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With respect to the subject of my communication of

Lieutenant Osborn to Mr. Robertson. yesterday, I beg to inform you that an American man-ofwar has been sent for, at the request of the American mer

Tampico, May 5, 1836. chants, and one that could cross the bar; and the fact of SIR : I beg to inform you that I left the United States your proventing her from entering the river, I cannot but schooner Jefferson this morning, by orders of Captain Jackview as an act in hostility to the present friendship and son, to communicate with you ; that on our arrival in the good understanding which exists between the two countries. river, I was put in custody of an officer, and sent to the I have the honor to be, &c.

On our arrival, I was taken to a house in front of G. R. ROBERTSON. the river, where I had been but a short time before your To Gen. GREGON 10 Gomez, &c.

arrival. When in the act of speaking to you, I understoo)

the officer whom I was with to say that you could not Mr. Robertson to Mr. Ellis.

speak with me. That I was marched to the house of the

military commandant, and there examined; and afterwards CONSULATE OF THE U. S. OF AMERICA.

was told that I could go and see my consul. My boal's Tampico, May 6, 1836.

crew informed me that, during my absence, they were put SIR: I beg to inform you that, on the 3d instant, the in prison, and there detained for a length of time. United States schooner cutter Jefferson, Captain Jackson, Very respectfully, your obedient servant, anchored off this port direct from Pensacola, having been

THOS. OSBORN, sent here by order of Commodore Dallas. When the ves.

3d Lieut. U. S. cutter Jefferson. sel first appeared off, a signal was made that she was of a To GEORGE R. ROBERTSON, suspicious character, which appeared to create some alarm. United Slates Consul, Tampico. A short time after, the first lieutenant of the cutter came up and presented his letters to me, not, however, without an officer at his side to present him to the military chief,

Mr. Robertson to General Gomez. Don Gregorio Gomez. At the time of presenting the lieutenant, the commandant received a note from the bar, in

AMERICAN CoxsuLATE, which he observed that the lieutenant had said that the

Tampico, May 5, 1836. schooner was coming into the river. I observed that Captain Jackson had not, in his note to me, expressed any

Sır: The object of the present cominunication is to resuch wish, thinking it would be quite unnecessary to ask insult offered to the American flag, and to myself, as con

quire from you immediate satisfaction for the very gross permission for a friendly flag to enter the river.

He replied sul of the United States. that he would not permit her to come in; after which, I

On the arrival of the boat belonging to the United States addressed him a note. Copies of our correspondence are schoner Jefferson, the lieutenant was taken prisoner, aud herewith enclosed.

myself not allowed to speak to him ; the boat's crew were It appears that, after I had presented the lieutenant as an American officer, my assertion was not believed, for they put in prison during the pleasure of the oficer who put not only doubled their guards, but sent about fifiy men to

To avoid further dispute respecting this vessel, I request the entrance of the river; which has created double the

an answer as soon as possble. hostile feeling against the Americans that previously ex

Your very obedient servant, isted, the first cause of which I attribute to the present war

GEORGE R. ROBERTSON. in Texas. I beg to assure you that this vessel has been

To Gen. GREGORIO GOMEZ, treated more like an enemy than a friend. I beg that this

Commanding this Department. subject may be presented to this Government without de. lay, and to know if United States vessels of war shall be debarred from coming into port. I have frequently, at the

General Gomez to Mr. Robertson. request of the American merchants in this place, written to Pensacola for small vessels of war that could cross the

[Translation. ] bar, in order to give better protection to the American com

SANTA ANNA DE TAMAULIPAS, merce in case of need. This vessel has been sent for that object; but it seems that the military commandant has taken it as an insult, and has treated the subject ac- My aid-de-camp, Mr. Alexander Vaulac, ly my order, cordingly.

has given you satisfaction for what you demand reclaroa. As this country has been so often the scene of civil war- tion as an insult, but which was only a precaution on fare, it is reasonable to suppose that it is not in their power the part of the officer of the bar. In the act, suitable at all times to give that protection to foregn commerce orders are given by which the officer and crew may freely which is required : so that, in a case of that kind, if vessels communicate with this place, as my aforesaid aid bas given of war are debarred from coming, we are naturally left with you to understand ; this haughty official call appearing to out any protection whatever.

