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" A traveller! by my


you have great reafon to be fad : I fear you have sold your own lands to see other men's; then, to have seen much, and to have nothing, is to have rich eyes, and poor hands,' SHAKESP.

'Tis application makes the ass.” Gay. The last line is the Author's motto. Art. 31. An History of Jamaica and Barbadoes, with an authen

tic Account of the Lives loit, and the Damages sultained in each fand, by the late Hurricanes. To which is prefixed, A Sermon, preached on the melancholy occasion, at St. C:ement's, Lombard Street. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Davenhill. 1781,

The principal consideration which recommends this discourse to general notice is, the profefied design of it's publication ; viz. The Benefit of the West India Sufferers. Whether the Sermon was ever preached appears doubiful, at leaft.-- There is no St. Clement's church in Lombard-Street; and as to St. Clement's, in Clement's. jane, near Lombard-itreet, we cannot find that any such discourse has been delivered there. This however is not so material as the certainty that the profits (if any) arising from its publication, will be applied to the service of the sufferers, for whom we are told by the anonymous author, it is intended, and this we are assured, on private information, is a truth.

There is something ingenious and sensible in the discourse; and the style is good : it is a mixture of reasoning and declamation, attended with quotations from the classics, &c. But who would exe pect a kind of philosophical enquiry into the original and present itate of Man, in a discourse immediately designed to awaken and promote a free and liberal contribution to a large number of our fellowcreatures, whose distresses plead for instant assistance and relief? Towards the end a little norice is taken of this purpose, which we should have thought the great object in view, throughout the whole ; and the supposed preacher concludes by urging, with some warmth, a liberal donacion,

The title page of this pamphlet might induce the reader to think that he mould meet with a satisfactory account of the two islands which have lately been desolated in so dreadful a manner: but this ilifory, as it is called, confiits of no more than eight or nine pages, of common information.

We have thus endeavoured to give our readers some idea of this questionable performance. To assilt the distressed is a laudable and excellene motive, and far be ic from us, in the smallest degree, to discourage a purpose of this benevolent kind. Numbers, we doubt not, would be most willing to purchase this or any other pamphlet which they were certain would promote such a good end; and many may be inclined to think it till preferable to bestow the whole of what is asked to the direct purpose of the charity, without any deduction for the price of a pamphlet. Art. 32. The Life of John Donellan, Esq; who was executed

at Warwic's, April 2d, 1731; for the Murder of Sir Theodo. fius Boughton, Bari. Written by Captain Murphy. Svo. Wenman.

From this account, it appears that Capt. Donellan, was the fon of the late Lisur. Col. Doncilan,-a gentleman personally known

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to the writer of this article ;-that he was formerly an officer in the 39th regiment of foot;-that he was about iwo years in the service of the East-India Company, from which he was dismissed under circumstances of disgrace; and that, on his return to England, he was ap. pointed director of the amusements at the Pantheon in Oxford-street, where he became acquainted with the Boughton family. The rest is sufficiently known to the Public, Art. 33. The Trial of John Donellan, Esq. at the Aflizes at

Warwick, &c. Taken in short hand by Joleph Gurney. Folio.

25. 6 d.; Kearly, &c. Art. 34. The Proceedings at large on the Trial of John

Donellan, Esq. for the Murder of Sir Theodosius Boughton, &c. Taken in short Hand by William Blanchard. Folio, Almon, &c.

Both these short-hand writers have the character of accuracy fufficient to recommend their publications. Art. 35. The Case of John Donellan, Esq; impartially confi

dered ; abstracted from the Man or the Crime; but only as to the Law, &c. By a Lawyer. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Dodsley. 1785.

It has been often remarked that men's ideas are so much influenced by their peculiar habits and pursuits, that the same chain of facts presented to different persons, will suggest to each of them a very dislimilar, if not an oppofie, train of thoughts. The late trial of Capt. Donellan has been the subject of a good deal of conversation. It has likewise been frequently canvassed in print; and it was matter not wholly unworthy of speculation to observe, how much every person confidered it after his orun way. The moralist was itartled at the depravity of the human heart, that could suggest the perpetration of so foul a crime as the poisoning a near relation,--his wife's brother, under whose roof the prisoner lived ;---making the mother the unconscious inftrument of her fon's death,--and after his condemnation attempting, with his dying words, to fix the guilt on her, and to render her infamous for ever. The student of medicine was led to investigate the different nature of poisons, their operation and their effects: hecatombs of unfortunate animals were sacrificed to prove, by cruel experiments, the most fanciful theories:-while the good housewife, on her part, felt the most serious alarm for the whole culi. nary system, and resolved to put no more laurel leaves in her curcards ;-for the distillation of laurel leaves the found was poisonous and fatal. Lastly, not to multiply instances, the lawyer betook himself to the reports on cases of murder ; in order to contrast or to compare the circumstances that appeared on the prisoner's trial, the conduct of the judge who tried him, and the species of evidence offered to the jury.

