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VII. What art thou, man! (if man at all thou art) « All otherwise,” saide he, “ I riches read, " That here in defert haft thine habitaunce, “ And deeme theni root of all disquietnesse, “ And these rich heapes of welth doest hide apart “ First got with guile, and then preserv'd wit « From the worldes eye, and from her right us

« dread,

" And after spent with pride and lavishneffe, Thereat with faring cyes fixed askaunce

Leaving behind them griefe and heavinelle; In great disdaine he answerd, “ Hardy Elfe, « Infinite mischiefes of them do arize, “ That darest view my direfu! countenaunce, “ Strife and debate, bloodshed and bitterneile, a I read thee rash and heedleffe of thyselfe, “ Outrageous wrong

and hellish covetize, “ To trouble my ftill feate and heapes of pretious “ That noble heart, as great dishonour, doch d pelfe.

• fpize.

XIII. « God of the world and worldlings I me call, “ Ne thine be kingdomes, ne the scepters thine, « Great Mammon, greatest god below the skye, “ But realmes and rulers thou docít both com “ That of my plenty poure out unto all,

fo: nd, « And unto none my graces do envye :

“ And loyali truth to treason doeft incline; “ Riches, renowme, and principality,

" Witnelle the guiltlefie blood pourd oft " Honour, estate, and all this worldes good,

“ ground, “ For which men swinck and sweat inceffantly, “ The crowned ofren faine, the flayer cround, *“ Fro me do flow into an ample flood

# The facred diademe in peeces rent, " And in the hollow earth have their eternall “ And purple robe gored with many a wound, " brood.

Calles Turprizd, great cities sackt and brent; IX.

“ şo mak't thou kings, and gaynest wrongfu “ Wherefore if me thou deigne to serve and few,

government. At thy commaund lo all these mountaines bee;

XIV. " Or if to tny great mind or greedy vew

“ Long were to tell the troublous formes th “ All these niay not suffice, there shall to thee

« tolle 6 Ten times so much be 'nombred francke and " The private state, and make the life unsweet : « free."

“ Who swelling sayles in Caspian fca doth crol " Mammon,” said he, “ thy gidhead's vaunt is “ And in frayle wood on Adrian gulf doth feet «s vaine,

Doth not, I weene, so many evils meet." « Anc idle offers of thy golden fee;

Then Mammon wexing wroth, “ And why the “ To them that covet such eye-glutting gaine

sayd, “ Proffer thy giftcs, and fitter servaunts enter “ Are mortall men so fond and updiscreet « caine.

“ So evill thing to seeke unto their ayd,

“ And having not complaine, and having it up “ Me ill befits, that in derdoing armes

brayd? “ And honours suit my vowed daies do spend, “ Unto thy bounteous baytes and pleasing charts, “ Indeed," quoth he, " through fowle intempe • With which weake nen thou witchest, to at" tend :

“ Frayle men are oft captiv'd to covetise ; " Regard of worldly mucke doth fowly blend * But would they thinke with how small allor “ And low a base the high heroicke spright, « That ioyes fur crownes and kingdomes to con “ Untroubled Nature doth herselfe fuffise, " tend :

[delight; “ Such fuperfluities they would despise, “ Faire shields, gay steedes, bright armes, be my

“ Which with sad cares empeach our nacis • Those be che riches fit for an adven'trous

• joyes. " knigbt."

“ At the well-head the purest streames arise ;

“ But mucky filth his braunching armes annoye ". Vaine glorious Elfe," saide he, " does not thou " And with uncomely weedes ihe geotle wat

“ accloyes. "That money can thy wantes at will supply?

XVI, “ Shields, steeds, and armes, and all things for " The antique World in his first flowring youth “ thee meet,

« Fownd no defect in his Creator's grace, " It can purvay in twinckling of an eye, " But with glad thankes and unreproved truth, . And crownes and kingdomes to thee multiply. “ The guifts of soveraine bounty did embrace : “ Do not I kings create and throw the crowne “ Like argels life was then mens happy cace;

Sonetimes to him that low io dust doch ly, “ But later ages pride, like corn.fed Reed, “ And hini that raignd into his rowme thrust “ Abufil her plenty and fat-fwolne encreace • downe,

" To all licentious iuit, and gan exceed * And whom Ilust do hcape with glory and re

“ The neafure of her mean and naturall firil * nowne?".