me, aster I had given you verbal satisfaction, superabunI enclose you a copy of a communication received from Jant, wasting time, and giving scope to disagreeable disLieutenant Osborn, of the schooner Jefferson, who came putes, which I hope you will now shun, as the necessity on shore yesterday, by which you will perceive that he and for them is at an end, since I perceive they were sought by his boat's crew were grossly insulted, by being imprisoned, you only as motives for discord and disagreement by which and myself treated in a manner, as a public agent, that to provoke these communications, and which ultimately will no Government ought to allow I have resided in this weigh against yourself; inasmuch as I find myself in a country as American consul for twelve years past, and this situation to sustain the dignity of the nation which I repreis the first time I have ever had any dispute with the au- sent, whilst you have an open door through which to run thorities of the place, and I attribute the whole to the exist- your Government in case you believe yourself at fault in ing warfare now raging in Texas.

any particular. I have the honor to be, sir, your very obedient, humble This I say to you in reply to your last note on the subservant,

GEO. R. ROBERTSON. ject. God and liberty. To P. Ellis, Esq.,

GREGORIO GOMEZ. Chargé d'Affaires, Mexico.

To the Consul of the United States for this port.

May 5, 1836.


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Mr. Robertson to General Gomez.

sloop of war the Grampus, of eighteen guns, which came AMERICAN CONSULATE,

to in front of the bar. On the following day, there arri

ved also another American corvelte, and both remain anTumpico, May 5, 1836.

chored there. Sir : When our correspondence commenced on the sub- The commander of the schooner Grampus directed a ject of the United States schooner of war Jefferson appear.

note to the principal of the port, informing him that, by ing off this port, I did not anticipate for a moment, that order of the chief of the division on the West India station, any word or expression would be used that could possibly he had come to enter into a correspondence with him relagive offence on either side.

tive to the insult which he had inficted on the American I was entirely unaware that the royal order of the 13th flag, inasmuch as the Jefferson, when seeking communicaof June, 1771, ivas in force in this port, particularly as Ition with the consul of her country, was not permitted to have myself seen both British and American vessels of war enter; and when her captain resolved to communicate with in this river, without the slightest information from any of

one of his boats, under the command of a naval officer, the authorities that they were contravening the laws of the on reaching the shore, was seized, together with the crew land. In regard to the 10th article of the treaty, to which who manned it. The commandant of the department of you allude, I have perused it with attention, and am unable Tamaulipas, in announcing this information to the Secreto perceive that it has any bearing on the present question. tary of War, protests that the relation is exaggerated

The refusal to permit a national vessel of the United (which is made by the captain of the Grampus) upon the States into this port appeared to me so extraordinary, that inferred maltreatment of the American officer; and says I thought it necessary to ask from you a declaration in (as in truih is the case) that the officer who commanded writing, lest I might, in conversation, have misconstrued the fortified post on the bar, whilst in the discharge of his your meaning. This, and this only, produced my note of duty, and conformably to the laws of the country, received the 3d instant, and to this it was confined. You will find, and detained (not to be sent to prison, but as a precaution) by a reperusal, that I by no means insisted on the entrance

the said officer and his crew, until he could be presented of the vessel, as you state in your communication of yester- to the proper authorities, without permitting free commuday's date, nor even did I ask permission.

nication before complying with this requisite; and he As respects the indecorous language to which you allude,

further says that, at the moment when the officer was preI am unconscious of having used any, and it remains for sented to him he treated him with decorum, and without you, sir, to point it out. I most willingly disclaim any in

any harshness, and gave him permission to make the netention of the kind, having, in all my intercourse with the

cessary communication ; confirming, moreover, the circumauthorities of this country, treated them with unvaried re

stance of the Jefferson having presented herself with colors spect.

which do not belong to American ships of war ; and that, It certainly does appear that, when an American man-of-having made to the consul of the United States the most war is off this port, she is treated more like an enemy than

sincere explanations for an accident which accompanied a friend. The greatest anxiety was exhibited at the bar, a

these circumstances, he could not take it as an outrage done short time since, when the United States ship St. Louis

to the flag of his country. arrived, but much more so when the schooner Jefferson ap.

