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hoppers, to put them to a cruel death; and this, of course, is in sport. Yes, it would seem as if the hearts of the children of men were fully set on destroying the lives of inferior animals; and they seem to think that they are specially privileged to do this, though they abhor him who treats his fellow-men with half the cruelty with which they treat the brute.

Most animals live in peace; but man is the enemy of all. It has been well observed, that, "unlike those ferocious creatures who kill from motives excited by want and hunger, man kills every thing for sport, aversion, fear, superstition, wantonness, and often for the mere sake of seeing that dead which was living in enjoyment." As an example to what an extent this may be carried, turn to the history of Charles X. It is said that, in a single year, he gratified his royal taste by shooting 7404 animals; most of which, a writer has observed, were more worthy to live than himself. His son, also, killed almost as many, in the same year.

The patience with which animals often

endure their hard treatment is remarkable. They seem to know that they were made to serve man, and submit quietly to his treatment, whether it be good or bad. Those who were made to labor for him, are ready to toil and die in his service, and desire nothing in return but kind treatment. But if they could speak, no doubt they would sometimes rebuke their tormentors, and say, with Balaam's ass, "What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me?"

Let us now look at some of the consequences of cruelty to animals. Of course, it inflicts needless suffering upon the brute creation. But the evil does not stop here. He who causes this suffering, must also bear the penalty. Is he a child? Then he is in a fair way of becoming a cruel man. He is forming a habit which will render him a worthless and injurious man; for how can we expect to find justice, benevolence or piety in such a one? As he grows in years, the habit will also grow, till he becomes a hard-hearted reprobate. How often do we see such men in the

street! How frequently do we hear the oaths and curses of an enraged teamster or truckman, as he beats, and whips, and kicks his horses! I lately read in a newspaper of a man in New Jersey who drove a horse into a bonfire, kindled by some boys on a holiday. The poor animal stood in it till his legs were badly burned, and then ran out of it. The brute in human form immediately dismounted, and deliberately cut the throat of the poor animal, because he would not stand and quietly endure the torture of a slow fire. What refined cruelty is this! And yet, should the history of that man be known, no doubt it would be found that he early began to practise cruelty to animals.

But the evils of cruelty do not stop here. A man who is cruel to an animal, will in time be cruel to his fellow-men; for such is the direct tendency of this sin. It is surprising to what an extent this has been carried, and was especially in ancient times. One of the most dreadful instances of cruelty I ever read of, and one which might cause devils to blush, was perpetrated by a

female. She made a prisoner cut off his own flesh in small pieces, cook it, and then eat it! One would hardly believe that the malignity of the human heart would lead to such terrible results, did we not have numerous instances on record. I mention this one, to show how far a cruel disposition will sometimes go, and because I believe cruelty to animals leads directly to such results. A certain writer ascribes all social crimes to animal destruction; thus, treachery to angling and ensnaring; and murder to hunting and shooting. He says, "The man who would kill a sheep, an ox, or any unsuspecting animal, would kill his neighbor, but for the law." This is strong language, but there is perhaps more truth in it than is usually supposed.

There are several reasons why we should not practise cruelty to animals. The first one is, God is displeased with those who do. He owns every beast of the field; and the "cattle upon a thousand hills" belong to him. He made all his creatures to be happy, the brute, as well as the angel; and, of course, he is displeased with those

who are disposed to counteract his design. He also takes care of animals. Says the Psalmist, "He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry." "The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God." "These wait all upon thee, that thou mayst give them their meat in due season. That thou givest them they gather; thou openest thy hand, they are filled with good." Our Saviour, also, in his sermon on the mount, tells us that God feeds the fowls of the air. God does not only feed his animals, but he also cares for them. You will recollect that when he spared Nineveh, because it repented at the preaching of Jonah, one of the reasons he urged for so doing was, that there were more than 120,000 children in that city, not old enough to "discern between their right hand and their left hand." But this was not the only reason the Lord urged; for he added, "and also much cattle." He thus showed that he took their lives into consideration, as a reason why the city should be spared. In the statutes which the Lord gave to the children of

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