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Relations with France.
Mr. Semonville, the French Minister at the
MARCH 3d. Hague, called on me on the 4th of February, and
The following note was addressed to the Mindelivered to me a packet from Mr. Talleyrand, ister of Exterior Relations: containing a passport, a letter from my colleagues
Paris, 3d March, 1800, and of the Mr. Ellsworth and Mr. Davie, dated at Corunna,
Independence of the U. S. the 24th. and the following letter:
Citizen MINISTER: The undersigned, Envoys Paris, 11th Pluviose, (30th January,). Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary of
8th year of the French Republic. the United States of America to the French ReSir: I have received information that the Plen- public, have just met at this city, and request the ipotentiaries of the United States, after a long favor of you to inform them at what time it may and difficult voyage, have arrived at Corunna be convenient to you to receive a visit from them. They have forwarded to me the enclosed letter, Accept, Citizen Minister, the assurance of their which I hasten to transmit to you. I avail my-high consideration. self of this occasion to enclose a passport, which
OLIVER ELLSWORTH, may be necessary on your repairing to Paris.
W. R. DAVIE, While indulging the hope that you will speedily
W. V. MURRAY. join your colleagues, I felicitate myself upon the To Citizen TallEYRAND, prospect that the time will soon arrive, when, by Minister of Exterior Relations, fc. à frank and full discussion, a termination will be put to the difficulties existing between the Republic of France and the United States, and when Minister, in answer to the above, and the demand
The following notes were received from the the two nations will be restored to that friendly verbally made by the Envoys of being formally and harmonious intercourse which ought never received by the Premier Consul : to have been suspended. Receive, sir, the assurance of my high consideration.
The Minister of Exterior Relations to Messrs. Oliver CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND. Ellsworth, W. R. Davie, and W. V. Murray, Envoys To Mr. MURRAY,
Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary of the Enroy, fc., of the U. S. at the Hague.
United States of Ameriea. To which I returned the following answer:
Paris, 13th Ventose, (3d March,)
year 8 of the French Republic. THE HAGUE, February 4, 1800.
GENTLEMEN: The information which you have Citizen MINISTER: Mr. Semonville, the Min- just communicated, of your arrival at Paris, has ister Plenipotentiary of the French Republic, had given me real satisfaction. If you will take the the goodness to-day to deliver to me himself the irouble to call upon me at half-past twelve toletter of the 31st último, which you did me the morrow, I will be exceedingly gratified at having honor to write, enclosing passports for myself, the honor to receive you. Accept, gentlemen, the family, and baggage, and a letter from my col- assurance of my high consideration. leagues, Mr. Ellsworth and Mr. Davie; accept my
CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND, thanks for this communication.
I shall immediately prepare for my new desti- The Minister of Exterior Relations to Messrs. Ellsnation, one from which I now permit myself to
worth, Davie, and Murray, Ministers Plenipotentiary hope a restoration of that harmony which cer
and Envoys Extraordinary of the United States of
America. tainly ought not to have been so cruelly interrupted.
Paris, 14th Ventose, (4th March.) May I ask a repetition of an act of politeness
8th year of the French Republic, in requesting that the enclosed may be delivered
one and indivisible. to my colleagues, who I hope will be in Paris im- GENTLEMEN: I have the honor to inform you mediately. Accept, Citizen Minister, the assur
that the First Consul of the Republic will give ance of my high consideration.
you an audience on the 17th instant; I pray you, W. V. MURRAY. therefore, to be so obliging as to attend on that To Citizen TaLLEYRAND,
day at the Tuilleries, in the Hall of the AmbassaMinister, fc., of the French Republic. dors, a litile before one o'clock. I beg you to ac
cept the assurance of my high consideration.
CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND. On the 10th, I requested personally
of Mr. Vem. der Goes, the Minister of Exterior Relations, an audience of leave. This was fixed for the 13th,
March 8th, (17th Ventose.) when I took a temporary leave of the Batavian The Envoys were received by the Premier ConDirectory, and on the 17th set out for Paris. sul, in the manner required by their instructions.
