Imágenes de páginas

tem; quàm tempeftiva ab- men, amongst us, chufe for them Itinentia. Intemperantes felves the seasons of eating, and leave homines apud nos, fibi ci- the quantity of their food to the bi tempora, modum cu- physicians. Others again complirantibus "dant. Rurfus ment the physicians with the times, alii tempora medicis pro but reserve the quantity to theirown dono remittunt, fibi ipfis determination. Those fancythemmodum vendicant. Li- felves to behave very genteely, who beraliter agere se credunt, leave every thing else to the judgqui cætera illorum arbitrio ment of the physicians, but inlist relinquunt, in genere cibi upon the liberty of chusing the kind liberi funt; quafi quæratur, of their food; as if the question was, quid medico liceat, non what the physician has a right to quid ægro salutare fit: cui do, not what may be falutary for vehementer, nocet, quo- the patient; who is greatly hurt, ties in ejus quod affumi- as often as he tranfgreffes in the tur, vel tempore, vel time, measure, or quality of his modo, vel genere peccatur. food.

Whoever has sufficient leisure, and difpoficion, for an attentive perufal of this work, must perceive it has cost the Translator much time, care, and study; while the competent, the candid, and unprejudiced, we imagine, will admit, upon the whole, that Dr. Grieve has thewn himself a gentleman of literature and application. How neceffary an English translation may be thought by some physicians and surgeons of our days, is a different consideration : Since we may reasonably fuppose, that from the addition of a few important articles to our Materia Medica ; from the discoveries in natural.philosophy and anatomy; and from the augmented experience of time itself, physic and surgery are arrived at a state of greater maturity, than they had attained in the time of Cellus. We may venture, however, to affirm, that as many can now rem cur to him, who could not in the original, fo even some physicians may find many of those difficulties removed, or lessened, which have formerly rendered him less current. And as some reasonable practitioners may undoubtedly have experienced inconveniences from a more limited education, such will enjoy an opportunity of observing the state of physic and surgery, at, and before, his time ; while every sensible and ingenious reader must admire his candour and manliness, his excellent and diftinguilhing judgment, (as often as it intervenes on disputable points) and his unaffected elegance. Neither can we suppose a translation of him as useless as some may have suggefied; fince we have accidentally learned, that an ingenious and emi| Review, Od. 1756.



nent operator has declared Celsus's method of reducing the luxated humerus (see p: 510, 511) very adroit and eligible. For ourselves, as we have a pretty adequate notion of the difficulty of this work, (which is extended to 519 pages, exclusive of the preface, contents, and index) and as we always intend that impartial and disinterested investigation of truth, which Celsus himself happily profeffes, in his Sind am bitione verum fcrutantibus, we cannot forbear giving Dr. Greive our atteftation of his having competently translated a truly valuable book, which has been desired by fome, may be usefe to many, and which can injure no one, except its consequences should fail to reward himself, fufficiently. But if instead of this, he shall hereafter rencounter any cavilling brethren, who, te gardless of its merit, shall ungenerously infist on, or even aga gravate, a few trivial inaccuracies, he may refer them to the difficulties which the several reputable Editors of Cellus have confessedly experienced. "He may pretty secutely invite éven themselves to effect a better English translation than his own, entirely independent of it, and conclude, with Martialztiguard Carpere vel noli noflra, vel ede tua, tra 10

Svei vrlgoti

Johnston. Ylivia


The Cadet. A Military Treatise, by an Officero. Svo 5 s.

00611 950's INCE the example of other European nationsfeems to

have rendered a standing army necessary in our own, every attempt to improve on the disciplíne of our foldiers, ought to meet with a candid reception. True, indeed, it is that it disciplined forces may prove less dangerous to a free ftaten than a well-trained army; they may plague and injure particular persons, but they will hardly be able to introduce a Stratocracy: yet, where the number of national troops is not greatsland where men of independent fortunes share in the command, a Toldier cannot know his duty too well, nor'can subordination be too much inculcated: as the conftitution will then run the less risk.

*2 'est - To enforce á strieter discipline, and reform fome parts of the exercise at present practiced by our regiments, is the fcope for, as our Author would call it, the point de vue) of this treatile; which, in every respect, greatly furpasses another, and much larger (*), work, lately published, pretty much on the fame subject. For our Author has not only made some pertinet observations himself, but has selected from the best mi(*) The Target.*

Mitarý litary books, in French, many valuable remarks: all which he has translated with a competent freedom of (pirit. An elegant(a) writer

has said, That Politicians and Generals have appear ed in albages il yet, tho' the British nation has never been exceeded in the career of glory, the Author of the Cadet ob fervesy that sa disappointed search for books of this kind, in our language, exonerates him

from the guilt of plagiarifin s from his countrynien. 1. The list of English writers on military discipline is, indeed, not numerous; probably the jus diffidence which we have always entertained of a standing army, has occafioned their unfrequency; yet are we not to destitute of compositions of this fort, as our Author would infinuate i for, besides General Bland's excellent treatise on military disci pline, vbe would have found some good materials in Lord Orrery's Art of Wared The Jaft-mentioned book, indeed, is (darce, but it is to be met with (b).

