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Half of this was directed to be taken immediately, drinking. after it a cup of brandys; and the other half in fix hours after. The consequence was that after the first dose, her stomach was no more convulsed, and she was in general much better. By a more frequent repetition of the fame medicine, in larger quantities, a profuse sweat was obtained, which continued jor two days and by the 4th of December the patient was able

to go abroad. But may not a medical critic be inclined to afk, How are we to be assured that the disorder here described was really the gont in the stomach, leeing most of the symp'toms are perfectly hysterical And again, it may be entired, What share of merit ought to be allowed the cinnabar in the above composition ?nou & bi jo bote: Art. 13. An account of an uncommon effect of antimonialTVine, by Dr. James Walkar, Surgeon, and Agent for the Navys at Edinburghut yrit of mois

Dr. Walker having, on account of a cold, ordered fome whey to be made for himself, the antimonial wine, initead of Lilbon, was by a mistake, made use of.. Of this whey he drank a full English pint, in which was contained about a gill and a half of the wine, But instead of producing the effect that might naturally be expected from such a preparation, it brought on an unusual propensity to sleep, with a lassitude and numbness of his limbs. I'wo apprentices, who had eat the curd, were affected in the like manner.

Half an ounce fame antimonial wine was afterwards found to vomit a patient

very well.--Query, If its combination with milk nhould be found not only to deprive the antimonial, wine of its emetic quality, but even to render it, in fome degree, narcotic, may *not some uleful hints be drawn from this case, to extend the

use of that preparation in practiced. At least the experiment may be safely tried, in proper quantities. Art. 14. An obftinate Dyfentery cured by Lime-water s by James

21 Grainger, 11. D. Physician at London. Lontul After the diffemper before mentioned' had, without intermillion, affected the unhappy patient for upwards of twelvemonths, and had baffled all the efforts of judicious practice, it manifestly appears to have been cured by the use of limewater only, in the space of "fix weeks. Another instance is also mentioned, where the same medicine was equally ferviceable in the same disorder.


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Art. 15. The anthelminthic virtue of the Wild Cabbage, or Bulge

water Tree ; by the late Mr. Peter Duguid, Surgeon, in famaica; in' a letter to Alexander Monro, fenior, M. D. and Professor of Anatomy.

Mr. Duguid has justly observed, that the writers on the disa eases of the West-Indies have paid too little attention to worms; to which, especially in Jamaica, may be ascribed by far the greatest part of the maladies that occur there, in persons of each sex, and of every age, rank, and colour. Nature, indeed, has provided that island with many excellent vermifuges, tho* with none of more efficacy than that recommended by this gentleman, who informs his correspondent, that he was then mak

ing experiments for ascertaining the dofe to patients of different

ages. But from this he was prevented by an immature, and much-lamented death.--However, we shall endeavour to fupply the loss of his communication, by mentioning the observations of a gentleman, who resided fome time there, and whose profeffion was phyfic: according to whom, the fateft and most effectual way of administring this remedy is in decoction, allowing two drachms of the bark, to about twelve ounces of water; to be boiled till about four ounces are consumed. The remaining liquor, after ftraining, may be sweetned to the palate of the patient. Of this, one large spoonful is sufficient for a child of four years old, and should be taken two or three times a day. Art. 16. The description of a monstrous Fætus; by Mr. John

Mowat, Surgeon, at Langholin, in a letter to Alexander

Monro, fenior, M. D. & C. Art. 17.

The Dissection of the fame Monster, continued by Alexa ander Monro, junior, M. D. and Professor of Anatomy in

the University of Edinburgh. Art. 18. Bones found in the Ovarium of a Woman, by Dr.

George Young'; and communicated to the Society by Dr. Fahn Boswell, Fellow of the royal College of Physicians, in Edinburgh.

The three articles above-mentioned, are illustrated by plates, without seeing which, any extract will convey but an imperfect idea of the several subjects. Art . 19. Proofs of the Contiguity of the Lungs and Pleura; by

Alexander Monro, Senior, M. D. & C. This ingenious Anatomist here directs the following as easier methods of proving the non-existence of air in the thorax, than that proposed by Lieberkuhn, and practised by Haller. ! 1. Dif



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leet the teguments and intercostal muscles from the pleura

of either a dead man, or quadruped, without wounding this • membrane, in which there is no difficulty; then pull up, and

depress, alternately, the sternum and ribs, as often as you

will, the lungs are seen contiguous all the while to the • pleura; but on making a small puncture through this mem< brane, the lungs, if they are not grown to the pleura, which ç is often the case in the human subject, Aly from the pleura, and are no more seen.

2. This connection of the lungs and pleura, more or less % of which is seen in most human bodies, implies strongly a natural contiguity of these two parts.

3. Lay bare the pleura, without wounding it, between ç two ribs of any living quadruped, which requires no great s dexterity; and then the contiguity of the lungs and pleura

may be seen, tho' the lungs are constantly sliding and chang

ing place along the pleura, and tho' this membrane is in dif« ferent states: while the creature inspires, it is concave;

during exspiration, it is conyex, and prominent outwards, for this plain reason, that while inspiration is performing, the air does not pass so quickly at the narrow glottis, as to fill the lungs at once with air, of density and weight equal to the atmosphere, and during exspiration the air cannot

escape so fast at the glottis, as to prevent its more than or. ș dinary condensation and expansibility in the lungs, than the ( external air has.' Art. 20. An account of some Experiments made with Opium, on

living and dying animals, by Robert Wbytt, M. D.. F. R. S. &c. &c.

