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MAY, 1800.


Mississippi Territory, moved the following reso- That, by one of the aforesaid laws, entitled “a law lution, with a recital, viz:

authorizing the Governor to establish public ferries,” Whereas, the extensive Territories of the United after declaring in the preamble of the same, that no States, exclusive of the particular States, have render-law concerning ferries can be found for adoption, it is ed subordinate governments indispensable for local and enacted, that the Governor be authorized to declare, by temporary objects, and a system of this nature, calcu- ferries shall be established, and by whom to be kept ;

proclamation or otherwise, from time to time, what lated for the Northwest Territory, has been applied to and that if any person, without authority as aforesaid, that of the Mississippi

, and now pervades the whole by shall keep a ferry, he shall forfeit, to the use of the separate jurisdictions, the number of which it is pro- country, the sum of fifty dollars. posed to increase ; and in each a Governor, appointed

That by another of the aforesaid laws entitled “A law by the General Government, and removed from office at the pleasure of the President of the United States, is respecting crimes and punishments,” it is enacted that made the first and most important official character; conviction thereof, suffer the pains of death, and shall

any person or persons guilty of treason, shall, upon whence it is of high concern to the internal quiet and

moreover forfeit all his, her, or their estate real and prosperity of the people in those Territories, as well as of much moment to the political interests of the United of the United States declares “ that no attainder of trea

personal to the Territory,” although the Constitution States, and to the confidence reposed in the President, to continue in office such Governors only as shall have during the life of the person attainted.”

son shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture except conducted themselves with propriety, and especially within the limits of legal authority ; since the experi- and Judges, entitled “ A law to regulate taverns,” it

That by another law passed by the said Governor ence of all times, and the evidence of all history, prove is enacted that the Governor should have and receive that Governors, responsible only to those at a distance, for every license by him granted pursuant to this law, are prone to disregard the good of the governed ; to usurp authority, and to abuse the trust confided to although the Governor receives, as such, the sum of

to sell wine and other liquors, the sum of eight dollars ; them, and that connivance and impurity forever be- $2,000 per annum from the United States. come the prolific parents of crime and oppression.

And that by another law thus passed by the GovAnd whereas it is in particular represented to Con- ernor and Judges, entitled “A law establishing and gress, by the people of the Mississippi Territory, that regulating fees,” &c., it is enacted “that the Judges Winthrop Sargent, the present Governor thereof, has of the Supreme Court shall be entitled to receive acted under the influence of a faction, and pursued the fees for allowing writs of errors and supersedeas, &c., principles of despotism, by excluding from his confi- for taking bail, filing bail, &c., for the first motion dence a majority of the well-disposed citizens; by in- in every civil cause, taxing bills of costs, signing judgdulging an unwarrantable distrust of the great body of ment,” and for a variety of other services, particularly the people ; and by appointing to offices, civil and mili- enumerated in the aforesaid law, although each of the tary, over them, many persons who were obnoxious for said Judges receive as such a salary of $800 per antheir intrigues and foreign connexions.

num from the United States. That he has practised an avarice hateful to a liberal From whence it is evident, that the said Winthrop people, and an extortion odious and oppressive to free Sargent, being, in conjunction with the Judges, encitizens, by exacting and receiving fees for passports, trusted with the important power of adopting for the and for marriage licenses; and that he has, with others, Territory such laws of the individual States as might exercised the most dangerous assumption of power, by be suited to the circumstances of the said Territory, enacting new laws for the Territory, instead of adopt- has, in conjunction with the Judges, abused the power ing laws from the original States, and by annexing to thus delegated, by usurping an authority of making a breach of them the most rigorous penalties of forfeit- new laws, not to be found amongst the laws of the ure and confiscation.

individual States, by prescribing penalties inconsistent And whereas it appears to this House, that the said with the Constitution of the United States, and by Winthrop Sargent did acknowledge that he had devia- combining with the said Judges in enacting laws for ted from the ordinance for the government of the Ter, the purpose of exacting sums of money from the inritories, whereby it is enacted, “ that the Governor and habitants of said Territory, for his and the said Judges' Judges, or a majority of them, shall adopt and publish private use and emolument: Therefore in the district, such laws of the original States, crimi

