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MEMORIAL HALL-WEST FAIRMOUNT PARK This permanent memorial of the Centennial Exhibition of 1876 is a treasure house of industrial arts,

paintings, antiques, and curios. Mileage 9.9 Reverse, bearing diagonally right at 10.0 through right-hand arch under R.R. onto

Lansdowne Drive, West Fairmount Park. 10.1 William Penn House.—Removed from Letitia Street to Lansdowne Drive in 1883, this humble

house, built in 1682 by Penn for his daughter Letitia, is venerated as the oldest brick building in Philadelphia, Penn's first home in the “City of Brotherly Love," and the first Statehouse in


Continue on Lansdowne Drive down grade, then curve up steep grade, passing 10.5 Sweet Briar Mansion, 1797.-Judge Samuel Breck, who built this house and lived in it to the ripe

age of ninety-one years, spanned in his life the entire period of American history from the war for Independence to the war for Union. Thaddeus Stevens saved, but Samuel Breck founded the

common school system of the State of Pennsylvania (1836). See Route 19.

Avoid left-hand road just beyond 10.5. 10.7 4-corners; straight through. Bear right at fork just beyond; then at crossroad keep left.

On the left the Smith Civil War Memorial. 10.9 Memorial Hall.-In this permanent memorial of the Centennial Exposition of 1876 is a complete

and fascinating model of the grounds and buildings of the Centennial City. Here is installed the Pennsylvania Museum of the School of Industrial Art, a collection of ceramics, medals, metals, furniture, and textiles of surpassing interest. Housed here also is the Wilstach Collection of paint

ings, founded in 1892 as the nucleus of a municipal art gallery. 11.0 General Meade Statue; by Alexander M. Calder.

Turn right, with Japanese Garden and Temple Gate (a relic of the Centennial Exposi

tion) on left; immediately right to 11.5 Entrance to Horticultural Hall. Immediately opposite is the Jewish Monument to

Religious Liberty, erected by the B'nai B'rith in commemoration of the Centennial anniversary of American Independence.

Horticultural Hall.— Famous for its collection of magnificent tree ferns and other tropical plants, and for its sunken garden at the west end of the building. Horticultural Hall was one of the original

main buildings of the Centennial Exposition. 11.5 Encircle Horticultural Hall to

Mileage 11.7 Fork; turn right; up grade onto Belmont Hill. Magnificent view of the distant city, 12.2 Belmont Mansion, 1745.-Originally the mansion of an early colonial plantation, and the home

of a staunch patriot in Revolutionary days, Belmont is rich in memories of the remarkable Judge Richard Peters, who entertained here Washington and many distinguished guests. The beautiful

colonial interior should not be missed. See Routes 5 and 10. 12.5 Turn right, crossing stone bridge over trolley onto old Speedway. 13.1 Turn right, curving down steep hill. 13.1 At top of grade, turn right. 13.5 Greenland; the old mansion on the right, is the relic of a lost village. 13.6 Turn left down hill, leaving trolley bridge on right. 13.8 Turn left, at foot of hill, onto

West River Drive.-One of the loveliest sections of Fairmount Park's one hundred miles of drives

and foot-paths. 14.6 Turn right over Falls of Schuylkill bridge. 14.8 Turn right onto

East River Drive.–Vies in beauty with its west bank rival. Along its shores gay crowds gather to

witness the American Henley and other races. 15.3 Tomb of Elisha Kent Kane, ruggedly placed on the hillside, near the walled embankment

of Laurel Hill Cemetery. A steep path at this point leads to

The Grave of Charles Thomson.—The obelisk of this great Revolutionary patriot, who was the first Secretary of Congress and the first American translator of the Bible, commands a view of

exceptional beauty. See Route 11. 15.9 Turn left up hill, leaving River Drive. 16.1 On the heights at the left is Strawberry Mansion. 16.2 Statue of The Medicine Man. At 4-corners, straight through; also at 16.4 16.8 Ormiston, a revolutionary mansion once belonging to a noted loyalist. 16.9 Fork; keep right. 17.0 Rockland, built in 1810. An early American merchant's home. 17.2 Benedict Arnold's Mansion. The most beautiful of all the historic mansions in Fairmount Park,

Mt. Pleasant, built in 1762, and owned at the outbreak of the Revolution by Benedict Arnold and

his wife Peggy Shippen, has many charming associations. See Route 10. 17.2 Curve around and turn right. 17.4 Foot of hill, turn right. Pass under R.R. 17.6 East River Drive; turn left. Equestrian Statue of General Grant. By Daniel C. French. 18.0 Frederick Remington's Cow Boy. 18.1 Rock Tunnel.