The Supreme Mexican Government cannot but observe peared off. I cannot conceive it as treating the American

with surprise that, having an agent accredited in Mexico flag with proper respect, that when an officer comes on

on the part of the United States, armed vessels should come shore he is compelled to be escorted to the town by another; to demand satisfaction for an action which, according to that, of itself, implies a suspicion that the vessel is net of the foregoing, has been nothing more than a fulfilment of the character she is represented.

the Mexican laws. And it hopes that Mr. P. Ellis will In reply to your assertion that you regard my represen- give his orders that the said vessels shall retire, under the tations as a national pretext for a rupture of amicable rela

formal assurance that this Government is ready to enter intions between our respective countries, I have only to dis- to explanations, and give such satisfaction as may be neclaim it as totally unfounded and unwarranted by the facts cessary, admittting that the authorities might have exceed. of the case. My Government, sir, uses no pretexts fored their powers, in consideration of the amicable relations the attainment of any purpose ; but I shall make no further existing between the two nations, and which it is its duty, observations on this part of your communication; it will be

as it is its desire, to protect and maintain, and to bring to submitted to higher powers than either you or i. I have punishment whatever Mexican officer may prove to be culonly to add, that I am perfectly willing to take upon my

pable. self all the responsibility that can justly fall to my share in

The undersigned avails himself of this occasion to reitthis transaction.


erate to Mr. Powhatan Ellis, chargé d'affaires of the United To Gen. GREGORIO GOMEZ.

States of America, the assurances of his high consideration and approval.

JOSE MARIA ORTIZ MONASTERIO. Mr. Monasterio to Mr. Ellis.

To Mr. PowhatAN Ellis,

Chargé d'Affaires of the United States of America.
Mexico, June 14, 1836

Mr. Ellis to Mr. Monasterio. -
The undersigned, chief clerk, charged with the despatch
of the Department of State and of Foreign Relations, has

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, the honor to inform the chargé d'affaires of the United

Mexico, June 16, 1836. States of America that, on the 1st instant, the Ainerican The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States schooner of war Jefferson presented herself, and came to of America, has the honor to acknowledge the receipt of in the port of Tampico; on which, notice was given her your excellency's nute of the 14th instant, advising him of commander, by the head of that Department, that that port the appearnace of an American squadron off the bar of being closed against the vessels of all nations, he was pro. Tampico, to demand an explanation of the authorities of hibited free communication. The schooner continued, that place, for an insult offered to the American flag, in the notwithstanding, in front of the bar until the 4th, when seizure of an officer and boat's crew of the United States she made sail, after having spoken with the American cutter Jefferson, on their landing to communicate with

VOL. XIV.-A 30

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the American consul, and requesting the undersigned to sul of the United States for that city, in relation to the order said squadron to retire from its present position. entrance of the American cutter Jefferson. His excellency

To comply with this request would involve a high re- the President ad interim, to whom the undersigned has sponsibility, inconsistent with the duties of the representa- given an account of the said note and the documents which tive of the United States, unless he can accompany his it enclosed, is of opinion that the interpretation which the orders to that effect with an assurance that a previous sat- commandant alluded to gave to certain expressions of the isfactory explanation has taken place; and this is the more said consul, caused him to reply in such a manner that he necessary, since he is not officially advised by his Govern departed from the frank and amicable relations of both ment of the precise ohject of the appearance of the Ameri- countries, until the case became so aggravated that an incan squadron off the harbor of Santa Anna de Tamaulipas. sult was believed to have been committed on the fiag of

