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clusively lemonstrate it to be correct. The first, under the undersigned, acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, under date of the 26th of August, 1831, provides that “if a date of the 15th instant, upon the subject of the occurrences ship, galley, or other vessel, be stranded or wrecked, we in relation to the sale of the cargo of the American schooner order that the vessel, and all things that may be found ap- “ Peter D. Vroom,” which was wrecked on the coast some pertaining thereto, be delivered to the person or persons to distance from the port of Vera Cruz, has been this day whom they belonged prior to damage.” The second, un- transferred to the Minister of Justice, as a subject coming der date of the 4th of Octuber, 1835, declares : “ To ful- within the province of his duties, agreeably to he instrucfil better the spirit and letter of • la ley recopilado' on ship- tions of his excellency the President ad interim; the result wrecks, which was ordered to be observed in a circular of of which the undersigned will communicate to the honorthe 26th of August last, his excellency the President has able Mr. Ellis, to whom he is now prompted to renew the decreed that the judicial authorities who may have or take assurances of his very distinguished consideration. cognizance of the case, must deliver, with all formality,

JOSE MARIA ORTIZ MONASTERIO. and with corresponding security, to the consignee or con. To the Hon. PowRATAN ELLIS, signees, who may appear, the effects brought by the Chargé d'Affaires of the U. S. of America. wrecked vessel ; and, in case none should appear, or they should make abandonment in writing and in legal form, (to which effect they, the authorities, will take care to cite

Mr. Ellis to Mr. Monasterio. them,) the consignees, if they should be found in the same LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, or distant parts, using for that purpose all the means that

Mexico, September 20, 1836. may be in conformity with equity and justice, the judge

The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States will cause the effects to be deposited in accordance with the

of America, has the honor to inform your excellency that consul or vice-consul of the nation to which the vessel be

he has received an answer from the American consul at longed, if there be ono ; and in every case advice must be Campeachy, in reply to the note addressed to him in refergiven to the Supreme Government, in order that this latter,

ence to the proceedings had in the admiralty court at that if it be deemed convenient or necessary, may adopt such place, in the case of the brig Aurora, wrecked on the coast measures as exclusively belong to it. It is, however, un

of Sisal. It appears, from his statement, ibat ibe judge of derstood, this is not to stay proceedings of sale and depos- the district has, in direct contravention to the twenty-fisih ite of the product of the effects saved or damaged, and article of the treaty now in full force between the two reeven of the vessel itself, if, after survey or information of publics, refused, on demand, to give to the parties interestwitnesses, it should appear that they cannot be preserved ed a copy of the judicial proceedings in the case in question, without serious damage or risk of total loss." From the

and that this prerequisite is indispensable to enable him to spirit and letter of these decrees, the undersigned is fully give a satisfactory statement of the whole transaction. His pursuaded it was the duty of the judicial tribunals in Vera excellency José Maria Ortiz Monasterio is too well ac. Cruz to name the consul of the United States as agent to sell the cargo, and receive the proceeds, for the benefit of quainted with the importance of such a document not to

admit the necessity of its production, before a definite arall concerned. It must be recollected that Mr. Boves, the

rangement can be made on this subject. The undersigued, consignee, formally abandoned ; that there was no owner

therefore, trusts that, with as lille delay as possible, an or supercargo present; and that, in contemplation of law, order may be given to the court at Campeachy to furnish the master, E F. Kelly, was agent for the owners and

to the owners, or the agents of those interested, a full and shippers, and had a right to appoint, as he did, an agent complete record of the judicial proceedings had on the to act for him until the owners, shippers, and underwriters

wreck of the brig Aurora. could be heard frorn. How, then, could the mercantile

The undersigned bas the honor to acknowledge the retribunal of Vera Cruz, having the degrees above quoted beceipt of Mr. Monasterio's note of the 19th instant ; and im fore them, deprive Mr. Burrough, as consul and agent, of his right to superintend the sale, and receive the proceeds proves the present occasion to assure bim of his distinguish

ed consideration,

POWHATAN ELLIS. thereof, under the direction of the proper authorities? He

To his Ex. Jose Maria Ortiz MOSASTERIO, did not except to the jurisdiction of the court ; nor could he,

Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs. with propriety, say any thing against the highly intelligent and respectable gentleman, Don Manuel de Vega, named as agent by that tribunal; but he had a right to protest against

Mr. Monasterio to Mr. Elis. the deposite of the proceeds arising from the sale in the

[Translation. ) hands of a person, contrary to the principles of maritime

PALACE OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT, law, and the decrees of the Supreme Mexican Goverv ment.

