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which are immediately appropriated to their perception. This appears from the origin of the nerves, and from their progress, as far as it can be traced, through the brain ;- from the effects of blows ; of compression from extravasated Auids ; of different diseases, &c. &c. each of which may, and often does, injure one faculty, while the other is left unhurt. It is needless to produce instances; but on the whole, this general position is true, and the learned Author will not deny it, that the health of the whole mind, and the proper exercise of all its faculties, depend on an uninterrupted freedom of communication between the leveral parts of the brain; but that any individual function, or the exercise of any one faculty only, requires that portion of the brain to be free that is peculiarly adapted to it by the Author of our frame, together with the free use of those nerves that are external to the brain, and which are essential to the communica. tion of impulsions from the objects of sense.

In this section, the Author contests the positions of Dr. Price and Mr. Harris with much good sense and plaufibility; and though he differs from that truly sagacious Physiologist, Baron Haller, in many instances in which his theory is materially concerned, yet he frequently avails himself of that learned. phyfician's observations, and always speaks of him with a respect due to his fingular merit.

The third section contains fome fhrewd and ingenious remarks on the properties of matter. He thinks, the late Mr. Baxter hath thrown a very thick cloud on this subject.' In his idea, the doctrine of the vis enertie, so earnestly contended for by this philosopher, is indefenfible, and involves in it many palpable errors and inconlistencies. He infers from the phæno. mena of electricity, magnetism, chemistry, and above all from the fimplest and commoneft of all appearances, viz. the communication of motion from a moving body to one at reft, that matter is poffeffud of powers incompatible with the supposition of a vis inertiæ. His reasonings on this subject produce the following conclusions: 1. Tnat where there is elasticity, contact is not necessary to the communication of motion... 2. That as wę know of no bodies poffelling perfeet elasticity, we neither know of any perferily hard and inelastic. 3. That (as the denseft bodies are pervaded by the matter of electricity and by heat; and as, by abstracting their heat, we can proportionably leffen their volume) there is little reason to imagine, that the particles of bodies, even of the clofeft texture, are, properly speaking, in contact with each other; and still less reason to presume, that in cales of the most forcible impulse, the impelling body even touches (Arialy speaking) the impelled. The sum of the whole is, that motion may be communicated without contact, and without any reĝitance from a supposed vis inertie, which is utterly in.


conceivable where contact is not concerned, and scarcely conceivable in any other point of view ; consequently, that some different power is neceffary : such a power is that of repulsion, of the existence of which we have unequivocal proof; and without its intervention, the communication of motion from one body to another hath been esteemed by the wisest phyfiologifts an inexplicable phenomenon.

In a note referring to this part of the subject, our Author takes notice of some positions of the ingenious M. de Luc, which are incompatible with his hypothesis. This respectable writer (of whose works we gave a large and particular account in our last Appendix) attempts to accommodate the difference between the Materialists and Spiritualists, by supposing that there are certain common properties by which matter and spirit may reciprocally act on each other. Our Author is not satisfied with this solution of the difficulty, and says - If I mighe presume to exercife the office of a commentator on what M. de Luc hath delivered, I should explain his principles on this footing; that matter

may be refined to such a degree as to emulate the subtilty of spirit; and on the contrary, that spirit may be condensed into what approaches very nearly to the grossness of matter ; and that at these oppofite extremes of their respective scales they meet, and assume the common properties before spoken of.'On this intricate fubject it is hazardous to risk an opinion. The Author recommends a free discussion of it: and we think the hints thrown out by a very ingenious writer in the Gentleman's Magazine for March and April on the properties of matter, well deserving attention; though we almost despair of seeing any thing on a point of such exquisite subtilty and refinement that will bring the controversy to a decisive iflue.

The last fection, on the gradations in the works of Nature from the different classes of vegetables to the various species and ranks of animals and rational beings, is curious and sensible. The notes at the end of the essay discover both learning and taste, and well illustrate the several subjects discussed in the preceding sections.

On the whole, we have read these Miscellaneous Obfervations' (which appear to have been written by a medical gentleman) with much pleasure : and though we do not in every respect adopt his sentiments, yet we respect his abilities, and applaud his candour.

ART. XVI. Sele&t Tragedies of Euripides.". Translated from the ori

ginal Greek. Xvo.' ó s. Boards. Conant. 178c. F the twenty tragedies of Euripides, now extant, the pre

fent volume contains only four; the Phoenise, Iphigenia in Aulis, The Troades, and Orestes. It is the Tranflator's inI



tention, as we learn from his fenfible and well-written Preface, Thould this attempt meet with encouragement, to translate the remainder. If, on the other hand,' says he, it should appear that I am unequal to the task, I can lay down my pen without feeling any great mortification. In either cafe, I have the satisfaction of reflecting, that I have spent those hours at least innocently, and with pleasure to myself, which, at my.time of life, are generally lost in a circle of folly and disipation.'

Sensible as we are of the difficulty attendant on an undertaking so arduous as the present, and defirous as we may be of shewing every indulgence to a Writer who appears to have taken up the pen from fuch ingenuous, motives; nevertheless, what we owe to the Public, in general, permits us not to be so warm in our approbation of this performance as we could wish. In his dialogue, though the Translator fometimes preserves the characteristic fimplicity and conciseness of his original, yet he is too frequently languid and prosaic!, and in the choral parts there is an obvious want of animation and vigour, so effential to Lyric composịtion. In justice to him, however, we 'must remark, that, as far as we have compared it with the original, his translation is faithful and close; except indeed in some of the Odes, in which he has indulged in greater latitude, though not in any unwartantable deviations from the general scope or tendency of his original.