The assurance given in your note, “that this Govern- the United States of America. Doubtless, such was not ment is ready to enter into explanations, and give such sat. the intention of that officer, who knows well the duties isfaction as may be necessary, admitting that the authorities appertaining to his employment, and the responsibility might have exceeded their powers, in consideration of the which he would incur if he should wilfully omit to protect amicable relations existing between the two nations, which the just claims to consideration of every Power friendly to it is its duty, as it is its desire, to protect and maintain, the Mexican; but, notwithstanding this, the Supreme and to bring to punishment whatever Mexican officer may Government which has supplanted General Don Gregorio prove to be culpable,” is received by the undersigned as an Gomez, in the military commandancy of Santa Anna de evidence of frankness on the part of the Supreme Mexican Tamaulipas, by substituting in his stead a chief whom it Government, indicating its friendly disposition towards the fiatters itself will know how to preserve greater harmony United States of America. In the same spirit of frankness with the agents and subjects of foreign nations, in order to and cordiality, I have the honor to enclose, herewith, for render more clear the acts relative to the cutter Jefferson, your consideration, the original papers, marked Nos. 1, 2, has ordered a summary investigation to be instiluted, 3, 4, and 5, forwarded to this legation from the American which, by putting in its true light the conduct of Mr. Goconsul at Tampico, detailing the nature and character of mez, will apply to him the punishment he deserves, if he the outrage committed on the American flag. The seizure should prove culpable, as well as to all others who may and imprisonment of Lieut. Osborn and his boat's crew, have taken any part in the affair treated upon. on their landing; the refusal of the Mexican authorities to This provision of the Government of the undersigned is extend to him that courtesy due to an officer of a neutral the best guaranty of the desire which animates it to Power, after his character was known; and the improper strengthen its relations with the United States of Amer. language used by the commandant general to the Ameri- ica; and it does not doubt that it will prove the most amcan consul, in his correspondence with that officer, are all ple satisfaction for the disagreeable occurrence under concircumstances manifesting an unfriendly spirit towards the sideration; assuring Mr. P. Ellis, as it does assure him, United States, which, I trusi, will not be countenanced by that so far from the military commandant of Tampico purthis Government.

suing orders or superior instructions, his proceedings have The suggestion made by the commandant goneral, that merited the disapprobation of his excellency the President, the Jefferson presented herself under colors which do not insomuch, as he ought on no account to have permitted belong to American ships of war, I am inclined to think the entrance into that port of any vessel of war, of what. cannot be correct, as it is contrary to the uniform practice ever nation ; yet he should so have conciliated this step of the public armed vessels of the United States, when en- that it could not, in the most remote degree, be understood tering the ports of a friendly Power.

as an insult offered to the flag that might be carried. Entertaining the same opinion with your excellency, In consideration of all this, the undersigned flatters him. that the authorities in Tampico have exceeded their just elf that the honorable Powhatan Ellis will have no hesiand legal powers, I trust this unpleasant difficulty may be tation now in giving his orders for the withdrawal of the closed, by the Mexican Government tendering to that of squadron at present before Tampico, agreeably to what the United States an apology for the violation of its un- was indicated in his note of the 14th instant; and replying questioned rights, in the outrage perpetrated on Lieut. Os- to the note of his excellency above cited, returning the born and boat's crew, and in the treatment of the Ameri- documents with it enclosed, he has the satisfaction to recan consul at Tampico; and that the Supreme Mexican new to him the assurance of his very distinguished considGovernment cause the author of these arbitrary and inde- eration and esteem. fensible acts to be punished.

JOSE MARIA ORTIZ MONASTERIO. After taking copies of the enclosed documents, have the Hon. Powhatax Ellis, kindness to return the originals to this office.

Chargé d'Affaires U. S. of America. The undersigned avails himself of the present eccasion to repeat to his excellency Don Jose Maria Ortiz Monaste

Mr. Ellis to Mr. Monasterio.
rio, the acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, the assurance
of his distinguished consideration and respect.


Mexico, June 25, 1836.. To his Excellency

The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States The ACTING MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS. of America, has had the honor to receive the note of bis

excellency, the acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, under

date of the 21st instant. Mr. Monasterio to Mr. Ellis.