Resolved, That the laws passed by the Governor and nal and civil, as may be necessary, and best suited to the Judges of the Mississippi Territory, and the petition of circumstances of the district," inasmuch as, in his let- Cato West and others, together with all the documents ter of the 5th of October, 1799, directed by him and relative thereto, be transmitted to the President of the two of the Judges to a committee of the inhabitants of United States." the Territory, he declares, “ that there are few laws of

Upon the question, Will the House now take this Territory, either of a civil or a criminal nature, but the preceding resolution into consideration ? a what are derived from some one of the State codes, and very warm debate ensued; it was finally deterwhere we have ventured to depart from them, it has been mined in the negative-only 21 members voting in favor of our citizens, by lessening of fines and penal- in favor of it; and it was ordered to lie on the ties; but when it has so happened that evils actually ex

table. isted among us, for the remedy of which no provision

CANADIAN REFUGEES. could be found in the laws to which we had access, we have not so far distrusted our authority, as not to take imme- A message from the Senate informed the House diate steps to prevent their growth and continuance.” that the Senate have passed the bill regulating the

That, by the authenticated transcript of the laws grants of land to the Canada and Nova Scotia thus enacted, which have been officially transmitted to refugees, with amendments. Congress, it does not appear whether the said laws have The amendments were taken into consideration, been taken from the code of laws of any of the States. and opposed by Mr. Gallatin, who said the ob

H. OF R.

Canadian Refugees- Adjournment.

MAY, 1800.

ject of the Senate was to give the refugees land the appointment of a joint committee to wait on worth ten cents an acre, instead of good land the President, and inform him of the proposed recess worth one dollar per acre, as proposed by this was adop!ed, and was concurred in by the Senate. House; rather than do this, he would give them Mr. C. GOODRICH, from the Joint Committee. nothing.

reported that they had performed that service, Mr. Livingston was of the same opinion, and and that the President informed them he had no hoped the House would not concur. These people other communication to make, except his good had waited eighteen years, and he thought it ex- wishes for their health and happiness, and that he tremely hard they should now be put off in this wished them a pleasant journey to their respective manner.

homes. The amendments were unanimously rejected. A message having been sent to the Senate to

A message from the Senate informed the House inform them this House was ready to adjourn, that they adhered to the amendment; whereupon, after a few minutes a motion was made for that

Mr. Gallatin moved that the further considera- purpose, and carried; when tion of the bill be postponed till the third Monday The SPEAKER, after taking an affectionale farein November next; which was carried.

well the members, and expressing his wish for After receiving several messages from the Presi- their safe return and happiness, during the recess, dent, notifying the signing of various bills, there adjourned the House till the third Monday in Noappearing no further business before the House,vember next, to meet in the city of Washington, on motion of Mr. C. GOODRICH, a resolution for in the District of Columbia.







Monday, November 17, 1800.

The Vice PRESIDENT being absent, the Senate In pursuance of the law of last session, the sec- proceeded to the election of a President pro temopd session of the sixth Congress commenced this pore, as the Constitution provides, and John E. day, at the city of Washington, and the Senate Howard was chosen. assembled, in their Chamber, at the Capitol.

The PRESIDENT administered the oath prescribed by law to Mr. Foster.

Ordered, That the Secretary wait on the PresiJohn Langdon and Samuel LIVERMORE, from dent of the United States, and acquaint him that New Hampshire;

a quorum of the Senate is assembled, and that, in Dwight Foster, from Massachusetts; the absence of the Vice President, they have

James Hillhouse and Urian Tracy, from elected John E. Howard President of the Senate Connecticut;

pro tempore. THEODORE Foster, from Rhode Island;

Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the House NATHANIEL Chipman, from Vermont;

of Representatives that a quorum of the Senate is James SCHUREMAX, from New Jersey ; assembled and ready to proceed to business; and William Hill Wells, from Delaware; that, in the absence of the Vice President, they John E. HOWARD, from Maryland;

have elected John E. HOWARD President of ine STEPHENS Thompson Mason, from Virginia ;

