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land. And may we not expect that our twenty-five Illinois young men, now at work in heathen countries, may, in the next half-century, be followed by a ten-fold number who shall go forth to make known to the nations, the unsearchable riches of Christ. All our home work, essential and glorious as it is, is only a means to the end of making our nation the great missionary power in the earth.
Very few of us will be here to unite in the celebration of the second jubilee of this National Society. But upon us of the present generation falls largely the responsibility of making that Centenary what it ought to be. If we carry on to our successors that which we have received from the Fathers; if we but use wisely the system of appliances which they have set up; if we be filled with the Spirit from on high, we shall resign our trust with assurance that, under God's foreordaining love, the report of a hundred years of this evangelizing scheme will give our sons occasion to review the past with still more absolute faith that the triumph of the Kingdom of Christ is near at hand.
ARTICLE X.-NOTICES OF NEW BOOKS.
THEOLOGICAL AND RELIGIOUS.
The ATONEMENT. * _ We can confidently speak of Mr. Dale's work on the Atonement-of which this is the fourth edition-as one of the most valuable contributions to the theological literature of our day. It is the more timely because the subject, besides being a central theme of revelation, has been reopened in recent discussions both in England and in this country. The treatment here is thoroughly biblical, as it should be. It does justice to the author's reputation as a scholarly, discriminating, candid, and devout theologian. It has the advantage, as compared with most treatises, of insisting on the “Fact of the Atonement" as the objective ground for the remission of sins, in distinction from any theory regarding the mode of its operation, as also of pursuing the strictest method of interpretation; and this too with reference to recent investigations and controversies. After an ample and able introduction, the author in successive lectures argues the Fact of the Atonement from the History of our Lord, from our Lord's own testimony, and from that of the Apostles Peter, John, James, and Paul, separately considered. Another lecture is taken up with general confirmatory considerations, and yet another with "the Remission of Sins." While carefully distinguishing the fact of the Atonement from any theory and enjoining modesty as to any views claiming or supposed to be exhaustive of the subject, he would yet encourage instead of repressing thought in this direction, and his last two lectures attempt to illustrate the theory from our Lord's relation “to the Eternal Law of Righteousness," and also from bis relation "to the human race.” In this part of the work he does not seem to us so clear and helpful as in the foregoing exegetical discussions which will be found most serviceable not only to ministers but to intelligent readers generally. More than sixty pages of notes are added, contributing to the thoroughness and value of the discussion.
* The Atonement. The Congregational Union Lecture for 1875. By R. W. DALE, M.A., Birmingham Fourth edition. New York and Chicago : A. S. Barnes & Ca 1876. pp. 503. VOL. XXXV.
HALL ON THE RESURRECTION.*_The author of this little volume was a teacher of considerable repute more than thirty years ago, in Ellington, Conn. He was an enterprising scholar, possessed of much enthusiasm and characterized as an original and independent thinker. His Christian life was marked by earnestness and devotion. Some years before his death, which occurred in 1847, he became convinced, by his investigation of the subject, that the ordinary view concerning the resurrection of the body was erroneous, and, as the result of his reflection and study, he wrote the brief treatise which is now published by his children. A whole generation has passed since the book was written. Its author is unknown by all but the older part of the community in the region where he lived. But the subject is one which has equal interest for all generations, and any careful and thoughtful treatise respecting it is worthy of attention. Mr. Hall examines all the passages in the New Testament, which bear or are supposed to bear on the doctrine in question. He candidly considers the arguments of those who are opposed to him, and ingeniously and ably sets forth the strength of his own position. His conclusion is, that the doctrine of the resurrection of the present body is nowhere taught in the New Testament, and, also, that there is no foundation for the view entertained by many, that there is in the present human body some germ which will be raised to life and will unite the future body with the present one. On the contrary, he believes the opposite of both of these views to be distinctly declared. Since his treatise was prepared, the number of those who hold, in the strictest sense, to a literal resurrection of the present body, has greatly diminished. It would seem, indeed, that the declarations of Paul with regard to this point are sufficiently clear and satisfactory as against such a view, and that the objections to the theory from other sources than the Scriptures are such as to render it most difficult to accept and maintain. But so strong is the influence of past beliefs, that many Christians will look even now upon any denial of this view with a feeling that a most precious truth is assailed. We are convinced that there must be, hereafter, a more reasonable doctrine, than the strictly physical and literal one, and that the Church bas yet to attain to what is in the highest degree satisfying with regard to this subject. Whether Mr. Hall's positions can be regarded as all of them correct or not, we are sure that those who peruse his little book will be interested in it. It is creditable to any one, who, like him, is engaged in the work of teaching a classical school, that he has the ability and the enthusiasm to prepare such a treatise on a subject so remote from the studies with which he is daily occupied.
