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9 m3 mm ir a trong guard to Pola, in Iftria, where, soon afterwards, he was pue'to death, either by the hand of the executioner, or by the more gentle operation of poison. The Cæfar Licinius; a youth of amiable manners, was involved in the ruin of Crispus : and the stern jealousy

of Confiantine was unmoved by the prayers and tears of his favourite filter, pleading for the life of a son, whose rank was his only crime, and whose loss she did not long survive. The ftory of these "unhappy princes, the nature and evidence of their guilt, the forms of their trial, and the circumstances of their death, were buried in myfterious obscurity; and the courtly bishop, who has celebrated in an elaborate work the virtues and piety of his hero, observes a prudent filence on the subject of these tragie 'events. Such haughty contempt for the opinion of mankind, whilst it imprints an indelible fain' on the memory of Contantine, mult remind us of the very different behaviour of one of the greatest monarchs of the present age. The Czar Peter, in the full poffeffion of despotic power, fubs mitted to the judgment of Ruffia, of Europe, and of pofterity, the Teasons which had compelled him to fubscribe the condemnation of a criminal, or at least of a degenerate, son

.... • The innocence of Crifpus was lo universally acknowledged, that the modern Greeks, who adore the memory of their founder, are reduced to palliate the guilt of a parricide, which the common feels ings of human nature forbade them to justify. They pretend, that as foon as the afflicted father discovered the falsehood of the accu fation by which his credulity had been fo fatally, milled, he pube lished to the world his repentance andi remorse that he mourned forty days during which he abiained from the ole of the bath, and all the ordinary comforts of life; and thát, for the aning instruction of poiterity, he erected a golden statue of Crifpes, with this mea morable inscription: To MY SON WHOM I UNJUSTLY CONDEMNED, A tale so moral and so interesting would deserve to be supported by less exceptionable authority & but if we consult the more ancient and authenticariters, they will inform 'us, that the repentance of Conftantine was manifested only in acts of blood and revenge ; and that he atoned for the murder of an innocenti fon, by the execution, peru? haps, of a guilty wife. They ascribe the misfortunes of Crispus to the arts of his stepmother Fausta, whose implacable hatred, or whose disappointed love, renewed in the palace of Conftantine the ancient tragedy of Hippolitus and of Phædra. Like the daughter of Minos," the daughter of Maxiinian'accused her son-in-law of an inceltuous attempt on the chastity of his father's wife; and easily obtained, from the jealousy of the emperor, a sentence of deach againit a young prince, whom the confidered with reason as the most formidable rival of her own children. Bot Helena, the aged mother of Constantine, lamented and revenged the antimély fate of her grandson Crispus: nor ias it long before a real or pretended discovery was made, that Fauita herself.entertained a criminal connection with a slave belong ing to the Imperial stables. Her condemnation and punishment were the inftant consequences of the charge; and the adulteress was suffosi cated by the steam of a bath, which, for that purpose, had been heated to an extraordinary degree. By some it will perhaps bene thodght, that the remembrance of a conjugal union of twenty years,

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and the honour of their common offspring, the destined heirs of the throne, might have

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howevet persuaded him to foftened the builty she might appear,

Conftantine; and to expiate her offences in a soliqary prison.yubut

it seems a superfluous labour to weigh the propriety, unless we could ascertain the truth, of this fingular event; which is attended with some circumstances of doubt and perplexity. Those who have attacked, and those who have defended, the character of Constantinerobăve alike disregarded two yery remarkable passages of two orations pronounced under the fuccoeding reign. The former celebrates the virtues the beauty, and the fortune of the

empreis Faulta, dhe daughter, wife, filter, and mother of so many princes. The latter afferts, in explicit terms, that the mother of the younge Coditantine," tuht' was main three years after his father's death, fot vived to weep over the fate of her fenfimNotwith tanding the positive teftimony of several writers of the Pagan as well as of the Christian religion, there may ftillres main fome teafon to believe, or at least to:sųfpectasihat Faulta escaped the blind

and fufpicious cruelly.cof her husband. The deaths of a fon, and of a nephew, with the

execution of great number of room spectable and perhaps innocent

friends, who was

involved

their. fall, may be sufficient, however, to justify the discontent of the Roman people , and to explain the satirical verles dfixed to the

palace gate, comparing the fplendid and bloody reigns of Conftantine and Nero 1. "USindu germinos 29p9vo peofH JDT91997 sdt វេទី 18 * The remaining part of this chapter contains an account of the Gothie war, the death of Conftantine, the divifion of the empire among his three fons, the Persian was the tragic death of Conftantine the Younger and Constans, the usurpation of Magnentíus, the civil war, and the victory of Conftantius. 2935lą E9gsvov lo vyoflid IsifTo be continued.]ulo V is ov8 mb 301 juods busloa ai 2793191 10 montot vd (192611bnu esw

