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supper, and layeth aside his garments; eth. He leaning back, as he was, on Jeand he took a towel, and girded himself. sus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is Then he poured water into the basin, and it? Jesus therefore answereth, He it is, began to wash the disciples' feet, and to for whom I shall dip the sop, and give it wipe them with the towel wherewith he him. So when he had dipped the sop, he was girded. So he cometh to Simon Pe taketh and giveth it to Judas, the son ter. He saith unto him, Lord, dost thou of Simon Iscariot. And Judas, who be. wash my feet? Jesus answered and said trayed him, answered and said, Is it I, unto him, What I do thou knowest not Rabbi? He saith unto him, Thou hast now; but thou shalt understand here said. And after the sop, then entered after. Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt Satan into him. Jesus therefore saith never wash my feet. Jesus answered unto him, What thou doest, do quickly. him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no Now no man at the table knew for what part with me. Simon Peter saith unto intent he spake this unto him. For some him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my thought, because Judas had the bag, that hands and my head. Jesus saith to him, Jesus said unto him, Buy what things we He that is bathed needeth not save to have need of for the feast; or, that he wash his feet, but is clean every whit: should give something to the poor. He and ye are clean, but not all. For he then having received the sop went out knew him that should betray him; there straightway: and it was night. fore said he, Ye are not all clean.

So when he had washed their feet, and 5. The Parting Words of Jesus. taken his garments, and sat down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have

Now is the Son of man glorified, and done to you? Ye call me Teacher, and

If Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.

God is glorified in him, and straightway

shall glorify him. I then, the Lord and the Teacher, have

Little children, yet a little while I am washed your feet, ye also ought to wash

with you.

Ye shall seek me: and as I one another's feet. For I have given you

said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye canan example, that ye also should do as I

not come; so now I say unto you. A new have done to you. The kings of the Gen

commandment I give unto you, that ye tiles have lordship over them; and they

love one another; even as I have loved that have authority over them are called

you, that ye also love one another. Ву Benefactors. But ye shall not be so: but

this shall all men know that ye are my he that is the greater among you, let him

disciples, if ye have love to one another. become as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. For which

But ye are they that have continued

with me in my temptation; and I apis greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he

point unto you a kingdom, even as my that serveth? is not he that sitteth at

Father appointed unto me, that ye may meat? But I am in the midst of you as

eat and drink at my table in my kinghe that serveth. Verily, verily, I say

dom; and ye shall sit on thrones judging unto you, A servant is not greater than

the twelve tribes of Israel. his lord; neither one that is sent greater

Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, than he that sent him. If ye know these

whither goest thou? Jesus answered, things, blessed are ye if ye do them.

Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow afterwards.

Peter saith unto him, Lord, why cannot 4. The Traitor Warned.

I follow thee even now? I will lay down AS

S THEY were eating, Jesus said, Ver my life for thee. Jesus answereth, Wilt

ily I say unto you, that one of you thou lay down thy life for me? Verily, shall betray me. The Son of man goeth, I say unto thee, that thou to-day, even even as it is written of him: but woe this night, before the cock crow twice, unto that man through whom the Son of shalt deny me thrice. But he spake exman is betrayed! good were it for that ceeding vehemently, If I must die with man if he had not been born. The disci thee, I will not deny thee. And in like ples looked one on another, doubting of manner also said they all. whom he spake. They were exceeding When they had sung a hymn, they went sorrowful, and began to say unto him out unto the mount of Olives. Then saith every one, Is it I, Lord? There was at Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended the table reclining in Jesus' bosom one of in me this night: for it is written, I will his disciples, whom Jesus loved. Simon smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the Peter therefore beckoned to him, and flock shall be scattered abroad. But after said, Tell us who it is of whom he speak I am raised up, I will go before you into

Galilee. But Peter answered and said shoes, lacked ye anything? And they unto him, If all be offended in thee, I said, Nothing. And he said unto them, will never be offended. Jesus said unto But now, he that hath a purse, let him him, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan asked take it, and likewise a wallet; and he to have you, that he might sift you as

that hath none, let him sell his cloak, wheat: but I made supplication for thee,

and buy a sword. For I say unto you, that thy faith fail not; and do thou, when

that this which is written must be ful

filled in me, And he was reckoned with once thou hast turned again, establish

transgressors: for that which concerneth thy brethren.

me hath fulfilment. And they said, Lord, And he said unto them, When I sent behold, here are two swords. And he you forth without purse, and wallet, and said unto them, It is enough.