Senate pro tempore. John Brown, from Kentucky;

A message from the House of Representatives Joseph ANDERSON and William Cocke, from informed the Senate that a quorum of the House is Tennessee;

assembled, and they have appointed a committee, ABRAHAM Baldwin, from Georgia.

on their part, together with such committee as The number of members present not being suffi- the Senate may appoint, to wait on the President cient to constitute a quorum, the Senate adjourned of the United States, and notify him that a quoto 11 o'clock to-morrow morning.

rum of the iwo Houses is assembled, and ready to receive any communications that he may be

pleased to make to them. Tuesday, November 18.

Resolveit, That the Senate concur in the resoThe number of members present not being lution last recited, and that Messrs. Wells and sufficient to constitute a quorum, the Senate ad- Tracy be the committee on the part of the Senate. journed.

Mr. Wells reported, from the joint committee

last mentioned, that they had waited on the PresiWEDNESDAY, November 19.

dent of the United States; and that he acquainted

the committee that he would meet the two Houses There being no quorum, the Senate adjourned. of Congress, at 12 o'clock to-morrow, in the Sea

ate Chamber. THURSDAY, November 20. There being no quorum present, the Senate adjourned.

SATURDAY, November 22.

Ordered, That the Secretary notify the House Friday, November 21.

of Representatives, that the Senate are ready to Timothy Bloodworth, from the State of North meet them in their Chamber, for the purpose of Carolina; HUMPHREY MÁrshall, from the State receiving the communications from the President of Kentucky; and GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, from the of the United States. State of New York, severally attended.

The House of Representatives having accordThe credentials of Dwight Foster, appointed ingly taken the seats assigned them, the Presia Senator by the State of Massachusetts, in place DENT OF THE UNITED States came into the Senof Samuel Dexter, resigned, were read, and he ate Chamber, and addressed both Houses of Contook his seat in the Senate.

gress as follows:




Gentlemen of the Senate, and

nations to adjust this difference with good faith, I inGentlemen of the House of Representatives : dulge confidently the expectation that the sincere enImmediately after the adjournment of Congress at

deavors of the Government of the United States to bring their last session in Philadelphia, I gave directions, in it to an amicable termination will not be disappointed. compliance with the laws, for the removal of the pub- The Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Pleaipo lic offices, records, and property. These directions tentiary from the United States to France were received have been executed, and the public officers have since by the First Consul with the respect due to their characresided and conducted the ordinary business of the ter; and three persons, with equal powers, were apGovernment in this place.

pointed to treat with them. Although, at the date of I congratulate the people of the United States on the last official intelligence, the negotiation had not the assembling of Congress at the permanent seat of terminated, yet it is to be hoped that our efforts to effect their Government; and I congratulate you, gentlemen, an accommodation will at length meet with a success on the prospect of a residence not to be changed. Al- proportioned to the sincerity with which they have been though there is cause to apprehend that accommoda- so often repeated. tions are not now so complete as might be wished, yet

While our best endeavors for the preservation of har. there is great reason to believe that this inconvenience mony with all nations will continue to be used, the er will cease with the present session.

perience of the world, our own experience, admonish us It would be unbecoming the Representatives of this of the insecurity of trusting too confidently to their sucnation to assemble, for the first time, in this solemn cess. We cannot, without committing a dangerous imtemple, without looking up to the Supreme Ruler of prudence, abandon those measures of self protection the Universe, and imploring his blessing.

which are adapted to our situation, and to which, not. May this Territory be the residence of virtue and hap- withstanding our pacific policy, the violence and injuspiness! In this city may that piety and virtue, that tice of others may again compel us to resort. While wisdom and magnanimity, that constancy and self- our vast extent of seacoast, the commercial and agrigovernment which adorned the great character whose cultural habits of our people, the great capital they will name it bears, be forever held in veneration! Here, and continue to trust on the ocean, suggest the system of throughout our country, may simple manners, pure defence which will be most beneficial to ourselves, our morals, and true religion, flourish forever!