The severity of the season, and a two days' ill- Citizens Joseph Bonaparte. Fleurieu, and Reness of Mrs. Murray on the road, prevented me derer, being appointed by the Premier Consul, on from making a journey, generally made in five the 13th Ventose, Ministers Plenipotentiary for days, in less than thirteen. On Saturday evening, the purpose of negotiating with the Ministers Plethe 1st March, I arrived at Paris, and the next nipotentiary and Envoys Extraordinary of the day had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Ellsworth and United States, upon the differences existing beMr. Davie arrive.
tween the two States, this event was announced
Relations with France.
to the Envoys of the United States, by the Minis- their readiness to enter on the business of the neter of Exterior Relations, in the following letter, gotiation, as soon as it would be convenient sor the under date of the 18th Ventose, (8th of March:) Ministers of the French Republic, they waited The Minister of Exterior Relations to Messrs. Ells until the 14th for some intimation from them, on
worth, Davie, and Murray, Envoys Extraordinary that subject: none, however, being then received, and Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States they agreed to address the following note to of America.
Messrs. Joseph Bonaparte, Fleurieu, and Ræderer,
the Ministers announced in the above communiParis 18th Ventose, (8th of March,)
The Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers PlenipotenGENTLEMEN: I have the honor to inform you tiary of the United States of America to the Ministhat the First Consul of the Republic has just ap- ters Plenipotentiary of the French Republic. pointed Citizens Joseph Bonaparte, ex-Ambassa
Paris, March 15, 1800. dor at Rome, Fleurieu, late Minister of Marine, and Ræderer, Counsellor of State, Ministers Ple to be informed of your appointment as Ministers
MINISTERS: The undersigned had the pleasure nipotentiary, to treat with you concerning the dif- Plenipotentiary to treat with them on the differferences existing between the two nations, to ef-ences existing between the French Republic and fect the accommodation which they mutually de- the United States, by a letter from the Minister of sire, and to fulfil the wish, expressed by the two Exterior Relations, under date of the 18th VenGovernments, to remove a misunderstanding
tose. which comports as little with their interests as
The necessary previous measures appearing with their sentiments. Receive, gentlemen, the
now to be taken by both Governments, it remains assurance of my high consideration.
with their Ministers to have their wishes fulfilled: CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND.
and the undersigned permit themselves to hope
that the strange phenomenon of a misunderstandThe Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipoten- ing between the French Republic and the United
tiary of the United States of America to the Minis- States of America will soon disappear. They ter of Exterior Relations of the French Republic. will have the honor to meet the Ministers PleniParis, March 9, 1800.
potentiary of the French Republic at such time Citizen MINISTER: The undersigned, Envoys
and place as they may prefer, for the exchange of Extraordinary of the United States, have the powers, and to learn how soon it will be conve
nient for them to commence the negotiation. Achonor to acknowledge your letter of yesterday, announcing to them that the Premier Consul of cept, Ministers, the assurances of their high con
sideration. the Republic had named the Citizens Joseph Bo
OLIVER ELLSWORTH, na parte, ex-Ambassador at Rome, Fleurieu, late
WILLIAM R. DAVIE, Minister of Marine, and Ræderer, Counsellor of
WILLIAM V. MURRAY. State, as Ministers Plenipotentiary to treat with them on the differences existing between the French Republic and the United States of Amer
MARCH 27th. ica.
The Envoys had received no answer to their The Government of the United States, being note of the 15th, but had been informed, verbally, always assured that the interests of both nations that the delay was much regretted by the French would be essentially promoted by the re-establish- Government and the Ministers, and that it was ment of confidence and harmony between the occasioned by the indisposition of Mr. Joseph two countries, is sincerely desirous to adjust all Bonaparte, President of the French Commission, existing differences, and to restore between them who, in a note to the Envoys, of this date, anthat understanding and friendly intercourse so pounced his recovery: The French Ministers, congenial to her wishes, and so essential to their however, continuing silent, the Envoys addressed mutual prosperity.
the following note to them, on the morning of the The agreeable and interesting task of effecting 29th ; and, in the afternoon of the same day, rethese great objects has been committed, on the ceived the note under date of the Sth Germinal, part of the United States, to the undersigned, and (same date:) they will be ready to enter upon that business as The Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotensoon as the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the tiary of the United States of America to Citizens J. French Republic shall signify that they are ready Bonaparte, Fleurieu, and Ræderer, Ministers Plenito commence the negotiation. Accept, Citizen potentiary of the French Republic. Minister, the assurances of their high considera
Paris, March 29, 1800. tion. OLIVER ELLSWORTH,
Citizen MINISTERS: The undersigned are hapWILLIAM R. DAVIE.
py to learn that the indisposition of Mr. BonaWILLIAM V. MURRAY.