Christ's Agony in Gethsemane. ESUS went forth over the brook Ki

couldest thou not watch one hour? and dron unto the mount of Olives, and the unto them all, What, could ye not watch disciples followed him. And they came with me one hour? Why sleep ye? rise, unto a place which was named Gethsem

watch and pray, that ye enter not into ane, where was a garden, into which he

temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, entered, himself and his disciples. Now

but the flesh is weak. And a second Judas also, who betrayed him, knew the

time he went away, and prayed, saying place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thith

the same words, My Father, if this caner with his disciples. And when he was at the place he said

not pass away, except I drink it, thy will

be done. And he came again and found unto them, Sit ye here, while I go yonder and pray. And he took with him

them sleeping, for their eyes were very Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, James

heavy; and they knew not what to anand John, and began to be sorrowful and

swer him.

And he left them again, and sore troubled. Then saith he unto them,

went away, and prayed a third time, say. My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even

ing again the same words. And there unto death: abide ye here, and watch appeared unto him an angel from heaven, with me. And he went forward a little,

strengthening him. And being in an and was parted from them about a agony he prayed more earnestly; and his stone's cast; and he kneeled down, and

sweat became as it were great drops of fell on his face on the ground, and

blood falling down upon the ground. prayed, that, if it were possible, the hour

Then cometh he the third time to his might pass away from him. And he said,

disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on My Father, if it be possible, let this cup

now, and take your rest. pass away from me: nevertheless not my It is enough: Behold, the hour is at will, but thine, be done. Wnen he rose hand, and the Son of man is betrayed up from his prayer, he came unto his into the hands of sinners. Arise, let us disciples, and found them sleeping, and be going: behold, he that betrayeth me said unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? is at hand.



Christ before Annas and Caiaphas. 1. Jesus Betrayed and Made Prisoner. take him, and lead him away safely.

Jesus yet spake, lo, Judas, one Jesus therefore, knowing all the things of the twelve, having received the that were coming upon him, went forth, band of soldiers and officers from the and saith unto them, Whom seek ye? chief priests and the Pharisees, and the They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. scribes, and the elders of the people, Jesus saith unto them, I am he. When cometh thither, and with him a great therefore he said unto them, I am he, multitude with swords and staves, with they went backward, and fell to the lanterns and torches. Now he that be ground. Again therefore he asked them, trayed him had given them a token, say. Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of ing, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that is he; Nazareth. Jesus answered, I told you

that I am he; if therefore ye seek me, let unto the high priest, and entered with these go their way: that the word might Jesus into the court of the high priest; be fulfilled which he spake, Of those but Peter was standing at the door whom thou hast given me I lost not one. without. So the other disciple, who was

And when Judas was come, straight known to the high priest, went out and way he came to Jesus, and saith, Hail, spake unto her that kept the door, and Rabbi; and kissed him. And Jesus said brought in Peter. The maid therefore unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son that kept the door saith unto Peter, Art of man with a kiss? Friend, do that for thou also one of this man's disciples? which thou art come. Then they came He saith, Woman, I know him not. Now and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. the servants and the officers were standAnd when they that were about him saw ing there, having made a fire of coals; what would follow, they said, Lord, shall for it was cold; and they were warming we smite with the sword? And behold, themselves; and Peter also was with Simon Peter stretched out his hand, and them, standing and warming himself. drew his sword, and smote the servant One of the servants of the high priest, of the high priest, and struck off his being a kinsman of him whose ear Peter right ear. Now the servant's name was cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the Malchus. Jesus therefore said unto Pe garden with him? But Peter said, Man, ter, Put up the sword into the sheath: I know not what thou sayest. And for all they that take the sword shall straightway the cock crew. And after a perish with the sword. Or thinkest thou little while they that stood by came and that I cannot beseech my Father, and he said to Peter, Of a truth thou also art shall even now send me more than one of them; for thy speech maketh thee twelve legions of angels? How then known. Then began he to curse and to should the scriptures be fulfilled, that swear, I know not this man of whom thus it must be? The cup which the Fa you speak. And immediately, while he ther hath given me, shall I not drink it? yet spake, the second time the cock And he touched the servant's ear, and crew. And the Lord turned, and looked healed him.

upon Peter.