distance from Europe, and our resources for maritime It is with you, gentlemen, to consider whether the strength, will enable us to employ it with effect. Sea. local powers over the District of Columbia, vested by sonable and systematic arrangements, so far as our rethe Constitution in the Congress of the United States, sources will justify, for a navy, adapted to defensive war, shall be immediately exercised. If, in your opinion, and which may, in case of necessity, be quickly brought this important trust ought now to be executed, you into use, seem to be as much recommended by a wise cannot fail, while performing it, to take into view the and true economy as by a just regard for our future future probable situation of the Territory for the happi- tranquillity, for the safety of our shores, and for the proness of which you are about to provide.' You will con- tection of our property committed to the ocean. sider it as the Capital of a great nation, advancing, with The present Navy of the United States, called sud. unexampled rapidity, in arts, in commerce, in wealth, denly into existence by a great national exigency, has and in population ; and possessing, within itself, those raised us in our own esteem; and, by the protection energies and resources which, if not thrown away, or afforded to our commerce, has effected, to the extent of lamentably misdirected, will secure to it a long course our expectations, the objects for which it was created. of prosperity and self-government.

In connexion with a navy ought to be contemplated In compliance with a law of the last session of Con- the fortification of some of our principal seaports and gress, the officers and soldiers of the temporary army harbors. A variety of considerations, which will readhave been discharged. It affords real pleasure to recol. ily suggest themselves, urge an attention to this mealect the honorable testimony they gave of the patriotic sure of precaution. To give security to our principal motives which brought them into the service of their ports, considerable sums have already been expended, country, by the readiness and regularity with which but the works remain incomplete. It is for Congress they returned to the station of private citizens.

to determine whether additional appropriations shall be It is, in every point of view, of such primary import

made, in order to render competent to the intended pur

poses the fortifications which have been commenced. ance to carry the laws into prompt and faithful execution, and to render that part of the administration of still invites the attention of the national Legislature.

The manufacture of arms within the United States justice which the Constitution and laws devolve on the At a considerable expense to the public this manufacfederal courts, as convenient to the people as may con. sist with their present circumstances, that I cannot omit with continued encouragement, will supersede the neces

ture has been brought to such a state of maturity as, once more to recommend to your serious consideration the judiciary system of the United States. No subject sity of future importations from foreign countries. is more interesting than this to the public happiness, and Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : to none can those improvements which may have been I shall direct the estimates of the appropriations nesuggested by experience be more beneficially applied. cessary for the ensuing year, together with an account

A Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the King of of the public revenue and expenditure, to a late period, Prussia has been concluded and ratified. The ratifica- to be laid before you. I observe, with much satisfactions have been exchanged, and I have directed the tion, the product of the revenue during the present year treaty to be promulgated by proclamation.

has been more considerable than during any former The difficulties which suspended the execution of the equal period. This result affords conclusive evidence sixth article of our Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and of the great resources of this country, and of the wisNavigation, with Great Britain, have not yet been re- dom and efficiency of the measures which have been moved. The negotiation on this subject is still pend. adopted by Congress for the protection of commerce ing. As it must be for the interest and honor of both , and preservation of public credit.




Gentlemen of the Senate, and

The Senate took into consideration the report Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : of the committee of the draught of an Address in As one of the grand community of nations, our atten- answer to the Speech of the President of the Unition is irresistibly drawn to the important scenes which ted States to both Houses of Congress, at the surround us. If they have exhibited an uncommon por- opening of the session; which, being read in tion of calamity, it is the province of humanity to de- paragraphs, and amended, was adopted, as folplore, and of wisdom to avoid, the causes which may lows: have produced it. If, turning our eyes homeward, we find reason to rejoice at the prospect which presents

To the President of the United States : itself; if we perceive the interior of our country prosper.

