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and vigorous leaps towards the young £.5000 to any subject of Great Briman, coming nearer to him at every ef. tain who shall reach the Longitude fort; and, being teazed more and more of 130o from Greenwich, within the with the whip, at last threw himself into Arctic Circle ; the air, with such energy, that when he £.10,000, besides the above, for the descended, he seemed scarcely to touch North-West Passage into the Pathe ground; but instantly rebounding, executed a succession of leaps, so rapid £.1000 for reaching 83° of North and so great, that there was not the Lat., and a similar sum for 85°, slightest intermission, and he appeared 87', and 89°, respectively. to fly. The young man betook himself Effects of Cold upon Ice. On Lake to a rapid flight; but his dreadful pursuer Champlain, and other American lakes, gained rapidly upon him, till approach. and even on narrow rivers, fissures and ing a fence, he perceived that he could rents of enormous magnitude are often not pass it before the fangs of the snake made in the ice, and are always accomwould be hooked in his fesh. As his panied with loud reports, like those of only resource, he turned, and, by a fortu. cannon. The unwary traveller, who, with nate throw of his lash, by which he wound his sleighs and horses, adventures by it completely round the serpent's body, night, and sometimes even by day, across he arrested his progress, and killed him the great northern lakes, is frequently Mr Pierce had a living rattlesnake two swallowed up in the openings, which are months in his possession, and every day thus unexpectedly made in the ice. When' watched his manners. He immediately the weather grows warm again, before the killed birds and most small animals, when ice melts, the fissures close, and someput into his cage, but did not eat them. times the edges of them even overlap. He permitted a toad, however, to remain At Plattsburg, in the winter of 1819-20, weeks with him unmolested, and allowed when the thermometer during night was it to leap upon his body, and sit upon his from 15° to 17° below 0° of Fahr., and head. When he opened his mouth, his during the day, from 10° to 12° below it, fangs were not visible unless he was pro- the reports of the rending ice were like voked; at other times they were covered that of a six-pounder, and the openings with a membrane like a scabbard, only were from 10 to 15 feet wide.-See Amethey were drawn back, so that the sheath rican Journal of Science, Vol. ii. No. 1. p. ing membrane formed only a slight pro. 177. tuberance on each side of the upper jaw. Third Report of the Commissioners of If irritated, he flattened his head, threw Weights and Measures. The following is it back, opened his mouth wide, and in the substance of the final report of the stantly the fatal fangs were shot out of Commissioners of Weights and Measures, their sheaths, like a spring-dagger, and viz. Sir George Clerk. Bart., Davis Gilhe darted upon his object." After his bert, Esq., Dr Wollaston, Dr Young, and death,” says Mr Pierce, “ I examined the Captain Kater : fangs: they are shaped like a sickle; a * 1. That the Parliamentary standard. duet led from the reservoir of poison at yard, made by Bird in 1760, be hencethe bottom of the tooth, quite through its forward considered as the authentic legal whole length, and terminated just by the standard of the British Empire; and point, which was exceedingly sharp. that it be identified, by declaring, that
Thus the fang is darted out at the will of 39.1393 inches of this standard, at the the animal; it makes the puncture at the temperature of 62° of Fahrenheit, have instant, and simultaneously the poison been found equal to the length of a pen. flows throw the duct, and is deposited in dulum, supposed to vibrate seconds in the very bottom of the wound. As this London on the level of the sea, and in a rarely fails to touch a blood-vessel, the venom is then instantly issued into the “ 2. That the Parliamentary standard system, and without delay commences Troy pound, according to the two pound the march of death through every vein and weight made in 1758, remains unaltered; artery."-American Journal of Science, and that 7000 Troy grains be declared to Vol. jj. p. 229.
