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ing with them a quantity of fine salmon and veni. son, of which some very acceptable samples were procured for both ships. Being desirous of follow. ing up so agreeable a kind of barter, I went on shore the next morning for that purpose,
but could only procure a very small quantity of fish from the tent of the new-comer, a middle-aged, noisy, but_re. markably intelligent and energetic man named Too. lēmăk. After some conversation, we found from this man that, in order to obtain a fresh supply of fish, three days would be required; this prevented my putting in execution a plan of going out to the place where the fish were caught, which we at first understood to be near at hand. We therefore em. ployed all our eloquence in endeavouring to procure a supply of this kind by means of the Esqui. maux themselves, in which we at length so far suc. ceeded, that Toolemak promised, for certain valu. able considerations of wood and iron, to set out on this errand the following day.
Shortly after I returned on board Captain Lyon made the signal to communicate with me," for the purpose of offering his services to accompany our fisherman on his proposed journey, attended by one of the Hecla's men; to which, in the present unfavourable state of the ice, I gladly consented, as the most likely means of procuring information of interest during this our unavoidable detention. Being equipped with a small tent, blankets, and four days provision, Captain Lyon left us at ten P.M., when I made sail to re-examine the margin of the ice.
It blew fresh from the eastward during the night of the 28th, with continued rain, all which we.
considered favourable for dissolving and dislodging the ice, though very comfortless for Captain Lyon on his excursion. The weather at length clearing up in the afternoon, I determined on beating to the eastward, to see if any more of the land in that direction could be made out than the unfavourable position of the ice would permit at our last visit. The Fury then made sail and stood to the eastward, encountering the usual strength of tide off the southwest point of Tangle Island, and soon after a great quantity of heavy drift-ice, apparently not long detached from some land.
I determined to avoid, if possible, the entangle. ment of the Fury among the ice, which now surrounded her on every side, and to stand back to Igloolik, to hear what information Captain Lyon's journey might have procured for us.
At the distance of one third of a mile from Tangle Island, where we immediately gained the open sea beyond, we observed the Hecla standing towards us, and rejoined her at a quarter before eleven, when Captain Lyon came on board to com. municate the result of his late journey, of which he furnished me with the following account, accom. panied by a sketch of the lands he had seen, as far as the extremely unfavourable state of the weather would permit.
“ Accompanied by George Dunn, I found Too. lemak on landing, who welcomed us to his tent, in which for two hours it was scarcely possible to move, in consequence of the crowd who came to gaze at us. A new deerskin was spread for me, and Dunn having found a corner for himself, we all lay down to sleep, not, however, until our host,
his wife, their little son, and a dog, had turned in beside me, under cover of a fine warm skin, all na. ked
except the lady, who, with the decorum natural to her sex, kept on a part of her clothes.
At ten A.M. we started, and found the sledge on a beach near the southern ice. Four men were to accompany us on this vehicle, and the good-natured fel. lows volunteered to carry our luggage. A second sledge was under the charge of three boys who had eight dogs, while our team consisted of eleven. The weather was so thick that at times we could not see a quarter of a mile before us, but yet went rapidly forward to the W.N.W., when, after about six hours, we came to a high, bold land, and a great number of islands of reddish granite, wild and bar. ren in the extreme. We here found the ice in a very decayed state, and in many places the holes and fissures were difficult if not dangerous to pass. At the expiration of eight hours, our impediments in this respect had increased to such a degree as to stop our farther progress. Dunn, the old man, and myself therefore walked over a small island, beyond which we saw a sheet of water, which pre. cluded
farther advance otherwise than by boats. “ In the hope that the morning would prove more favourable for our seeing the land, the only advan. tage now to be derived from our visit, since the fish. ing place was not attainable, it was decided to pass the night on one of the rocky islands. The Esqui. maux having brought no provisions with them, I distributed our four days' allowance of meat in equal proportions to the whole party, who afterward lay down to sleep on the rocks, having merely a piece of skin to keep the rain from their faces.
In this comfortless state they remained very quiet. ly for eight hours.
Our little hunting-tent just held Dunn and myself, although not in a very con. venient manner; but it answered the purpose of keeping us dry, except from a stream of water that ran under us all night.
“ The morning of the 27th was rather fine for a short time, and we saw above thirty islands, which * I named Coxe's GROUP, varying in size from one hundred yards to a mile or more in length. Two deer were observed on the northern land, which was called Khead-Laghioo by the Esquimaux, and Toolemak accompanied Dunn in chase of them. On crossing to bring over our game, we found the old Esquimaux had skinned and broken up the deer after his own manner, and my companions being without food, I divided it into shares.
Arriving on the ice, a skin was taken from the sledge as a seat, and we all squatted down to a re. past which was quite new to me. In ten minutes the natives had picked the deer's bones so clean that even the hungry dogs disdained to gnaw them a second time. Dunn and myself made our breakfast on a choice slice cut from the spine, and found it so good, the windpipe in particular, that at dinner-time we preferred the same food to our share of the preserved meat which we had saved from the preceding night.
"As we sat I observed the moschetoes to be very numerous, but they were lying in a half torpid state on the ice, and incapable of molesting us. Soon after noon we set forward on our return, and, without seeing any object but the flat and decaying ice, passed from land to land with our former ce
lerity, dashing through large pools of water niuch oftener than was altogether agreeable to men who had not been dry for above thirty hours, or warm for a still longer period. Our eleven dogs were large, fine-looking animals, and an old one of peculiar sagacity was placed at their head by having a longer trace, so as to lead them over the safest and driest places, for these animals have a great dread of water. The leader was instant in obeying the voice of the driver, who did not beat, but repeated. ly talked and called it by name. It was beautiful to observe the sledges racing to the same object, the dogs and men in full cry, and the vehicles splashing through the water with the velocity of rival stage.coaches.
“ We were joyfully welcomed to the dwelling of Ooyarra, whose guest I was now to become, and the place of honour, the deerskin seat, was clear. ed for my reception. His two wives, Kši-mõõ. khiăk and Awă-rūn-nă, occupied one end, for it was a double tent; while at the opposite extremity the parents of the senior wife were established. The old mother Now-kit-yõo assisted the young woman in pulling off our wet clothes and boots, which lat. ter being of native manufacture, she new-soled and mended without any request on our side, considering us as a part of the family. Dunn slept in the little tent to watch our goods, and I had a small portion of Ooyarra's screened off for me by a seal's skin. My host and his wives having retired to an. other tent, and my visiters taking compassion on me, I went comfortably to sleep; but at midnight was awakened by a feeling of great warmth, and, to my surprise, found myself covered by a large