe sweepings of his common-place quently " had cautiously abstained book, which he found it was beyond from giving any sketch of the imhis ingenuity to interweave with his provements introduced by Dr Reid.”. text." To this malevolence and viru- is not this proof of ignorance, and lence, it would be quite degrading to wholesale condemnation, conclusive? offer any thing by way of serious re- But I must refer your readers to the ply; more especially as they seem to Dissertation itself. proceed from a mind that can cherish But Mr Stewart, pursues the wonhatred without provocation, and find derful Cockney, “has reluctantly ad an independent pleasure in the exer- mitted, that Dr Reid was very imcise of malice, even for its own sake perfectly acquainted with the metajust as the devil loves evil, because it physics of his own age." If Mr is evil. But lo and behold what fole Stewart had admitted such a thing, it lows ! " He (Mr. S.) has cautiously would not have been correct. No man, abstained (in Part Second of the Dis- surely, was better acquainted with sertation) from giving any sketch of the metaphysics of his own age,” than the improvements introduced by Dr the celebrated opponent and antagoReid.” What will be the astonish- nist of Hume, who did justice to his ment of your readers, and of yourself, learning and deep philosophical spirit most worthy Editor, when I tell them of investigation. And who, let me enand you-what you very probably quire, were the metaphysicians of know well enough already, but which his own age?” I reply, Hume, whom I must nevertheless tell you-that he answered so ably and conclusiveSection VIII., the longest of the Dis- ly-Campbell, Beattie, and Gerard, sertation, is entitled Metaphysical
own colleagues at Aberdeen, Philosophy of Scotland,”and that a whom he used to meet regularly at a considerable portion of that Section is club to discuss metaphysical subjects expressly devoted to giving“ a sketch -and, lastly, Dr Oswald, his most inof the improvements introduced by timate friend and disciple. These Dr Reid!!!” In fact, Mr Stewart a are facts which speak for themselves. pologizes for being “ somewhat more. Mr Stewart has, however, stated, minute than in the former parts of (Dissertation, p. 196), that Dr Reid's his Historical Sketch," on the ground acquaintance with the metaphysiof his “anxiety to supply some cal doctrines of his predecessors does chasms in the literary history of his not appear to have been very extencountry, which could not be so easily, sive;" but he immediately adds," on
the other hand, Dr Reid's limited Vide—Popular Retrospect of Science range of metaphysical reading, by and Philosophy, London Magazine for forcing him to draw the materials of December.
his philosophical speculations almost
entirely from his own reflections, has A TRUE AND AUTHENTIC HISTORY given to his style, both of thinking
OF “ILL TAM." and writing, a characteristical unity and simplicity, seldom to be met with in so voluminous an author.” We
No. I. are told by Dr Kennett, bishop of
Preliminary Obscrvations, Peterborough, that Hobbes frequent One of the inconveniencies which ly said, “ Had I read as much as arise from fictitious narratives is, some of my antagonists, I would have that when once these have gained been as ignorant." The greatest ground, and become popular, nothing minds appear to supply aliment to else will go down. A plain matterthemselves. It is not likely that Ho- of-fact story wants seasoning, and mer read or borrowed much. Shake- is regarded with that air of contempt speare was but little indebted to the with which a Frenchman turns from schools. Burns came, like the pro more homely fare, to his “ salmaphet Elisha, from the plough. Mil-gundi,” and“ bubble and squeak.” ton is the only example we find, in But this is not the whole amount, or which great genius is combined with nearly so, of the evil. Fiction have vast erudition; and he rose superior ing assumed the air and the firm to the trammels of scholastic rule, step of truth, it is scarcely possible by being tossed on the stormy surges for the most practised and acute obof civil war and revolution, which server to distinguish the reality from defeat the ordinary calculations of the counterfeit. The author of the men, and, in the shock of conflicting Man of Feeling has set out, by givinterests and passions, elicit talents ing us a circumstantial account of and genius, formerly unknown to the manner in which, by the nrerest their unconscious possessors.