In consideration of the frank disavowal of the acts of the [Translation.]

military commandant of Tampico, made by Mr. MonastePALACE OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT,

rio, in behalf of the Supreme Mexican Government, and the Mexico, June 21, 1836.

assurance given that that officer has already been removed

from office, and the determination expressed to institute & The undersigned, chief clerk in the Department of Rela- court of inquiry, with a view to the summary investigations charged with its despatch, has had the honor to re- tion of his conduct, and to his punishment, should he ceive the note of the honorable Powhatan Ellis, dated the prove guilty; as well as that of all others who may have 16th instant, relative to the dispute which has arisen be-aided or abetted in the outrage on the American flag, tween the military commandant of Tampico, and the con- and the insult to the American consul, before complained

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of, the undersigned is willing to acknowledge the sufficien- in which he details the outrage and indignity offered to cy of this explanation, and on the faith of a due execution him by certain subordinate officers of the Mexican Governof the promise above quoted, to order a cessation of opera- ment; outrages perpetrated not only against himself pertions by the American squadron now before Tampico, 80 sonally, but an indignity offered to the Government of the far as a reclamation for the said outrage and insult is de- United States. manded.

The facts in this case are so clearly and amply narrated The undersigned begs Mr. Monasterio to believe in his by Mr. Slacum, in his communication to the undersigned, renewed assurances of consideration and respect.

that the Mexican Government cannot fail to perceive the POWHATAN ELLIS. extent of the offence committed, nor can they be at a loss To his Excellency

to determine as to the reparation due, not only to Mr. SlaThe ActixG MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS. cum personally, but to the Government of the United States,

for the indignity offered to it in the person of its officers and Mr. Ellis to Mr. Robsrison.


It cannot be necessary to cite authorities from the differ LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

ent treatises on national law, in order to show the respect Mexico, June 29, 18:36.

due to the character and to the service of all persons emSin: The unpleasant disagreement that occurred at ployed as a bearer of despatches from a Government to its diTampico, early in May last, between the Mexican author- plomatic agents, as it is presumed that the subject is familiar ities and the American consul of that port, has been ami- to Mr. Monasterio; the undersigned will, however, quote cably adjusted. This Government has made an apology one paragraph from Vattel, the modern text-book on nato that of the United States, for the insult offered to its tional law, to show the inviolability enjoyed by all persons flag in the seizure and imprisonment of Licut. Osborn and employed by a Government as messengers with its oflicial boat's crew, when they landed at Tampico; and for the communications to its ministers abroad. Vattel says that rude and insolent language used by the commandant gen- "couriers sent or received by a minister, his papers, let. eral to the American consul, in his correspondence with ters, and despatches, all essentially belong to the embassy, that officer on the subject of the right of the United States and are consequently to be held sacred; and this princischooner Jefferson to enter the port of Santa Anna de ple has received the universal assent of the civilized world. Tamaulipas. After one or two interviews, the corresponda Hence, on all subjects to which the rule will apply, the ence herewith enclosed took place between the acting Sec- authority is paramount and supreme. It can be no answer, retary of State and myself; and I beg you will have the then, to say that some municipial regulation exists which kindness to furnish a copy of it to the commander of the conflicts with the privileges granted by the universal rule United States squadron off the bar of Tampico; and he of national law, and that the right of sending despatches will be pleased to conform to the tonor of my note of the has been, or may be, restrained or modified by a municipal 25th instant, addressed to his excellency Jose Maria Ortiz regulation; because, in such event, the superior power Monasterio, the acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, unless he would be ruled and influenced by the subordinate-presenthas positive orders to the contrary. The punishment of ing a political anomaly without a parallel.' General Gregorio Gomez, the author of all this mischic, The passport received by Slacum, from the Government for his violent and indefensible acts, was insisted upon as of the United States of America, is herewith enclosed, and a just preliminary to the final arrangement of this case. shows clearly as well the character of his mission as the I have the honor to be, sir, &c.,

olujects of his journey to Mexico; and is in the usual form POWHATAN ELLIS. of such documents recognised and respected by the whole To GŁORGE R. RoberTSOY, Esy.,

civilized world, and procuring for the bearer universally the United States Consul, Tumpico.

respect, protection, and hospitality due to his character and

the sacredness of the charge confided to him. Mr. Ellis to Mr. Forsyth.

