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FOUNDED) by William Penn in 1682; the original city extended from the Delaware River

The oldest house in Philadelphia, now standing in West Fairmount Park, was a brick building built by William Penn in 1682.

The oldest business firm in Philadelphia has been in continuous existence in the same family since 1687, antedating even the founding of the Bank of England,

In 1688, in the Germantown Friends' Meeting House, was presented the first public protest in America against human slavery.

The William Penn Charter School has been in continuous existence in Philadelphia since 1689.

Old Swedes' Church, the oldest church building in Philadelphia, dates back to 1700, although services were begun on the present site in 1677.

Philadelphia is the home of the oldest daily newspaper in the United States, a lineal descendant of Franklin's weekly, founded in 1728.

The first Bible in America, in a European language, was printed in Germantown in 1743.

In Philadelphia in 1752 Franklin proved the identity of lightning and electricity by his famous kite-flying experiment.

The oldest Medical School in the United States was established in Philadelphia in 1765.
In Philadelphia was produced in 1767 the first American drama ever publicly acted.
The first Continental Congress met in Carpenters' Hall, September 5, 1774.

The second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence in the old State House, now Independence Hall, July 4, 1776.

Philadelphia is the “birthplace of Old Glory," the Stars and Stripes having been adopted here by Congress, June 14, 1777. The Betsy Ross House is at No. 239 Arch Street.

In the suburbs of Philadelphia was fought the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777.

Philadelphia has the oldest bank on the American continent, the Bank of North America, chartered in 1781, and still occupying in a modern building its original site,

In Philadelphia in 1785, John Fitch experimented on the Schuylkill River with the first steamboat in America, and in 1788 established on the Delaware River between Philadelphia and Trenton the first passenger steamboat service in the world.

The Protestant Episcopal Church was formally established in the United States in Christ Church, Philadelphia, in 1785.

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THE NEW COLOSSAL MUNICIPAL STADIUM-BROAD AND PATTISON Planned to accommodate 125,000 spectators, it will be the scene of pageantry and big athletic events at the

coming Sesqui-Centennial celebration.

There are sixteen business firms in Philadelphia that antedate the adoption of the Constitution of the United States (1787), in some cases by many years.

The Constitution of the United States was framed and adopted in Philadelphia in 1787 by the Federal Convention that met in Independence Hall.

Philadelphia was the capital of the United States from 1790 until 1800.

George Washington as President of the United States lived with his family in Philadelphia throughout the presidential years 1790-1797.

The first Law School in the United States was founded in Philadelphia in 1790.
The first United States Mint was established in Philadelphia in 1792.

The first United States Bank was established in Philadelphia in 1795, and the building, the oldest bank building in America, is still in use by the Girard National Bank.

The "Athenaeum” portrait of Washington was painted by Gilbert Stuart in Germantown in 1796.

In Philadelphia Washington delivered his "Farewell Address" in 1796.

In Philadelphia in 1799 Washington was first proclaimed—“First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen."

In Philadelphia lived Robert Morris, the financier of the Revolution; Stephen Girard, the financier of the War of 1812; E. W. Clark, the financier of the Mexican War; Jay Cooke, the financier of the Civil War,

Philadelphia is the home of the oldest art academy in America—the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, founded in 1805.

The oldest existing play-house in America--the Walnut Street Theatre—was built in Philadelphia in 1808.

In Philadelphia in 1809 was set up by Thomas Leiper the first experimental railroad in America.

The first American novelist was Charles Brockden Brown, who was born in Philadelphia in 1771 and died here in 1810.

The first American locomotive was built by Matthias W. Baldwin in Philadelphia in 1827. Joseph Jefferson, of “Rip Van Winkle" fame, was born in Philadelphia in 1829.

The first railroad to the West was operated from Philadelphia in 1834, supplanting the stage-coach, the conestoga, and the way-side inn.

The first daguerreotype of the human face was made in Philadelphia in 1839.

In Congress Hall is the masterpiece of the first native born American sculptor, William Rush (1756-1833).

The Academy of Fine Arts possesses the greatest collection of Gilbert Stuart's portraits in America.

Poe's home in Philadelphia is still standing at Seventh and Brandywine Streets.

Philadelphia is a "city of firsts." Besides those mentioned, the list includes: the first paper mill, 1690; the first botanical garden, 1728; the first Masonic Lodge, 1730; the first subscription library, 1731; the first volunteer fire company, 1736; the first American medical book, 1740; the first magazine, 1741; the first American philosophical society, 1743; the first Shakespearean performance in America, 1749; the first fire insurance company, 1752; the first lightning rod, 1752; the first American Arctic expedition, 1753; the first religious magazine, 1764; the first theatre, 1766; the first type cast in America, 1772; the first abolition society in the world, 1774; the first American piano, 1775; the first American dispensary, 1786; the first water works, 1799; the first zoological museum, 1802; the first carriage in the world propelled by steam, 1801; the first American art school, 1805; the first academy of natural sciences, 1812; the first school for training teachers, 1818; the first American building, and loan association, 1831; the first American numismatic association, 1858.


OLD SWEDES' CHURCH, 1700—FOUNDED 1677 Venerable and venerated it is the most cherished memorial in Philadelphia of the early Swedish settlers.

Route 1-Landmarks of the Early Swedes-25.0 m.

