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Half of this was directed to be taken immediately, drinking after it a cup of brandy; and the other half in fix hours after. The confequence was, that after the firft dofe, her ftomach was no more convulfed, and fhe was in general much better. By a more frequent repetition of the fame medicine, in larger quantities, a profufe fweat was obtained, which continued for two days, and by the 4th of December the patient was able to go abroad. But may not a medical critic be inclined to afk, How are we to be affured, that the disorder here described was re really the gout in the ftomach, feeing most of the fymptoms are perfectly byfterical And again, it may be enquired, What share of merit ought to be allowed the cinnabar in the above compofitioncino & cost anal sdr ▲ ic basher Art. 13. An account of an uncommon effect of antimonial Wine, by Dr. James Walker, Surgeon, and Agent for the Navy, at Edinburghat 't of moists my repeate Dr. Walker having, on account of a cold, ordered fome whey to be made for himself, the antimonial wine, inftead of Libon, was by a mistake, made ufe of. Of this whey he drank a full English pint, in which was contained about a gill and a half of the wine. But inftead of producing the effect that might naturally be expected from fuch a preparation, it brought on an unusual propenfity to fleep, with a laffitude and numbness of his limbs. Two apprentices, who had eat the curd, were affected in the like manner. Half an ounce of the fame antimonial wine was afterwards found to vomit a patient very well,-Query, If its combination with milk fhould be found not only to deprive the antimonial wine of its emetic -quality, but even to render it, in fome degree, narcotic, may not fome uleful hints be drawn from this cafe, to extend the ufe of that preparation in practice? At leaft the experiment may be fafely tried, in proper quantities.
Art. 14. An obftinate Dyfentery cured by Lime-water by James Grainger, M. D. Phyfician at London. bangul
After the diffemper before mentioned had, without intermiffion, affected the unhappy patient for upwards of twelvemonths, and had baffled all the efforts of judicious practice, it manifeftly appears to have been cured by the ufe of limewater only, in the space of fix weeks. Another inftance is alfo mentioned, where the fame medicine was equally ferviceable in the fame diforder.
Art. 15. The anthelminthic virtue of the Wild Cabbage, or Bulgewater Tree; by the late Mr. Peter Duguid, Surgeon, in Jamaica, in a letter to Alexander Monro, fenior, M. D. and Profeffor of Anatomy.
Mr. Duguid has juftly obferved, that the writers on the dif eafes of the Weft-Indies have paid too little attention to worms; to which, especially in Jamaica, may be afcribed by far the greatest part of the maladies that occur there, in perfons of each fex, and of every age, rank, and colour. Nature, indeed, has provided that ifland with many excellent vermifuges, tho with none of more efficacy than that recommended by this gentleman, who informs his correfpondent, that he was then making experiments for afcertaining the dofe to patients of different ages.' But from this he was prevented by an immature, and much-lamented death.--However, we fhall endeavour to fupply the lofs of his communication, by mentioning the obfervations of a gentleman, who refided fome time there, and whose profeffion was phyfic: according to whom, the fafeft and most effectual way of adminiftring this remedy is in decoction, allowing two drachms of the bark, to about twelve ounces of water; to be boiled till about four ounces are confumed. The remaining liquor, after ftraining, may be fweetned to the palate of the patient. Of this, one large fpoonful is fufficient' for a child of four years old, and fhould be taken two or three times a day.
Art. 16. The defcription of a monstrous Foetus; by Mr. John Mowat, Surgeon, at Langholm, in a letter to Alexander Monro, fenior, M. D. &c.
Art. 17. The Diffection of the fame Monster, continued by Alexander Monro, junior, M. D. and Profeffor of Anatomy in the University of Edinburgh.
Art. 18. Bones found in the Ovarium of a Woman, by Dr. George Young and communicated to the Society by Dr. John Bofwell, Fellow of the royal College of Phyficians, in Edinburgh. The three articles above-mentioned, are illuftrated by plates, without feeing which, any extract will convey but an imperfect idea of the feveral fubjects.
Art. 19. Proofs of the Contiguity of the Lungs and Pleura; by Alexander Monro, Jenior, M. D. &c.
This ingenious Anatomist here directs the following as cafier methods of proving the non-existence of air in the thorax, than that propofed by Lieberkuhn, and practifed by Haller. 1. Dif6 • fect
<fect the teguments and intercoftal mufcles from the pleura of either a dead man, or quadruped, without wounding this membrane, in which there is no difficulty; then pull up, and deprefs, alternately, the fternum and ribs, as often as you < will, the lungs are feen contiguous all the while to the • pleura; but on making a small puncture through this mem→ brane, the lungs, if they are not grown to the pleura, which is often the cafe in the human fubject, fly from the pleura, and are no more feen.
2. This connection of the lungs and pleura, more or lefs of which is feen in moft human bodies, implies ftrongly a natural contiguity of these two parts.
3. Lay bare the pleura, without wounding it, between two ribs of dexterity; and then the contiguity of the lungs and pleura may be feen, tho' the lungs are conftantly fliding and changing place along the pleura, and tho' this membrane is in different ftates: while the creature infpires, it is concave; • during exfpiration, it is convex, and prominent outwards, for this plain reafon, that while infpiration is performing, the air does not pafs fo quickly at the narrow glottis, as to fill the lungs at once with air, of denfity and weight equal to the atmosphere; and during exfpiration the air cannot escape so fast at the glottis, as to prevent its more than or dinary condensation and expansibility in the lungs, than the • external air has.'
and the quadruped, which requires no great
Art. 20. An account of fome Experiments made with Opium, on living and dying animals, by Robert Whytt, M. D. F. R. S. &c. &c.