Visible on hill on left is General Grant's Cabin, used as his headquarters at City Point,

Virginia. On the right, lighthouse and picturesque boat-houses of the Schuylkill Navy. 18.6 Lemon Hill and Mansion, on left; acquired by the city in 1844; the original estate of

42 acres was owned by Robert Morris during the Revolution and was occupied by him

up to 1797.

18.8 Lincoln Monument. Erected in 1871. Turn right, passing around fountain to 19.0 The Aquarium.--Begun in 1911 and established in 1916 in the old Fairmount Water Works, famous

for its Grecian architecture, this exhibit of food and other fishes in ingeniously lighted tanks includes aquatic reptiles, turtles, and terrapin. The turtle “Old Tut” weighs 820 pounds and is over 500 years

old. 19.0 Reverse to fountain, turning right. 19.3 Pennsylvania Ave.; turn right. 19.4 On passing the Washington Monument, keep to the right. The largest bronze sculpture

in the United States, this great equestrian monument by Siemering was erected by the Society of the Cincinnati in 1897; soon to be removed to the Parkway facade of the Art Museum.

The Philadelphia Art Museum.-Still under construction, this magnificent architectural acropolis, overlooking and dominating the entire Parkway, is to cost upwards of $15,000,000. The George

W. Elkins collection of paintings is already housed in it. 19.5 Turn right and then left onto

The Parkway.—The Parkway is the crowning feature of Philadelphia's system of beautiful boulevards, leading directly through Fairmount Park to the Roosevelt Boulevard at the north, and connecting through West Philadelphia with the Cobb's Creek Boulevard. Stretching from the City Hall to Fairmount Park and already flanked by buildings of rare beauty, representative of


THE PARKWAY AT LOGAN CIRCLE This comparatively recent picture is valuable for making clear the great changes taking place in this rapidly growing centre of the city. The mammoth building of the Insurance Company of North America is conspicuous by its absence. Mileage

industry, science, literature, art, and religion, this great central boulevard promises to be the most

beautiful promenade in America. 20.1 The New Free Library.-Facing Logan Square and dominating by its beauty this region of the

Parkway, the new Main Building of the Free Library of Philadelphia has shelving capacity for more than 1,500,000 volumes. The library was established in 1891 and ground for the new building was broken in 1917. Twenty-nine branch libraries extend the usefulness of the library to every

quarter of the city. 20.1 Curve around Logan Circle, once Logan Square, named for William Penn's confidential

friend and secretary, who was one time governor of Pennsylvania. 20.2 The Academy of Natural Sciences.-Founded in 1812, the museum contains a remarkable collec

tion of birds, animals, insects, shells, fossils, minerals, and Indian relics. There is a notable gallery

of portraits of American naturalists and scientists. 20.3

Cathedral of SS. Peter and Paul.—The corner-stone of this beautiful brownstone structure was laid in 1846, and the first religious service in it was held Easter Sunday, 1862. Its imposing dome and beautiful facade of Corinthian columns are striking features of the Parkway. The remains

of most of Philadelphia's venerable Bishops and Archbishops are interred beneath the grand altar. 20.4 Industrial Buildings on the Parkway.—Conspicuous as among the first industrial buildings to be

erected on the Parkway are the Bell Telephone Company Building (20.4), and (20.5) the new build

ing of the Insurance Company of North America. (Founded 1792.) 20.6 Pennsylvania Railroad, Broad Street Station.—Here are the headquarters and general offices of

the Pennsylvania System, which has a total of 27,795 miles of trackage, with 6549 miles west of Pittsburgh. Trains are run from this station, via the Delaware River railroad bridge, direct to Atlantic City and other seaside resorts. A magnificent new station in West Philadelphia at the

Schuylkill River is planned and under construction. 20.7 CITY HALL, Philadelphia.