Sir: Impressed with the important truth that the ous, free, and happy; if all enjoy in safety, under the hearts of rulers and people are in the hand of the Alprotection of laws emanating only from the general will, mighty, the Senate of the United States most cordially the fruits of their own labor, we ought to fortify and join in your invocations for appropriate blessings upon cling to those institutions which have been the source the Government and people of this Union. of such real felicity; and resist, with unabating per- We meet you, sir, and the other branch of the nationseverance, the progress of those dangerous innovations al Legislature in the city which is honored by the name which may diminish their influence.

of our late hero and sage, the illustrious WASHINGTON, To your patrotism, gentlemen, has been confided the with sensations and emotions which exceed our power honorable duty of guarding the public interests; and, of description. while the past is to your country a sure pledge that it While we congratulate ourselves on the convention will be faithfully discharged, permit me to assure you of the Legislature at the permanent seat of Government, that your labors to promote the general happiness will and ardently hope that permanence and stability may receive from me the most zealous co-operation.

be communicated as well to the Government itself as to JOHN ADAMS.

its seat, our minds are irresistibly led to deplore the death United States, Nov. 22, 1800.

of him who bore so honorable and efficient a part in the The PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES having establishment of both. Great indeed would have been retired, the two Houses separated.

our gratification if his sum of earthly happiness had been Ordered, That Messrs. Tracy, Morris, and completed by seeing the Government thus peaceably BALDWIN, be a committee to report the draught of convened at this place; but we derive consolation from an Address to the President of the United States

, experience the loss we deplore, was fixed by that Being

a belief that the moment in which we were destined to in answer to his Speech this day to both Houses, whose counsels cannot err; and from a hope that, since

It was further ordered that the Speech be printed in this seat of Government, which bears his name, his for the use of the Senate.

earthly remains will be deposited, the members of ConResolved, That two Chaplains of different de gress, and all who inhabit the city, with these memorials nominations, be appointed to Congress for the pre- before them, will retain his virtues in lively recollection, sent session, one by each House, who shall inter- and make his patriotism, morals, and piety, models for change weekly.

imitation. And permit us to add, sir, that it is not among Resolved, That each Senator be supplied, dur- the least of our consolations that you, who have been ing the present session, with three such newspa- his companion and friend from the dawning of our napers, printed in any of the States, as he may choose, tional existence, and trained in the same school of exprovided that the same be furnished at the rate ertion to effect our independence, are still preserved by usual for the annual charge of such papers.

a gracious Providence in health and activity to exercise the functions of Chief Magistrate.

The question whether the legal powers over the DisMonday, November 24.

trict of Columbia, vested by the Constitution in the Jonathan Dayton, from the State of New ercised, is of great importance, and in deliberating upon

Congress of the United States, shall be immediately exJersey, attended.

it, we shall naturally be led to weigh the attending cirMr. Tracy, from the committee appointed to

cumstances and every probable consequence of the meadraugot an Address in answer to the Speech of the sures which may be proposed. President of the United States to both Houses of

The several subjects for Legislative consideration, Congress, at the opening of the session, made a contained in your Speech to both Houses of Congress, report, which was read, and ordered to lie for con- shall receive from the Senate all the attention which sideration.

they can give, when contemplating those objects, both Resolved, That James MATHERS, Sergeant-at- in respect to their national importance, and the adArms and Doorkeeper to the Senate, be, and he is ditional weight that is given them by your recommenhereby, authorized to employ one additional assist-dation. ant and two horses, for the purpose of performing We deprecate, with you, sir, all spirit of innovation, such services as are usually required of the Door- from whatever quarter it may arise, which may impair keeper to the Senate; and that the sum of twenty- the sacred bond that connects the different parts of this eight dollars be allowed him weekly for that pur- empire; and we trust, that, under the protection of pose, during the session, and for twenty days after- Divine Providence, the wisdom and virtue of the citizens wards.

of the United States will deliver our national compact unimpaired to a grateful posterity.

From past experience, it is impossible for the Senate Tuesday, November 25.

of the United States to doubt of our zealous co-operaWilson Cary Nicholas, from the State of tion with the Legislature in every effort to promote the Virginia, attended.

general happiness and tranquillity of the Union.

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