The undersigncul renows to Mr. Monasterio, &c.,


His Ex. Jose Maria ORTIZ MONASTERIO, &c.
Mexico, July 16, 1836.
Sin: I have the honor to enclose, herewith, a copy of

Mr. Monasterio to Mr. Buller.
the correspondence between Mr. Butler and the Mexican
Secretary of Foreign Relations, in regard to the outrage

[Translation.] offered to William A. Slacum, Esq., as bearer of despatches

PALACE OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT, from the United States Government to this legation. My

Merico, March 16, 1836. predecessor viewed the note of Mr. Monasterio, addressed His excellency, the President ad interim, being charged to hin under date of the 16th of March, 1836, as an am- with the note of Mr. Anthony Butler, of the 8th instant, ple apology for this palpable infraction of the law of na- and the documents which accompanied it, all relative to tious; and I shall so consider it, unless I receive your in the arbitrary conduct pursued by some employees in the adstructions to the contrary.

ministration general of the post office towards Mr. William I have the honor to be your obeilient servant,

1. Slacum, bearer of despatches from the Government of POWHATAN ELLIS. the United States of America for the legation resident in lun, Julx FORSYTII,

this capital, has ordered the undersigned, chief clerk, Secretary of Slule, Washington City. charged with the despatch of the Department of Relations, to

manifest to the chargé d'affaires of the said States the dis

pleasure with which his excellency has seen the proceedMr. Biitler to Jr. Monasterio.

ings of the employecs referred to; and that, desirous to LEGATION OF THE U. S. OF AMERICA,

shun a repetition of events of a like nature, and to make Mexico, March 8, 1836. due satisfaction for the outrageous interference with Mr. The undersigned, chargé d'affaires of the United States Slacum, he has directed that thçse employees should be of America, has the honor of enclosing to Mr. Monasterio made to understand his disapprobation of their conduct, a coinmunication just received from Mr. William A. Sla- and how they should act in similar cases; taking care,

bccum, an officer in our navy, and the bearer of despatches forehand, that thoy shall return to Mr. Butler the annount from the Government of the United States to this legation, 'levied as a fine upon the bearer of desparches,

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The undersigned, in complying with this supreme dis- total loss, for which the underwriters have received no position, renews to Mr. Anthony Butler the assurances of compensation. his very distinguished consideration and esteem.

In the summer 1832, the steamboat Hidalgo and JOSE MARIA ORTIZ MONASTERIO. schooner Consolation, belonging to Aaron Leggett, of New To Mr. AnTHOXY BUTLER,

York, were forcibly taken possession of by Mexican officers Chargé d'Affaires of the U. S of America. at Tabasco, and used by them. The brig John, belonging

to Leggelt, was also detained, and money was extorted

from him. The consequences resulting from these acts Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Ellis.

are represented to have been ruinous to the sufferer, and

the Mexican Government is clearly bound by the treaty to DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, July 20, 1836.

indemnify him for them.

In March, 1834, Captain McKeige, of the schooner loSir: The enclosed copies of letters to this Department dustry, of Mobile, was imprisoned at Tabasco, and an enfrom Mr. Coleinan, the acting consul of the United States horbitant fine demanded of him without cause. The pay. at Tabasco, will inform you of the outrageous conduct of ment of the fine being made the only condition upon which the authorities there with regard to the officers, crew, and

he could be allowed to depart, he abandoned his vessel and cargo of the schooner Northampton, wrecked on the Mex- her cargo to the authorities, who afterwards sold them. ican coast in that quarter, and in relation to the acting In the summer of 1854, ihe brig Paragon, of New York, consul himself.