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And trembling Feare ftill to and fro did fly, # Then gan a cursed hand the quiet wombe And found no place wher safe he shroud him * Of his great grandmother with keele to wound, might; * And the hid treasures in her sacred tombe Lamenting Sorrow did in darknes lye, « With sacrilege to dig ; therein he fownd And fhame his ugly face did hide from living ** Fountaines of gold and silver to abownd,

eye: " Of which the matter of his huge desire * And pompoas pride eftsoones he did compownd; And over them fad Horror with grim hew " Then Avarice gan through his veins inspire Did alwaies fore, beating his yron wings, " His greedy flames,' and kindled life-devouring And after him owles and night-ravens flew, « fire."

The hatefull messengers of heavy things,

Of death and dolor celling lad tidings; "Sonne," said he then,“ lett be thy bitter scorne, Whiles sad Celeno, fitting on a clifte, " And leave the rudenesse of that antique age A song of bale and bitter sorrow sings, # To them that liv'd therein in state forlorne : That hart of flint asonder could have rifte, * Thou that doeit live in later times must wage Which having ended, after him fhe flyech (wiftç. * Thy workes for wealth, and life for gold en

xxiv. gage :

All these before the gates of Pluto lay, " If then thee lift my offred grace to use, By whom they passing spake unto them nought; * Take what thou please of all this surplusage ; But th'Elfin Kright, with wonder all the way, # Vi thee lift not, leave have thou to refuse : Did feed his eyes, and fild his inner thought. * But thing refused doe not afterward accuse.” At last him to a litle dore he brought,

That to the gate of hell, which gaped wide, " Me lift nos," said the E!fin knight,“ receave Was next adioyning, ne them parted ought ; * Thing offred, till I know it well be gott; Betwixt them both but was a little stride, " Ne wote I but thou didit these goods bereave That did the house of Richeffc from hell-mouth * From rightful owner by unrighteous lott,

divide. * 0: that blood-guiltinefse, or guile them blott.”

Xxxv. " Petey," quoth he,“ yet never eie did vew, Before the dore fat felfe-consuming Care, “ Ne toug did tell, ne hand these handled not ; Day and night keeping wary watch and ward, « But fufe I have them kept in secret mew,

For feare leaft Force or Fraud should unaware * From Heven's sight, and powre of al which them Breake in, and spoil the treasure there in gard; “ poursew."

Ne would he suffer Sleepe once thether-ward,

Approch, albe his drowsy den were next; * What secret place," quoth he; “ can safely For next to Death is Sleepe to be compard, hold

Therefore his house is unto his annext; " So huge a mas, and hide from Heven's eie ? Here Sleep, ther Richeffe, and hel-gate them both « Or where haft thou thy wonde, that so much


XXVI. # Thou canst preserve from wrong and robbery?" So soon as Mammon there arriv'd, the dore " Come thou," quoth he, “ and fee." So by To him did open, and afforded way; and by

Him followed eke Sir Guyon evermore, Through that thick covert he him led, and fownd Ne darknesse him ne daunger might dismay. A darksome way, which no man could descry, Soone as he entred was, the dore ftreightway That deep descended through the hollow ground, Did Thuet, and from behind it forth there lept And was with dread and horror compassed | An ugly feend more fowle then dismall Day, arownd.

The which with monstrous stalke behind him

fept, At length they came into a larger space, And ever as he went dew watch upon him kept. That ftretcht itselfe into an ample playne, Through which a beaten broad high way did trace, Well hoped hee, ere long that hardy guest, That freight did lead to Plutoes griefly rayne : If ever covetous hand or lustfull cye, By that wayes fide there fate infernall Payne, Or lips he lays on things that like him belt, And fast beside him fat tumultuous Strife; Or ever sleepe his eie-Strings did untye, The one in hand an yron whip did strayne, . Should be his pray; and therefore till on hyc The other brandished a bloody knife,

He over him did hold his cruell clawes, And both did gnalh their teeth, and both did Threatning with greedy gripe to do bim dyea.. threaten life.

And rend in peeces with his ravenous pawes, III.

