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Such preachers and such sermons do, I doubt,
But waste our time, and tire our patience out. Strange that moral instruction should always be considered, by these people, as wafte of time! And yet fome noted ones among them seem to have stood much in need of it. Art. 26. Verses occasioned by a Poem entitled, “ The Gray's
Inn Association." 4to. 6 d. Flexney. In the Review for November, p. 387, we condemned the 'Apprentice's poem,'—the Gray's-Inn Association. The verses now besor: us are still worse, and were, no doubt, written by the Porter, or the Errand Boy.-Melancholy consequences, these, among others, of the decay of trade! In former days, the shop-keepers could find their ser. vants better employment. Art. 27. La Bagatelle. On the Use and Abuse of Satire ;
occafioned by the Guildhall Orators, and ocher (so called) “ Sati. rical Poems." 40. 6.d. Fuller. 1780.
This beadle of the court of Parnassus (for fuch is the title which the Writer has usurped) has much over-rated his own powers, in thinking himself qualificd for any office in that court.
N O V E L S. Art. 28. Gilham Farm, or the History of Melvin and Lucy.
2 Vols. 5 s. sewed. Noble. 1780. This triling novel, which for the size of the type, and the extent of the spaces, hath few equals, even in this book-making age, is fa. bricated to introduce some seemingly original accounts of India. Allured by the success of Emily Montague, and the pleasing descrip; tions of Canada in that agreeable novel, the Author hath followed his original with unequal fteps. The descriptions are meagre and scanty, with little colouring; and the reflections vague and trite, without novelty or acuteness. It contains an oriental vision, which is said to be original, and deserves in some degree to be exempted from the common cenfure to which the rest of the performance is jullly entitled. It is, however, very inferior to the luxuriant reveries of Hawkesworth, which, if they are not entirely in the oriental taite, are in many respects superior to it.This novel also contains a description of the famine in Bengal; and the Author endeavours to exculpate the COMPANY from the load of infamy that hath been cat on them and their servants, by observing, that the most liberal par. ticipation of their treasures could have only warded off the fatal catastrophe for a very thort time. The ftory of Melvin and Lucy is highly improbable, and scarcely worth relating ; and the language, though on the whole not inelegant, is frequently incorrect. -The poetry (for several little pieces in verse are interspersed for the fake of variety) scarcely rises above infipidity. In thort, this production is too flimsy and uninteresting to merit praise, while the most experienced critic can hardly point out its particular faults.
" We cannot blame indeed, but we may sleep." Art. 29. Sketch of the Times, or the History of Lord Derville.
izmo. 2 Vols. 5 s, fewed. Bow. 1780. If the times are in reality so bad as they are here represented, we Thall no longer condemn the gloomy pictures drawn by discontented moralifts and splegetic divines ; nor attribute to the didates of disap
pointment what may have been the effect of observation. This ina famous story is well told: but in its vicious tendency every other merit is totally lost. It might have been more tolerable, if the Author had distributed justice more impartially. The pride of the principal delinquent is only piqued, and the other actors in the scene are permitted to indulge their wishes to the utmost extent. But the Author knew for whose use, and for what end he writ: and convinced of the wickedness of the times, wisely took his meafures accordingly. Similis fimili gaudet !!
PHILOSOPHIC A L, &c. Art. 30. A Dissertation on Rivers and Tides. Intended to des
montirate the Effect of Bridges, Cuttings, removing of Shoals and Imbankments; and to investigate in particular the Consequences of such Works on the River Thames. By Robert Erskine, Eno gineer, &c. Respe&tfully addressed and recommended to the Confideration of the Nobility, Gentry, and Public at large ; particularly the Proprietors of Lands on the banks of the Thames, be tween Cricklade and Gravesend, with a view to the Amendment of the ruinous Condition of the Navigation, the putting a Stop to the intended Lockwork between Staines and London, and the Usurpation of City Power, in imbanking and raising Paths on the Side of the River. 8vo. is. Wilkie. 1780.
As Mr. Erskine appears to understand, very perfectly, this important subject; what he has here offered upon it certainly merits the Serious attention not only of our engineers, but of all who are pecu. liarly interested in the navigation of the Thames,
М А тн E м А тiсѕ. Art. 31. The Elements of a new Method of Reasoning in Gea
metry: Applied to the Rectification of the Circle. By Thomas Taylor. 4to. - 2 s. 6 d. Denis, 1780.
We honestly confess, that we do not understand the method of rea, soning here made use of, and therefore the Author will, we hope, be pleased to excuse us from giving any opinion whatsoever of his pamphlet.
