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SCHOOL-BOOKS. Art. 57. An Ejay on the English Grammar. By the Rev.
William Martin Trinder, L. B. 12mo. I s. 6 d. Faulder. 1781.
We meet with nothing in this Grammar which incirles it to particular notice. The Author has indeed attempied to encumber the English language by a middle verb; for so he calls the present parçiciple, combined with the auxiliary to be, in its several tenses and moods. He has also iilustrated the rules of grammar, by examples from the poets. But these improvements are not of sufficient consequence to give Mr. Trinder's Grammar any distinction above former publications of the fame kind. Art. 58. Nouvelle Abrégé de la Grammaire Françoise, propre pour
donner une Idée distincte de cette Langue. Ouvrage dans lequel on s'eft proposé d'exercer le Jugement, autant que le sujet en eft Jusceptible; et d'exciter à la Piété en choisissant, pour l'Explication des Regles, des Examples propres à inspirer l'Amour de Dieu. 12mo.
2 s. 6d, Dilly, &c.
To attempt to teach a language by a grammar written in that language, is so manifeftly absurd ; and the design of blending the doc. trines of religion with the rules of grammar, will be thought by many so exceedingly ridiculous, that we are apprehensive the pecus liarities of this French grammar are not such as will recommend it to the attention of the Public. Art. 59. The Nomenclator, and Dialogues among School-Boys,
With select Fables. In Latin, French, and English: for the Ule of Schools. by David Bischoff. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Richardson and Urquhart. 1781.
А great abundance of words, phrases, and sentences, in the Latin, French, and English languages, are, in this book, disposed in columns corresponding to each other: the collection appears to be judicious, and will, we think, be found very useful in teaching these languages.
S E R M O N S. I. Preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in the Abbey
Church, Westminster, Jan. 30, 1781. By John Lord Bishop of Si. David's. 4to,
L. Davis. This Sermon is admirably calculated to please the Court. It contains a well-written apulogy for the unfortunate monarch; and defcribes in a strain of manly eloquence the horrid effects of faction and enthusiasm. Refifiance (lays bis Lordship) being a desperate remedy, it is indispensably necessary to enquire, whether the disease, under which the State is supposed to labour, be desperate also: and if there should remain the lealt doubt of this, the only safe way is to follow the general precept which prescribes obedience : for resistance and disobedience are considered by the ableit writers on government as necessary evils at belt; and we shall stand condemned by all the rules of prudence and good sense, if we have recourse to the evil before we are convinced of the necessity. But here the queftion will recur• Who are to be the judges of this necessity ?' We think the Bishop hath answered it, by calling the REVOLUTION, that glorious period,
when the principles of our Conftitution were settled, and the power of every branch of it marked out with a precision and exactness unknown to our ancestors.' • And as (concludes his Lordihip) one great source of civil discontent is removed by this mean's, fo. with regard to matters of religion, we may observe, that the wild enthufiam which proved fo very favourable to the designs of faction in the last age, is now subsided ; that the religious controversies about certain points of no great moment, and which were carried on by both para ties with the most unchristian heat and rancour, are laid aside and forgotten ; and laitly, that they who are disaffected to our ecclefiaftical establishment, have not the same pretence for raising clamours against it, as their predecessors had in those unhappy days; fince no vexacious suits can now be commenced for Nonconformity; and all who, on scruples of conscience, diffent from our discipline and worfhip, are suffered by law to hold public assemblies and to serve God in their own way; and in an age so favourable' to fpiritual and tema poral liberry, as the present, every other reasonable indulgence will certainly be allowed ; and for the peace of the Church, and the safety of the itate, we may be permitted to hope, that more than this will never be asked on the one harid, or granted on the other.' II. The Trial of Faib; or, The suffering Christian delivered and
purified in the Blood of the Lamb: being the Subftance of a Fu. neral Discourse, occasioned by the Death of Mr. John Rushworth! To wbich is added, an Oration, spoken at the Grave. By R. El. liot, A. B. formerly of Bernet College, Cambridge. 8vo. Johnson. 1785.
As this was a mere extemporaneous effufion ( taken down in short. hand') it was hardly to be expected that it should have been either correct in its arrangement, or elegant in its language. The discourse and the oration are very plain performances, and only calculated to please and edify those who have carried their notions of imputed righteousness to the utmost extreme of Calvinism.
