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able according admit affections allow animals answer appear beauty become begin better body called cause Certainly citizens common consider created described desire earth elements equally evil existence eyes fire follow give Glaucon gods greater greatest guardians hand harmony hear heaven honor human idea imagine imitation individual injustice interest justice kind knowledge less light lives look manner matter mean mind motion nature never object opinion opposite origin pain pass perfect person philosopher Plato pleasure poets present principle question reason receive regarded replied rest rule rulers sense sight Socrates sort soul speak suppose tell termed things third thought tion true truth turn universe unjust virtue whole youth
Página 341 - ... from turning round their heads. Above and behind them a fire is blazing at a distance, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a raised way; and you will see, if you look, a low wall built along the way, like the screen which marionette players have in front of them, over which they show the puppets.
Página 449 - When the Interpreter had thus spoken he scattered lots indifferently among them all, and each of them took up the lot which fell near him, all but Er himself (he was not allowed), and each as he took his lot perceived the number which he had obtained. Then the Interpreter placed on the ground before them the samples of lives; and there were many more lives than the souls present, and they were of all sorts.
Página 270 - ... to act, if he has to act, whether in a matter of property, or in the treatment of the body, or in some...
Página 190 - Then, as we have many wants, and many persons are needed to supply them, one takes a helper for one purpose and another for another; and when these partners and helpers are gathered together in one habitation the body of inhabitants is termed a state.
Página 343 - And if there were a contest, and he had to compete in measuring the shadows with the prisoners who had never moved out of the den, while his sight was still weak, and before his eyes had become steady (and the time which would be needed to acquire this new habit of sight might be very considerable), would he not be ridiculous? Men would say of him that up he went and down he came without his eyes...
Página 107 - Wait a little, and there will be more reason for your saying so. For this is he who is able to make not only vessels of every kind, but plants and animals, himself and all other things — the earth and heaven, and the things which are in heaven or under the earth; he makes the gods also.
Página 354 - And have you further observed, that those who have a natural talent for calculation are generally quick at every other kind of knowledge; and even the dull, if they have had an arithmetical training, although they may derive no other advantage from it, always become much quicker than they would otherwise have been.
Página 282 - That the wives of our guardians are to be common, and their children are to be common, and no parent is to know his own child, nor any child his parent.
Página 342 - He will require to grow accustomed to the sight of the upper world. And first he will see the shadows best, next the reflections of men and other objects in the water, and then the objects themselves...
Página 542 - ... such," we should be satisfied. And the same argument applies to the universal nature which receives all bodies — that must be always called the same; for, while receiving all things, she never departs at all from her own nature, and never in any way, or at any time, assumes a form like that of any of the things which enter into her; she is the natural recipient of all impressions, and is stirred and informed by them, and appears different from time to time by reason of them.