If ever he tranfgreft the fatall Stygian lawes. On th' other lide in one confort there fato Croell Revenge, and rancorous Despight,

That houses forme within was rude and strong, Difoyall Treason, and hart-burping Hate; Lyke an huge cave hewne out of rocky clifte, But gnawing Gealosy, out of their fight

From whose rough vaut the ragged breeches hong Sitting alone, bis bitter lips did bight;

Embost with mally gold of glorious guifte,


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And with rich metall loaded every rifte, ! That heavy ruine they did seem to threatt; Thereat the feend his gnashing teeth did grate, And over them Arachne high did lifte

And griev'd so long to lacke his greedie pray ; Her cunning web, and spread her subtile nett, For well he weened that so glorious bayte Enwrapped in fowle smoke and clouds more black Would tempt his guest to take thereof affay : then iett.

Had he so doen, he had him snatcht away,

More light then culver in the faulcon's fift; Both roofe and floore, and walls, were all of (Eternal God thee fave from such decay ') gold

But whenas Mammon faw his purpose mist,
But qvergrowne with dust and old decay, Him to entrap unwares another way he wilt.
And hid in darknes, that none could behold
The hew thereof; for vew of cherefull day Thence forward he him ledd, and shortly broug
Did never in that house itselfe display,

Unto another rowme, whose dore torthright
But a faint shadow of uncertein light,

To him did open as it had beene taught: Such as a lamp, whole life does fade away, Therein ar. hundred raunges weren pight, Qr as the moone, cloathd with clowdcy night, An hundred fournaces ali burning bright; Does thew to him that walkes in feare and fad By every fournace many feends did byde, affrigh..

Deformed creatures, horrible in light,

And every feend his busie paines applyde
In all that rowme was nothing to be seene To melt the golden metall, ready to be tryde.
But huge great yron chests and coffers strong,
All bard with double bends, that none would One with great bellowes gathered filling ayre,

And with fortt wind the fewell did inflame;
Them to inforce by violence or wrong ;

Another did the dying bronds repayre
On every side they placed were along :

With yron tongs, and sprinckled ofte the same
But all the grownd with Iculs was scattered With liquid waves, fiers Vulcan's rage to tame,
And dead men's bones, which round about were Who mayftring them renewd his former beat :

Some scumd the drofle that from the met Whole lives, it seemed, whilome there were fhed,

came; And their vile carcases now left unburied.

Some stird the molten owre with ladles great ;

And every one did swincke, and every onc
They forward passe; ne Guyon yet spoke word, sweat.
Till that they came unto an yron dore,
Which to them opened of his owne accord, But when an earthly wight they present saw,
And shewd of richesse such exceeding store, Glistring in armes and bartailous aray,
As eie of man did never sec before,

From their whot work they did themselves wit
Ne ever could within one place be fownd,

Though all the wealth which is or was of yore To wender at the fight; for till that day
Could gatherd be through all the world arownd, They never creature saw that cam that way:
And that above were added to that under grownd. Their staring eyes, sparckling with fervent syre


And ugly shapes, did nigh the man dismay, The charge thereof unto a covetous Ipright That were it not for shamc, he would retyre, Commaunded was, who thereby did attend, Till that him thus bespake their soveraine lord ay And warily awaited day and night,

syre ;
From other covetous feends it to defend,

Who it to rob and ransacke did intend :

« Behold, thou Faerie's sonne, with mortall eye
Then Mamnion, turning to that warriour, said, “ That living eye before did never see;
« l.oe here the worldes bliss, loe here the end “ The thing that thou didft crave so earnestly
“ To which all men do ayme, rich to be made : “ (To weet whence all the wealth late shewd
“ Such grace now to be happy is before thee

“ Proceeded), lo now is reveald to thee :

“ Here is the fountaine of the worldes good; « Certes,” fayd he, “ I n'ill thine offred grace, “ Now, therefore, if thou wilt enriched bee, “ Ne to be made so happy doe intend;

“ Avise thee well, and chaunge thy wilfull moc " Another blis before mine eyes I place, Lealt thou perhaps hereafter with, and be will “ Another happines, another end;

“ ftood.” “ To them that lift these base regardes I lend :

XXXIX. “ But I in armes and in atchievements brave “ Suffice it then, thou Money-god," quoth he, • Do rather choose my fitting houres to spend, “ That all thine ydle offers I refuse : “ And to be lord of those that riches have, “ All that I need I have ; what needeth mee “ Then them to have myselfe, and be their servile “ To covet more then I have cause to use? “ sclave."