Mr. Elliot, indeed, is a very fingular man; for notwithstanding he rigidly adheres to the methodistic sy item in some of its groffer and more entha fatic peculiarities, yet he hath had the courage openly to disavow his belief of the doctrine of the Trinity; and a few years fince published an elaborate treatise to prove the subordination of the Son to the Father, and to disprove the personality of the Holy Ghoft. This bold attack on what, for centories, hath been deemed, not only the pillar, but the ground of orthodox faith, excited the clamours of his brethren, and caused a diffenfion in his church. The alarm of • a wolf in sheep's clothing' was ecchoed from Tabernacle to Taj bernacle; and a tria charge was given to watch over the fock, left the poor sheep should be seduced from the fold ! Bui several were not to be scared by the vociferous alarms of ignorance, craft, or timidity: They followed the wolf, without any dread of being devoured by him: and after many years trial, they found this hunted welf, as harmless as a lamb.
Mr. Elhor produces the dying testimony of Mr. Rushworth in confirmation of the doctrine he hath efpouled respecting the Trinity. • When be was extremely ill, and to his own apprehenfions not far from death ..... I took an opportunity of asking him, if he nozu
thought that the doctrine which he had heard, and for several years past had professed to believe, concerning Jehovah and his Christ, was of God, or of men. He immediately replied to the following effect" I am fully satisfied, it is the clear and certain doctrine of scripture. I believe it with as much confidence as I do any other truth of the Gospel.” On this declaration, Mr. Elliot well observes, that it is reasonable to suppose, when a man apprehends himself to be not far from death and judgment, that he will neither disguise nor conceal his sentiments, but will then, if ever, declare them to be what they really are.' III. The Chriftian Doctrine of Ceremonies. Preached at the Rev.
Dr. Fordyce's Meeting, in Monkwell-street, London, Dec, 25, 1780, to the Society that support the Evening Lecture there. By Robert Robinson. 8vo. 6 d. Buckland.
This Sermon considers the use and intent of the Jewish ceremonies, and hews the necessity of their abolition by the Gospel. The Preacher was fairly mounted on his hobby-horse; but he did not ride at that furious rate which distinguished his career some time since, when he fallied forth to rescue “ Dame Religion" from the tyranny of those ecclesiastical giants, who had shut her up in the enchanted castle of the Establishment.
To this Sermon is subjoined an Appendix, to justify the translation which the Author hath given of the text which he hath chosen to discourse on, viz. 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4. In our common version, it is rendered If our Gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are loft. In whom the God of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not,' &c. &c. • This translation (says Mr. R.) doth not seem to be good English. There is at least inaccuracy enough in it to induce any man to examine the original. The reading we propose, is this:-* The Gospel is hid, concealed, or veiled, AMONG or By the things which are 6 BOLISHED; by which things the God of this world,” &c. &c. The words may be rendered thus; and we see nothing in the original or the context but what will justify this translation of them. IV. Charity, the Bond of Perfection. Preached at Oxford, Nov. 16,
1780, on Occalion of the Re-eitablishment of a Chriftian Church of Protestant Diffenters in that City: with a brief Account of the State of the Society, and the Plan and Manner of their Settlement. By Daniel Turner, A. M. 8vo. 6 d. Buckland.
The diffenting church at Oxford hath passed through many perils, and firuggled hard against fears within and fightings without. In the beginning of the reign of George 1. the meeting-house was pulled down by rioters, who thought outrage would be fanctified by the pretence of religion. For near 40 years the Diffenters of Oxford have had no regular service among them, from a secoled minister :-only occasional or accidental. But, amidit all these discouraging circumftances, per varios cafus, per tot discrimina rerum, 'they have, as Mr. Turner says, preserved some little semblance of their original church state.... Within these two or three last years they have been more regularly served; their intereit is in a rifing ftate, and the auditory relpectable!'
i often con
The Sermon breathes a pious and benevolent fpirit, and is by no means calculated to serve the little interests of a party. But it hah nothing elegant or striking to give it the slightest diftinction, or to detain us one moment in criticising it. V. The Difficulties attending a juft Explanation of Scripture, considered,
as they have arisen from the gradual Progress of Revealed Religion sbrough a Length of Time : Preached at St. Mary's, at the Villation, held by the Archdeacon of Oxford, October 24, 1780. By Joshua Berkeley, B. D. Student of Christ Church.
4to. Rivington, &c.
