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days by the governor's daughter, who used to countryman, said that the late Iman, a Fellata, come several times in a day, painted and be had had possession of all the books and papers, dizened in the highest style of Wawa fashion, and that he had fled from Boussa some line but always half tipsy; I could only get rid of since. This was a death-blow to all future inher by telling her that I prayed and looked at quiries here; and the whole of the information the stars all night, and never drank any thing concerning the affair of the boat, her crew, and stronger than roa-in-zafir, which they call my cargo, which I was likely to gain here, I have tea, literally hot water : she always departed already stated. Every one, in fact, appeared in a flood of tears. Notwithstanding their uneasy when I asked for information, and said want of chastity and drunkenness, they are it had happened before their remembrance, ce merry people, and have behaved well to me. that they did not see it. They pointed out the They appear to have plenty of the necessaries place where the boat struck, and the unfortuof life, and a great many of the luxuries, some nate.crew perished. Even this was done with of which they would be better without—this caution, and as if by stealth; though in every being the direct road from Bornou, Houssa, thing unconnected with that affair, they were and Nyffé, to Gonja, Dahomey, and Jannah.' most ready to give me what information I ask

ed; and never in my life have I been treated They are, notwithstanding, said to be honest, with more hospitality or kindness.”—p. 104. cheerful, good-natured, and hospitable. The The place where the vessel was sunk is in the women good-looking, and the men strong and eastern channel, where the river breaks over a well made, partly Mahomedans and partly grey slate rock extending quite across it. A Pagans.

little lower down, the river had a fall of three From hence it was settled that our traveller or four feet. Here, and still farther down, the should proceed across the Quotra, to a city call. whole united streams of the Quorra were not ed Koolfu; but as Boussa was higher up the above three-fourths the breadth of the Thames river than the common ferry of Comie, and he at Somerset-house. On returning to the ferry, was determined to visit the spot where Mungo Clapperton found a messenger from the king Park perished, the governor promised to for of Youri, who had sent him a present of a ward his servant and baggage to the former camel. place, where he was to meet them after his “ He said the king, before he left Youri, had visit to Boussa. This town he found, on his shown him two books, very large, and printed, arrival, to be situated on an island formed by that had belonged to the white men that were two branches of the Quorra, the smaller and lost in the boat at Boussa; that he had been more westerly one named the Menai, which offered a hundred and seventy mitgalls of gold he crossed by a canoe, the horses swimming for them, by a merchant from Bornou, who On waiting on the sultan, by whom, as

had been sent by a Christian on purpose for usual, he was kindly received, his first inquiry them. I advised him to tell the king, that he was concerning some white men, who were lost ought to have sold them; that I would not in the river some twenty years ago, near this give five mitgalls for them; but that, if be place.

would send them, I would give him an addi“ He seemed rather uneasy at this question, tional present; and that he would be doing an and I observed that he stammered in his acceptable thing to the king of England by speech. He assured me he had nothing be- sending them, and that he would not act like a longing to them; that he was a little boy king if he did not. I gave him for his master when the event happened. I said I wanted one of the mock-gold chains, a common sword, nothing but the books and papers, and to learn and ten yards of silk, and said I would give from him a correct account of the manner of him a handsome gun and some more silk, if their death; and that with his permission, I he would send the books. On asking him if would go and visit the spot where they were there were any books like my journal, which I lost. He said no, I must not go; it was a very showed him, he said there was one, but that bad place. Having heard that part of the boat his master had given it to an Arab merchant still remained, I asked him if it was so: he re ten years ago; but the merchant was killed by plied that such a report was untrue; that she the Fellatas on his way to Kano, and what bad did remain on the rocks for some time after, become of that book afterwards he did not but had gone to pieces and floated down the know.”—pp. 122, 123. river long ago. I said if he would give me the Upon this, Clapperton sent a person with a books and papers it would be the greatest fa. letter to Yourivour he could possibly confer on me? He “ Mohamed, the Fezzanie, whom I had hired again assured me that nothing remained with at Tabra, and whom I had sent to the chief of him,-every thing of that kind had gone into Youri for the books and papers of the late the hands of the learned men; but that if any Mungo Park, returned, bringing me a letter were now in existence he would procure them from that person, which contained the follow. and give them to me. I then asked him if he ing account of the death of that unfortunate would allow me to inquire of the old people in traveller: that not the least injury was done the town the particulars of the affair, as some to him at Youri, or by the people of that cousof them must have seen it. He appeared very try; that the people of Boussa had killed them, uneasy, gave ine no answer, and I did not and taken all their riches; that the books in press him further."-pp, 100,101.

