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“ He back re-ires, and then the next behind, « For those blue veinsthac through her body spread, " As his lieutenant leads them through the

Thole fapphire freams which from great “ wind.

“ hills ao spring", ("The earth's great dugs; for ev'ry wight is fed " But why relate I ev'ry singular ? " With sweet fresh moisture from them issuing) “Since all the world's great fortunes and affairs “ Observe a dance in their wild wand'ring : “ Forward and backward rapp'd and whirled are,

“ And ftill their dance begersa murniur (weet, According to the music of the spheres : “ And fill the murmur with the dance doch " And change herself, her ninible feet upbears

« On a round flippery wheel that rolleeh ay,

“ And turns all Itates with her imperious .Of all their ways I love Meander's path

sway. “ Which to the tune of dying fwans deth dance, " Such winding lights, such turns and cricks he « Learn then to dance, you that are princes born, hath,

“ And lawful lords of earthly creatures all; “ Such creaks, such wrenches, and such dalliance; “ Invitate them, and therefore take no fcorn, " That whether it be hap or heedless chance, " For this new art to them is natural,

“ In this indented course and wriggling play “ And imitate the liars celestial : “ He seems to dance a perfect cunning hay. " For when pale death your vital twilt foall


(ever. « But wherefore do these streams for ever run? “ Your better parts must dance with them for

" To keep themselves for ever sweet and clear : “For let their everlasting course be donc, “ Thus Love persuades, and all the crowd of men They straight corrupt and foul with mud ap- “ That stands around doch make a murmuring : pear.

“ As when the wind loos'd from his hollow den, " O ye tweet nymphs that beauty's lofs do fear, Among the trees a gentle base doth fing,

“ Contemn the drugs that phyfic doth devise, “ Or as a brook through pebbles wandering: “ And learn of love this dainty exercise.

“ But in their looks they utter'd this plain

“ speech, “ See how those flow'rs that have sweet beauty

“ That they would learn to dance, if Love too,

“ would teach . " The only jewels that the earth doth wear †, " When the young fun in bravery her doth woo)

“ Then first of all he doth demonstrate plain " As oft as they the whiffling wind do hear, “ The motions seven that are in nature found “ Do wave their tender bodies here and there; “ Upward and downward, forth, and back again, " And though their dance no pertect mea

“To this side, and to that, and turning round l; « sure is,

Whereof a thousand brawls he doth com. « Yet their music makes them kiss.

“ pound,

“ which he doth teach upto the multitude, “ What makes the vine about the elm to dance, “ And ever with a turn they must conclude, “ With turnings, windings, and embracements "" round?

“ As when a nymph arising from the land, " What makes the loadfone to the north advance “ Leadeth a dance with her long watery train “ His subtle point, if from thence he found

“ Down to the sea, the wryes to every hand, His chief attracting virtue to redound? “ And every way doth cross the fertile plain : “ Kind nature tirft doth cause all things to

" But when at last the falls into the main,

“ Then all her traverses concluded are, Love makes them dance, and in just ore

« And with the sea, her course is circular, “ der move.

“ Thus when at first Love had them marshalled, “ Hark how the birds do sing, and mark then how “ As erst he did the shapeleis nass of things,

Jump with the modulation of their lays, “ He taught them rounds and winding hays to " They lightly lcap, and skip from bough to bough: “ Yet do the cranes delerve a greater praile

“ And about trees to cast themselves in rings: “ Which keep fuch measure in their airy ways,

“ As the two bears whom the first mover dings “ As when they all in order naked are,

« With a fhort turn about heaven's aile-tree, 'They make a perfect form triangular.

“ In a round dance for ever whecling be. « In the chief angle flies the watchful guide,

“ But after these, as men more civil grew, And all the followers their heads do lay,

He did more grave and folemn nxcasures " On their foregoers backs, on either side;

“ frame , “ But the captain hath no rest to stay

“ With such fair order and proportion true, " His head for wearied with thc windy way,

How Love taught men to dance.

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« And correspondence ev'ry way the same, “ Of jealous Vulcan, and of iron chains? “ That no fault-finding eye did ever blame.