The Wriier of the pamphlet before us styles himself a Lawyer ; and professes “to consider impartially the Case of John Donellan,

Esq; abftra&tedly from the Man or the Crime.” He entertains no doubt of the enormity of the crime, or of the guilt of the man; but is of opinion, that it was not proved to a jury by that clear and decided evidence, which the spirit of the English law requires to affect the life of a priloner, but barely by suppositions and inferences. He censures very harsh terms the conduct of the judge, bosh in his charge to she Сс 2


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grand jury, and in some parts of his summing up to the petit jury, as having violated the humane and liberal maxim of our law, “that a judge ought to be counsel for the prisoner;" and he quotes fome cases to thew how cautious a court should be in condemning any man on the evidence of probabilities only. We have no objection to his doctrine on this subject, provided he means the evidence of light or remote probabilities. But the whole depends on the degree of weight or strength that is fairly due to the circumstances aggregately taken ; which can never be precisely ascertained by words; and must therefore be, and very properly is, left to a jury: We think the learned judge's obfervation to the grand jury is' warranted in found fense, as well as found law, when, in speaking of the crime with which Donellan stood charged on their callendar, he tells them, “It is a crime of fo peculiar a nature, that it is generally committed with the greatest secresy; and over which the offender always makes use of every art and cunning to throw a veil. It is your duty, gentlemen, to throw off this veil, and lift the business to the bottom. You are not to expect visible proofs in a work of darkness: you are to collect the truth from circumstances, and little collateral facts, which, taken fingly, afford no proof, yet put together fo tally with, and confirm each other, that they are as ftrong and convincing evidence as facts that appear in the broad face of day.

The whole of the charge to the grand jury however gives great offence to this author ; and indeed there does appear in it a more anxious anticipation of the circumitances attending the prisoner's case than is strictly proper in a judge, who is supposed to know nothing of the facts to be proved, till they come judicially before him : but as to the writer's numerous cases and quotations that are produced with a good deal of malignity, to fix a itigma on the judge, they are either unfairly quoted, or wholly misapplied. We never heard, nor do we believe any lawyer ever maintained, that a judge in his charge to the grand jury, can be, or ought to be “ of council for the prifoner.In this llage of the business it is neither proper nor possible. He is only to lay down the law. They are left to apply the facis; and to see whether there is sufficient ground to put the prisoner on his trial. Nor do we imagine, that even when the trial comes on before the petit jury, the judge is under any obligation to train or warp facts to save an offender, of whose guilt fatisfactory evidence appears in court, as there molt plainly did in this cale, both to the judge and jury; for the latter only deliberated a very few minutes before they brought in their verdict. Art. 36. A Defence, and Substance of the Trial of John

Donellan, Esq. Published at the Request of his Sollicitors, Meffrs. Ioge and Webb. Folio.

As the Author of the foregoing Pamphlet only takes occasion, from the trial of Capt. Donellan, to draw some judicial inferences, and cefcant on the law upon the subject, abstracted from the fact; this writer, on the ocher hand, principally discusses the facts ; and endeavours to prove that the prisoner was innocent of the crime for which he suffered. He lloutly affirms in limine, that there was no proof of the unfortunate young Baronet having been puifoned; and that his death ought rather to be attributed to an apoplexy; as an apopiexy would have produced the fame symptoms; and ibat the


35. Bell.


by it.

Art. 37:


young man's father died by that disorder; and that this is heredi. tary.

We have read this laborious performance (consisting of upwards of ico folio pages, closely printed) with confiderable attention; and except the ingenuity and address of the writer, we fee nothing in it to merit the notice of the Public. We confess we are not converted,

We really believe that Sir Theodofius Boughton 'did not die of an apoplexy: and affirmatively, we believe that he was poisoned; and that Capt. Donellan was juhly convicted of the murder.