Moft of thefe experiments are cited by the Doctor in his obfervations on fenfibility and irritability against Haller. The defign of them may be feen in our abftract of that work. Review, Vol. XIV. p. 139.
Art. 21. The history of a complete Luxation of the Thigh, in a letter to Dr. John Rutherfoord, Prefident of the Royal College of Phyficians, and Profeffor of Medicine in the Univerfity of Edinburgh; by James Mackenzie, M. D. late Phyfician at Worcester.
The method ufed for reducing fo uncommon a diflocation appearing to us well worthy a place in a literary register, we fhall not fcruple to give it at length. After mature deliberation, it was agreed, that in cafe the ufual extenfion
There were four phyficians and three furgeons in the confultation, and the luxation appears to have been clearly ascertained.
did not fucceed, the vis percuffionis (which is well known to • increase the force to a furprizing degree, by accelerating the • motion) fhould next be tried. In order to both, therefore, we provided a large ftrong table, of a proper length and height, which we faftened with fcrews to the floor, and covered with fuch blankets and bolfters as we wanted; a piece of ftrong cloth was alfo laid upon the blankets, under the patient's back, of fufficient length to turn up between his thighs, and pafs over his thoulders down to the floor, where <both ends were fecurely fixed, with a view to refift or coun⚫ter-act the neceffary extenfion. We provided alfo two towels ⚫ of a convenient length and thickness; one of which, at the middle, was tied with a tight, but eafy, knot, above the • patient's ankle, and the two ends, twisted together, were C given to three strong men to hold. The other towel was, • in the fame manner, fastened above the knee, and the dou⚫ble end given to three more; while the furgeons stood ready, one with his hand on the ball of the diflocated bone, to direct it into the focket; one at the knee, and another at the foot, to turn them inwards.
< When all things were ready, the extenfion was begun in • the common method, by the towel-men; but tho' they ex❝erted their utmoft ftrength, the head of the bone was not ❝ moved in the least, and their effort ferved only to increase the poor man's torture to an intolerable degree.
Finding thus the extenfion of no fignificancy, and the patient's courage reviving after fome refpite, the vis percuf fionis was carried into execution after the following manner: the towel-men were directed to slacken their towels to a certain point, to ftand with their feet firm, their arms ftreight, and their bodies bending a little forward; and, upon a certain fignal agreed on, were ordered to pull with ❝ a vehement and quick jirk, throwing themselves back with all their might,
After every thing was in good order, and the affiftants apprifed of the nature and neceffity of the operation which they were about to perform, the fignal agreed on was at laft given. The towel-men pulled in a moment with a strong and fudden fpring; the furgeons performed their parts dexteroufly; and inftantly there was a loud crafh heard, which made one of the phyficians call out, Alas! the table is broken, but at the very moment the patient, with a thundering voice, cried, It's in, it's in, it's in. And fo it really was, for we immediately found the limb reftored to its naeural pofition, length, and flexibility. The patient was put
to bed, and, by a proper diet and care, recovered his former <healthy and could walk perfectly well in three weeks.Ti Aft. 22. Some observations on the new Method of curing the Cataract, by extracting the chrystalline humour; by Thomas Young, Surgeon, in Edinburgh.
Mr. Young's fuccefs in fix patients, on whom he performed this operation, induces him to recommend it to further experience the manner of performing it is here accurately described and the neceffary inftruments are delineated in
Arte 231A Hernia from the Omentum falling down into the Scrotum oby Thomas Living Stone, M. D. Phyfician at Aberdeen esot baffiant „auricist
We find nothing fo very remarkable in this cafe, as to make any further mention of it neceflary here. -BOT boot
Art. It. 24. A Child brought forth at a Rent of the Belly. Extraordinary as this fact muft appear, the truth of it feems well attefted. In the fame article, Dr. Monro, fenior, has added an inftance of a child's escaping at a rent of the womb into the abdomen.n
Art. 25. A preternatural Collection of Waters in the Womb with ssion Twins; by Stephen Fell, Surgeon, in Ulverstone
The quantity of water evacuated in this delivery, is faid to be not less than fix wine gallons.
Art. 26. Hiftories of tophaceous Concretions in the alimentary Canal, by Alexander Monro, fenior, M, D. &c.
Thefe hiftories, to fay the leaft of them, may serve as proper cautions againft fuffering any indigeftible substances, as the ftones of fruit, &c. to pals into the ftomach,
Art. 27. Remarks on Procidentia Ani, Intufufceptio, Inflammation, and Volvules of the Inteftines; by the fame.
Several curious and neceffary obfervations on the above diforders are here illuftrated by appofite hiftories, and a drawing of a remarkable intufufception. The following we cannot but particularly recommend as generally ufeful premonitions: The common practice of taking fpirituous liquors, or the warm carminatives, when people feel cholic-pains, is often unlucky, and public warning fhould be given againft it; for tho' relief is found from fuch things in the windy or fpafmodic cholics, which is not a deadly difeafe, yet they hurry on the inflammatory ones fo faft, that they foon prove