" Yet this crue sense that forged lie containe, “ For ev'ry eye was moved at the light (light. “ With sober wond'ring, and with sweet de- « These various forms of dancing Love did sranic,

" And hefide there, a hundred millions more, « Not those young students of the heav'nly book, « And as he did invent, he taught the same, “ Atlas the great, Prometheus the wise,

“ With goodly 'gesture, and with comely show, “ Which on the stars did all cheir lifetime look, “ Now keeping stato, now humbly honouring “ Could ever find such measure in the skies,

“ low : " So fuil of change and rare varieties;

And ever for the persons and the place “ Yet all the feet whereon these measures go, “ He taught most fit, and best according " Are only spondees, solemo, grave, and flow.

grace it.

LXXIV. “ But for more diverse and more pleasing show, “ For Love, within his fertile working brain

“ A swift and wand'ring dance * she did invent, “ Did then conceive those gracious virgins three, " With passages uncertain to and fro,

" Whole civil moderation does maintain " Yet with a certain answer and consent

“ All decent order and conveniency, “ To the quick music of the instrument.

" And fair respect and seemly mindesty. “ Five was the number of the music's feet, “ And then he thought it fit they should be “ Which still the dance did with five paces

[adorn. " That their sweet presence dancing might LXVIII.

LXXV. " A gallant dance, that lively doth bewray “ Hence is it that thele Graces painted are “ A spirit and a virtue masculine,

“ With hand in hand dancing an endless round: " Impatient that her house on earth should stay “ And with regarding eyes, that still beware “ Since she herself is fiery and divine :

“ That there be no disgrace amongst them Ofe doth she make her body upward fine ; “ With lofty turns and capriols in the air, “ With equal foot they beat the flow'ry ground, “ Which with the lusty cunes accordeth fair. Laughing or singing, as their paflions will, LXIX.

“ Yet noching that they do becomes them ill. « What shall I name those current traverses to

I.XXVI. “ That on a triple dactly foot do run

“ Thus Love taught men, and men thus learn'd of “ Clote by the ground with iliding pafiages,

" Love
“ Wherein that dancer greatest praise hath won “ Sweet music's found with feet to counterfeit,
" Which with best order can all orders fhun : “ Which was long time before high thund'ring

“ For every where he wantonly must range, “ Jove
“ And turn, and wind, with unexpected “ Was lifted up to heaven's imperial seat.:

" For though by birth he were the prince of LXX. « Yet is there one the most delightful kind,

“ Nor Crece, nor heav'n, should the young A lofty jumping, or a leaping round S,

“ prince have seen, 6 Where arm in arm, two dancers are entwin'd, '« If dancers with their timbrels had not been. " And whirl themselves with strict embrace

LXXVII. * men's bound,

“ Since when all ceremonious myfteries,
" And still their feet an anapet do found: “ All sacred orgies and religious rites,

“ An anapeit is all their music's song, " All pomps, and triumphs, and folemnities,
" Whofe first two feet are short, and third “ All funerals, nuptials, and like public fights,

" All parliaments of peace, and warlike tights,

“ All learned arts, and every great affair, “ As the vidtorious twins of Leda and Jove

“ A lively shape of dancing seems to bear. “ That caught the Spartans dancing on the

LXXVIII, sands,

" For what did he who with his ten-tongu'd lute « Of swift Eurotas, dance in heav'n above,

“ Gave beasts and blocks an understanding ear? “ Knit and united with eccroal hands;

“ Or racher into bestial minds and brute Among the itars their double image stands, “ Shed and infus'd the beams of reason clear? * “ Where both are carried with an equal pace, “ Doubtless for men that rude and savage were Together juinping in their turning race. “ A civil form of dancing he devis'd,

" Wherewith unto their gods they facrific'd. « This is the not wherein the sun's brighe eye

LXXIX. “ Venus and Mars entangled did behold, “ So did Musæus, so Amphion did, 4. For in the dance their arms they so employ, “ And Linus with his sweet enchanting song,

“ As each doth seem the other to enfold : “ And he whose hand. the earth of monsters rid, “ What if lewd wits another tale have told

!! Grace in dancing

I The use and furis ul dancing in fundry affairs of man's # Galliards, + Courantoes | Laroltacs.


