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vows his unshaken devotion to the conSPAIX.–The intelligence received from stitutional cause. The club at the Fonthis country since our last consists of lit. tana d'Oro, in Madrid, takes his part, tle else than accounts of plots and conspic and declares the conspiracy is among the racies, which are hatching amongst all king's family. rànks, and in every part of the kingdom ; The patriotic societies established in and if we can give full credit to the ac Spain have decided, that all titles should counts received, unconstitutional factions be abolished in their meetings, and that and clubs, supported by the populace, henceforth they should term each other have begun to usurp the authority that Citizen. This measure, which is in imi. properly belongs to the executive. In tation of the French Jacobins of 1792, these clubs, it is said, that they openly has been adopted by several constitutional profess their wish for a republic. This municipal councils. cry, which was begun in the provinces, Notwithstanding these threatening apunder the auspices of Ricgo, has been pearances, however, according to private echoed by the capital, and in this tempest letters of the 20th Sept. tranquillity geneof irritated factions, the constitution re rally prevailed in the capital. Gen. Salva. cently established is in danger of being dor, an officer of reputation, had been apoverthrown.

pointed minister of war; and Morillo, According to an account in the Uni. who had been compelled to resign his versal, a Madrid paper, of the 5th ult., situation of Captain-general, at Madrid, General Riego has been induced to coun. had again resumed his office, had orgatenance an insane project of some French nised a new military police, and anrefugees to attempt a revolutionary move nounced, by proclamation, to the citizens ment in France. The names of these and municipal authorities, his determina. emigrants are Husson and Montarlot. In tion, at all hazards, to prevent disturbance, the lodgings of the latter at Saragossa a by the signal punishment of persons disridiculous proclamation was found ; also posed to act in hostility to the law. The some pretended patriotic songs to be sung factious club of the Fontana d'Oro had by the regenerated French army! Mon. also been closed, and several of its most tarlot has been arrested and conducted to furious orators arrested. Jaca. Husson appears to have escaped To add to the miseries of this unhappy for the present. General Vaudoncourt, country, in the midst of these political a French military officer of considerable dissensions, a malignant fever broke out talents, who has lately quitted the Pied some weeks since in Catalonia, and conmontese service, has been arrested at Va- tinues to make drcadful ravages. The lencia, as an accomplice of Montarlot. fever appeared first at Barcelonetta, a Other Piedmontese officers (refugees) at suburb of Barcelona, and as all commuBarcelona, betrayed a very hostile dispo- nication was immediately cut off, it was sition when they heard of the measures hoped by that precaution that the town taken against Riego. Orders were dis might be saved ; but it had made its appatched to arrest them.

pearance within the walls with symptoms General Riego, who was lately appoint- equally fatal, and on the 12th ult. the ed Captain-general of Arragon, has, in panic-struck inhabitants were flying from consequence of orders from Madrid, been it in all directions. Even the munici. banished to Lerida. At first he resisted pal authorities and military force, whose the mandate, and presented himself at the presence must be so cssential in such gates of Saragossa with a band of armed emergencies, to preserve order, partook of men; but the garrison refused him en the panic, and were leaving the city. trance, and he was at last induced to retire. The fever is described to be of the most He addressed a proclamation to "the brave malignant kind, and very few of those soldiers and patriots of the army of Arra- who had been attacked with it escaped. gon,” dated Pina, September 3, in which The number of persons who have quitted he exclaims against the irregular manner Barcelona is stated to be from 35,000 to in which he has been dismissed from the 40,000, who are scattered in different military command of the province, a stop places of that ill-fated province. AN Cawhich, he considers, has been provoked talonia is in desolation : the unhappy inby atrocious calumnies, and solemnly habitants withdraw to the mountains, VOL. IX.


whence they are repulsed by the peasantry, subsists ; in confirmation of which it is and die of famine and misery.