Besides exploring some quaint corners of old Philadelphia rich in ancient streets and antique houses, this trip includes a dozen or more miles of interesting open country. Going through the famous “Neck” to the mouth of the Schuylkill River, and passing near Hog Island on the way to Big Tinicum, the route leads from the Delaware River at Essington across the marshes and over Darby Creek to the mainland, concluding with a suburban section of the Chester Pike, the oldest highway in Pennsylvania.


HE lasting memorials of the early bracing Kingsessing, Passyunk, and Wiccaco

Swedish settlers of Philadelphia terri in Southwark,-a very large section of the tory are few but fascinating.

present territory of Philadelphia. InterestAt the City Hall, south side, to the right ing, too, is the portrait of the celebrated of the arched entrance, observe the bronze Chancellor of Sweden, Count Axel Oxentablet (0.0) setting forth the fundamental stierna, who during the Queen's infancy facts regarding the early Swedish settlers raised the funds for carrying out the colof Pennsylvania. On this tablet appear the onization of New Swedeland on the Delanames of families since distinguished in the ware. In a room at the left of the main annals of Philadelphia. Especially notable library hall is the portrait of the famous are the names of Swanson (Sven Schute), Swedish Governor John Printz, who estabStillé (Olaf Stille), and Keen (Kyn). In lished the Swedish seat of government at 1693, for the information of William Penn, Tinicum Island in 1643. a list was made showing the number of Continuing along Fourth Street (1.3) Swedes in Philadelphia,—188 Swedish fam which even in Franklin's early days was ilies, including 907 individuals, of whom 39

the western outpost of the city, we reach only were native Swedes, and of whom 2 the modern South Street (1.5) (Penn's had been in the country since 1639, fifty- Cedar Street), which

Cedar Street), which was the southern four years before Penn's inventory, and boundary of the original city of Philadelforty-three years before Penn's first landing. phia down to 1854, when by act of con

Going first to the Historical Society of solidation the old city of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania (0.5) at Locust and Thirteenth Philadelphia county became coterminous. Streets, southwest corner, devote a few Crossing South Street we enter "Southminutes to the several portraits of historic, wark,” which embraced the whole region importance in relation to the early Swedes. south of South Street extending from the Most important are those of the artist Delaware River to the west side of Passyunk Gustavius Hesselius (1682-1775) and his Avenue, and thence to Reed Street, to wife Lydia, painted by the artist himself, Seventh, to Mifflin, to the Delaware River who came to Philadelphia from Sweden in again. Southwark, first incorporated in 1711, and became the pioneer painter in 1762, was the oldest of the nine incorporated America, antedating John Smybert in New "districts" which helped to make the greater England, and John Watson in New Jersey. Philadelphia of 1854. These portraits are high on the west wall Turning from Fourth Street into Bainof the antechamber to the left on entrance, bridge (1.6) (once named Shippen Street, for which is reached through the main doorway. Edward Shippen, the first mayor of the Noticeable on the south wall in the same city of Philadelphia), we enter the region, hallway are a portrait of the famous Gus some 800 acres, originally possessed by the tavus II Adolphus, whose untimely death at Swedish family of Sven, afterwards known the battle of Lutzen prevented his plans for by the name of Swanson, who lived at the Swedish colonization in America, and the foot of Christian Street in the sub-district portrait of his brilliant daughter Queen long known as Wiccaco, an Indian name said Christina, who in 1653 gave to "the brave to imply "pleasant place.” and courageous" Lieutenant Swen Shute The route through Bainbridge Street to (whose family name afterwards became Front (1.9), and along Front to Queen, is reknown as Swanson) a grant of land em markable for the antiquity of the houses.

Route 1-Landmarks of the Early Swedes—25.0 m.

Driving time about 1 hr. 45 min. Two additional hours, or more, may be well spent in stops, including the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 10 min.; old houses on Queen and Swanson Streets, 15 min.; Old Swedes' Church, 30 min.; Essington, Tinicum Island, 35 min.; Morris Ferry House, 10 min.; Cobb's Creek Dam and St. James of Kingsessing, 20 min. For full details see "Descriptive Itinerary."

Mileage 0.0 PHILADELPHIA, City Hall, south side. Tablet. Go south on Broad St. 0.4 Spruce St.; turn left. 0.5 13th and Spruce Sts.; stop and walk north one block to Locust and 13th Sts., south

west corner, Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Continue on Spruce St. to 1.3 4th St.; turn right. 1.5 Cross South St., southern boundary of city from Penn's day until 1854. 1.6 Bainbridge St.; turn left. 1.9 Front St.; turn right. 2.0 Cross Catharine St. 2.1 Queen St.; turn left. 2.1 Swanson St.; turn right. West side below Queen St., site of the log house of the Sons

of Sven. 2.2 Christian St.; turn right. Note Nos. 5 and 7 Christian St. 2.3 South Water (formerly Otsego) St.; turn left. 2.3 Old Swedes' Church ("Gloria Dei"), South Water St., below Christian. Stop. Return

on South Water St. to 2.4 Christian St.; turn left. 2.5 Moyamensing Ave.; turn left. 3.5 Dead end; jog right then left on 4th St. 3.7 Jackson St.; turn right. 3.8 Cross 5th St.; turn immediately left into Moyamensing Ave. At 4.3 bear left. 4.6 Cross Broad St. At 5.1 bear left. 5.5 Penrose Ave.; turn left. 6.0 Pass Point Breeze Driving Park.

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EARLY "AMERICANIZATION" PAPERS Last reminder of the Swedish faniily that once owned most Penn's document naturalizing in 1701 the builder and of South and West Philadelphia.

pastor of Old Swedes' Church.

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