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“ For after towns and kingdoms founded were, " And Theseus to his wood-born Naves among, “ Between great states arose well-ordered • Us'd dancing as the finest policy

war; “ To plant religion and society.

" Wherein most perfect measure doth appear,

" Whether their well-set ranks respected are " And therefore now the Thracian Orpheus' lýte, " In quadrant form ur semicircular; And Hercules himself, are ftellisy'd;

" Or else the march, when all the troops " And in high heaven amidst the starry quire

" advance, “ Dancing their parts continually do fide :

" And to the drum in gallant order dance, “ So on the zodiac Ganymede doth ride;

“ And so is Hebe with the Muses nine “ And after wars, when white-wing'd Vidory
" For pleasing Jove with dancing, made di- “ Is with a glorious triumph beautify'd,
ti vinc.

" And every one doth lö lö cry,

« Whilft all in gold the conqueror doth ride ; • Wherefore was Proteus faid himself to change “ The flemn pomp that fills the city wide “ Into a stream, a lion, and a tree,

“ Observes such rank and measure every " And many other forms fantastic Itrange,

“ where,
“ As in his fickle thought he wish'd to be?

“ As if they altogether dancing were.
“ But that he danc'd with tuch facility,
• As like a lion he could pace with pride, “ The like just order mourners do observe,
Ply like a plant, and like a river lide. (" But with unlike affection and attire)

“ When fonie great man that nobly did deserve, es And how was Conæus made at first a man, “ And whom his friends impatiently desire,

“ And then a woman, then a man again, “ Is brought with honour to his latest fire : " But in a dance? which when he first began

" The dead corpíe too in that sad dance is “ He the man's part in measure did sustain ;

“ mov'd,
« But when he chang'd into a second strain, “ As if both dead and living dancing lov'd.

“ He danc'd the woman's part another space,
“ And then return'd into his former place. " A diverse cause, but like solemnity,

“ Unto the temple leads the bashful bride,
Hence sprang the fable of Teresias,

" Which blusheth like the Indian ivory " That he the pleasure of both sexes try'd; “ Which is with dip of Tyrian purple dy'd: “ For in a dance he man and woman was,

A golden troop doth pass on ev'ry Gde By often change of place from side to side : • Of flourishing young men and virgins gay, “ But for the woman easily did Ilide, (art, " Which keep fair nicature all the flow'ry ** And smoothly swim with cunning hidden

way. “ He took more pleasure in a woman's part.

“ And not alone the general multitude, So to a filh Venus herself did change,

“ But those chuice Nestors which in counci “ And swimming through the soft and yield

grave ing wave,

« Of cities and of kingdoms do cinclude, " With gentle motions did so smoothly range, “ Most comely order in their seflions have :

“ As done might see where the the water drave: “ Wherefore the wife Thessalians ever gave “ But this plain cruth that falsed fallc gave,

“ The name of leader of their countries “ That she did dance with fiding eafiness,

" dance

(ance, “ Pliant and quick ju wand'riny pallages.

“ To him that had their countries governI XXXV.

" And merry Bacchus pradis'd dancing too, And those grest matters of their liberal arts

And to the Sydian vumbers rounds did make; “ In all their several schools do dancing “ The like he did in th' Eastern Indies do,

“ teach ;
" And caught them all when Phabus did awake, " For humble grammar first doth set the parts
“And when at night he did his coach forsake, “ Of congruent and well-according speech;
• To honour heav'n, and heav'n's great “ Which rhetoric, whole state the clouds doch
“ rolling eye,

“ reach,
“ With turning dances, and with melody. " And heav'nly poetry, do forward lead,

“ And diverse measure diversely do tread. “ Thus they who first did found a common-weal,

“ And they who first religion did ordain, " For rhetoric clothing speech in rich array,
" By dancing first the people's hearts did iteal, " In loofer numbers teacherh her to range,

" Of whom we now a thousand sales do feign, “ With twenty trepes. and turnings ev'ry way,
« Yet do we now their perfect rules retain, “ And various figures, and licentinus charge;

* And use them til in such devises new, " But poctry, with rule and order strange;
“ As in the world lovg luče this withering

“ So curiously doth move each single pace, grew.