SCHOOL-BOOK. Art. 32. A short Sketch of English Grammar ; intended for the
Use of such as ftudy that Language only; consisting of a few Rules, abstracted chiefly from Johnion, Lowth, Alh, &c. by the Observance of which a Person wholly unacquainted with any other Lan. guage may learn to speak and write English ; not only intelligibly, but with tolerable Propriety. To which is added, A Table, ex. hibiting at one View, the declinable Parts of Speech, with their Subdivisions. By Wells Egelsam, Printer.
8 d. Kearf. ley.
There appears to be nothing, either in the plan or the execution, of this Grammar to entitle it to particular notice: its chief excellence is its cheapness. In an English grammar, it is an unpardonable inaccuracy to say, in one page,
There is also a kind of fubitantives,' &c. and in the next, "There are also a kind of verbs,' &c. Whether the blame belongs to the Printer or to the Author we leave Mr. Egelsham to determine,
L A w. Art. 33. Cafes on Appeals, concerning the Duties on Houses
and Windows, Servants, and inhabiced Houses; with the Determinations of the Commissioners, and Opinions of all the Judges thereon, as also an Abstract of the Statutes. 8vo.'' 28. Fielding and Walker. 1780. The Publisher's advertisement will sufficiently explain the design and usefulness of this collection of Cases, &c.
• In the following Appeals, the Reader will find the cases stated fully, the determinations of the commissioners, and the opinions of the judges very clearly and very concisely given; by means of which circumftantial relation of the cases, and perspicuiry of the determinations and opinions, these Appeals will be found of the greatest. utility to clergymen, gentlemen in the commiflion of the peace, tradesmen, farmers, shopkeepers, and all those persons who refide altogether in the country, as they will prevent them much trouble and expence of journeys for advice, respecting their complaints of grievances imposed on them by the commissioners or surveyors, be the same occafioned by ignorance or design; as they may, by these precedents, find out their own respective cases, and remedy their own injuries, by only consulting this book, without farther application. And in order to convince the purchaser that his expectations will be readily answered, he may be assured, that almost every poslible cafe of difficulty or doubt that may occur respecting the said duties, is truly set forth, and satisfactorily resolved, by the above opinions. A concise extract of the clauses from several acts of parliament, whereon the above cases, determinations, appeals, and opinions are grounded, is prefixed to the respective subjects.? Art. 34. The Trial of the Rev. Henry Bate for a Libel*, &c.
fol. 2 s. 6 d. Kearly 1780. This trial was in confequence of the information exhibited against Mr. Bate by the Duke of Richmond. The previous proceedings in the court of King's bench are here also given; and the whole is pube lished from the short-hand notes of Mr. Gurney. Art. 35. Reports of Cases upon Appeals and Writs of Error in
the righ Court of Parliament. By Josiah Brown, Erg; fol. Vols. III. and IV. il. 11 s. 6d. in boards. Uriel,
The first and second volumes of Mr. Brown's Reports were noticed in our Review for August 1779 (the 61st volume of our Reports): those now published in continuation, bring the cases down to the year 1749 inclusive. --The advertisements inform us, that two volumes more are to be expected.
As this work advances, the causes grow more interesting; and as most of them are appeals from courts of equity, they contribute to mark out the system of those courts, and particularly of the court of chancery, which may be said, about that time, to have expanded into its full extent and importance. Art. 36. The History and Antiquities of the Four Inns of Court,
8vo. 3 s. 60. Kearsly. 1780. This is a mere extract from Sir William Dugdale's Origines Judiciales, prefaced with some splenetic observations on the difuse of the In the Morning Poft.
ancient academical exercises in the Inns of Court; to which cause che preface-writer imputes the great number of ignorant unprincipled impostors, counsellors at law, who corrupt the morals and disturb the peace of society in England, Ireland, and the Plantations.' We do not approve of these harsh terms. So general an aspersion on the members of a liberal profession, is most foul and illiberal; but as this truly polite writer vouchsafes to inform us, that be too is a counsellor at law, we can with less propriety dispute the accuracy of bis defeription, as far, at leaft, as concerns himself.