stated, that the Turkish troops have reThe government have decreed that no ceived orders to evacuate Wallachia and communication should be held between Moldavia ; and that the Russian force on Barcelona and the rest of Spain; and the the frontiers of Moldavia had fallen back fever having been communicated by a fo to their former positions. The trade bereign vessel to Marseilles, the French tween Constantinople and Odessa has al. government have also promulgated a so been resumed, and the passage of the royal ordinance upon the subject, ordering Dardanelles is again free. the immediate establishment of a cordon The answer of the Turkish govern. of health to be extended along the fron ment to the Russian ultimatum appears tiers of Spain, between which kingdom in some of the German papers. It states and France all communication is limited in substance, that “ the Porte has al. to one prescribed route, and travellers ways respected treatics with other powers, will be subjected to the performance of and especially with Russia. The ener. quarantine. Upwards of 67,000 pass. getic and extraordinary measures taken ports were delivered before the establish- against the Greeks were only directed ment of the cordon.

against rebellious subjects. Every goPORTUGAL.- In this country the Cor. vernment has the right, and even contes are employed in modifying and com. tracts the obligation, to punish traitors, pleting the constitution. That assembly and all who disturb public order. The was occupied, in its late deliberations, Ottoman government has disapproved of with the regulation of his Majesty's coun. the excesses committed by the populace ; cil of state. The council is to consist of but the people had taken up arms en eight members, chosen by the king, but masse to defend their religion and the lefrom a triple list of names which the Cor- gitimate throne. It promises that Waltes are to provide. It was first decreed lachia and Moldavia shall be evacuated, that each member of the council should when the insurrection, of which they attend the sittings of the Cortes, and have were the theatre, should be entirely supa vote in the affairs of his own depart. pressed, and peace and order re-establishment; but, after a debate upon the sub ed there. The detention of some ship ject, it was resolved that they should not laden with corn, in the Bosphorus, or in have a vote, nor even be present. The the port of Constantinople, it says, was a remaining regulations are mere matters of measure commenced by the necessity of form. By a decree of the Cortes, a new storing the capital with provisions; be. national cockade has been adopted for sides, it was the local authorities whoadoptPortugal. The colours are white and ed this measure, without waiting for orders blue.

from the government : finally, it states In the sitting of the Cortes on the 28th that the Christians provoked this step, August, a vote was read from the minister because their privateers kept the Dardaof the Interior, requiring to know “whe- nelles in a state of blockade ; the Porte, ther his Majesty could appoint one of his however, is willing to grant a reasonable councillors to the office of one of the Se- indemnity to such Russian subjects as cretaries of State for the several depart- shall prove that they have sustained loss ments into which the affairs of the king- by the measure ; and the free navigation dom are divided ?" This question was of the Streight shall be re-established. discussed with great vehemence. One The Porte never entertained any other deputy declared that the minister had views than the punishment of the guilty: sinister views in propounding it, which and it finally promises, that all faithful he would expose if it were persisted in; and pacific subjects shall continue to enanother proclaimed it a “manæuvre," and joy the protection of the laws, and shall many declared that a power of nomina not be molested in the exercise of their tion would be an inroad upon the consti- religious worship." tution. After a warm debate, it was de In conformity with the sentiments excided, “ that the king cannot appoint pressed in the above document in respect one of his councillors to such secretary to the Greeks, the Grand Signior has adship, nor to any other office or employ dressed a manifesto to all persons in atiment.”

thority within his empire, in which he TURKEY, Russia, AND GREECE. commences with displaying, in pompous The apprehensions of an immediate war terms, the blessings enjoyed by the Greeks between Russia and Turkey have now under the Turkish Government-he denearly ceased ; and the foreign journals plores and condemns their rebellious code now express a confident opivion that there duct and states, that the government, will be no interruption to the pare which in iis treatment of them, has fully so



quitted itself of all the duties of mercy

ASIA. and, on the other hand, that it has in CEYLON.-By accounts from Ceylon quired into the conduct of those concern of the 9th of April last, it appears that ed in the revolt-and, after a previous the most undisturbed tranquillity reigned conviction, has inflicted the necessary pus throughout that island. Improvements nishment. The manifesto concludes with on a large scale have lately been going prohibiting all further violence or vexa on, under the superintendance of Lieutetion to the persons or property of the nant-Colonel Wright, of the Royal engipeaceable and innocent Greeks, and threat