was causelessly fired into on her way to Vera Cruz by the The accumulation of causes for complaint on the part of Mexican public armed schooner Tampico. In answer to our citizens against the Mexican Government, the fre- an official representation on the subject by Mr. Butler, that quency of their occurrence of late, and, so far as appears Government promised that the affair should be inquired from the correspondence of your predecessors, the indispo- | into; but this Department is not informed that the promise sition of that Government to inquire into them, lo grant has been fulfilled. satisfaction for them, or to take proper steps to prevent In the beginning of May, last year, the answer of offitheir recurrence, have by no means lended to strengthen cers supposed to belong to the custom-house, who boardel the spirit of forbearance with which the President has hith- the Ophir, of New York, on her arrival at Campeachy, to erto acted towards Mexico; entertaining, as he does, a an inquiry of ihe captain as to which of the ship's papers sincere sympathy for her domestic troubles, and a hearty it would be necessary to present at the custom-house, was desire to preserve and cultivate the relations of peace, accidentally or intentionally misinterpreted. In consefriendship, and good neighborhood with her Government quence of this, notwithstanding all the papers were shown and people. He is satisfied, however, that further delay to the boarding officers, the invoices only being exbibited in the acknowledgment, if not in the redress, of the inju- at the custom-house, the vessel was seized and condemned. ries complained of, cannot be acquiesced in compatibly In May, 1835, also, the schooner Martha, from New with the dignity, rights, and interests of the United States. Orleans, was seized at Galveston bay by the Mexican armed He therefore directs that, in presenting to the notice of schooner Montezuma for an alleged non-compliance with that Government the case of the Northampton, you will some of the formalities of their revenue laws. Four of the make a fresh appeal to its sense of honor and justice in re- passengers of the Martha were put in irons under the lation to our claims generally; and, to show that the Pres- hatches of the Montezuma, and otherwise treated with ident's estimate of the grievances suffered by our citizens great barbarily, merely for an imputed intention to use resorting to Mexico, especially since the conclusion of the their fire-arms against a guard that had been placed on treaty, is nut exaggerated, your note will refer to the fol- | board the Martha. lowing cases, in which the interposition of this Guvern- In November, 1835, the schooner Hanpal and Elizament has been asked for since the 5th of April, 1832, and beth of New Orleans, was stranded in attempting to enter all of which either you or your predecessor has heretofore Matagorda bay. While in this condition, she was fired been instructed to bring to ihe notice of the Mexican Gov- into by the Niexican armed schooner Bravo, boarded by ernment. On the 31st of December, 1831, an alcalde of Menotil who forcibly took the master, crew, and passengers from the

twenty armed soldiers under the command of two officers

, lan, in the colony of Guazcualco, instituted what is said to wreck, pillaged them of most of their clothes, and chained have been an illegal, arbitrary, and oppressive proceeding them in the hold of the Bravo until their arrival at Mataagainst Dr. Baldwin, a citizen of the United States, under moras, where they were coniinued in confinement; but color of a suit at law, preferred and carried on by a crea- through the urgent representations of our consul there, all ture of the alcalde himself. Baldwin appeared before the but the captain were eventually released. It is not known alcalde to answer the charge ; an altercation ensued; and to the Department that he has yet been liberated, or that the alcalde ordered him to the stocks, which Baldwin re

any satisfaction has been offered by the Mexican Governfusing to submit to, attempted to escape, and was pursued | ment. by a party of soldiers, who attended the court. In the race On the 17th of February last, William Hallett and ZalBaldwin fell, received an injury in one of his legs, was mon Hull, citizens of the United States, were arrested in captured, carried back into the presence of the alcalde, the streets of Matamoras by a party of armed soldiers

, who placed in the stocks, and afterwards imprisoned.

struck Hull in the face with a sword, and forcibly took In February, 1832, the schooner Topaz, of Bangor, both to the principal barrack in that city, where they were Maine, was employed by the Mexican Government to carry confined upon suspicion of being about to proceed to Tes: troops from Matamoras to Galveston bay. The inaster and Shorily afterwards, sentinels were placed at the doors mate were murdered by the soldiers on the passage, the of the consul's residence, under false pretences, and all crew imprisoned, and the vessel seized and converted to communication with the house prohibited. Armed soldiers the Mexican service.

broke open his gate during his absence, forcibly took a On the 21st June, 1832, the American schooner Brazoria was seized in the port of Brazoria, by John Austin,

mare and two mules belonging to him, entered his house the Mexican military commandant in that quarter, and avowed olject of finding the consul. Hallett and Hell

with drawn swords, and searched every room in it, for the employed to make an attack upon Anahuac, then in pos- have been released, but the Department is not aware that session of insurgents

. During the attack she was injured any reparation has been made for the proceedlings against so as to be made unseaworthy, and was abandoned as a them, or for the insult to the consul.


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