his possession were given him by the Imam of Not satisfied with this, Clapperton returned Boussa; that they were lying on the top of the the subject:

goods in the boat when she was taken ; that The sultan, when I inquired of him again not a soul was left alive belonging to the boat; y about the papers of my unfortunate that the bodies of two black men were found in


the boat chained together; that the white men yet got; and was told to me without my putjumped overboard, that the boat was made of ting any questions, or showing any eagerness {wo canoes joined fast together, with an awn. for him to go on with his story. I was often ing or roof behind; that he, the sultan, had a puzzled to think, after the kindness I had regun, double-barrelled, and a sword, and two ceived at Boussa, what could have caused such books that had belonged to those in the boat ; a change in the minds of these people in the that he would give me the books whenever I course of twenty years, and of their different went to Youri myself for them, not until then." treatment of two European travellers. I was pp. 132, 133.*

even disposed at times to flatter myself that The last account of this unfortunate travel there was something in me that belonged to no. ler, is stated to be from an eye-witness. body else, to make them treat me and my peo

"This evening I was talking with a man ple with so much kindness; for the friendship that is married to one of my landlady's female of the king of Boussa I consider as my only slaves, called her daughter, about the manners protection in this country."-pp. 134, 135. of the Cumbrie and about England; when he This is by far the most probable, and all of gave the following account of the death of them corroborate the story generally disbePark and of his companions, of which he was lieved at the time, which Isaaco brought back an eye witness. He said that when the boat from Amadoo-Fatima. There is yet a chance, came down the river, it happened unfortunate. we think, though but a slender one, that the ly just at the time that the Fellatas first rose journal of Park may be recovered. in arms, and were ravaging Goober and Zam Clapperton found, on reaching the ferry at fra; that the sultan of Boussa, on hearing that Comie, that so far from his baggage having the persons in the boat were white men, and gone on to Koolfu, it had been stopped at Wawa that the boat was different from any that by the governor; and that, to his great sur. had ever been seen before, as she had a house prise, the widow Zuma was at a neighbouring at one end, called his people together from the village, from whom he presently received some neighbouring towns, attacked and killed them, boiled rice, and a fowl, with an invitation to not doubting that they were the advance guard go and stop at her house. The governor's son of the Fellata army then ravaging Soudan, un informed him, that his baggage would not be der the command of Malam Danfodio, the fa. allowed to leave Wawa, till the widow was ther of the present Bello; that one of the sent back. " What have I to do with the wiwhite men was a tall man with long hair; that dow?" asked Clapperton. “You have,” he they fought for three days before they were all replied, " and you must come back with me killed; that the people in the neighbourhood and take her.” Clapperton, however, positivewere very much alarmed, and great numbers ly refused to have any thing to do with or say Aed to Nyffé and other countries, thinking that to her. His servant Richard at this moment the Fellatas were certainly coming among returned from Boussa, whither he had followed them. The number of persons in the boat his master, to acquaint him with the detention was only four, two white men and two blacks: of his baggage; told him that it was owing to that they found great treasure in the boat; the widow's having left Wawa, about half an but that the people had all died who eat of the hour after he did, with drums beating before meat that was found in her. This account Iher, and a train after her, first calling at his believe to be the most correct of all that I have lodgings before she waited on the governor;

that she had given old Pascoe a female slave

for wife, without the governor's permission; * This is not exactly what the sultan says in and that she had declared, she intended followhis letter, of which the following is a transla. ing him to Kano, from whence she would retion by Mr. Salamé:

turn to make war on the governor, as she had " This is issued from the prince or lord of done once before.-" This," says Clapperton, Yaoury to Abdallah, the English captain salu. “ let me into their politics with a vengeance : tation and esteem. Hence your messenger it would have been a fine end to my journey inhas arrived and brought us your letter, and we deed, if I had deposed old Mohamed, and set understand what you write. You inquire about up for myself, with a walking tun-butt for a a thing that has no trace with us. The Prince queen.” Clapperton, however, determined to or Lord of Boossy is older (or greater) than us, go back to Wawa to release his baggage, and because he is our grandfather. Why did you scarcely had he got there, when the arrival of not inquire of him about what you wish for? | the jolly widow was announced, whose appearYou were at Boossy, and did not inquire of the ance and escort we must let our traveller de. inhabitants what was the cause of the destruc- scribe. tion of the ship and your friends, nor what “ This morning the widow arrived in town, happened between them of evil; but you do with a drummer beating before her, whose cap now inquire of one who is far off, and knows was bedecked with ostrich feathers; a bowman nothing of the cause of their (the Christians') walking on foot at the head of her horse; a destruction.