As a specimen of this tranflation, we fall lay before our Readers part of the first scene of the fifth act of the Troades: TALTM Y BI U S, HECU BA, CHOR U s,

• One hip alone remains of all the proud
Thessalian fleet; the rer, great Hecuba,
For Phthia's fores have fieer'd their course,
Headed by Pyrrhus, who in haste departed
Soon as he heard the factions in his kingdom)
His grandfire, Peleus, from his throne expellid,
And proud Acaftus reigniøg in his tead:
And with him fail'd the poor Andromache,
Dissolv'd in tears! her country's hapless, faię
She mourn'd, and frequently invok'd
The empty' shade of Hector!-mov'd with her woes,
I melted into tears, and from her lips receiv'd
This luit request, which is, that you inter,
The body of her lov'd Allyanax,
Great Hector's fon, who perish'd in his fall
From Ilion's towers! besides, the brazen Thield
Which his great father on his moulders bore,
And spread a terror thro' the Grecian hoft,
Muft never be convey'd to Thesaly
As a proud trophy, to adorn the nuptials
Which, with reluctanc heart, Andromache


Prepares to celebrate, but as a sepulchre
For her poor son, I now to thee present.
In linen garments wrap his lifeless limbs;
Adorn his head with flow'ry wreaths; and pay
Due honcurs to his filent Thade.- Alas!
Absent his mother is, nor can attend
Her fon's funereal rites, compellid to follow
The fteps of her imperious lord !
Do thou adorn the body; we, meanwhile,
Will form the grave, and, in the crystal ftream
Of fair Scamander, wash the clotted blood,
And bathe his limbs. And now I halte
My promise to fulfil.

• H E C V B A.
Oh! far remove the variegated shield


dear Hector bore !--a spectacle
Displeasing to my fight!-Oh Greece! more fam'd
For timid counsels than for valiant deeds,
This tender child, alas ! has FELL a sacrifice
To gratify thy favage cruelty !
And fear, left he might live one day to raise
These ruin'd walls to all their former fplendor !
Not Hector's self, tho' great his fame in arms,
Tho' aided by a numerous host of friends,
From diftant regions could preserve his country,
But bravely fell, and with him Troy expir'd!
The Trojans captive, and the town in flames !
Amid the joy which victory inspires,
Can this poor infant fill your souls with terror ?
How mean and pufillanimous that fear!
Aftyanax, my dearest child! how hard,
How cruel was thy destiny !~so foon
To seek the shades of death !-had heaven thy life
Prolong'd to some more diftant period, hadft thou dy'd
In fighting for thy country, and poffefs'd
Of the imperial sceptre, and bequeath'd
Thy kingdom to thy children, the blest fruit
Of some auspicious marriage, then I thould
Pronounce thee happy, if that name belongs
To one who but poffeffes earthly bleslings,
And in their nature of no long duration.
But thou, alas! born for the task of empire,
Haft scarcely enter'd on the stage of life
Ere thou art dead !-that beauteous face, alas!
Thy mother's fond delight-how torn-how mangled,
In falling from the heaven-built walls of Troy!
Oh tender hands! sweet mouth! eyes clos'd in death!
The very image of thy godlike father! -
Dear infant, you deceiv'd me when you held
My garment, and address’d me in these words :
My mother, at thy funeral l'll attend
With pious care, and offer on thy grave,

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My tresses, and with mournful obsequies
Thy dear departed fhade appease. Alas!
This melancholy duty I must pay
To thee, not thou to me!-- worn down with years,
A flave-an exile-harder yet,-depriv'd
Of all my children !--this,'alas! the fruit
Of fleepless nights, and kiffes oft impress'd
On those sweet lips, with all a mother's fondness !
This verse upon thy tomb I must inscribe :
Aftyanax lies here, who fell
A victim to the fears of Greece!
Most glorious this elogium for that nation!
Thy father's sceptre thou dost not inherit,
Nor his extended realms, but yet this shield
Will serve thee for a fepulchre-Oh, faithful fhield!
Of all the great poffefsions of my Hector,
Thou art most valu'd-but, alas! the hero
Which once sustain'd thee, is no more-
How pleafing to my eyes, didst thou appear?
How did I fondly gaze upon the figures,
Which the engraver's hand describ'd around
Thy margin, when the godlike Hector
Return'd victorious from his slaughter'd foes,
And from his temples wip'd the sweat and blood ?
Thou yet art dear-thus kindly to sustain
The body of this helpless infant, let us pay
The last sad honours to his empty shade.
Since heaven rewards not virtue with success,
Weak is that man, 'who with presumptuous pride
Fancies his happiness secure, and gives
His mind to insolence of joy ;
The gifts of fortune, never at a stand,
Shift here and there, perplexing human wisdom,


For J A NU A'R Y, 1781.

POLITICAL. Art. 17. A Letter to Lieutenant General Burgoyne, occafioned

by a second Edition of his State of the Expedition from Canada. 8vo. I S. Kearfly. 1780.

HE Author professes that the first impression of General Bur

goyne's State of the Expedition *, &c. had efcaped his attention, but that the appearance of an advertisement announcing a Second edition, raised his curiosity; and the perufal of it, he gives us to understand, 'has provoked his indignation, at the same time that it has produced his contempt.'

The Author's great purpose, in this Letter, is to defend Lord G. Germaine, and Government in general, from the charges brought

* See Review for March 1780, p. 247. Rev. Jan, 17810



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