We accident, he lighted upon the MS. need not be surprised, therefore, that which he was about to publish ; and Dr Reid formed no exception to a
the respectable and venerable author rule so general.
of the Life of John Knox, Dr Mac“We may appear to some,” says
Crie, of Edinburgh, accompanies this luminary of the LONDON, some extracts from the work, by an have done injustice to Mr Stewart !" account of a similar way in which Indeed! that is very candid, surely,
he fell in - with “ Sir George Macconsidering the formidable nature of kenzie’s History of his Own Times.” the assault !--the great learning and Possessed of no- means beyond the skill of the assailant!—and the singu- simple statements of the author lar accuracy of his statements ; points themselves, to verify or to distwove which the foregoing examination so the reality of these “ findings," what clearly establishes !! For his com- is the great majority of readers to fort, however, I can assure the scribe do ? Accredit every thing which of Taylor and Hessey, on the very best bears the stamp and wears the garb authority, that Mr Stewart is about of credibility, and thus be exposed as likely to be hurt by his “injus- to every species of foolery? Or, by tice," as the Bank of England to be rejecting one and all, in the absence rendered bankrupt by the loss of a of all means of discrimination, befarthing, or the Castle of Edinburgh come deprived of these great and to surrender to the assault of some manifesto advantages which result dozen starving Glasgow Radicals, from the study of real history?. It is armed with shuttles and pike-staves. upon the horns of this dilemma that I believe, however, that this is the the reader of the simple verity I am first attack made on Mr Stewart about to advance, must, in spite of all either at home or abroad ; and I cannot deny myself the pleasure of exclaiming, “ 0, si sic omnes ! "
the system of tuition by monitors is par.
tially adopted ?” Is it so in Constable Yours, &c.
and Company's ? Who are your moni. murdech acfiagel. tors ? and whom do they admonish: Aberdeen
Cockneys; you will answer. Well, be it
80: but as the printer may come by the * What does this same R. mean by say- skaith, rippose we read School for Street ing: “In the High-Street of Edinburgh, Cela sufit.
my exertions, bang, as he can only parts of an epic poem and a suet have my simple asseveration in proof pudding I could not feel in my of the fact I am about to state. heart to commit this evidently fa
It was about half a year ago that vourite child of my deceased relative I was called to witness the last mo to the flames. Yet his dying comments of " my uncle, the clergyman,” mands were imperative and sacred, of whom, and of whose peculiarities, and I was for some time at a loss how you and I had some talk the last time to act; till, having taken a trip in we met. Having died a bachelor, and the steam-boat to Edinburgh on in possession of a few hundreds, which purpose, I laid the matter before the he had ventured, without either par- twain sisterhood formerly alluded simony or extravagance, to save, for to, who, after mature deliberation, the behoof of two unmarried sisters, were of opinion, that, if a few now in “ business *" in Edinburgh, pounds, in these “slack” times, (it he left me sole executor, with direc- was the month of October,) could be tions to examine an old trunkful of made of the MS. it was all fair ; and papers which he had stowed out of the papers might, in that case, withthe way, in the garret, and to burn out any very extraordinary stretch of all and sundry which were not con- meaning, be construed into “ businected with " business.” In looking ness. í allowed myself to be perover these papers, I found a great deal suaded by this somewhat suspicious to amuse and interest mc--scraps of logic; but then, after the great quessongs, unfinished essays, sketches of tion was disposed of, there still remagnificent plans-original ideas, mained several minor points to settle. floating about on the blank corners of The elder of the two sisters, who is, letters and now and then some ex indeed, a kind of author herself, havquisitely beautiful pieces of pathos ing written, as I am told, an article and sentiment. Having at last fished or two for the Religious Instructor, out, by means of a hatband which was clearly of opinion that we should had found its way through this make a volume of it; and that, from “ rudis indigestaque moles," near her acquaintance with Oliver & to the surface, a rather bulky assort- Boyd, for some of whose relatives ment of closely-written and carefully- she sometimes did a little in the way arranged sheets, my curiosity was of “ business,” she had no doubt immediately excited by the inscrip- but the book would bring sometion, now scarcely legible from dust, thing pretty handsome, when well or mildew, upon the back—"A True and knowingly pushed. The younger and Authentic History of Ilu Tam,” sister, whose wit seemed less inwritten with the view of preserving ventive, appeared quite at a stand the recollection of my early habits what to propose, only she said she and impressions-of describing the had serious objections to Oliver gradual developement of my moral & Boyd as publishers, though the and intellectual powers, together with ground of her aversion, from a kind the means whereby, under every ex of habitual and significant caution, ternal disadvantage, I was enabled, she did not think proper to signify. ultimately, through many difficulties, This proposal being relinquished, we to attain that respectable and useful next came to think of a partial puboffice I now hoid. My first impulse lication, as there did appear in the was to learn this, as evidently uncon MS. even to the eye of friendship, nected with any thing which could some things, as the elder matron obbe called “ business ;" but having served, “ a wee flat;” and as “ Mapeeped at “ the beginning, the mid- gazines” were the fittest vehicle for dle, and the end”—these essential this purpose, we next set about