Mexico, September 27, 1836, The undersigned, making these suggestions on the

The undersiyned, acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, hes Jaw arising out of the facts in this case, entertains the hope

the honor to inform the honorable Powhatan Ellis that his that his excellency José Maria Ortiz Monasterio will see

nose of the 20th instant, relative to the case of the brig the propriety of ordering the proceeds arising from the sale

Aurora, has been transferred to the Minister of Justice, be. of the cargo of the schooner Peter D. V room to be paid over,

cause it being a subject with which he is conversant, as with as little delay as possible, to the consul of the United States at Vera Cruz, the legal agent entitled to the same.

one embraced within his peculiar functions, he will dictate

all proper provisions, the results of which ibe undersigned The undersigned has the honor to repeat to Mr. Monas

will advise Mr. Ellis of; 10 whom he renews the assurances terio the assurance of his very distinguished consideration.

of his very distinguished consideration. POWHATAN ELLIS.


To the Hon. PowRATAN ELLIR.
Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Chargé d'Affaires V. S. of America.
Br. Monasterio to Mr. Ellis.

Mr. Ellis to Mr. l'or:yth.--Extract.

Mexico, September 21, 1836.

Merico, October 11, 1835. The nule of the honorable Powhatan Ellis, addressed to Sir: As already intiinated to you, I bave little expeco

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tation of a satisfactory adjustment of our claims on this resentative of the United States of America. The Gov. Government. I shall, however, pursue, to the letter, your ernment of the undersigned cannot understand how a deinstructions on the subject, and advise you from time to lay in the reply to any note, however grave its subject may time of such progress as I may make in the matter.

be, could be considered a sufficient cause for taking the step I have the honor to be, with high esteem, your obedient referred to—much more if it is recollected that the delay servant,

POWHATAN ELLIS. in such answer does not arise from any omission on the Hon. Jour FORSYTI,

part of the minister, but from circumstances which it is Secretary of State, Washington city.

not in his power to control. These circumstances in the present instance, as the undersigned has already had the

honor to inform the honorable Mr. Ellis, owing to the ne. Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.

glect of his predecessors in the office at this time under his LEGATION op tue United STATES OF AMERICA, charge in some of the matters to which the note aforesaid

Mexico, October 25, 1836. of the 26th ultimo refers, are, the necessity of procuring Sir: I have the honor to transmit for your information even from the Governments of the respective departments

documents from the offices of the other secretaries, and a copy of my note of the 20th instant to the acting Minis, themselves ; and the time, although it may be very preter of Foreign Affairs, on the subject of my letter addressed cious, requisite to collect such documents, in order to exto him on the 26th ultimo, and his answer to the same.

amine deliberately the several points with which it is neIf I receive no further cominunication from the Government, shall

, in the course of two or three days, inform Mr. cessary to be conversant before replying to them in a manMonasterio of my intention to demand my passports at the of the Supreme Government to render satisfaction to that

ner called for by the interests of the nation, and the desire expiration of two weeks, should a satisfactory answer be of the United States in every case, supported by justice, withheld in regard to the alleged causes of complaint among the reclamations which have been presented. against the Mexican Government.

'These observations cannot fail to have their due weight I will again suggest, that I have no hope of a satisfac. upon the consideration of the Hon. Powhatan Ellis; and tory adjustment of our affairs with this Government; yet as the undersigned had supposed he was previonsly im. every principle of justice would seem to require at the hands pressed with them, the greater pain was caused that he of the President of the United States that this matter

should have imagined the Mexican Government had paid should be pressed to a speedy any honorable conclusion.

little attention to his note aforesaid, and that he should have With great respect, I have the honor to be, your obedi- manifested any intention to withdraw himself from the funcent servant, POWIATAN ELLIS.

tions which he now exercises. Hon. Joux Forsyth,

The undersigned, with the advice of his excellency the Secretary of State, Washington city.