parte, which has so unfortunately retarded the commencement of the negotiation, is at length re
moved: and, impressed as they are with the imThe Envoys of the United States having thus portance of their mission, and the urgency of exinformed the Minister of Exterior Relations of isting circumstances, they take again the liberty
Relations with France.
to express their solicitude that an early day may Ræderer, Counsellors of State, are appointed be named, at which it will be convenient for you Ministers Plenipotentiary, for the purpose of neto honor the undersigned with an interview, forgotiating with the Ministers Plenipotentiary and the purpose of effecting the object of their last Envoys Extraordinary of the United States, upon note. Accept, Citizen Ministers, &c.
the differences existing between the two nations.
By the First Consul: the Secretary of State, The Ministers Plenipotentiary of the French Republic
HUGUES B. MARET, to the Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipo- A true copy: the Minister of Exterior Relations, tentiary of the United States of America.
CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND. Paris, 8th Germinal, year 8,
A true copy: the Ministers Plenipotentiary. (27th March, 1800.)
BONAPARTE, GENTLEMEN: We participate, very sincerely, in
FLEURIEU, the wish which you have expressed for the speedy
REDERER. re-establishment of friendly relations between the United States of America and the French Repub- Jous Adams, President of the United States of Amelic; and it is for the purpose of hastening its ac- rica. To all to whom these presents shall come, complishment that we propose a conference the greeting : 11th or 12th instant, at whatever hour may be
Whereas, by letters patent under the seal of the most convenient to you, at the house of Citizen J. United States, and dated on the 26th day of FebBonaparte, one of us. Receive, gentlemen, the
ruary last, I did, by and with the advice and consent assurance of our high consideration.
of the Senate of the United States, appoint Oliver BONAPARTE.
Ellsworth, Chief Justice of the United States, PatFLEURIEU.
rick Henry, late Governor of Virginia, and WilREDERER.
liam Vans Murray, Minister Resident of the United
States at the Hague, to be Envoys Extraordinary The Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipoten- and Ministers_Plenipotentiary of the United
tiary of the United States of America to the Minis- States to the French Republic, thereby giving ters Plenipotentiary of the French Republic.
and granting to them full powers, for and in the Paris, March, 30, 1800. name of the United States, to meet and confer Citizen Ministers: The underwritten Envoys with the Minister or Ministers of the French ReExtraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary of the public, who should be appointed and commissionUnited States have the pleasure to acknowledge ed with equal powers, and with such Minister or the receipt of your note of the 8th Germinal, pro- Ministers to discuss and settle by a treaty all conposing a meeting on the 11th or 12th following, at troversies between the United States and France, such hour as might be convenient.
transmitting such treaty to the President of the The underwritten will have the honor to meet United States of America, for his final ratificathe Ministers Plenipotentiary of the French Re- tion, by and with the advice and consent of the public at the house of the Citizen Joseph Bona- Senate of the United States, if such advice and parte, on the 12th Germinal, (20 April.) at one consent shall be given; and whereas the said o'clock in the afternoon ; a time which they hope Patrick Henry did signify to me that, from his will be agreeable. Receive, Citizen Ministers, bodily infirmities, being unable to execute his said the assurance of their high consideration. appointment, he declined accepting the same;
OLIVER ELLSWORTH, now, know ye, that reposing especial trust and
of the State of North Carolina, I have nominated, On the 2d of April, (12th Germinal,) the En- apd, by and with the advice and consent of the voys of the United States met the French Minis Senate, do appoint him an Envoy Extraordinary ters at the house of Joseph Bonaparte, where the and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States following powers were exchanged, and the mode to the French Republic, in the room of the said of conducting the negotiation adjusted :
Patrick Henry, hereby giving and granting to Extract from the Registers of the Decrees of the First liam Vans Murray, full powers for and in the
him, and to the said Oliver Ellsworth, and WilConsul of the Republic.
name of the United States, to meet and confer with Paris, 12th Ventose, (3d March,) the Minister or Ministers of the French Republic, year 8 of the French Republic, who shall be appointed and commissioned with
one and indivisible. In the name of the French people : Bonaparte, ters to discuss and settle by a treaty all controver
equal powers, and with such Minister or MinisFirst Consul of the Republic, upon the report sies between the United States and France, trans, of the Minister of Foreign Relations, decrees : mitting such treaty to the President of the United
ARTICLE 1. Citizen Joseph Bonaparte, ex-Am- States of America, for his final ratification, by and bassador of the French Republic. Fleurieu, and I with the advice and consent of the Senate of the
Relations with Fance.