An extensive inland navigation ning the severest vengeance in case these has just been completed and opened, to commands should be disobeyed.

facilitate the communication between CoAnother Turkish document has been lombo and the north end of the island, published dated the 18th of July. It is during the south-west monsoon; and seaddressed by the Grand Visier to Count veral hundred miles of new road have Nesselrode, the Russian minister of fo been laid out, and nearly finished, throughreign affairs, in consequence of the refu. out the interior of the island. sal of Baron Strogonoff' to receive the an. swer of the Porte to the Russian ultima

AMERICA. tum. The Grand Visier's language to UNITED STATES. -The transfer of Count Nesselrode is highly complimen. the Floridas to the United States is now tary to his justice, moderation, and pa. completed, as appears by the following cific, sentiments; whilst the ambassador letter from Philadelphia, dated August is charged, with more candour than cour. 10th.-" At length I am happy to intesy, with falsifying the facts which he forin you, that the fleet with the Spanish was in the habit of communicating to his troops sailed from Augustine for the Hacourt. The Porte evidently regarded vannah, on the 17th July ; it consisted Strogonoff as an inveterate enemy, all of ten sail of vessels ; the number of troops whose efforts were directed to light up a on board was nearly 500, and the numwar between the two powers, which will ber of civil officers and persons attachaccount for the harsh truths which have ed to government, including their famibeen addressed to him. Count Nessel. lies, was 200." rode is said to be opposed to hostilities, By accounts received from Baltimore, and to be upheld in his opposition by the Washington, Philadelphia, and New York, Emperor.

of the date of 3d September, we are sorry The insurgent Greeks in the Morea to learn that a fever of a malignant nature continue the contest against the Turks in prevails in various parts of the Union. the meantime; and an article in the Ger. The accounts from Long Island, Balman papers dated from Semlin, of the 3d timore, Amelia Island, and Norfolk, arc ult. asserts, that about the middle of Au. very calamitous. The whole of Amelia gust, the Turkish army, commanded by Island is retained as a perfect hospital, the Pacha of Salonichi, was completely not one family being well, and in many defeated in the district of Cassandra, by instances not one to assist another. So a force of 20,000 Greeks, under the com. dreadful, indeed, is the disease, that there mand of Alexander Stagirita. Among is not one sentinel to do duty. A New the numerous prisoners are said to be 400 York paper, of the 30th August, saysJews, who, from hatred to the Greeks, had “ We are sorry to perceive, from the formed themselves into a volunteer corps Franklin Gazette, that the malignant fein Salonichi. It is added, that though ver continues to make serious ravages the Greeks treated their Turkish prison- among our fellow-citizens at Baltimore. ers with moderation, they inutilated the Four fell victims to it in the twenty-four Jews in the cruelest manner, by cutting hours ending on Sunday morning, and off their hands and noses.

six more during the twenty-four hours The Grand Visier has addressed a let- ending Monday morning." ter to the Governor General of the Mo. MEXICO. At the above date accounts rea, and the commander of the Turkish had reached the United States from Texas, army before Athens, directing them to which give a lamentable description of take measures to protect and preserve that province ; bands of patriots (as they the monuments of antiquity in that city call themselves,) plunder and destroy the and its environs, as a mark of esteem to country, and there is no force to oppose the king of England, at the instance of them. The most forinidable of these whose ambassador the injunction from consists of Indians. In one night, 200 the Grand Visier has been transmit. fires were scen along the coast ; and the icd.