President ad interim, can do nothing more at this time

than reassure the chargé d'affaires of the United States, that Mr. Ellis to Mr. Monasterio.

as soon as he can collect and examine all the necessary data, LEGATION OF TIE U. 8. OF AMERICA, he will reply to the note in question. He has already made

Mexico, October 20, 1836. requisitions to this effect for those that are wanting. He The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States will hasten their transmission to this office; and he protests of America, asks permission to call the attention of your which the honorable Mr. Ellis has submitted to the consid

that he will occupy himself exclusively with the affairs excellency to his note of the 26th ultimo.

In presenting so urgent a representation as he did on eration of the Supreme Government. that occasion, of the wrongs of which his Government has

The undersignod avails himself of this opportunity to such just cause to complain, the undersigned indulged the

renew to his excellency the assurance of his very distinhope that so returning sense of juctice on the part of the guished consideration and esteem.

JOSE MARIA ORTIZ MONASTERIO. Supreme Mexican Government would have induced it to

To the Hon. PowHATAN Ellis, enter into a speedy arrangement of all alleged causes of complaint against it; but he has seen with regret that his

Chargé d'Affaires of the United States. anticipations, thus far, have not been realized.

He now has the honor to inform your excellency, that, unless re

Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth. dress is afforded without unnecessary delay in the several

LEWATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, cases beretofore brought to the notice of this Government,

Mexico, November 10, 1836. the longer residence of the undersigned, as the representa

SIR: I have the honor to enclose to you a copy of my tive of the Government of the United States of America, near that of Mexico, will be useless.

note of the 4th instant, addressed to his excellency José The undersigned avails himself of the opportunity thus

Maria Ortiz Monasterio, acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, presented to renew to your excellency the assurance of his in compliance with your instructions of the 20th of July undiminished personal esteem and distinguished considera- last. He has not answered this communication. You zion. POWHATAN ELLIS.

see by a reference to his note of the 21st ultimo, in answer Tu his Ex. Jose MARIA Ortiz MONASTERIO,

to mine of the preceding day, that he designates no time at Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs.

which he will be prepared to give the necessary explanations, and under such justice as may be deemed commen

surate with the injuries complained of by the United States. Mr. Monasterio to Mr. Ellis.

Under such circumstances, the policy of this Government [Translation.)

has not been such as to inspire me with entire confidence

in their speedy and satisfactory adjustment of all our diffiPALACE OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT, culties, and I could not feel myself justified in waiting upon Mexico, October 21, 1836.

them, until they might find it convenient hereafter to adThe undereigned, acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, has dress me a more favorable note upon the subject. I am seen with pain the note which the honorable Powhatan strongly inclined to believe that moment never will arrive, Ellis addressed to him yesterday, advising that, unless he and that I may see you in Washington city before the end received a prompt reply to that of the 26th ultimo, he of January next. should consider useless his residence in Mexico as the rep- I transmit a duplicate of my despach No. 32, and have

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the honor to be, with the greatest respect, your most obe- he instructs me to say, that whatever feelings such a step dient servant.

POWHATÁN ELLIS. was calculated to produce, it shall not he permitted to diHon. Joun FORSITY,

minish his confidence in the amicable disposition of the Secretary of State, Washington City.