THE CROSSING OF BROAD AND CHESTNUT STREETS, PHILADELPHIA Dominating the scene is the superb Girard Trust Company Building. At the extreme right is a corner of the City Hall,

Broad and Market Streets, where all routes in this book start and terminate.

The George Washington Sight-Seeing Tour-32.0 m.

Arranged also especially for visitors limited in time, this sight-seeing tour, based on Historic Route 8George Washington in Philadelphia, covers and completes the important historic sections of Philadelphia not included in Summary Route A.

It takes the visitor first to Independence Hall and the other great historic shrines, and finally to every important corner of the city. As Washington is associated in some striking way with every leading street and great highway of old Philadelphia the trip is remarkably all-inclusive. Beginning in the heart of the city, with its kaleidoscopic street scenes, the trip sweeps the length of busy Broad Street to historic Germantown; embraces the lovely Wissahickon boulevard, and picturesque roads of West Fairmount Park; crosses the lively thoroughfares of modern West Philadelphia; courses the length of the new Cobb's Creek boulevard; and returns to the city by way of the oldest highroad in Pennsylvania, affording opportunity to visit the University of Pennsylvania, notable for the first Law School in the United States and the oldest Medical School in America. Opportunity is taken to list on this trip most of the noteworthy buildings or places of interest, ancient or modern, found on the way.

As an exclusively sight-seeing tour this trip can be covered in about four hours. It should be planned, however, for a whole day, allowing ample time for stops and dining. The morning should include stops at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Independence Hall, Congress Hall, Carpenters' Hall, Christ Church, Betsy Ross House, and Masonic Temple, where the first part of the trip may conclude. The afternoon drive should include stops at the Academy of Fine Arts, Stenton, Museum of the Germantown Site and Relic Society, Bartram's Garden, University of Pennsylvania Museum, Commercial Museum, or other places of special interest to the visitor.

0.0 CITY HALL, Philadelphia. Go south on Broad St.

South Broad Street to Spruce.--Lining both sides of South Broad St. are many of the finest and
most important buildings in the city.



(Between South Penn Square and Chestnut)
West End Trust Co. Building

Lincoln Building
Girard Trust Company Building

Liberty Building
(Between Chesinut and Walnut)
Land Title Building

Real Estate Trust Co. Building 0.1 Union League

North American Building
Manufacturers' Club

Forrest Theatre

(Between Walnut and Locust) 0.2 Bellevue-Stratford Hotel

Ritz-Carlton Hotel
Philadelphia Art Club

(Between Locust and Spruce)
Academy of Music

Hotel Walton
Shubert Theatre

Broad Street Theatre
Atlantic Building

Hotel Stenton 0.3 Spruce St.; turn left. 0.4 13th St.; turn left.

Locust and 13th Sts. Stop. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Library Company are included in this trip for the benefit of tourists who have

not undertaken Summary Route A. See page 263. 0.6 Philadelphia Club, Walnut and 13th Sts., northwest corner; one of the oldest and most

exclusive social organizations in Philadelphia; founded in 1830. 0.7 Chestnut St.; turn right.

Chestnut Street to Ninth.—Chestnut Street is still the main shopping street of the city and here stores and shop-windows abound. Chestnut below 13th St. is the Hotel Adelphia. At No. 1218 Chestnut St. is the Bailey Banks and Biddle Co. jewelers and silversmiths. The Commonwealth Title Insurance & Trust Co., 12th and Chestnut, northwest corner, occupies in part the site of the house in which Robert Morris died in 1806. At 1224 Chestnut St. is the retail department of the

hat manufacturers, John B. Stetson Co. 0.8 Keith's Chestnut Street Theatre. 0.9 Old Chestnut Street Opera House, No. 1021 Chestnut St. 0.9 Philadelphia Electric Company, Main Office, 10th & Chestnut Sts., southwest corner.

The Philadelphia Record, No. 917 Chestnut St. 1.0 United States Post Office, Federal Building, Ninth and Chestnut Sts. Boyle's Statue of Franklin.

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