train behind, armed with bows, swords, and “As to the book which is in our hand, it is spears. She rode a-straddle on a fine horse, true, and we did not give it to your messenger, whose trappings were of the first order for this but we will deliver it to you, if you come and country. The head of the horse was ornamentshow us a letter from your lord. You shall | ed with brass plates, the neck with brass bells, then see it and have it, if God be pleased; and and charms sewed in various coloured leather, much esteem and Sålàm be to you, and prayer such as red, green, and yellow; a scarlet breastand peace, unto the last of the apostles. piece, with a brass plate in the centre; scarlet

“MOHAMMED.” saddle-cloth, trimmed with lace. She was


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dressed in red silk trowsers, and red morocco than Kano, a city which is estimated by boots; on her head a white turban, and over Clapperton to contain from thirty to forty her shoulders a mantle of silk and gold. Had thousand inhabitants. Many of them are she been somewhat younger and less corpulent, from Foota Bonda and Foota Torra, and

Cricate there might have been great temptation to seem

to know and to have had dealings with

te the c head her party, for she has certainly been a the French and English on the coast, and very handsome woman, and such as would have as our author says, have not improved by been thought a beauty in any country in Eu the acquaintance. The environs of this city rope."-pp. 113, 114.

are said to be beautiful like some of the finest The widow was summoned before the go parts of England in the month of April, and vernor, went on her knees, and, after a lecture grain and fruits of various kinds are cultivated on disobedience and vanity, was dismissed; both within and without the walls. The beauty but, on turning her back, she shook the dust off and fertility of the country continued all the her feet, with great indignation and contempt; way to Kano, which our traveller entered on and I went home," says Clapperton,“ deter: the 20th July, 1826. mined never to be caught in such a foolish af Here Clapperton met his former friend and 2.09 fair in future."

acquaintance, Hadje Hat Sala, who informed He now proceeded to the ferry, crossed the him of the state of the war between Bello and Quorra, which was about a quarter of a mile the Sheik of Bornou. Though still in badan in width, running about two miles an hour, and health, he determined to proceed at once to from ten to fifteen feet deep. The canoes were Bello, and to leave his servant Richard and old about twenty feet long and two wide. He was Pascoe at Kano, under the protection of Hadje, now in the province of Nyffe ; the country well / who was authorized to grant them whatever cultivated, and the ant-hills near Ell Wata

money they might want. At Jaza he met bis were the largest he ever saw, being from fifteen | old friend the Gadado, or prime minister; who to twenty feet high, resembling so many Go greeted bim with great' kindness; told him thic cathedrals in miniature. In this part of that Bello had received his letter from Koolfu, the country, the natives smelt iron ore, and

and had sent a messenger to conduct him to every village had three or four blacksmiths' Soccatoo. It seems, however, that the gadado shops in it. The houses are generally painted prevailed on him to remain for some time in with figures of human beings, huge snakes, al- | Kano, where he was plundered of several artiligators, or tortoises. On arriving at Koolfu, cles, and, among others, of his journal and reour traveller took up his abode with a widow mark book, a circumstance which has occasionLaddie, huge, fat, and deaf, very rich, sells ed an hiatus in his narrative from July to Oc. salt, natron, booza, and roa bum, or palm wine. tober, on the 12th of which month we find him, The booza is made from guinea corn, honey, with a part of the Sultan's army, near Zurmie