Nor bas our Author confined his martial researches to the moderns only. He has invaded the Roman territories, and brought some claffic spoils from Vegetius: yet would his performance, which may be considered in the light of a military trophy, have loft nothing of its value, had it been enlarged with some materials from Frontinus, Ruffus, Modestus, Anonymys (de Rebus Bellicis), and particularly from Ælian. And tho' the French have wrote more on Tactics than any on ther nation, (Lewis XIV. being the first who put ftanding carmies on their prefentestablishment) yet had our Officer trawerfed the Pyrenees and the Alps, he would have met with Spanish and Italian works, to recompence his labours; for, not tor enumerate the military writings of Ludovicus Melzus, Flaminius a Croce, &c. General Count Basta's Mae

Atrodi Campo Generale, and his Governo della Cavalleria Lego giadra, have not yet been exceeded. sliv

But tho' every military writer has not been consulted by sout Author, many have; and when we mention, that a pretty judicious selection has been made from the works of Puysegur, Vauban, Follard, Turenne, the Duke de Rohan, and MarThal Saxe (c),

need more be said to recommend the Cadet to the gentlemen of the army? The quotations are, in gesneralz-appropriated to the titles of the chapters, where our Author has posted them; and have a reference to our military asta) Voltaire: esquul Y1129*? foto? 1997, si 9.10 There was a little pamphlet published fome years ago, by *Capt. M.; now Major Mon the exercise of a battalion, " Which might alfo have bedo of service to our Compiler. (c) We wonder our

Ditted Feuquiere's Memoirs.



manæuvre (d): fometimes however they are wanting in both these respects. Thus, for instance, the following quotation from Maríhal Puysegur, (p. 52.) Most regiments have a pe“culiar method (viz. of exercise) of their own, which must

necessarily be, when they have no fixed and written regu• lation, to reform their different opinions,' has no connec tion with us, who have stated regulations for our exercise Again, the passage from Vegetius, (p, 60). If the well-trained

foldier is arduous for engagenxent, fo does the untaught ¢ fear it. Who will deny that discipline is superior to strength?

If we neglect or despite that discipline, where will be the

difference between the soldier and the peasant?' had better have been arranged under his chapter, of the necessity

f military discipline, than where it is. Besides, fince his book was to be a collection of quotations, why select a paslage from a modern, in which fome antient practice is recommended, and then quote the clasic afterwards (e), who has preserved that practice? Might not either of them have sufficed? Or rather, should not the antient have stood single? There is another thing, like wife, which we wilh had been attended to where quotations are pretty much detached from each other, ought not authorities to have been placed according to seniority? Yet, on the contrary, we here. see that great anticnt master of tactics, Vegetius, posted in the rear of a Mons. Bombelles, or a Monf. d'Efpagnac. is

But waving these small improprieties, which are, indeed, no material objections to the work, we shall briefly consider that part of the Cadet which is more immediately our Author's own. It has often been remarked, that many of the British evolutions are not only insignificant, but impraticable, before an enemy: that some of our methods of loading and lockingup, are scarce to be preserved, even at a review and that the square is very defective in its order, both standing and marching, and dangerous for a retreat. To remedy these inconve. niences, qur Officer, in chap. vi. has propoled a new schema of exercise, which thall better wear the face of reality, by

supposing an enemy in front, and yarying the disposition, as * neceflity, or the supposed maneuvre of the enemy fhall re squire:? It would lead us too far from our purpose, and a might not be be over acceptable to the generality of our readers, to give the whole of our Author's plan; we ihall there..) We adope this word with relu&ance, for want of one equally exprelive in our own language. le) See instances of this, P. 54, 53

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ou fore only observe, that we have read it with pleasure ; - that it looks

well upon paper. But that we fear, it cannoti be put in practice in the day of battle, Two, or perhaps more, regia

ents, fighting by the same signals, migho engage in our Author's manner; but the noife, smoke, and unavoidable confusion of a general battle, muft, forever, render his new plan, at least in our opinion, lefs practicable than it may feem to the ingenious author. Besides, experience informs us, that , defeats have been the consequence of a line's advancing (as this gentleman directs) when the enemy has fallen (perhạps purposely) back : and is it military, that one line should retreat, when the enemy advances? One part of the scheme, however, we think highly rational'; which take in our Au. thor's own words: To this exercise, I would, on every opportunity, add the cavalry in their different dispositions, and

that means, endeavour to diveft both horfe and foot of those unnatural prejudices they too often entertain against

each other. I would let them know, and practice, how eflentially necessary their mutual allistance is, and in what

manner they are to depend on each others in the face of an enemy, 2011

At present our infantry are not at all acquainted with the benefis , arising

from the assistance of the cavalry; nor are the latter conscious of the security and advantage they acquire by the former. They are exercised by themselves, and are for ever, during peace, ignorant of their connection.

Should this be approved, I could recommend -a scheme, by a lo

:which it might be put in execution. Tho our Author has not yet communicated this scheme, we have the pleasure to in form bur Readers, chat the Generalsi who commanded at Blandford, this summer, mixed our cavaley and foot in imaginary fights, retreats, &c. Any future publication, therefore,

The laft part of this sixth chapter, is employed in enumerating the inconveniences of the present hollow square; and the seventh exhibits a new plan for performing that, military movement, both in words, and by-a platen It is, in deed, lels exceptionable than the old method : but we have often heard even fome Martinets acknowlege, that the square ought to be abolished; and if we are not mifinformed, it was not once used at Blandford: the Reviews at that camp were * Chamentations of a battle.

fetifible quotations from Puysegur, recommending the Roman practice of officers commanding and charging at the head of their own companies. This is very practicable in the battalion, and would be proDI 3


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