* How are the Dead Raised ? and with what Body do they come ? An inquiry into the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead, as taught in the New Testament; with particular reference to the Question of a future existence of the human body. By John Hall, late Principal of the Ellington School. Hartford: Brown & Gross. Hall Brothers, Elmira, N. Y., 1875. 12mo, pp. 226.
Scott ON THE PRINCIPLES OF NEW TESTAMENT QUOTATION. The object of this volume is to discover, by an examination and classification of the quotations made by the New Testament writers from the old Testament Scriptures, the principles which underlie them, and to apply these principles to questions connected with biblical study. The author begins by presenting the large number of quotations, and then states the formulas and forms according to which they are made. He then enters upon a thorough investigation of the principles on which the writers proceeded, which principles he classifies by a fivefold divisionpsychological, grammatical, analogical, synthetic, and propheticand gives examples in illustration of each class.
He compares, also, quotations made by the patristic writers from the Old and New Testaments, and refers to citations in the ecclesiastical authors, and even to the action and principles of the mediæval and modern philosophers in quoting from the Greek and Roman classics. By a full, though brief, survey of the entire field, he thus lays a foundation for the main part of his work, which is the vindication and application of the principles discovered. The author is a Scotch clergyman, and evidently writes, in some degree, under the influence of the education which he has received. He takes a strong position, as against all who would, like many German writers, find in Paul's quotations, at times, traces of the Jewish schools, a rabbinical element, or any traces, except, perhaps, as to what is formal rather than essential, of the Jewish schools. He also, in the application of his principles, makes the quotations, in their forms and methods and peculiarities, afford strong proof in confirmation of the genuineness and inspiration of the New Testament. His doctrine of inspiration is that it is, in a proper sense, both plenary and verbal, but he does not adopt the strict mechanical theory. The book is evidently the fruit of much thought and study, and will be likely to interest those who exanine it as well as to stimulate them to further investigation of the subject of which it treats.
* Principles of New Testament Quotation, established and applied to biblical science. By the Rev. JAMES SCOTT, M.A., B.D. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. 1875. 12mo, pp. 169.
MEYER ON PhilIPPIANS AND COLOSSIANS.—We are glad to announce to our readers the appearance of another volume of this most excellent commentary on the New Testament, which every biblical student and every minister ought to have in his library. The work is being issued at the rate of about four volumes annually, and though somewhat expensive (the price being $3.50 for each volume) is valuable beyond the measure of any charge that is made for it. The parts already published are two volumes on the Gospel of John, two volumes on the Epistle to the Romans, and the one now before us. The work is introduced into this country through Messrs. Scribner, Welford and Armstrong, as our readers already know, and is a translation of the original German made under the direction of Dr. Dickson, of Glasgow
CASPARI'S INTRODUCTION TO THE LIFE OF CHRIST.*_Dr. Caspari's book, which is now translated, and published by Messrs. T. & T. Clark, of Edinburgh, has been known in the author's own country for several years. The translator is Mr. Maurice J. Evans, already favorably known by other similar translations of German works. This volume, as its title indicates, is simply a chronological and geographical introduction to the Life of Christ. It thus enters upon the controversy with the adversaries of the New Testament only from one side, and limits itself to one line of investigation. Within the field which the author chooses for himself, however, the thoroughness of the best German scholars is exhibited. The whole history of Christ's life is traced out, according to a clear and careful arrangement of its events as given by the different evangelists, and the great chronological questions are fully and learnedly discussed. A valuable appendix on the topography of Jerusalem will make the volume especially useful to all who are now interested in this subject.
* A Chronological and Geographical Introduction to the Life of Christ. By Ch. ED. CASPARI. From the original German works, revised by the author. Translated, with additional notes, by MAURICE J. EVANS, B.A. With map of the scene of our Lord's labors, and plan of Jerusalem. Edinburgh : T. & T. Clark. New York: Scribner, Welford & Armstrong. 8vo, pp. 314. Price $4.50.