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the document containing the of revision by this disclosure in words “Ce canaille de D- the ' Éclair,' was Esterhazy himhad been laid before the self, for when an agent was court-martial. That this com- sent to Esterhazy's rooms he munication was made to the found the place empty and a

Éclair' corruptly, and against heap of burnt papers on the true justice, is proved by the hearth, Esterhazy having carfact that the name was given ried off all his other belongings not D— but “Dreyfus” in to Rouen. full. Who the person was is The matter became serious. not known; but it is known When Picquart had made his that two were deeply discovery, he had urged upon interested in preventing any his chiefs that they were upon reopening of the case, and the eve of “a great scandal, " were utterly unscrupulous in aud that the army authorities their modes—viz., Henry and should take the initiative in Du Paty de Clam. That it clearing it up, adding, “If we should have been possible for lose too much time, the initiamen of any ordinary shrewd- tive will be taken from us, and ness to believe, that by cynic- that, apart from loftier conally announcing that the court siderations, will put us in an had been made to receive secret odious light”-“it will be a evidence outwith the know- troublesome crisis, and one ledge of the defence they were which we can avoid by doing strengthening the case of the justice in time.” These views, opponents of inquiry, is a strik- so manly and wise, he reiterated ing indication of their estimate in vain when the disclosure was of French notions of justice and made in the Éclair.' He refair-play. Such an announce- ceived from his chief halfment in similar case in hearted replies, and he declares any other country would have that at last he told his superior caused the whole community that he could not “carry this and press to rise up in indig- secret with him into his tomb.” nant protest, and to demand But he of course at the time instant review of such a scan- bowed to the instructions of his dalous travesty of justice. chiefs. Knowing as they must have Two months later the followdone that Dreyfus's counseling audaciously false statement would at once declare that no was made by General Billot, the such document had been shown Minister of War, in answer to to him or his client, their con- an interpellation. duct is inconceivable unless answer prepared in the office of they believed that the great the General Staff by those who mass of their fellow - citizens knew the facts. Speaking of

corrupt - minded the court - martial, he said : themselves. But, characteris- “Justice was then done. The tically enough, the only person preliminary hearing, the argunot of those who were demand- ments, the judgment, were all ing inquiry for Dreyfus, who conducted conformably to the seems to have been put in fear rules of military procedure."

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Thus a wilful falsehood was put demonstrated who was the true into the mouth of a Minister of writer of the bordereau in April State, a sentence which mem- 1896 ; but in

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Colonel every member of the court- Picquart, the matter remained martial knew to be false. From quiet until the bordereau was that moment the die was irrev- published in the Matin,' ocably cast. For any opening strangely enough without any up of an inquiry must, it was specimens of Dreyfus's handknown, demonstrate the untruth writing with which to compare of this official assertion in the it. This latter omission is Legislative Chamber. No one significant. can wonder that every nerve is But now the time had arrived strained, and every subterfuge when, quite independently of practised, to crush out further Picquart, it was to be again coninquiry. For the result of it is clusively proved that Esterhazy certain, if a result according to wrote the bordereau. Picquart the truth is not made impossible had been silenced; but the fatuby official resistance or judicial ous move of putting the ‘Matin' corruption. It seems plain that in a position to publish a facthe folly of the move made in simile of the bordereau bore publishing the secret document very different fruit from what

recognised immediately those who did it thought they after the blunder had been com- were sowing the seed for. M. mitted, and that it was seen to de Castro, a stockbroker in be necessary to revert to the Paris, hearing the newsboys bordereau, which was the only shouting the contents of the document legally before the "Matin' the boulevard, court-martial. Therefore a few bought a copy, and received a days before General Billot was startling shock.