“ With such vaine thewes thy worldinges vyle 3

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But give me leave to follow mine emprise.” Through the dim fhade, that all men might ic Mammon was much displeasd, yet note he chuse

see; But beare che rigour of his bold melprise,

Yet was not that same her owne native hew, And thence him forward ledd, him further to en But wrought by art and counterfected thew, tise.

Thereby more lovers unto her to call;

Nath'leffe most heveniy faire in deed and vew He brought him through a darksom narrow strayt, She by creation was, till the did fall, To a broad gate all built of beaten gold ;

Thenceforth the fought for helps to cloke her The gate was open, but therein did wayt

crime withall. A fturdie villein, skrydirig fiffe and bold, Asif that highest God dely he would ;

There. as in gliftring glory she did fitt, le his right hand an yron club he held,

She held a great gold chaine ylincked well, Bet he himselfe was all of golden mould,

Whose upper end to highest heven was knitt, Yct had both life and sence, and well could weld And lower part did reach to lowest hell; That cursed weapon when his cruell foes he queld. And all that preace did rownd about her swell

To catchen höld of that long chaine, thereby Diflayne he called was, and did disdayne

To climbe aloft, and others to excell;
To be so cald, and whoso vid him call;

That was Ambition, rash desire to ity,
Sterae was his looke and full of stomacke vayne, And every linck thereof a fep of dignity.
His portiunce terrible, and stature rall,
Foz paffing th' hight of men terrestriall,

Some thought to raise themselves to high degree Like an huge gyant of the Titans' race,

By riches and unrigh:eous reward; That made him scorne all creatures great and Some by close shouldring, fome by flatteree; (mall,

Others through friends, others for base regard ; And with his pride all others powre deface ; And all hy wrong waies for themselves prepard : More fact emongst black fiendes then men to have Those that were up themselves kept others low, his place.

Those that were low themselves held others hard, XLII.

Ne suffred them to ryse or greater grow, Soonte as those glitterand armes he did cspye, But every one did Itrive his fellow downe to That with their brightnesse made that darknes throw.

light, His harnefull club he gan to hurtle hye,

Which whenas Guyon saw, he gan inquire, And threaten batteill to che Faery Knight; What meant that preace about chat ladies throne, Wro likewise gan hinifelse to batteill dıght; And what she was that did so high aspyre ? Till Mammon did his haity hand withhold, Him Mammon answered, “ Thai goodly one, And counseld hinı abftaine from perilous fight; " Whom all that foike with such contention Fir nothing might abash the villein bold, “ Dre frck about, my deare, my daughter is ; Ne mortall steele emperce his miscreated mould. “ Honour and dignitie from her alone

“ Derived are, and all chis worldes blis, So 'aving him with reasou pacifyde,

« For which ye men' doe strive; few gett, bu And the fiers carle comınaunding to forbeare,


mis. He brought himn in : the rowme was large and wyde,

“ And fayre Philotime she rightly hight As it some gyeld or folenne temple weares “ The faireft wight that wonneth under skie, Many great golden pillours did upbeare

" But that this darksom neather world her light The mally roofe, and riches huge suitayne; “ Doth dim with horror and deformity, And every pillour decked was full deare

Worthy of heven and hye felicitie, With crownes and diademes, and cities vaine, - Froin whence the gods have her for envy Which mortali princes wore while they un carth

" thrust; did rayne.

« But fich thou haft found favour in mine eye, XLIV,

" Thy spouse I will her make, if that thou luft, A route of people there assembled were,

“ That she may hee advance for works and me. Of every fort and nation under skye,

rits just.” Which with great uprore preaced to draw nere To th' upper part, where was advaunced hye “ Gramercy, Mammon," said the gentle knight, A lateiy ficge of soverainc maiestye :

“ For fo great grace and offred high estate ; And thercon fatt a woman gorgeous gay,

“ But I, that am traile flesh and earth y wight, And richly cladd in robes of royaltye,

Unworthy natıh for such immortall mare That never carthly prince in such aray (play. “ Myselfe well vote and mine unequall face Hi glory did enhaunce, and pompous pryde dif “ And were l not, yet is my trouth yplight, XLV.

“ And love av wd to other lady late, Her face right wondrous faire did seeme to hee, “ That to remove the same I have no right: That her broad beauties beam grcat brightnes “ To charge love causelefic is reproca to ware threw

“ like kight.”