, Chili pepper, and the root of a coarse grass, on the borders of a large lake, or rather chain and is a very fiery and intoxicating beverage of lakes, on the plain of Gondamie, approachThe whole night was passed in singing, danc- ing nearly to Soccatoo. ing, and drinking booza. The women, too, * The borders of these lakes are the resort of dressed in all their finery, joined the men, numbers of elepbants and other wild beasts, danced, sang and drank booza with the best of The appearance at this season, and at the spot them. These scenes are exactly similar to where I saw it, was very beautiful; all the acathose which Burckhardt describes to have

cia trees were in blossom, some with white taken place among the booza-drinkers of Ber- flowers, others with yellow, forming a contrast ber and Shendy.

with the small dusky leaves, like gold and silKoolfu is a sort of central market, where tra

ver lassels on a cloak of dark green velvet. I ders meet from every part of Soudan and wes observed some fine large fish leaping in the tern Africa. It is a walled town, with four lake. Some of the troops were bathing ; others gates, and may contain from twelve to fifteen watering their horses, bullocks, camels

, and Thousand inhabitants, including all classes, the

asses: the lake as smooth as glass, and flowing slave and the free, who live together and eat around the roots of the trees. The sun, on its together without distinction, the men slaves approach to the horizon, throws the shadows of with the men, and the women with the women; the flowery acacias along its surface, like sheets for, in the true style of all orientals, the two of burnished gold and silver. The smoking sexes eat their meals apart, and never sit down

fires on its banks, the sounding of horns, the to any repast together. They are represented beating of their gongs or drums, the braying as a kind-hearted people, and affectionate to.

of their brass and tin trumpets, the rude huts of wards one another, but they will cheat, if they grass or branches of trees rising as if by magic, can-and who is there, we may ask, that does every where the calls on the names of Moham, not, in the way of trade? From Koolfu to ed, Åbdo, Mustafu, &c., with the neighing of Kufu the country was woody, the trees along borses and the braying of asses, gave anima: the path consisting mostly of the butter tree. tion to the beautiful scenery of the lake

, and The villages were numerous, and cultivation its sloping green and woody banks."--p, 181. extensive; but so insecure did the inhabitants

He now learned from the gadado that the consider themselves, that every man, working Sultan Bello was encamped before Coonia, the in the fields, was armed to defend himself capital city of Goobur, which had rebelled against the inroads of the Fellatas.

against him, and which he was determined to Zaria, the capital of Zeg-zeg, is a large city, subdue before he returned to Soccatoo. The inhabited almost wholly by Fellatas, who have Kano troops therefore moved forwards, and their mosques with minarets, and their houses Clapperton along with them. They soon flat roofed. It is said to be more populous reached the main army; Bello received hita

most kindly; told him he had sent two messen. also a gemicircular piece on each side. The gers, one of whom went as far as to Katunga ; rider was armed with a large spear; and he said he would receive the king's letter and pre- had to be assisted to mount his horse, as his sent at Soccatoo, as he intended to make his quilted cloak was too heavy; it required two attack on the city the following day. We can men to life him on; and there were six of not omit Clapperton's description of this curi- them belonging to each governor, and six to ous assault.

the sultan.. I at first thought the foot would "After the mid-day prayers, all, except the take advantage of going under cover of these eunuchs, camel drivers, and such other servants unwieldy machines; but no, they went alone, as were of use only to prevent theft, whether as fast as the poor horses could bear them, mounted or on foot, marched towards the ob. which was but a slow pace. They had one ject of attack; and soon arrived before the musket in Coonia, and it did wonderful execu-. walls of the city. I also accoinpanied them, tion, for it brought down the van of the quilted and took up my station close to the Gadado. men, who fell from his horse like a sack of The march had been the most disorderly that corn thrown from a horse's back at a miller's can be imagined; horse and foot intermingling door ; but both horse and man were brought off in the greatest confusion, all rushing to get by two or three footmen. He had got two forward; sometimes the followers of one chief balls through his breast; one went through his tumbling amongst those of another, when body and both sides of the robe : the other swords were half unsheathed, but all ended in went through and lodged in the quilted armour making a face, or putting on a threatening as opposite the shoulders.”—p. 185—187. pect. We soon arrived before Coonia, the ca

Nor must the services of the old picturesque pital of the rebels of Goobur, which was not

nurse be overlooked. above half a mile in diameter, being nearly cir. cular, and built on the bank of one of the