startling shock. He had done put up to reassure the public business for Esterhazy, and at mind by a false statement, a

the first glance recognised copy of the bordereau Esterhazy's writing. Much handed to the Matin,' and perturbed, he with his brotherpublished, along with a state- in-law compared letters in their ment that to “any one who has possession with the facsimile, been able to compare the ad- and found them identical. mitted writing of Dreyfus” Knowing that M. Scheurerwith the document, “it will Kestner, the President of the be clear that it was his hand Senate, had taken an interest which traced these lines.” Little in the matter, he went to him. did those who thus indicated On being shown the papers, M. that the bordereau was Scheurer - Kestner retired and more to be the pièce de résist- came back with some others, ance of the General Staff ima- which De Castro at once identigine that they were by this fied as Esterhazy's. Thus the publication handing over to matter was brought to the the enemy the most powerful notice of one of the most disweapon which he could wield. tinguished and honoured men It has been seen how it was in France, who had already

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earnestly urged General Billot notice, to send him here and to examine into the matter, and there throughout France, and who had agreed to give him far from Paris, and ultimately fifteen days to do so, before to Tunis, and on to the Tripolidoing anything himself, with tan frontier. General Gonse the result that, to use his own has avowed that he was sent words, during those fifteen days away because he was “hypmeans were taken by which “ the notised with this DreyfusMinisterial journals dragged me Esterhazy affair.” No other in the mud, denounced me as a can be suggested, and dishonest man and a miscreant, the “mission on which he was ... and called me a German sent was admittedly a myth, and a Prussian.” Having thus and so uncalled-for and dangerin vain besought the military ous to life that the commandauthorities to take the initia- ing officer at Tunis refused, on tive, and seeing that there was his own responsibility, to send a determination at the War him forward to a dangerous Office to discredit him before position, where there was no the event, he arranged with M. real work for him to do. Matthieu Dreyfus to publish a Next came a communication statement accusing Esterhazy from M. de Saint Morel, a subof having written the bordereau. ordinate of General Billot, to One would have supposed that Rochefort, the editor of 'L'Inthis would have given pause to transigeant,' which led Rochethe General Staff in their career fort boldly to avow that a of justification of what had been secret document had been shown done, and led them to inquire; to the court - martial : “Why and it is difficult to understand deny it, why not have said so, what motive they could have have cried it aloud on the housenot to inquire, unless they tops ? Why not have already knew the truth. It gloried in it as an action to be was three days after this that proud of, instead of concealing General

Billot stoutly it as a fault?” To this was nounced to the Chamber that added an assertion that Dreyfus “it is a chose jugée, and it is had written personally to the not permitted to any one to go Emperor of Germany offering back upon the trial”!

his services, and that the EmOf course, as it was known peror sent him

message in the War Office that Colonel through the German Embassy Picquart had established who accepting his offer the

the true writer of the footing that, in the event of bordereau, it was found con- war,

“ he should at once venient, in view of this con- sume his proper rank in the firmation of his discovery, which German army." would necessarily lead him to be made here to ask, what again press the matter, to have must be thought of the honesty him removed. Accordingly, of people who could publish steps were taken to deprive such stuff as this as authentic him of his position in the In- news for the public ? ? Or if telligence Office at a moment's their honesty be assumed, what

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must be thought of their san- name again, the intention being

The Government could to show that Picquart had not face up to this move of the removed another name, and État Major. They repudiated put in Esterhazy's. But the it, as any Government with any petit - bleu had been photoself - respect must have done. graphed in the original state, Indeed

they could not have and therefore this erasure and maintained diplomatic relations substitution is a clumsy fraud. with Germany had they not Besides, it still has the original done so, as they had direct and address of Esterhazy's house, positive assurances that there and it was complete with the had been no relations whatever name Esterhazy before Picquart with Dreyfus.