“ As al is mar'd, if lhe one foot misplace.


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*Civ. te These arts of speech the guides and marshals “ What niean the mermaids when they dance and

sing, “ But logic leadeth reason in a dance,

< But certain death unto the mariner? " Reason the connoisseur and bright load-far, " What tidings do the dancing dolphins bring, " In this world's sea t' avoid the rock of “ But that some dangerous form approacheth « chance,

" near? « For with close following and continuance " Then fith both love and dancing liveries bear " One reason doth another fn ensue,

" of fach ill hap, unhappy may I prové, “ As in conclusion till the dance is true.

fitting free I either dance or love." i So music to her own sweet tuncs doth trip Yet once again Antinous did reply; [cent, “ With tricks of 3, 5, 8, 15, and more :

“ Great queen, condemn not Love * the inno. So doth the art of numb'ring seem to skip

" For this mischievous luft, which traiterously From even to odd in her proporcion'd score : “ Ulurps his name, and itcals his crnament: $ So do those skills, whose quick eyes do explore “ For that true love which dancing did invent,

“ The just dimension both of earth and hca. " Is he that tun'd the world's whole har

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“ And link'd all men in sweet fociety.


« In all their rules observe a measure even.

XCVI. " Lo, this is dancing's true nobility :

" Dancing the child of music and of love; * Dancing itself both love and harmony,

“ Where all agree, and all in order move;
" Dancing, the art that all arts do approve :

“ The fair character of the world's confent,
“ The heav'n's true figure, and th' earth's


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• He firit extracted from ch'earth ntingled mind

“ That heav'nly fire, or quinteffence divine, “ Which doth such sympathy in beauty find,

« As is between the elm and fruitful vine, " And so to beauty ever doth incline :

“ Life's life it is, and cordial to the heart,

“ And of our better part, the better part. « This is true Love, by chat trne Cupid got,

“ Which danceth galliards in your am'rous eyes, “ R-it to your frozen heart apprracheth not,

“ Only your heart he dares not enterprize ;
“ And yet through every other part he flies,

And every where he nimbly dancech now,

“ That in yourself, yourself perceive not how. “ For your sweet beauty daintily transfus'd

“ With due proportion throughout ev'ry part, " What is it but a dance where Love hath us'd

“ His finer cunning, and more curious art;
“ Where all the elements themleves impart,
“ And turn, and wind, and iningle with such
“ meafire,

(pleasure ? “ That ch' cye that fees it, surfeits with the

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The queen, whose dainty ears had borne too long

The tedious praise of that did defpise,
Adding once more the music of the tongue

To the sweet speech of her ziluring eyes,
Began to aniwer in such winning wise,
As that forthwith Antinous' congue was

His eyes fast fix’d, his ears were open wide.

& Forsooth (quoth she) great glory you have won,

“ To your trim minion dancing all this while, á By blazing him Love's first begotten fon ;

Of ev'ry ill the hateful father vile,
“ That doth the world with sorceries beguile :

C'unningly mad, religiously prophane,
Wit's monster, reason's canker, sense's
“ bane.

I Love taught the mother that unkind desire

« To walh her hands in her own infant's blood;
Love taught the daughter to betray her fire
“ Toto most base and worthy servitude ;
" Love taught the brother to prepare such food

“ To fealt his brother, that the all-feeing fun,
“ Wrapt in a cloud, that wicked light did
“ fhun.

. And ev'n this self-fame Love hath dancing

“ taught,
“ An art that shewech th' idea of his mind
" With vainness, frenzy, and miforder fraught;

* Sometimes with blood and cruelties unkind :
* For in a dance Tereus' mad wife did find

* Fit time and place by murder of her son
* T'avenge the wrong his tracerous fire

F had done.