constitute an Avoirdupois pound; the Rewards for Discoveries in the Arctic cubic inch of distilled water being found Regions. In the New Longitude Act, to weight at 620, in a vacuum, 252.72 which is the 58th of Geo. III. amended, Parliamentary grains. it is assumed, that no ship has gone be “ 3. That the alc and corn gallon be yond 81° of North Lat. and 113° of restored to their original equality, by takWest Long. within the Arctic circle. ing for the statutable common gallon of The rewards which it proposes are : the British Empire, a mean value, such
that a gallon of common water may weigh Tree which produces the Caoutchouc, or 10 pounds Avoirdupois in ordinary cir. Elastic Gum.- In the region of the Miscumstances, its content being nearly 277.3 sissippi, on the Arkansas and Red River, cubic inches; and that correct standards grows the tree which yields the vegetable of this imperial gallon, and of the bushel, caoutchouc. It has a tolerably smooth peck, quart, and pint derived from it, and back ; and when incisions are made in it, of their parts, be procured without delay, & milky fluid exudes, which coagulates, for the Exchequer."
and forms elastic gum. Some trees yield Gelatinous Meteor at Amherst in Mas- from 150 to 200 pounds of caoutchouc. sachussets. On the 13th August 1819, Mr Bringier observed, that the wood of it between eight and nine o'clock in the was very elastic, when dry. If rubbed evening, a fire-ball, of the size of a large on a body which is electric, particularly blown bladder, and of a brilliant white in a cold day, the body rubbed will adhere light, was seen in the atmosphere. It fell to the wall. A quill, for example, will be near a house, and was examined by Rufus attracted six inches from the wall, and stick Graves, Esq., formerly Lecturer in Che- fast to it, till all the electricity is dissipated. mistry at Dartmouth College. It was of Altitude of Dhwalagiri and other Moun. a circular form, resembling a solid dish, tains of the Himalaya.—The superior altibottom upwards, about 8 inches in dia- tude of the Himalaya range to the mounmeter, and about one in thickness, of a tains of the Andes has been established bright buff colour, with a fine nap upon beyond a doubt, by the survey of Captain it, similar to that in milled cloth. On re Blake. The following are the altitudes moving this nap, a buff-coloured pulpy deduced from his observations, by Mr substance, of the consistence of soft soap, Colebrooke : appeared, having an offensive suffocating
Allilude in feet above the sco. smell, producing nausea and giddiness. Peak without name,
21,935 After a few ininutes exposure to the air, Chandragiri, or Mountain of the the buff colour was changed into a livid Moon,
23,007 colour, resembling venous blood. It at Peak without a name,
24,108 tracted moisture readily from the air. A Swelagar or Nepal,
25,261 quantity of it in a tumbler soon liquified, Dhwalagiri, or Ghasu Coti, or the and formed a mucilaginous substance, of White Mountain,
28,015 the consistence, colour, and feeling of See the Journal of Science, Literature, starch, when prepared for domestic use. &c. Vol. xi. p. 210. The tumbler was then set in a safe place, Plant which Dissolves in Water. The where it remained undisturbed for two or plant called Nostoch communis, which is three days, and it was found to have all found in the south of France, in the form evaporated, except a small dark-coloured of a green and membranaceous envelope, residuum adhering to the bottom and sides filled with a species of jelly, containing a of the glass, which, when rubbed between number of elongated filaments, has the the fingers, produced about a thimbleful remarkable property of dissolving in of a fine ash-coloured powder, without
It always disappears when the taste or smell. With concentrated and rain has ceased, leaving only a small dry diluted muriatic and nitric acids, no che membrane, apparently inorganised, which mical action was observed, and the mat resumes its original form, by being wetted. ter remained unchanged.
With the con A curious paper on this plant, and on the centrated sulphuric acid, a violent ef- different names it has received, is pubfervescence ensued, a gas was evolved, and lished by M. Vallot, in the Journal de the whole substance nearly dissolved. Physique, Mars 1821, tom. 93. p. 216– American Journal of Science, vol. ii. p. 335. 227.
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