ever saw it, as a subordinate A plot was then organised fitted the pieces together, and to destroy Picquart, in which so brought out the name on it is now certain that Henry, it and brought it to Picquart. Du Paty de Clam, and Ester- Picquart at once wrote to hazy were all engaged. Bogus General Billot complaining of telegrams, signed Speranza and these communications, and sayBlanche, were sent to him to ing that he was unable to Tunis, where also Esterhazy understand them. But before sent him a letter. The tele- his letter could reach Paris, gram signed Speranza and the and before, therefore, any one letter both misspelled Picquart's at the War Office could know name by leaving out the letter anything regarding them, unless C, thus indicating that they they were fabrications, an article came from the same source; about them, which is traceable and this is confirmed as being to Esterhazy, and avowed by Esterhazy by the fact that, in him to have been adjusted with a letter also signed “Speranza, Du Paty de Clam, appeared in the name Picquart is again the “Libre Parole, signed spelled in thesame way. This let- “Dixi." Thus their authorter Esterhazy professed to have ship is proved. They were received. There is no doubt fabricated by a conspiracy of it was a fabrication of his own. the basest kind. The telegram signed Blanche It became absolutely necesstated that it was known that sary to get this Esterhazy diffi“the author of the petit-bleu culty out of the way, and acis Georges”—that is, Picquart cordingly it was arranged that -and adds, “He must take his case should be examined into. precautions. Here is the first The spirit in which this investiindication of an intention to gation was entered upon is indicounter Picquart by an accu- cated by the fact that a man sation that he had forged the formally accused of treason was petit - bleu. Fortunately the not arrested, nor any search knaves outwitted themselves, made of his house or reposifor the case of forgery was tories; and the spirit in which to be got up by scratching it was carried on is shown by out the name on the back, the final acte d'accusation, or inand writing in Esterhazy's dictment, which is in France an argumentative document, and practically to admit that they which, in this case, is from be- were. Thus Du Paty de Clam and ginning to end a pleading for Henry, the subordinates of De the accused. Any person, with- Boisdeffre, were, with or without having legal training, can out his connivance, it matters see this at once. It is a key to little which, clandestinely meetthe whole conduct of the proceed- ing with and prompting a person ings, and led up to Picquart's suspected of treachery how to indignant ejaculation when be- bully the War Minister and the fore the Esterhazy court-martial, head of the State. Further, “It seems, then, that it is I who there was handed to Esterhazy am on my trial !”

a photographic copy of the But the significance of the “Ce canaille de D- letter, occurrences at this time does not it being arranged that it was centre on the investigation it- to be represented that he reself, but is to be found in the ceived it from a veiled lady, surrounding circumstances. It who met him by appointment is now definitely ascertained, and in a secret place behind the indeed admitted by the actors palisades of the Alexandre III. in the farce, that while the in- Bridge. The story was that this quiry was going on into the lady had been, as Esterhazy said matter, two emissaries from the at his trial, “animated by an imWar Department were holding perious motive to defend an undaily clandestine meetings in se- fortunate man against false macretly arranged rendezvous with chinations.” His cousin, Count Esterhazy. Esterhazy states Christian Esterhazy, a young that a signal, by a wave of a man who was used as a gohandkerchief and a password, between with Henry and Du was prearranged. Thus he Paty de Clam, now avows that clandestinely met these officers Esterhazy got him to write the of the French army, they being veiled-lady letters. He declares well muffled up, and disguised that he saw Du Paty de Clam with blue spectacles and false hand the sealed packet to Esterbeards. They concocted letters hazy; and the farce was then to General Billot, suggesting gone through of Esterhazy handthat Dreyfus had imitated Ester- ing in the document to the War hazy's writing in the bordereau. Office, a formal receipt being Again, a letter was made up to given for it by General Billot. be sent directly to General de All this was intended to help Boisdeffre. And lastly, a violent Esterhazy and smite Picquart. letter was written to President For the purpose was to suggest Faure, in which Esterhazy states that the veiled lady was a friend that if he is not supported he of Picquart's, and that she as a will appeal to his family chief, matter of conscience had got the Emperor, he being by birth hold of this document when an Austrian. That these letters Picquart was asleep, and had were admitted to have been delivered it to the falsely acmade up by Du Paty de Clam was cused man Esterhazy—the sugsworn to in the Esterhazy Court gestion being that Picquart, who of Inquiry, and Du Paty had was attacking Esterhazy's repu

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