Mexican Government, nor to operate in his mind prejudi.

cially to its interests. Although the President supposes Mr. Ellis to Mr. Monasterio.

that the Mexican Government will have found, in the LEGATION OF THE U. STATES OF AMERICA,

communications heretofore made by the Department to its Mexico, November 4, 1836.

envoy extraordinary, satisfactory grounds to justify the

ineasure viewed so unfavorably by Mr. Gorostiza, yet bis 'The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States sincere and strong desire to prevent any misunderstanding of America, has the honor to represent to his excellency on the subject induced him to determine, on the departure José Maria Ortiz Monasterio, acting Minister of Foreign of that minister, to make such explanations as might preAffairs, that he has witnessed, with the greatest pain and vent the Mexican Government from being misled into the anxiety, the failure on the part of this Government to give adoption of the errors of their minister. Since my return a favorable response to his notes of the 26th of September

to the soat of Government, the great pressure of other puband the 20th of October last past. In consequence of this lic business, and the condition of the President's health, state of things, he is instructed to make known to the Su

have delayed until now the execution of that purpose. preme Mexican Government, that unless a satisfactory

So soon as the contest in Texas was found to be inevit. answer be received within the space of two weeks from the

able, it became the President's duty to consider its probable date hereof, he is directed to demand his passports, and

consequences to the United States, with a view to guard return to the United States.

against the injuries it might produce to our citizens, and The undersigned will take great pleasure in meeting your to the performance of the obligations of the Government to excellency at any time, to enter into an arrangement of the

a friendly and neighboring Power. The more immediate numerous causes of complaint against this Government by danger was, that the contending parties might, in the that of the United States of America ; and he improves the struggle, find it necessary or convenient to seek, for advan. present opportunity to renew to your excellency the assu

tage or protection, refuge on the territory of the United rance of his most distinguished corsideration.

States ; and that, being pursued by their adversaries, our soil POWHATAN ELLIS.

might become the battleground for deciding the contest. To his Excellency Jose Maria ORTIZ MONASTERIO, Sufficient warning to was therefore given, that this Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs.

could not and woul not be permitted. Subsequent events

rendered any further precautionary steps in that regard on. Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.-Extract.

necessary; but among the stipulations of Mexico and the LEGATION OF THE U. 8. OF AMERICA,

United States to each other, was found one obliging each Mexico, November 30, 1896. party to restrain the Indians within

its dominions from all

depredations upon the adjoining Power. The extent in SIR:

which this provision was understood by Mexico will be I have received from the acting Minister of Foreign Af

seen by recurring to the complaints made to this Govern. fairs an answer to my note of the 26th of Seplember last,

ment, that some of the Indians on our side had crossed and it is wholly unsatisfactory. Unless something favor

over, without even an allegation of its having been done able should occur to produce a change of determination, I with any hostile design towards Mexico. Without assentshall demand my passports in three or four days, and returning to the claims of Mexico as to the extent of the obliga. to the United States.

tions of the United States under the treaty stipulation, the I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect, your President was July sensible that it required decisive means obedient servant, POWHATAN ELLIS.

on his part to prevent the Indians within the United States Hon. Joux FORSITH,

from entering into the quarrel in Texas. In addition to Secretary of State, Washington.

warning advice, given through our Indian agents, the pre

sence of some of our troops was deemed indispensable to Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.-Extract.

enforce, if necessary, the council given to them. The preMexico, December 9, 1836.

sence of this force was imperatively demanded to prevent SIR:

evils which might arise from various other causes. The Mr. Gorostiza has arrived, and the Government paper an

savage tribes, prone to war, within reach of the contending nounces that his conduct in the United States has been ap- to be under very imperfect control. These warlike tribes,

parties, were numerous; and, on the Mexican side, known proved by the competent authority here.

without regard to the combatants, might be tempted to fall

upon the frontiers of the United States or Mexico, hoping Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Ellis.

that their depredations might be imputed to the known DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

parties in the war. One of the combalants, in the event

of defeat, or to strengthen himself against the more potent Washington, December 10, 1836. adversary, might solicit, and, it was to be feared, inight SIR: Mr. Gorostiza has, upon his own responsibility, obtain, the active co-operation of some of the Indian tribes, terminated his extraordinary mission to the United States. whose conduct, when once in the field, it would be imThe President will not belive that the Mexican Govern- practicable to regulate according to the rules of civilized ment is under the influence of the obvious prejudices which warfare, or to the obligations of their allies to respect the have distorted and discolored every object seen here in the territory, the persons and property of neutrals. The dis. view of their functionary. The full and frank explanations tance of the scene of operations from the seat of Governof his motives and purposes, in the precautionary means ment compelled the Chief Magistrate to trust the discretaken on the frontiers, should have satisfied that Govern- tionary power of using the troops to the commanding offiment that nothing could be further from the President's in- cer; yet, such care was taken in framing the order, giren tentions than to injure Mexico in her interests or in her with the authority to act, that the President believed it honor. Under this conviction, he trusts that the departure scarcely possible that cause of just complaint could arise; of the extraordinary mission will, in no respect, interrupt yet, from extreme caution, and from an anxious desire to the friendly relation between the two Governments; and 'prevent the possibility of misconception on the part of