A Journal of First Thoughts, Observations, Characters, and Anecdotes, which occurred in a journey from London to Scarborough, in 1779. 12mo. 2 s. 6 d. sewed.

Bowen. If we except a little amusing chit-chat and Shandean sentimenta. lity, this meagre, Journal of thoughts may be pronounced a trifling superficial publication. The Author, we apprehend, travelled in too much hurry to see what was to be seen, or to learn what was to be known. He does not appear destitute of taste, but rather to have wanted attention, as well as time. Art. 38. Friendship frikingly exhibited, in a new Light, in

Letters between Mestrs. 1). Henry and J. Nichols, Managing Pro. prietors of the Gentleman's Magazine, and D. Bond, late Printer of that Monthly Miscellany, with an Introductory Narrative, Notes, and Observations. Svo. Bew. 1781.

Mr. Bond, late Printer of the Gentleman's Magazine (a Miscellany which we have always held in esteem) here exhibits to the Public, his complaint again it the Proprietors, fur having (as he represents it] in an unfair manner deprived him of the printing that periodical work: notwithstanding that he had, in full affurance of the work remaining in his hands, taken the house", and purchased, at a congderable expence, the materials of Mrs. Cave, who printed it formerly. But what is this to the Public? Art. 39. Thoughts on the present State of the Prisons of this

Country. Exemplified by a Plan, adapted to the Objects of such Confideration. By J. Leroux, Esq; one of his Majesty's Juftices of the peace for the Counties of Hertford and Middlesex. 8vo. IS. Dixwell.

Contains many just remarks on the very bad construction, and scandalous misgovernment of our prisons, with judicious proposals for remedying boch thele notorious evils. Mr. Leroux declares, in a Note, at the end of his pamphlet, that since this tract was written, and not before, he has seen a very valuable work-by John Howard Esq.-Had he feen it sooner, he perhaps had not ventured to exhibit this feeble attempt'-so he modellly expresses himself, on the same subject, to the Public; but as some thoughts are contained herein, not to be found there, and as the plan materially differs, he flasters himself the publication will not be ill-timed.'--It certainly can never be ill-timed; for too much attention cannot be paid to the subject; nor can the inconveniences complained of be too speedily removed.

• St. John's Gate.

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I s.

Po E TICA L. Art. 40. Seleet Portions of Scripture, and remarkable Occur

sences, versified for the Initruction of younger Minds. By Thomas Gibbons, D.D. 12mo. Buckland. 1781. We believe no head but Dr. Gibbons's, or the Ordinary's of Newgate, would have conceived an idea of instructing and entertaining younger minds' by a relation of so many shocking stories as he hath here put into still more shocking verse.

The King who lost his thumbs and toes,
Confess'd amidst his bleeding woes,
A righteous God to him had dealt
What seventy Kings from him had felt.
Abimelech his brother new,
And heav'nly vengeance on him drew,
A woman sends a forceful stone

Full on his head, and crush'd his bone.' . • Crush'd his bone! The Doctor means, crack'd his skull;' but skull would not rhime with fore, and the poet was reduced to Hobson's choice!

The undeserving Naboth fell
By Ahab and by Jezebel :
On the same spot where he was slain,
There the dogs drank his gushing vein;
By Heav'ns juft doom the eager hounds,
Lapt the blood spouting from his wounds.
Haman erects a gallows high
Where worthy Mordecai hould die;
But there in infinite disgrace

The haughty wretch supplied bis place. This poor Doctor's imagination is haunted with species of whores and rogues. Amongst the former, he meets with a strumpet dress'd in loose array,' whose vocal powers are described by him in a manner somewhat peculiar.

Her speech not honey's self more sweet :

Her accent loud. As to the gentry of the latter class, he seems to have ransacked the Tyburn Chronicle for anecdotes of curs'd attempts' of ' wretches,' monsters,' • miscreants,' who were

-doom'd in thạme to die And their remains to rot on high: Or,

-having hung their hour,
The hangman to the surgeon's pow's
Yielded the corpse-
To ftrip the Aeth from every bone,

And leave a naked skeleton.
Excellent · inftruction and entertainment for younger minds!'

But though Dr. Gibbons, when playing with Children preserves an unrelaxed solemnity of visage, and talks, in language truly woeful, of harlots and rakes ' superlatively bad, thieves, murderers, jails, galiows, gibbers * And hell's abyss of miferies;'


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