And Peter remembered the And Jesus said unto the chief priests, word of the Lord, how that he said unto and captains of the temple, and elders, him, Before the cock crow twice this and to the multitudes that were come day thou shalt deny me thrice. And he against him, Are ye come out, as against went out and wept bitterly. a robber, with swords and staves to seize me? When I sat daily with you in

3. Christ before Caiaphas and the the temple teaching, ye stretched not

Sanhedrin. forth your hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. THE HIGH PRIEST asked Jesus of his But this is come to pass, that the scrip disciples, and of his teaching. Jesus ture of the prophets might be fulfilled. answered him, I have spoken openly to

Then all the disciples left him, and the world; I ever taught in the synafied. And a certain young man followed gogue, and in the temple, where all the with him, having a linen cloth cast about Jews come together; and in secret spake him, over his naked body: and they laid I nothing. Why askest thou me? Ask hold on him; but he left the linen cloth, them that have heard me, what I spake and fled naked. So the band and the unto them: behold, these know the things chief captain, and the officers of the

which I said. And when he had said Jews, seized Jesus and bound him, and this, one of the officers standing by led him to Annas first; for he was father struck Jesus with his hand, saying. Anin-law to Caiaphas, who was high priest swerest thou the high priest so? Jesus that year.

Annas therefore sent him answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear bound unto Caiaphas the high priest. witness of the evil: but if well, why Now Caiaphas was he that gave counsel

smitest thou me? to the Jews, that it was expedient that

Now the chief priests and the whole one man should die for the people. And

council sought false witness against Jethere all the chief priests and the elders sus, that they might put him to death; and the scribes were gathered together.

and they found it not, though many false

witnesses came. For many bore faise 2. Peter's Denials.

witness against him, and their witness

agreed not together. But afterward SIMON PETER followed Jesus afar off came two, and said, We heard him say,

to see the end, and so did another dis I will destroy this temple that is made ciple. Now that disciple

known with hands, and in three days I will


build another made without hands. And ple took counsel against Jesus to put not even so did their witness agree to him to death. gether. And the high priest stood up in the

4. Remorse and Death of Judas. midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? What is it which THEN Judas, who betrayed him, when these witness against thee? But he held he saw that he was condemned, rehis peace, and answered nothing. Again pented himself, and brought back the the high priest asked him, and saith thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests unto him, I adjure thee by the living and elders, saying, I have sinned in that God, that thou tell us whether thou art I betrayed innocent blood. But they the Christ, the Son of God. And Jesus said, What is that to us? see thou to it. said, I am: henceforth ye shall see the And he cast down the pieces of silver Son of man sitting at the right hand of into the sanctuary, and departed; and the power of God, and coming with the he went away and hanged himself. And clouds of heaven. And the high priest the chief priests took the pieces of silrent his clothes, and saith, What further ver, and said, It is not lawful to put need have we of witnesses? Ye have them into the treasury, since it is the heard the blasphemy: what think ye? price of blood. And they took counsel, And they all condemned him, and said, and bought with them the potter's field, He is worthy of death. And some began to bury strangers in. Wherefore the to spit on him, and to cover his face, and field was called the field of blood unto to buffet him, and to say unto him, this day. Then was fulfilled that which Prophesy unto us, thou Christ: who is was spoken through Jeremiah the prophhe that struck thee? And the officers re et, saying, And they took the thirty ceived him with blows of their hands. pieces of silver, the price of him that And many other things spake they was priced, whom certain of the children against him, reviling him.

of Israel did price; and they gave them Now when morning was come, all the for the potter's field, as the Lord apchief priests and the elders of the peo pointed me.


The Trial of Christ before Pilate and Herod. 1. Jesus Examined before Pilate. he gave him no answer, not even to one

word: insomuch that the governor marTHEY led Jesus from Caiaphas into the Prætorium, and delivered him up

velled greatly. to Pilate the governor; and it was early; Pilate therefore entered again into the and they themselves entered not into the Prætorium, and called Jesus, and said Prætorium, that they might not be de unto him, Art thou the King of the filed, but might eat the passover. Pilate Jews? Jesus answered, Sayest thou this therefore went out to them, and saith, of thyself, or did others tell it thee conWhat accusation bring ye against this cerning me? Pilate answered, Am I a man? They answered and said unto him, Jew? Thine own nation and the chief If this man were not an evil-doer, we priests delivered thee unto me: what should not have delivered him unto thee. hast thou done? Jesus answered, My Pilate said unto them, Take him your kingdom is not of this world: if my kingselves, and judge him according to your dom were of this world, then would my law. The Jews said unto him, It is not servants fight, that I should not be delawful for us to put any man to death: livered to the Jews: but now is my kingthat the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, dom not from hence. Pilate therefore which he spake, signifying by what man said unto him, Art thou a king then? ner of death he should die.