writer of the account, landing at several

places, found a great number of arms and cient honour to the valour of our troops. legssad proofs of the victims of these The British battalion, commanded by the cannibals. It appears to be a mere ren. meritorious Colonel Farriar, distinguished dezvous for pirates and outlaws

itself amongst so many other brave men, South AMERICA.-By accounts from and suffered a heavy loss of officers. The Buenos Ayres of the 19th July, it appears conduct of General Paez in this last and that a decisive engagement had taken most glorious victory of Columbia renders place between the forces in that city and him deserving of the highest military those under General Ramirez, in which rank; and I therefore, in the name the latter was killed, and his head sent the Congress, offered on the field of battle to General Rodriguez, the present Su to appoint him general in chief of the preme Director at Buenos Ayres. It was army. expected that this event would tend to “None of the second division partook restore tranquillity in the province, and in the action, except a part of the T'iral. be the means of opening a regular com leurs of the Guard, commanded by the munication with the interior.

worthy commandant, Heras. But its geCaraccas. A decisive victory has been neral, enraged that all his division could gained by the republicans in this quarter, not, from the obstacles of the ground, which is described by General Boliver in join in the battle, charged singly a mass the following letter to the president of the of infantry, and fell in the centre in the republic of Columbia, published in the heroic manner that ought to close the Correo Extraordinario del Orinoco of the glorious career of the bravest of Colum25th July, at Angostura :

bia's brave. In General Sedeno the Re. “ Most Excellent Sir, Yesterday the public has lost a staunch supporter, both political birth of the republic of Colum- in peace and war; none more valiant than bia was confirmed by a splendid victory. he, none more obedient to this governThe divisions of the liberating army hav ment. I recommend the ashes of the ing joined in the plains of Tinaquillo on gallant hero to the Sovereign Congress, the 23d, we marched yesterday morning that the honours of a solemn triumph on the head-quarters of the enemy in Ca- may be paid to his memory. labozo.

· Like grief does the Republic suffer “ The first division, composed of the in the fall of the dauntless Colonel Plaza, brave British battalion, the brave of the who, filled with an unparalleled enthuApure, and 1500 cavalry, under the or. siasm, threw himself on a battalion of the ders of General Paez. The second com enemy, desiring it to surrender. Colonel posed of the second brigade of the Guards, Plaza is deserving of Columbia's tears, the battalion of Tiralleurs, Boyaca, and and that Congress confer on him the Vargas; and the sacred squadron com. honours due to such distinguished hemanded by the undaunted Colonel Ara roism. mendi, under the orders of General Se “The enemy being dispersed, the ardeno. The third composed of the first dour of our chiefs and officers was so brigade of Guards, the battalions of rifles, great in the pursuit, that we sustained grenadiers, vanquisher of Boyaca, Anzoas considerable loss in that high class of the tegui, and the intrepid Colonel Rondon's army. The bulletin will communicate regiment of cavalry, under the orders of their names. The Spanish army exceedColonel Plaza.

ed 6000 men, composed of all the best of “ Our march across the mountains and the pacificatory expeditions. That army through the defiles, which separated us has ceased to exist : only 400 men will from the enemy's camp, was rapid and have this day taken refuge in Puerto Ca. orderly. At eleven in the morning we bello. The liberating army had an equal defiled by our left in front of the enemy, force to that of the enemy, but not more and under his fire; we crossed a rivulet than a fifth part of it decided the fate of where only one man could pass at once, the day. Our loss is not great-hardly in presence of an army on an inaccessible 200 in killed and wounded. Colonel Ranlevel height, comm

mmanding us in every gell, who did, as he always does, prodidirection.

gies, marched this day to take up a line “ The gallant General Paez, at the against Puerto Cabello. head of the two battalions of his division, “ May it please the Sovereign Congress and the brave Colonel Munoz's regiment to accept, in the name of the heroes whom of cavalry, attacked the enemy's right I have the honour to command, the ho. with such fury, that in half an hour he mage of a conquered army, the most nul. was thrown into confusion and complete merous and the finest that ever in Columly routed. It is impossible to do suffi- bia carried arms in a field of battle.

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