" The most useful, and as brave as any one of branches of the rivers, or lakes, which I have us, was an old female slave of the sultan's, a mentioned. Each chief, as he came up took native of Zamfra, five of whose former governhis station, which I suppose had previously

ors she said she had nursed. She was of a been assigned to him. The number of fight- dark copper colour : in dress and countenance, ing men brought before the town could not, I very like one of Captain Lyon's female Esquithink, be less than fifty or sixty thousand,

maux. She was mounted on a long-backed horse and foot, of which the foot a mounted to bright bay horse, with a scraggy tail, crop-earmore than nine-tenths. For the depth of two ed, and the mane as if the rats had eaten part hundred yards, all round the walls was a dense of it; and he was not in high condition. She circle of men and horses. The horse kept out

rode a-straddle; had on a conical straw dish. of bow-shot, while the foot went up as they

cover for a hat, or to shade her face from the felt courage or inclination, and kept up a

sun, a short, dirty, white bedgown, a pair of straggling fire with about thirty muskets, and dirty, white, loose and wide trowsers, a pair of the shooting of arrows. In front of the sultan, Houssa boots, which are wide, and come up the Zeg-zeg troops had one French fusil : the over the knee, fastened with a string round the Kano forces had forty-one muskets. These waist. She had also a whip and spurs. At fellows, whenever they fired their pieces, ran

her saddle-bow hung about half a dozen gourds, out of bow-shot to load; all of them were

filled with water, and a brass basin to drink out slaves ; not a single Fellata had a musket. of; and with this she supplied the wounded The enemy kept up a sure and slow fight, sel and the thirsty: I certainly was much obliged dom throwing away their arrows, until they to her, for she twice gave me a basin of water. saw an opportunity of letting fly with effect

. The heat and the dust made thirst almost inNow and then a single horse would gallop up tolerable.”—p. 188. to the ditch, and brandish his spear, the rider At the conclusion of this memorable battle, taking care to cover himself with his large in which nothing was concluded, the whole leathern shield, and return as fast as he went, army set off in the greatest confusion, men and generally calling out lustily, when he got quadrupeds tumbling over each other, and upamong his own party, Shields to the wall!' setting' every thing that fell in their way. * You people of the Gadado, or Atego,' &c. Clapperton made his way to Soccatoo, where why don't you hasten to the wall?". To he found the same house he had formerly inwhich some voices would call out, “Oh! you babited prepared for his reception. Here, and have a good large shield to cover you! The in the neighbourhood, he resided nearly six ery of Shields to the wall,' was constantly months, in the course of which time he collectheard from the several chiefs to their troops; ed much information respecting the first irrupbut they disregarded the call, and neither chiefs tion of the Fellatas, or Foulahs, from Foota nor vassals moved from the spot. At length Torra, Foota Jella, &c., on the western side of the men in quilted armour went up . per order.' Africa, under Othman Danfodio, the father of They certainly cut not a bad figure at a disBello; the manner in which he succeeded in tance, as their helmets were ornamented with subjugating the greater part of Houssa ; the black and white ostrich feathers, and the sides manners of these Mahommedans; the state of of the helmets with pieces of tin, which glit. society, of their agriculture, commerce, and tered in the sun, their long quilted cloaks of manufactures: for an account of all which we gaydy colours, reaching over part of the horses' must refer our readers to the volume itself, tails, and hanging over the Aanks. On the contenting ourselves with briefly running over neck, even the horse's armour was notched, or the author's transactions with the present vandyked, to look like a mane; on his forehead ruler, who certainly did not treat him with and over his nose, was a brass or tin plate, as that kindness he had a right to expect, though

some palliating circumstances may be pleaded | wards. The rest is supplied by his faithfa in excuse, on account of the peculiar situation servant, Lander. in which he was then placed with regard to the On the same day it appears he was attacked Sheik of Bornou.