The Author of this ingenious and elegant discourse imputes the difficulties attending a just explanation of Scripture, 'is the progressive plan of Revelation, and to the length of time which has passed since the final seulement of the canon. He has many jutt and judicious observations upon the usefulness and necessity of thought and reflection, extensive learning, and rational criticism, in order to a successful defence and explanation of the facred writings; but we apprehend that he is mistaken, when he speaks of Revelation, from its very nature and essence,' containing in it fomething • mysterious and obscure,' and of part of it under the Mosaic Dispensation being • involved in awful mystery.' We do not recollect any passage in which St. Paul represents the form of sound words' as versant in matters of mysterious depth.' To all such intimations of obscurity and unintelligibility of any part of revelation, we may jully apply an observation of Mr. Berkeley respecting those errors which are recommended under the sanction of divine authority, viz. • If the light of Revelation be darkness, how great will be thai dark. nefs!' The discoveries of revelation were, no doubt, adjused to the ftate and circumstances of the people to whom it was given, and consequently were gradual and progreffive. But to talk of a Revelation involved in obfcurity, or wrapped up in mystery, is little better than a folecism in terms. In our opinion, a much more rational and satisfactory account of the source of the difficulties attending the explanation of the writings of St. Paul, and of the New Testament in general, and which may be extended to the Old, is given by Mr. Locke in his Preface to his Paraphrase on the Epifles. But though we differ from Mr. Berkeley upon this point, and with respect to a few other of his positions, we cannot fufficiently commend the general design of this fermon, to recommend the study of sacred criticism in all its branches to those whose business it is to instruct others in the sense and meaning of Revelation ; and we most heartily agree with him in the sentiment with which he concludes his discourse, • The brightest talents and the most extenfive learning cannot be made subservient to so noble and benevolent an end, as chat of esta. blishing men in their religious opinions, and confirming them in the truth; nor will any exertions of the powers of the human mind, meet with so diftinguished a reward hereafter.' VI. Preached before the Univerfity of Cambridge, Jan. 30th, 1781,
at Great St. Mary's. By William Cooke, M. A. Greek Professor of King's College. 4:0.
Cadell, &c. This Preacher touches on some great questions, such as, 'the myrterious meghod of God's providence in ordering and controuling the affairs of men-- how to reconcile foreknowledge in God with free. will in man-faie and liberty-certainty and contingency-event and prophecy.' On these points he offers fome sensible, ingenious, and pious observations : but his style is not the most pleasant, and his manner not the most clear and perfpicuous. He does not say much of the Royal Mariyr, but remarks that the steps which led to the confusions of that time have been pursued in the present; and concludes, that our impieries and immoralities give us caule to fear that the threatening againt the Jews may be fulfilled on our country, Deut. xxviii. 49. The Lord shall bring a nation against thee from afar, from the end of the earth: which words are the text of this discourse. VII. On the Nature of Cbrift's Kingdom. Before the Proteltant Dir
senting Ministers of Cumberland; at their General Meeting at Penrith, August 16th, 1780. By Robert Hood, A. M. Minister of the Chapel in Hanover-square, Newcastle: 8vo. 6 d. Bald. win.
A sensible, pious, candid discourse, adapted to the occasion on which it was delivered, and calculated to promote a catholic and Christian spirit and practice among those who may peruse it. An Advertisement prefixed informs us, that this is the first discourse of a volume of sermons now in the press, and that it is published separately at the particular request of the trustees of the congregation in Hanover-square, Newcaitle. VIII. Occafioned by the Death of the late Rev. John Aikin. D.D.
Professor of Divinity at the Academy in Warrington. By William Enfield, LL. D. 4to. I s. Johnson. 1781. Dr. Aikin's was one of those characters which have the trueft worth, without aiming at being thought to poffefs it. His abilities, and his improvement of them, were very confiderable, his knowledge and learning extenfive, his manners gentle and amiable, his conduct use, ful and becoming a Chritian. Dr. Enfield pays a juít tribute to his memory in this elegant discourse, in which he recommends an imication of this model from the words of St. Paul, 1 Cor. xi. 1. “ Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.'
Our Correspondent, R. D. inquires, whether he is to consider as an error of the press, an oversight, or innovation, the following expression in the Review for February last (p. 150, l. 3.), viz." A point of improvement in which we did not perceive the original to Hand in much need."-Doubtless the first in should have been of. But whether this was a flip of the pen or of the press, we cannot now de. termine.---This Correspondent has also fent us foine just remarks on the Gallicisms in Mr. Gibbon's celebrated work.
An accident obliges us to defer, to our next, the continuation of our account of SERMONS ON THE LATE GENERAL FAST.
FOREIGN LITERATURE, also, in our next.