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Mexico, the steps taken were immediately made known to for redress for injuries it was out of her power to guard the minister plenipotentiary of that country, with the most against, and the cruelty of seeking for satisfaction of weakexplicit specification of the objects for which, and for which ness, which was due only from guilt, the President will alone, the discretionary power to the commanding officer not-cannot---believe that Mexico, in the present condition on the frontier was given. The President did not doubt of affairs, will consider her character or interests in the that, on the actual occurrence of any of the evils anticipa- slightest degree injured; and you will dis:inctly state to ted, or on satisfactory evidence of imminent danger of that Government that, until they have a force competent to them, the commanding officer of the troops on the frontier perform the treaty stipulations near the frontier, he will be had an indisputable right, in defence of the United States, compelled to regard every indication of dissatisfaction as or in protecting Mexican territory, accoriling to the stipu- | founded not upon the principles of national law, but on a lation of the treaty, to occupy any position on either side groundless suspicion of the intentions of the United States. of the line supposed to divide the two countries, which I shall send, with this despatch, a copy of the President's might be necessary to enable him to perform either of those

message at the opening of Congress, from which you will duties. Yet, he deemed it proper, from the peculiar cir- be able to draw additional evidences of the just and amicacumstances of the contest in Texas, to limit that discre. 1 ble intentions of the Chief Magistrate. The President detion by special instructions to move towards the Mexican sires that you should give such explanations to the Mexiside only under a state of things which should make that can Government as these instructions will enable you to step justifiable in the eyes even of those who were disposed make ; which, if received in the proper and friendly spirit to watch every movement on our part with suspicion and in which they are offered, will, he trusts, remove all ground jealousy.