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That is the river of Cocytus deepe, Mammon cmmoved was with inward wrath, la which full many soules do endlesse wayle and Yet forcing it to fayne him forth thence ledd,

weepe. Through grielly shadowes by a beaten path, Into a gardin goodly garnished

Which to behold he clomb up to the bancke, With hearbs and fruits, whose kinds mote not be And looking downe saw many damned wightes redd;

In those sad waves, which direfull deadly ftancke Not such as earth out of her fruitfull woomb Plonged continually of cruell sprightes, Throwes forth to men, sweet and well favored, That with their viteous cryes and yelling thrighte But direfull deadly black both leafe and bloom, l'hey made th further shore refunden wide : Fitt to adorne the dead, and deck the drery tombe. Emongst the rest of those fame rucfull fightes,

One cursed creature he by chaunce espide, There mournfull cyprefle grew in greatest store, That drenched lay full decpe under the garden And trees of bitter gall, and heben fad,

side. Deep sleeping poppy, and black hellebore,

LVIII. Cold coloquintida, and tetra mad,

Deepe was he drenched to the upmost chin, Mortall samnitis, and cicuta bad,

Yet gaped still as covering to drinke Which with th' uniuft Achenians made to dy Of the cold liquor which he waded in; Wise Socrates, who thereof quaffing glad

And stretching forth his hand did often thinke Pour'd out his life, and last philosophy,

To reach the fruit which grew upon the brincke To the fayre Critias his dearest belamy.

But both the fruit from hand, and flood from

mouth, The gardin of Proserpina this hight,

Did Ay abacke, and made him vainely swincke; And in the midst thereof a silver seat,

The whiles he iterv'd with hunger, and with With a thick arber goodly over-dight,

drouth In which she often usd from open heat

He daily dyde, yet never throughly dyen couth. Herte'fe to shroud, and pleasures to entreat;

LIX, Next hereunto did grow a goodly tree,

The knight him seeing labour so in vainc, With braunches broad dispredd and body great, Askt who he was, and what he ment thereby? Clothed with leaves, that none the wood mote Who groning deepe, thus answerd him againe ; see,

(bee. “ Most cursed of all creatures under skye, And loaden all with fruit as thick as it might « Lo, Tantalus, I here tormented lye,

“ Of whom high love wont whylome fealed bee Their fruit were golden apples glifring bright, “ Lo here I now for want of food doe dye : That goodly was their glory to behold;

“ But if that you be such as 1 thee see, On earth like never grew, ne living wight “ Of grace I pray thee give to eate and drinke u Like ever saw, but they from hence were fold; For those which Hercules with conquest bold

LX. Qot from great Atlas' daughters, hence began, “ Nay, nay, thou greedy Tantalus," quoth he, And p'anted there did bring forth fruit of gold; “ Abide the fortune of thy present fate, And those with which th' Eubæan young man

“ And unto all that live in high degree,

“ Ensample be of mind intemperate, Swift Atalanta, when through craft he her out " To teach them how to use their present ftate.'

Then gan the cursed wretch alowd to cry,

Accusing highest love and gods ingrate, Here also sprong that goedly golden fruit And eke blafpheming Heaven bitterly, Wi h which Aconrius got his lover erew,

As author of injustice, there to let him dye. Whum he had long time fought with fruitlefse suit;

He lookt a little further, and espyde Here eke that famous golden applc grew, Another wretch, whose carcas deepe was drent The which emongst the gods falle Ale threw, Within the river, which the same did hyde; For which th' Idaan ladies disagreed,

But both his handes, most filthy feculent, Till partiall Paris dempe it Venus' dew,

Above the water were on high extent, And had of her fayre Helen for his mecd,

And faynd tu wash themselves inceffantly, That many noble Greekes and Troians made to Yet nothing cleaner were for such intent, bleed,

But rather fowler seemed to the eye ;

So lost his labour vaine and ydle industry. 'The warlike elfe much wondred at this tree

LXII. So fayre and great, that shadowed all the ground, The knight him calling, asked who he was? And his broad braurches, laden with rich fie, Who lifting up his head, him answerd thus ; Did fretch shemselves without the utmoll bound “ I Pilate am, the falsest iudge, alas ! of this great gardin, compaft with a mound, “ And most uniult, that by unrighteous Which over-hanging, they themselves did steepe “ And wicked doome, to lewes despiteous, la a blacke fluod, which flow'd about it round, " Delivered up the Lord of life to dye,








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