discussing the various merits and “ In business,” is a term of pre-emi- advantages which each presented. nence, and applies to the only - business"
From reasons which, in the course to which“a creditably brought-up girl can
of this narrative, you will readily now a days resort for an honest subsist- guess, Religious Magazines could ence, viz. “ the driving of a needle for not be resorted to. Waugh having one purpose or another," through ladies' undergone a recent metamorphosis clothing
“ in nor'a ccrpora, was evidently
out of the question. The Episco- we come down upon the public with palian Quarterly was equally so-and a New-year's-day Present
to the thence there remained nothing for us tune of“ just ten and sixpence, Sir, but-you-or your rival. Now, it :-only ten and sixpence.”—It was is quite natural for you to suppose,
the old absurd method, first to pubthat there would be little subject of ‘lish the work, and then to persuade hesitation here--yet hesitate we did, some Reviewer into a favourable conI can assure you—and that for a long viction of its merit. This was bewhile. The younger sister made a ginning the business at the wrong vigorous stand for your rival. The end. The method I have just sugelder lady, however, was of a dif- gested is not only sanctioned by referent opinion; and after having cent and highly respectable authouttered a number of rather forbid- rity, but, in plain common sense, is ding and unhandsome epithets, an infinitely preferable; for, when a gainst the Princes-street crew, as work is before the public, the public she was pleased to characterize them, may-and, in fact, will-judge for she said, that the Scots Magazine itself. It is only in the absence of had been taken in by her father, the original-when all access is de and likewise by her deceased bro nied to the fountain-head, that spether; (or, vice versa, I forget which;) cimens, or pitcherfuls, are really vathat it was still highly respectable; luable. In short, my offer shall be, and that it was by far the fittest to perform the part of the ancient vehicle for conveying down to pos- chorus on the stage by letting my terity the valuable information con- audience know, that they have ears tained in her brother's MS. I con- for the purpose of hearing—and mefess, Sir, thát, for some time, I rather mories, in order to remember.—“Sed sided with the younger legatee; but hæc hactenus," as Cicero says.-Let the elder matron seeming quite firm us now proceed with my Uncle's and resolved, and the younger ap True and Authentic History of pearing to lose ground at every en
" ILL TAM." counter, I at last threw my acquain Auto-biography, if conducted with tanceship with you into the prepon candour and ingenuousness, is, underating scale, which decided the deniably, the most valuable of all question.
personal narratives. It is, in fact, But, before advancing further, let the only avenue by which we can me make you fully acquainted with approach those fountains and springs the conditions upon which we pro of conduct—these wells of life from ceed.-Having had, myself, a little which originate and descend the dealing with the book-making and various issues and streams of life. publishing tribe, I am not ignorant The act that is seen, and the moof the tricks of your craft. My in tive which is unseen-the exprestention, then, in my future commu sion of the voice, and the language nications, is not to give you my of the heart—are often so widely at uncle's narrative in a continuous and variance, and yet that incongruity is uninterrupted stream--this would, so artfully concealed, that the most indeed, be too much of a good thing sagacious and discerning are liable --but I mean, every now and then, to be imposed upon. With one set and precisely as I (not you, ob- of Biographers, for example, our serve) may see occasion, to suspend great Presbyterian Reformer, John the story, or disquisition, until I Knox, ranks amongst the order of have pointed out to you, and to the most distinguished orators and dispublic at large, those beauties and interested patriots ;—whilst another valuables, whether of style or of mat- class deny him common honesty ter, which, in the absence of some and common prudence loading him such method as this, are but too apt with designs and motives, of which, in to be passed over unappreciated. It the esteem of others, he was indeed is, in fact, a review, rather than å utterly incapable. There is no doubt publication, we are about to attempt; that an auto-biographer may even and, if we find the thing in this state mistake, and consequently mis-state take, which, thus puffed into obser- some parts of his character; the real vation, it can scarcely fail to do, then intention, like the inner peel of an