for doubts and anxieties, if any have been entertained on You will perceive that Mr. Gorostiza, in his conference the subject. with me, distinctly admitted our right, in the event of hus- It would be gratifying to the President, if this communi. tility to the United States by Mexican Indians, to invade cation, which you will have to make to the Mexican Govthe territory of 'Texas, either to prevent intended injury, ernment, was limited to these explanations. Unfortunateor to punish actual depredation. In a note written subse-ly, the conduct of its late minister extraordinary has made quently, he seeks to avoid the force of that admission, by it necessary to touch upon even a more unpleasant topic. confounding the principle upon which it obviously rests You will learn with astonishment that Mr. Gorostiza, with the right of making war for a violation of treaty en- while enjoying his diplomatic privilege, although after ho gagements. You will find no difficulty in showing to the had declared his mission at an end, published, on his own Mexican Government that it rests upon principles the authority, a pamphlet (a copy of which is herewith sent to law of nations, entirely distinct from those on which war is you) containing parts of his unpublished correspondence justified-upon the immutable principles of self-defence-up with this Department, and extracts from his letters to the on the principles which justify decisive measures of precau- Mexican Secretary of Foreign Relations, with a long in. tion to prevent irreparable evil to our own or to a neighbor- troductory preface. The publication of his correspondonce ing people. The grossness of the error of placing it on with the Department, without the authority of his Governthe right of war, as also the folly of relying upon that mode ment, is believed to be unexampled in the history of diploof redress, you can render obvious, hy 'supposing that hos-macy, and was not decorous to the Government of the tilities were, under present circumstances on the frontier, United States. The extracts from his correspondence with about to begin, our fellow citizens, of all ages and classes, his own Government, and his introduction to the whole, to be exposed to massacre, their property to destruction, contain statements and comments defamatory of the Govand the whole frontier to be laid waste by those savages ernment and people of the United States, and obviously inMexico was bound to control. Until these evils happen, tended to injure the character of both, for honor and good on Mr. Gorostiza's theory, we have no right to take a po- faith, in the eyes of the world. This pamphlet, although sition which will enable us to act with effect; and, before not circulated generally among our citizens, was in the we do act, according to our promises under the thirty-third hands of editors of newspapers, who have published exarticle of the treaty, after the frontier has been desolated, tracts from it; and the President has been informed that we must demand redress of Mexico_wait for it to be re- two copies of it were sent by its author, at the moment of fused--and then make war upon Mexico. We are quietly his departure from the United States, to some, if not to all, to suffer injuries we might prevent, in the expectation of the members of the foreign and diplomatic body accredited redress—redress for irreparable injuries from Mexico, who here. This act, still more extraordinary, because it almost did not inflict them, but who was, from circumstances, immediately followed the communication of the President's without the power to prevent, as she would be, after they intention in direct that explanations, which he believed were inflicted, without the power to redress them. To would be satisfactory, should be made to the Mexican Govmake war upon Mexico for this involuntary failure to com- ernment, has excited but one sentiment among those 10 ply with her obligations, would be equivalent to an attempt whom it is known. In directing you to make known the to convert her misfortunes into crimes-her inability into publication of this pamphlet to the Mexican Government, guilt. If these injuries had been committed, and our com- the President does not doubt the truth of the declaration plaints made to Mexico, what answer could be given to de- made by its author, that this publication was his own perclarations of the Mexican Governmon: like these : “We sonal act, for which he had no authority from bis Governhad not power to prevent the evils of which you complain. ment; nor will he permit himself to suppose for an instant, Our inability to perform our promises was well known to that it will adopt or sanction conduct so glaringly violating you. It was your duty, having the means, to prevent all the decorum of diplomatic usage; so disrespectful to the these evils. We expected this would be done ; and if, un- Government and people of the United States; so unworthy wisely, you have suffered them to be inflicted upon you, the representative of a respectable Government; and so well while we regret infinitely what has occurred, we can only calculated to interrupt the harmony and good will which express our regret, and call upon you to consider that your ought to subsist between the United States and Mexico. vengeance should fall not on Mexico or her citizens, but upon How far the character of the Mexican Government for the tribes who committed the cruelties on your frontiers, or decorum and justice, and an honorable desire to maintain upon the rebellious people (in Texas) by whom those tribes a respectable rank among the civilized nations of the should have been restrained ?" In determining upon the world, require a distinct manifestation of its just displeasure precautions authorized by him to avert evils that could not at such an extraordinary step, are questions that belong to be repaired, to avoid the mockery of calling upon Mexico 'itself alone to consider and decide.

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In giving you this instruction to make known to the grateful to me as any Mexican can be to an American. He Mexican Government the conduct of its envoy, without a has verbally told me several times that he was doing all demand of reparation at its hands, the President is in- in his power to obtain said American seaman, by writing fluenced, as well by the explicit disavowal of the envoy of to the commander, and by even visiting the squadron; that all participation on the part of his Government in the act the officers have falsely assured him that the sailor bad complained of, as by the sincere conviction, already ex- been sent ashore; and that he was only waiting for his pressed, that a step so reprehensible will not be counte. arrival to return said sailor and his protection to me, with nanced by it. But if, contrary to all just expectation, the an official reply to my communication. As, however, I Mexican Government shall adopt that act, or give sanction know these people too well to believe that said sailor will to it, by approving of their minister's conduct, the con- be released, and as I am informed that several other Ameritinuance of diplomatic intercourse between the two coun- can seamen are also impressed into the Mexican service to tries can no longer be either useful or reputable to the fight the Texians, I write this communication with the United States. However painful may be the consequen- hope that you will obtain an order from the Mexican Gorces, the honor of the American people requires the Presi- ernment to have all such Americans set at liberty, lo prodent to instruct you, as I now do, in that event, to de- bibit any further impressment of our sailors, and to punish mand your passports, and to return, furthwith, bringing all their guilty oppressors, past, present, and future. with you all the archives of the legation, to the United I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient States.