But really the cause is too flender for the effect. That the old habits of mooting or bolting cafes (i. e. of public disputations), might make the student more subtle and acute, may be admitted, and that the negle&t of this pradice may (in one fenfe) occasion the ignorance here supposed; but that the professors of the law should hence become unprincipled impofiors, is certainly not a very obvious infer
The scheme of appointing persons to fuperintend the education of gentlemen intended for the bar (which this Author recommends), and of enforcing the regulations of an university in the Inns of Court (which indeed he does not expressly recommend, but without which the former would be nugatory), has been often canvassed. Its expediency, supposing it practicable, is extremely doubtful; its practicability, fuppofing it were expedient, is ftill more so. On one hand, it would be investing a set of men with a power which would degenerate into tyranny, and be productive of innumerable intrigues and disputes. Tells and examinations have often disgusted or detersed men of real genius from a profession, but dunces never : Gentle dulness finds a passport every where. On the other hand, the idea of keeping up any thing like academical discipline in the heart of this opulent and licentious metropolis, is too wild and chimerical. It is found sufficiently difficoli in our two universities, though at the distance of fifty or fixty miles from the grand seat of dislipaton.
M E DICA J.. Art. 37. Systematic Elements of the Theory and Practice of
Surgery: By John Aitken, Fellow of the College of Surgeons, &c. and Lecturer on Chirurgical Anatomy and Pharmaceutic Chemistry in Edinburgh. Svo. 6s. Boards. Murray. 1779.
In our 46th Volume (April 1772, pag. 446.] we had occasion to speak favourably of a volume of Essays on Chirurgical Subje&ts, pub. lilhed by the Author of the present Performance; in which his object is to display surgery as a diffinct science, in a concise and fyitematic manner, -and to facilitate its study, upon a liberal and radical plan.' He accordingly, in pursuance of this plan, methodi. cally arranges those diseases which fall within the province of sur. gery, under the twelve following heads :-Tumor, Hernia, Prolapsus, Vulnus, Ulcus, Ruptura, Luxatio, Fractura, Meatuum Obflructio, Deformitas, Profluvium, and Miscellanea, or such affcctions as are not reducible to any of the former. These heads are afterwards branched out into their respective subdivifions.
Little original matter is to be expected in an elementary work like the present, which consists of definitions or descriptions, accom
panied panied with the synonyms and descriptions of Vogel, Linnæus, Saụvages, Cullen, and others; together with short practical remarks, or aphorisms : so as to constitute a work proper enough to serve as a texi-book for a student who attends the lectures of a Profeffor of Surgery. From the fingular manner, however, in which the typographical part of it is executed, we should not have imagined that it was intended for the young eyes of Tyro's. We, who extra&t the quintessence of other Writers, and sometimes throw in a little of our own, make it our monthly practice to condense into one page; of our largest type, what the Author, or rather, we hope, his Printer, has thought fit to expand into five, or fix, or more ; by means of a Jarge type, and margin, two running titles, with a line drawn beçween them, broad staring intervals between each section, and other devices, Art. 38. An Essay on the Gonorrhoea, &c. By William Thomas,
Surgeon, &c. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Donaldson. 1780. In this Essay the Author endeavours to sew chat, in general, a gonorrhoea arises only from an increased secretion from the uretbra: though an ulceration may sometimes take place, and in time produce à confirmed lues. After offering fome' ftrictures on the more usual practice of purging and exhibiting cooling falts, in all habits and cases indiscriminately, with a view to subdue the inflammatory symptams; or that of applying ftimulating or aftringent injections; he proposes what will appear to the generality of practitioners a new method,--the exhibition of opium, both internally and in injection: as being equally efficacious in appealing the irritation produced by the venereal virus,' as in the numerous other cases in which recourie is successfully had to the sedative power of this valuable medicine. The Author, however, does not wholly rely on opium, for the cure of this disease. We Mould not entertain a very favourable opinion of his method, if he did not, in the proper season, avail himself of the well-known and unquestionable specific against the venerea! virus.. - But for the particulars of his practice--for this new mode does not appear to be founded on mere reasoning---we must refer those concerned to the pamphlet itself.
We wish, however, that the Author had been somewhat more explicit with respect to the conveniences or inconveniences atrending the exhibition of a grain of opium, and two grains of calomel. taken every night, and, in urgent cases, every night and morning, for a confiderable length of time :' though, he observes, that it will feldom happen, that a long continuance will be neceffary ;'--efpe. cially as some of his medical readers, bigotted to the old routine, may alk, why there should be occafion to continue the use of so efficacious a remedy as he represents this to be, for a long time and may exclaim, we too can cure the gonorrhoea, by means of purges, cooling falts, and calomel internally and externally exhibited; and our patients, in general, do not fuffer, though they are sometimes obliged to submit to our process for a considerable length of time.'-We do not mean, however, to derogate from the merit of the Author's proposed method : but in recommending fo novel a practice, we think that he ought to have been somewhat more circumftantial.