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“ Who fees a clock moving in every par, « Yet your fair soul, which came from heav'n “ A failing pinnace, or a wheeling cart; " above

“ But thinks that reason, ere it came to país. “ To rule this house, another heav'n below, “ The first impulfive cause and mover was ? ! " With divers powers in harmony doth move,

“ And all the virtues that from her do flow, “ Who fees an army all in rank advance,
“ In a round measure hand in hand do go : “ But deems a wise commander is in place

“ Could I now see, as I conceive this dance, " Which leadeth on that brave victorious dance? « Wonder and love would cast me in a trance. “ Much more in dancing's art, in dancing's cix.

grace “ The richest jewel in all the heav'nly treasure « Blindless itself may season's footiteps trace : “ That ever yet unto the carch was shown,

“ For of Love's maze it is the curious plot “ Is perfe& concord, ch' only perfect pleasure

“ And of man's fellowship the true love knot. " That wretched earth-born men have ever “ known,

“ But if these eyes of yours, (load stars of love “ For many hearts it doth compound in one : “ Shewing the world's great dance to your 4 That what: so one doth will, or speak, or do,

· mind's eye) “ With one consent they all agree thereto.

“ Cannot with all their demonstrations move

“ Kind apprehension in your fantasy « Concord's true picture hineth in this art,

“ Of dancing's virtue, and nobility : " Where divers men and women ranked be,

“ How can my barbrous tongue win you “ And every one doth dance a several part,

“ thereto,

(never do? “ Yet all as one, in measure do agree,

“ Which heav'n and earth's fair fpeech could “ Observing perfect uniformity :

CXVIII. “ All turn together, all together trace, « O Love my king ; if all my wit and power “ And all together honour and embrace. “ Have done you all the service chat they can,

" O be you present in this present hour, “ If they whom sacred love hath link'd in one, “ And help your servant and your true liege

“ Do, as they dance, in all their course of life; « Never shall burning grief nor bitter inoan, “ End that persuasion which I erst began :

" Nor factious difference, nor unkind strife, “ For who in praise of dancing can persuade * Arise betwixt the husband and the wife:

With such sweet force as love, which “ For whercher forth or back, or round he go,

dancing made ?" “ As the nian doth, so mult che woman do.

Love heard his pray'r, and swifter than the wind « What if by often interchange of place

Like to a page, in habit, face and speech, “ Sometime the woman gets the upper hand ? He came, and stood Antinous behind †, " That is but done for more delightful grace, And many secrets to his thoughts did teach :

“ For on that part she doth not ever itand: At last a crystal mirror he did reach “ But, as the measure's law doth her command, Unto his hands, that he with one rafh view, “ She whi:els about, and ere the dance doth All forms therein by Love's revealing knew.

сxx. “ Into her former placc lhe doth transcend. And humbly honouring, gave it to the queen

With this fair fpeech : See, fairelt queen (quoth But not alone this correspondence meet

“ The faireft fight that ever shall be leen, (he) “ And uniform consent doth dancing praise,

“ And th’oniy wonder of pofterity, « For comeliness, the child of order sweet,

“ The richest work in nature's treasury ; “ Enamels it with her eye-pleasing rays:

" Which she disdains to thew on this world's “ Fair comeliness, ten hundred thousand ways, * Through dancing sheds itself, and makes it u And thinks it far coo good for our rude age.

(vine. " With glorious beauty, and with grace di- “ But in another world divided far,

“ In the grcat, fortunate, triangled ifle, * For comeliness is a disposing fair

Thrice twelve degrees remov'd from the north “ of things and actions in fit time and place; " Which doch in dancing shew itself most clear, “ She will this glorious workmanship compile, " When troops confus'd, which here and there " Which she hath been conceiving all this while

“ Since the world's birth, and will bring “ Without distinguishment or bounded space,

" forth at last,

(paft." “ By dancing rule into such ranks are brought, “ When fix and twenty hundred years are “ As glads the eye, as ravisheth the thought.

Penelope, the queen, when she had view'd " Then why should reason judge that reasonless The strange eye-dazzling admirable fight, “ Which is wit’s off.pring, and the work of art,

Fain would have prais'd the state and pulchritude, Image of concord and of comeliness.

+ A palage to the description of dancing in that age.



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