Jesus answered, Thou savest that I am And they began to accuse him, saying, a king. To this end have I been born, We found this man perverting our na and to this end am I come into the world, tion, and forbidding to give tribute to that I should bear witness unto the Cæsar, and saying that he himself is truth. Every one that is of the truth Christ a King. And when he was ac heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto cused by the chief priests and elders, he him, What is truth? And when he had answered nothing. Then saith Pilate said this, he went out again unto the unto him. Hearest thou not how many Jews, and saith unto them, I find no things they witress against thee? And crime in him.


2. Jesus Accused before Herod. rather release him unto them, and de

stroy Jesus. But the governor, desiring PILATE said unto the chief priests and the multitudes, I find no fault in this

to release Jesus, answered and said unto

them, Which of the two will ye that I But they were the more urgent,

release unto you? And they said, Barabsaying, He stirreth up the people, teach

bas. Pilate said unto them, What then ing throughout all Judæa, and beginning

shall I do unto Jesus who is called from Galilee even unto this place. But

Christ? And they cried out again, Cruwhen Pilate heard it, he asked whether

cify him. And Pilate said unto them the man were a Galilæan. And when he

the third time, Why, what evil hath this knew that he was of Herod's jurisdiction,

man done? I have found no cause of he sent him unto Herod, who himself

death in him. I will therefore chastise also was at Jerusalem in these days. Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was

him, and release him. But they were

urgent with loud voices, asking that he exceeding glad: for he was of a long

might be crucified. And their voices pretime desirous to see him, because he had

vailed. And Pilate, wishing to content heard concerning him; and he hoped to see some miracle done by him. And he

the multitude, released unto them Barab

bas, but Jesus he scourged and delivered questioned him in many words; but he answered him nothing. And the chief

up to their will. priests and the scribes stood vehemently accusing him. And Herod and his sol

4. Jesus Crowned with Thorns and Condiers set him at nought, and mocked

demned to Death. him, and arraying him in gorgeous apparel sent him back to Pilate.

THEN the soldiers of the governor took And

Jesus into the Prætorium, and gathHerod and Pilate became friends with

ered unto him the whole band. And each other that very day: for before they

they stripped him, and put on him a were at enmity between themselves.

scarlet robe. And they platted a crown And Pilate called together the chief

of thorns and put it upon his head, and priests and the rulers and the people,

a reed in his right hand; , and they and said unto them, Ye brought unto me

kneeled down before him, and mocked this man, as one that perverteth the peo

him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! ple: and behold, I, having examined him

And they spat upon him, and took the before you, found ult in


reed and smote him on the head. touching those things whereof ye accuse

And Pilate went out again, and said him: no, nor yet Herod: for he sent him

unto them, Behold, I bring him out to back unto us; and behold, nothing

you, that ye may know that I find no worthy of death hath been done by him.

crime in him. Jesus therefore came out, I will therefore chastise him, and re

wearing the crown of thorns and the lease him.

purple garment. And Pilate said unto

them, Behold the man! When the chief 3. Barabbas Released and Jesus Scourged.

priests and the officers saw him, they

cried out, Crucify him, crucify him! Piwont to release unto the multitude late saith unto them, Take him your. one prisoner, whom they would. And selves, and crucify him: for I find no they had then a noted prisoner, called crime in him. The Jews answered him, Barabbas, a robber, who for a certain in We have a law, and by that law he ought surrection made in the city, and for mur to die, because he made himself the Son der, was cast into prison. And the mul. of God. titude went up and began to ask him to When Pilate therefore heard this say. do as he was wont to do unto them. ing, he was the more afraid; and he enAnd Pilate answered them, saying, Will tered into the Prætorium again, and ye that I release unto you the King of saith to Jesus, Whence art thou? But the Jews? For he perceived that for Jesus

gave him

answer. Pilate envy the chief priests had delivered him therefore saith unto him, Speakest thou up. And while he was sitting on the not unto me? Knowest thou not that I judgment-seat, his wife sent unto him, have power to release thee, and have saying, Have thou nothing to do with power to crucify thee? Jesus answered that righteous man; for I have suffered him, Thou wouldest have no power many things this day in a dream be against me, except it were given thee cause of him.

from above: therefore he that delivered Now the chief priests and the elders me unto thee hath greater sin. persuaded the multitudes that they Upon this Pilate sought to release should ask for Barabbas, that he should him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If



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