with dysentery, which he told Lander hac A very few days after Clapperton's arrival in been brought on by a cold, caught by lying o. Soccatoo, he was visited by Sidi Sheik, Bello's the ground which was soft and wel, when doctor, and one of his secretaries, who, after heated and fatigued with walking. “ Twent some preamble, told him, that by whatever days," says Lander, "my poor master remar road he might choose to return home, he shoulded in a low and distressed state. His body, be sent, under an escort,-- were it even by from being, robust and vigorous, became weit Bornou,-though it was right to inform him and emaciated, and indeed was little bette: that, on his former visit, the Sheik of Bornou than a skeleton." Lander himself was in a had written, advising Bello to put him (Clap- fever, and almost unable to stir ; but he was perton) to death. This, Clapperton observed, assisted in taking care of his master by Pascoe was very extraordinary, after the kind manner and an old black slave. Towards the beginning in which the sheik had behaved to him, to the of April, Clapperton became alarmingly ill. very last hour of his departure, and insisted on “ His sleep was uniformly short and disturbseeing the letter. For this purpose he lost not ed, and troubled with frightful dreams. In a moment in repairing to the gadado, who af- them he frequently reproached the Arabs with fected ignorance, and said there must be some much bitterness, but being an utter stranger mistake, as he was sure there was no such let. to that language, I did not understand him.! ter. The next day the gadado took him to the read to him daily some portions of the New sultan, who told him that such a letter had | Testament, and the ninety-fifth Psalm, t. certainly been written with the sheik's sanc which he was never weary of listening; and tion, by Hadje Mohamed, who therein said he on Sundays added the Church service, to was a spy, and that the English had taken pos which he invariably paid the profoundest alsession of India by first going there by ones tention."-p. 273. and twos, until they got strong enough to seize At length, calling honest Lander to his bedupon the whole country. A few days after side, Clapperton saidthis it was announced to Clapperton that the "Richard, I shall shortly be no more; I fee sultan had sent for his servant and all his bag. myself dying.' Almost choked with grief, ! gage to be brought from Kano to Soccatoo, replied, "God forbid, my dear master : you will and in a day or two afterwards Landcr actual. live many years yet.' "Don't be so much as ly arrived with it. The next step was to seize fected, my dear boy, I entreat you,' said he the baggage, under pretence that Clapperton it is the will of the Almighty; it cannot be was conveying guns and warlike stores to helped. Take care of my journal and papers the sultan of Bornou; and lastly, he ordered after my death; and when you arrive in Loc Lord Bathurst's letter to the sheik to be given don, go immediately to my agents, send for my úp to him. This conduct of the sultan had uncle, who will accompany you to the Colonial such an effect on Clapperton's spirits, that Office, and let him see you deposit them safely his servant Richard says he never saw him into the hands of the secretary. After I am smile afterwards; but he found it in vain to buried, apply to Bello, and borrow money remonstrate. "He told the gadado that the con purchase camels and provisions for your jourduct_of Bello was not like that of a prince of ney over the desert, and go in the train of the the Faithful; that he had broken his faith, and Arab merchants to Fezzan. On your arrival done him all the injury in his power. The there, should your money be exhausted, send a gadado now assured him that not only the sheik messenger to Mr. Warrington, but the two hadjis of Tripoli, had written let-Tripoli, and wait till he returns with a remit ters to Bello, denouncing him as a spy, and tance. On reaching Tripoli, that gentleman observing that the English wanted to take will advance what money you may require

, and Africa as they had done India. “I told the send you to England the first opportunity. Do gadado they were acting like robbers towards not lumber yourself with my books; leave them me, in defiance of all good faith.” In short, behind, as well as the barometer, boxes, and their jealousy proceeded so far as to seize sticks, and indeed every heavy article you can every thing that could be supposed to be any conveniently part with; give them to Malam part of the present intended for the Sheik of Mudey, who will take care of them. The Bornou.

wages I agreed to give you iny agents will pay Not long after this, intelligence was received as well as the sum government allowed me for at Soccatoo, of the total defeat of the Bornou a servant; you will of course receive it, as Coarmy, which put the sultan in such good spi. lumbus has never served me. Remark what rits, that he began to resume his former kind towns or villages you pass through; pay atten conduct towards Clapperton, discussing with tion to whatever the chiefs may say to you

, and him which would be the best and safest way put it on paper. The little money I have, and for his return to England; but

it was now too | all my clothes, I leave you : sell the latter, and late; Clapperton's health had never been re put what you may receive for them into your stored since the first night's fatal sleeping on pocket; and if, on your journey, you the reedy banks of a stagnant ditch; and his obliged to expend it, government will repay. For spirits were now completely broken down by on your return.' I said, as well as my agitation disappointment and ungenerous treatment. would permit me, If it be the will of God to His journal about this time, the 12th of March, take you, you may rely on my faithfully per terminates abruptly in the midst of a conver forming, as far as I am able, all that you have ation as to the best route to be taken home desired; but I trust the Almighty will spare


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