United States, if such advice and consent shall be delay that this circumstance may occasion, they given.
are happy that the situation of the Ministers of In testimony whereof, I have caused these let the French Republic will enable them to remove ters to be made patent, and the seal of the United the difficulty without any considerable inconveStates of America to be hereunto affixed. Given nience to the negotiation. under my hand, at the city of Philadelphia, the The Envoys of the United States have the tenth day of December, in the year of our Lord highest confidence in the upright views and frank one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine, and disposition of the French Government, and hope of the independence of the United States the twen- it will do them the justice to believe that they are ty-fourth.
JOHN ADAMS. actuated only by a respect to that duty which By the President:
their commission and instructions prescribe. AcTIMOTHY PICKERING,
OLIVER ELLSWORTH, Secretary of State.
WILLIAM R. DAVIE,
WILLIAM V. MURRAY. The Envoys, after withdrawing, proceeded immediately to consider the copy of the powers de
APRIL 8. livered by the French Ministers; and, as they ap- Received the following letter from the French peared to them not sufficiently full and explicit to Ministers, under date of the 17th Germinal, (7th authorize them to commence the negotiation un- April,) enclosing a copy of the new powers, and der the limitation of their own powers, they ad- a copy of a letter from the Minister of Exterior dressed the following note to the French Ministers Relations: on the next day :
The Minister of Exterior Relations to the Ministers PlenThe Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipoten- ipotentiary appointed to negotiate with the Envoys
tiary of the United States of America to the Minis- of the United States. ters Plenipotentiary of the French Republic.
PARIS, 19 Germinal, (April 6,) year 8. Paris, April 3, 1800.
I have received, citizens, your letter of the 13th CITIZEN Ministers: The undersigned Envoys, and 14th of this month, (Nos. 1 and 2,) with the having conferred on the copy delivered to them copies therein referred to. yesterday, of the powers granted to you to nego- By the first, you inform me of the exchange tiate with them concerning the existing differ- which you have made of your powers with the ences between the French Republic and the Uni- American Ministers; and, in the second, you comted States, feel themselves compelled to present to municate an extract of the note which these Minyou the doubts they entertain whether the terms isters have addressed to you, respecting the insufin which those powers are expressed are suffi- ficiency which they suppose to exist in the powers ciently full and explicit. You will please to ob- you have exchanged with them. serve that the powers with which the undersigned The First Consul, to whom I have submitted are invested, authorize them to discuss and settle your despatches, in order to present to the Minisby a treaty all controversies between the United ters of the United States an unequivocal proof of States and France, and they suppose it may be the spirit in which he desires to conduct the nequestionable, at least, whether the same latitude of gotiation, has thought proper to furnish you with power may be given by the expression, à l'effet de powers still more special and explicit than those négocier avec les Ministres, &c. sur les différends contained in his first decree. In transmitting them, survenus entre les deux états;" and if it could be however, to the American Ministers, you will be inferred from any construction of the terms used pleased io apprize them that, in our diplomatic in the commission, that to "negotiate respecting usages, since the Revolution, our negotiators have the existing differences,” implied a power to set- almost always been accredited and empowered by tle them also by treaty, yet the undersigned con- simple decrees, similar to the one which you have ceive that it would not be advisable to act upon placed in their hands; and that in these decrees powers deduced by implication from terms in the expression " to negotiate” has always importtheir nature indefinite, in the same manner as if ed an authority " to conclude." I might have conthey had been fully and explicitly expressed. fined myself, indeed, to giving you, officially, this Upon examining the copy of the commission, explanation; and the American Ministers, as they which the undersigned had the honor to deliver have themselves declared, would have been conto you yesterday, you will observe the nature and tent with receiving it. But the First Consul has extent of their powers, and that they can only ne- preferred the other mode, for the purpose, as I have gotiate with Ministers of the French Republic, already stated, of removing all the obstacles of who may be commissioned with equal powers. mere form which could delay or embarrass the This circumstance, it is hoped, will satisfy the progress of the negotiation. Ministers of the French Republic, that the under- Safety and fraternity. signed have not attached to this objection an un
CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND. necessary importance, and evince to them the An exact copy: the Ministers Plenipotentiary propriety of procuring from their Government of the French Republic: powers commensurate with those granted by the
J. BONAPARTE, Government of the United States.
FLEURIEU, While the undersigned regret any trouble or
Relations with France.