Apulan. Coraf? rd He seems to call her the möther of Crispus, She might affume that title by adoption. At leant, mhe was not confidered as his mortal enemy folian compares the fortune of Fauftas with that of Pary satis, bthel Perlan Queen IovA Roman would have more naturally recollected the second Agrippinae ow To sa baza inomsliaez moiz qui furle trone ai fuit mes ancêtres ;oved siom ow exblsiw Mois fille, femme, Jæur et mereederruds maitresto filmoo won 54 Monoda in Conftantin: jan. c. 4. ad Caleem Eutrop. edit Haus vereamp. 10 The orator føles

her the mot divine and pious of Queensst from Saturni aurea fecula quis tequitat pampoj Isován or bris sds digusunt bæc gemmea, sede Noroniana. Visidons Apollinars 0.8.13 Iris fomewhat fingular, that these fatirical lines friduld be attribute ner to an obscare libeller, or a disappointed patriot, but ito Ablavius, prime minister and favourite of the Emperor. We may now perceiveo that the imprecations of the Roman people were dictated by humanayo as well as by superstition. Zofim. iii. p.1195 Edt 29119volba

Il sui 192AH AI.1 15:41 3 I pintig nett 92! is de Lühilduq 21.14 pisi.@w Yin FOREIGN Vadi Zi 300'det edilo 1.0 CO13 • 36,713

FOREIGN LITERATURE.
(By our CORRESPONDENTS.)
FRANCE.

AR T. XI.
Les Hommes illuftres de la Marine François, &c. i. c. Ar

Hiftorical Account of the illustrious Naval Commanders and Officers of the French Marine, and of their memorable Exploits, together with their Portraits. By M. de GRAINCOURT, Painter to his Em. the Cardinal de Luynes. 4to. Paris. 1780.We mention this wretched catch-penny work, only to prevent our Readers from being taken in by a title that promises something, and fails egregiously in the performance. An incorrect style, confused relations, and in many places a manifest perverfion of historical truth, are the predominant characters of this Aimfy publication, which comes out in numbers. The portraits are not ill executed : which thews that our Author, instead of assuming the pen, should have kept to his pencil.

II. Abregé de l'Histoire des Voyages, &c. i. e. An Abridge ment of the general History of Voyages, containing whatever is rio markable, useful, and well ascertained in the different countries that bave been visited by Travellers, the Manners of the Inhabitants, their Religion and Customs, their Arts and Sciences, their Commerce and Manufactures : the whole enriched with Maps and Copper-, plates. By M. DE LA HARPE, Member of the French Academy. 8vo. 21 Volumes.A general history of voyages was undertaken by some men of letters in England about the year 1745. It was translated into French by the laborious Abhé Prevot, and continued, by, that translator, when the original authors abandoned the work at the 7th volume. The Abbé carried it on to 16 volumes. After his death Messrs. Querlon and De Leyre, two able writers, added three new volumes; and two more have been since published ; so that the compilement now consists of 21 volumes in 4to. This work is unwieldy, and tedious ;- its materials are abundant, but ill-digested; the facts and voyages are heaped together without method or choice, and the nautical journals and obfervations are full of the most tiresome and unnecessary repetitions. In a word, though the materials be abundant and valuable, the work is not proportionably interesting. It is this work, abridged, arranged on a new plan, enriched with moral reflections and lively de. seriptions, and augmented with the voyages of Bougainville and the discoveries that render fo famous the names of Cook, Carteret, Biron, Wallis, Phipps, &c. that M. DE LA Harpe, well known in the literary world, has published in 21 volumes large octavo. The typographical merit of this Abridgment is very

great :

great : and the drawings and maps are elegantly engraven.--As to the Author's method, it is as follows :

He has divided the work into Four Parts. The three firft contain the voyages to Africa, Asia, and America; and the laft, those that have been made toward the Poles.