Moft of thefe experiments are cited by the Doctor in his obfervations on fenfibility and irritability againft Haller. The design of them may be seen in our abftract of that work. Review, Vol. XIV. p. 139. Art. 21. The history of a complete Luxation of the Thigh, in a

letter to Dr. John Rutherford, President of the Royal College of Physicians, and Professor of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh, by James Mackenzie, M. D. late Physician at WVorcester,

The method used for reducing so uncommon a dislocation appearing to us well worthy a place in a literary register, we shall not scruple to give it at length. • After mature deliberation, it was agreed, that in case the usual extension The

were four physicians and three surgeons in the confultation, and the luxation appears to have been clearly ascertained.


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« did not fucceed, the vis percussionis (which is well known to • increase the force to a fürprizing degree, by accelerating the « motion) should next be tried. In order to both, therefore, • we provided a large strong table, of a proper length and

height, which we fastened with screws to the floor, and co« vered with such blankets and bolsters as we wanted ; a piece of strong cloth was also laid upon blankets, under the

th • patient's back, of fufficient length to turn up between his

thighs, and pass over his shoulders down to the floor, where • both ends were securely fixed, with a view to resift or coun

ter-act the neceffary extension. We provided also two towels • of a convenient length and thickness"; one of which, at the &middle, was tied with a tight, but eafy, knot, above the

patient's ankle, and the two ends, twisted together, were

given to three strong men to hold. The other towel was, « in the fame manner, fastened above the knee, and the dou• ble end given to three more; while the surgeons stood rea

dy, one with his hand on the ball of the dislocated bone, < to direct it into the focket; one at the knee, and another at the foot, to turn them inwards.

When all things were ready, the extenfion was begun in " the common method, by the towel-men; but tho' they ex6 erted their utmost strength, the head of the bone was not « moved in the least, and their effort ferved only to increase the poor man's torture to an intolerable degree.

Finding thus the extension of no significancy, and the patient's courage reviving after some respite, the vis percufJionis was carried into execution after the following manner: c'the towel-men were directed to slacken their towels to a certain point, to fand with their feet firm, their arms ftreight, and their bodies bending a little forward ; and, upon a certain signal agreed on, were ordered to pull with

vehement and quick jirk, throwing themselves back with « all their might,

After every thing was in good order, and the affiftants apprised of the nature and necessity of the operation which they were about to perform, the signal agreed on was at last

given. The towel-men pulled in a moment with a strong « and fudden spring, the surgeons performed their parts dex

teroully; and instantly there was a loud crash heard, which • made one of the physicians call out, Alas! the table is brohut at the

very moment the patient, with a thundering voice, cried, It's in, it's in, it's in. And so it really was, for we immediately found the limb restored to its nacural position, length, and flexibility. The patient was put



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Art. 24

t. 24.

to bed, and, by a proper diet and care, recovered his former «'health, and could walkı perfectly well in three weeks. Art. 22. Some observations the new Method of curing the Ca

taraft, by extratting the chrystalline "humour'; by Thomas "Young, Surgeon, in Edinburg).

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toosid Mn. Young's success in six patients, on whom he performed this operation, induces him to recommend it to further experience; the manner of performing it is here accurately described a, and the necessary inftruments are delineated, in

a plater oila babivor avi Arte 23. A Hernia from the Omentum falling down into the

Scrotum ;ohy Themasukiving stone, M. D, Physician at A013 berdeenager biny

**We find nothing so very remarkable in this cafe, as to make any further mention of it necessary here. -651

A Child brought forth at a Rent of the Belly. Extraordinary as this fact must appear, the truth of it seems well attested. In the fame article, Dr. Monro, senior, has added an instance of a child's escaping at a rent of the womb into the abdomen, Art. 25. A preternatural Collection of Waters in the Womb with *hson Twins; by Stephen Fell, Surgeon, in Ulverstone,

The quantity of water evacuated in this delivery, is said to be not lels than fix wine gallons. Art. 26. Históries of, tophaceous Concretions in the alimentary

Canal, by Alexander Monro, senior, M, D. & C. These histories, to say the least of them, may ferve as proper cautions against suffering any indigestible substances, as the stones of fruit, &c. to pals into the stomach,

17! Art. 27. Remarks on Procidentia Ani, Intusufceptio, Inflamma

tion, and Volvules of the Intestines; by the same. ? Several curious and necessary obfervations on the above diforders are here illustrated by apposite histories, and a drawing of a remarkable intulasception. The following we cannot but particularly recommend as generally useful premonitions : The common practice of taking spírituous liquors, or the warm carminatives, when people feel cholic-pains, 'is often unlucky, and public warning Thould be given against it; for tho' relief is found from such things in the windy or fpalmodic cholics, which is not a deadly disease, yet they hurry on the inflammatory ones so fast, that they soon prove

s mortal.


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