HENRY PERRINE. I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,

Hon. POWIATAN Ellis,

American Minister in Mexico.
Powratan Ellis, Esq.,
Chargé d'Affaires of the U. S. Mexico.

Mr. Borrough to Mr. Forsyth.


Vera Cruz, November 22, 1836. LEGATION OF TRE U. STATES OF AMERICA,

Srr: It becomes my duty to reveal to you the facts of Mexico, December 14, 1836.

an outrage, not less monstrous in principle than, perhaps, Sir: I have the honor to inform you that I demanded grave in ils consequences, committed by the authorities of my passports of this Government on the 13th instant, and the Mexican Government in this place on the persons of shall repair to Washington city without delay. To the citizens of the United States, composing a part of the nanote, erobracing this demand, I have as yet received no re

val force of the United States Government. ply. The correspondence which led to this state of things

The United States ship Natchez, under the command I shall not be able to present to you previously to my re- of Master Commandant Mervine, and to which the subjects turn to the United States.

referred to were attached, arrived at this port on the 25th I am, sir, with great respect, your most obedient ser

of October, and came to anchor, as usual, near the “ Isvant, POWHATAN ELLIS.

land Sacrificios.” On the following day, at an hour preHon. Joan FORSYTI,

viously stipulated by the authorities, the customary civiliSecretary of State, Washington city.

ties of friendly Powers were interchanged. The officers of the ship now honored us with occasional visits, dispose

ing of their boat's crew, when at the city, as circumstances Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth. -Extract.

rendered necessary and convenient. Legation or the U. STATE OF AMERICA,

It was on the 2d instant that Mr. Renshaw, passed midMexico, December 21, 1836. shipman, belonging to the said ship Natchez, arrived at Sin:

the mole, and who soon after appeared at my office, hearI have not received an answer to my note of the 7th in- ing a note from Captain Mervine to my address. This bestant, Jemanding my passports of this Government, with ing presented, he informed me that he should return in 8 view to return to the United States. To-morrow I the course of half an hour and take charge of any letters shall address a second note to the acting Minister of For

that I might require him to carry to the ship. Scarcely eign Affairs, demanding them within a given time; and if fifteen minutes had elapsed when a gentleman called and they are not sent to me, I shall leave this capital without desired me, for “God's sake to hasten to the mole ;" that them.

the boat's crew of the American man-of-war were attacked I am fully persuaded that nothing but a prompt, firm, and being murdered by the Mexican soldiery-the guard and decisive course of action on the part of the Congress ut the gate ; that several of the men were already much inof the United States will induce these people to adjust jured, if not actually killed. I quickly repaired to the the subjects of controversy between the two Govern-mole, where I beheld two of the boat's crew of the United

Slates ship Natchez prostrate ; and from the evidences of Hon. John FORSITH,

personal violence, their bodies being literally covered with Secretary of State, Washington city.

blood,). I supposed the vital spark extinct; and therefore proceeded to the boat lying at a short distance from them,

and in which I discovered six other seamen belonging to Mr. Perrine to Mr. Ellis.

the said ship. They were somewhat intoxicated, and alCONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, so showed marks of a personal combat, and who were

Campeachy, October 4, 1836. writhing under the wounds which I was informed they had 818: I transmit to you copies of two official letters to received from the Mexican soldiery, boatmen, and others the gefe politico of this city, to neither of which have I yet of the country, and by whom it appears they had been at received any written reply; nor has either the American tacked; the former using, in the conflict, their cutlasses seaman been delivered, or his protection been returned to and bayoneted muskets, whilst the latter assailed them with me. The gese politico professes to be as friendly and fragments of stone, clubs, knives, and such other missiles

as chance had thrown in their way. The note of the 7th was not sent into the Office of Foreign Re. lations until the 131h, in consequence of the copy of it not having been

By this time a number of soldiers had collected, and completed, and the intervention of three successive feast days, which

among whom were likewise officers, occupying a position prevented the transaction of public business.

near the boat of the Natchez, the former having their

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