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E. LITTELL & BROTHER, 136 CHESTNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA,

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G. & C. & H. CARVILL, BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

Clark & Raser, Printers, 33 Carter's Aley.

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FOREIGN LITERATURE AND SCIENCE.

JANUARY, 1829.

Froin the London Magazine.

since strictly maintained by the watchful care

of the English Consul General Warrington, AN ACCOUNT OF THE PRESENT

that the civilization of Tripoli inust be dated. STATE OF TRIPOLI.

" The last-mentioned gentleman," candidly ob

served Mr. Graberg, “hos exerted a great inThe city of Tripoli, in Barbary, has of late fluence over the manners of these people. years attracted particular attention, as affording Before his time a Christian could hardly venthe means of communicating with the regions ture out of the town-gates with any safety; and of central Africa, for which purpose it is more now a European may, without protection, cross favourably situated than any other place on alone almost every tract of that vast state." the coast. The social condition of the inhabi. The people of Tripoli begin to understand the tants appears also more advanced, and the go value of peace, and the advantages of arts and vernment better established and more secure, commerce; they lose by degrees their former ban those of the other Barbary states. Whilst wild, roving habits; they are no longer the deAlgiers, always the foremost in lawless inso- pendants of a lawless militia; and these are leace, is renewing its depredations—whilst better securities of their future conduct, than eren Morocco, emboldened by the example, is the fortunate accident of their having now an trying anew the course of piracy, and Tunis intelligent and well-disposed sovereign. But still keeps its corsairs armed for the first fa- when we speak of civilization and liberality, Fourable opportunity,--the Bey of Tripoli ap we ought not to forget that we are speaking, pears to have, in earnest, given up for ever the at the same time, of Barbary, and must not old practice of privateering, and he keeps at expect too much from any of her people. The peace with all the Christian powers, not ex. capabilities of the country are very great, but cepting the fecbler Italian states. Consuls, sadly neglected by the indolent natives. The and merchants of various nations, are residing total absence of commercial and economical in the capital; their trade is protected and science in the government; the monopolies their property safe. In short, Tripoli stands given to Jews and other speculators, to deal now higher in the scale of civilization than any alone in certain articles; the reservation to the other part of Barbary.

Bey himself of the sale of others, and the ruinWe have been led to this subject by the pe. ous competition he exerts in the purchases; rusal of an interesting memoir on the com the injudicious restraints on trade, the taxes merce, industry, and social condition of that upon exports, and upon plantations, -all these country, and its intercourse with the newly act as checks upon industry. The occasional explored regions of the interior, written by the depredations of the Bedoweens in the interior, Swedish Consul at Tripoli, M. Graberg de and the want of capital, which is felt in counHemso, and which has lately appeared in an tries where men are still afraid of appearing Italian journal. We imagine that a short at. wealthy, and prefer burying their gold to exstract of its contents will not be unacceptable posing it, by circulating it with profit, prevent to our readers.

agricultural improvements on a large scale. The Regency of Tripoli has now been for a The country people also, who bring their procentury past under the sway of the hereditary duce to the bazaar, have been of late guilty of dynasty of Caramanli; "the present Bey, Sidi trickery and cheating, such as mixing water Jassaf, is spoken of by Mr. Graberg in terms with their oil, putting stones in the packages of high commendation. “ Considered as an of wool, &c. Such things were formerly unAfrican Prince, he is distinguished above all known;

and even now the inland trade beothers by his moderation, the good choice of tween Tripoli and the interior is carried on his ministers, and by principles of equity sel. with perfect faith. “ The times are still," says com violated. If led astray at times by the Mr. G., "in the memory of men, when the

suggestions of some crafty courtier, he has mercantile probity and loyalty of the Mussulshown himself open to remonstrance, and has mans was proverbial; nor are these qualities istened to the evidence of right.” It is espe- altogether extinct in them, although no longer cially since the last general peace, and after displayed in their intercourse with the Chris. the final abolition of Christian slavery, ob- tians. Their own primitive ignorance, and tained by Lord Exmouth, a stipulation ever their respect for the moral precepts of the KoMuseum.- VOL. XIV.

No. 79.-A

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