The First Part contains Six Books. In the ift, which may be considered as an historical Introduction, we have a succinct and entertaining account of the discoveries and conquests of the Portuguese in the East, until the period of their decline. In the 2d, we find the first expeditions of the English on the coafts of Africa, in the Indian Ocean, and on the Red Sea, the Adventures of Roberts, and a description of the Canaries and Islands of Cape Verd. In the 3d, we are carried into the continent of Africa from Senegal to Sierrra-Leona. In the 4th, we proceed towards Guinea, and find an elegant compilation of the accounts of feveral travellers, which is rather historical than descriptive, but contains very curious and interesting details, relative to the flaves trade and the bloody victories of the King of Dahomay, whose name and conquests are famous in Africa, the 5th and 6th Books contain a full description of the Guinea, Malaqueta, Ivory, Gold and Slave Coasts, and of the Kingdom of Benin, as also an account of the settlements of the Portuguese at Congo, and those of the Dutch at the Cape of Good Hope.

The Second Part, with which the fourth volume begins, is divided into Seven Books. The ist contains the Voyages of Pyrard, Pinto, and Bontecoe, which are full of extraordinary adventures, and a Description of the Islands of the Indian Ocean, from the Maldivian to the Philippine Ides inclusively. The 2d and 3d carry the Reader into the continent of India, along the western and eastern banks of the Ganges, through the rich provinces of Indoftan, and the kingdoms of Cochinchina and Siam. The 4th exhibits an extensive and circumftantial view of the vaft empire of China, the accounts of which, hitherto given by the Missionaries, have produced fuch keen controversies, relas tive to the religion, government, learning, and policy of that people.-Tartary, Siberia, and Japan are described in the 5th, 6th, and 7th Books.

The Third Part, divided into Twelve Books, treats of Amc. rica. The ift, 2d, and 3d, contain the discoveries of Columbus, the bold expedition of Vasco Nugnes, Pizarro, and Almagro, the history of the conquest of Mexico, with a description of its ancient government, and an account of the Spanish domi. nation in that country. The 4th relates the conqueft of Peru, accompanied with a description of the ancient and modern state of that kingdom; and it concludes with the voyage of the French and Spanish Mathematicians to the mountains of Quito, to measure a degree of the meridian, and the return of M. de la

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Condamine by the river of Amazons. The description of South America from the Isthmus of Panama to Brazil, inclusively, is continued in the 5th and 6th Books and here, among other things we find à curious and circumstantial account of Guiana, a country little known by Europeans, and which is supposed to be as rich in gold mines as Peru.x The 7th and 8th Books exbibit a view of North America, an account of the English Colonies on that continent, and of the Settlements the French had fyrmerly i theres, The characters, 'mannersji religion, and customs of the savage tribes of North America, as also the natural history of that country, are the fubjects treated in thelgch and oth Books 5. and the two:last contain an account of the voyages to the Antilles, and the settlements and natural history of these

-? The Fourth Part, in Six Books, begins with the voyage of Magellan, and the discovery of the Streights that bear his name; to which are added, all the voyages round the world, in the fame South-west course, including that of Anfon. The 24 Book takes in the voyages made for the discovery of a North-east or North west passage to the East Indies, with all the curious and interesting details relative to that bold and adventurous undertaking, which does such honour to the courage, patience, and perseverance of the English and Dutch navigators.). The 3d, 4th, and 5th Books contain the histories and descriptions of Iceland, Nova Lembla, Kamchatka, and Groenland. The 6th and last gives 4 compendious account of the latest voyages of the English navigators in the South Sea, and particularly that of the unfortunate, and immortal Cook, who observed or discovered more unknown lands in that immense ocean, than all who went be. fore him. urt's R$??ons to

its We must observe, that at the end of each of thefe Four Parts there is a natural history of the countries it comprehends; that the plates, reprefenting the manners, customs, dress, and eeremonies of the Asiatics, Africans: and Americans, äre' elegançly executed'; and the work is concluded by an excellent Atlas in a quarto form, which contains 73 maps of the countries defcribed. Upon the whole, this is a very elegant, entertaining, and instructive publication :the Abridgment is made with tafte and judgment, and the style is such as might naturally be expected from the pen of M. DE LA HARPE.

III. Recherches Physiques sur le Feu: i. e. Philosophical Inquiries, concerning Fire. - By M. Maras, M.D. Phyficiari' to the Comte d'Artois's Guards, &c. 8vo, with Cuts. Paris. 1780. The difficulty of examining fire in its pure and separate state, and abstracted from its combination with other bodies, has hitherto baffled all the attempts of philosophers to ascertain the nature of that element, its true principle, its - manner of

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