Paris, the 17th Germinal, when the Envoys considered the way sufficiently
(7th April,) year 8. prepared to authorize them to offer some details The undersigned, Ministers Plenipotentiary of in the form of articles of a treaty, respecting the the French Republic, have the honor io inform the claims of individuals. Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipoten- The Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States, that their letter, dated tiary of the United States of America to the Citizens the 13th of this month, has been received.
Joseph Bonaparte, Fleurieu, and Ræderer, Ministers In order to reply to this letter, the French Min- Plenipotentiary of the French Republic. isters haveawaited the result of its reference to their
Paris, April 7, 1800. Government, which they hastened to make. The Citizen Ministers: Theundersigned have great answer which they received is enclosed. In the pleasure in acknowledging the receipt of the note new powers, of which they have the honor to which you did them the honor of addressing to them transmit the subjoined copy, the American Minis- to day, covering the arrêté of new powers, and ters will perceive the manner in which the First the copy of the letter to you from the Minister of Consul of the Republic has removed the doubt Exterior Relations. That Minister, they are happy which they expressed ; and in the explanations to see, has done them justice upon the interpretation contained in the letter of the Ministers of Exterior which they had presumed to be the correct one of Relations, they will not fail to discover new mo- the terms in question ; and as they unite with you tives of confidence. The Ministers of the Repub- in the wish to press forward the negotiation, they belic, presuming that no obstacle will now oppose lieve that, in transmitting the note which accomthe opening of the negotiation, expect to receive, panies this, and which was promised on the 12th on the part of the Ministers of the United States, of Germinal, they at once meet the frankness of the memorial which was announced at the confer- your views, and give to you a certain demonstraence of the 12th instant.
tion of the confidence with which the justice and They pray them to receive the assurance of principles of the Government of the French Retheir high consideration.
public have inspired them. J. BONAPARTE, Accept, Citizen Ministers, the assurance of their FLEURIEU,
high consideration. REDERER.
WM. R. DAVIE,
WM. V. MURRAY.
PARIS, April 7, 1800. year 8th of the Republic, one and indivisible. Citizen Ministers: The undersigned, appreciIn the name of the French people: Bonaparte, ating the value of time, and wishing by frankness Ræderer, and Fleurieu, appointed, by the decree to evince their sincerity, enter directly on the great of the 13th Ventose, (30 March) last
, Ministers object of their mission, an object which they bePlenipotentiary, to negotiate with the Envoys Ex- lieve may be best obtained by avoiding to retrace traordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary of the too minutely the too well known and too painful United States of America upon the differences ex- incidents which have rendered a negotiation neisting between the two nations, are authorized to cessary. To satisfy the demands of justice, and negotiate with the said Ministers upon all that con- render a reconciliation cordial and permanent, they cerns these differences; as well as to sign and con- propose an arrangement, such as shall be compatclude, in the name of the Republic, whatever shall ible with national honor and existing circumstanto them appear necessary to effect a perfect re-es-ces, to ascertain and discharge the equitable claims tablishment of good harmony. To this end, there of the citizens of either nation upon the other, fore, Citizens Bonaparte, Ræderer, and Fleurieu whether founded on contract, treaty, or the law receive, by this decree, full and complets powers. of nations. The way being thus prepared, the
BONAPARTE. undersigned will be at liberty to stipulate for that By the first Consul: the Secretary of State, reciprocity and freedom of commercial intercourse
HUGHES B. MARET. between the two countries, which must essentially An exact copy: the Minister of Exterior Re- contribute to their mutual advancement. Should lations.
C. M. TALLEYRAND. this general view of the subject be approved by the An exact copy: the Ministers Plenipotentiary of Ministers Plenipotentiary, to whom it is addressed, the French Republic.
the details, it is presumed, may be easily adjusted, J. BONAPARTE,
and that confidence restored which ought never FLEURIEU,
to have been shaken. Accept, &c. REDERER.
WM. R. DAVIE, The following answer was returned to the above
WM. V. MURRAY. communication, accompanied by a note under the same date, sketching the plan on which the Envoys
Paris, 19th Germinal, proposed to open the negotiation. This proposi
(9th April.) year 8. tion produced a discussion, detailed in the follow- The Ministers of the French Republic have peing correspondence up to the 17th April, inclusive; rused with attention the plan proposed by the En