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Through the remainder of the reign Cecil, ployment, secretary perhaps, or steward, and no doubt, was an active and effective member " incapable," as Dr. Nares says, we do not of the government-still, it must be remem- know why, “ of flattery.". But be the story bered, under Warwick-in settling the church, true or false, he was dismissed, and moreover arranging the finances, in protecting trade, es- the Chancellorship of the Garter was taken pecially in reducing the privileges of the fo- from him; but within a very few months matreign merchants in the steelyard, and was one ters are prodigiously changed, and no good of Cranmer's chief coadjutors in furthering reason assigned for it. The main pillar and the Reformation, to whom, indeed, together stay of Protestantism conformed, -outwardly, with Cheke, he submitted the forty-two arti- says his excellent biographer, which may be cles, as to “ wise and good men, very well seen very true he had a priest in his bouse, he in divine learning, and the two great patrons
confessed, he attended mass, was, in short, a of the Reformation at court.” To the young professed Catholic. Upon this change too, King himself he was personally acceptable, and it ceases to be a matter of wonder, we find and was supposed to have had no small share the good man in favour again, though not rein those productions, which are ostensibly at- stored to his old office, but actually appointed, tributed to him-particularly the letter ad. in company with Lord Paget and Sir Edward dressed to his sister Mary for her conversion- Hastings, to go to Brussels and conduct to “Ah," said she, on receiving it, "good Mr. England Cardinal Pole, then invested with a Cecil took much pains here."
legatine commission. This, Dr. Nares is with Just before Edward's death, Warwick, then some regret compelled to acknowledge, is Duke of Northuinberland, had prevailed upon something extraordinary, but then it is extrathe dying boy to change the order of succes. ordinary on both sides, not only that Cecil, so siun-seiting aside his sisters as illegitimate, stout and staunch a reformer, should accept and appointing Jane Gray as his immediate the appointment, but that Mary and her Counsuccessor. To the act of Council, sanctioning cil should trust a Protestant why the truth this appointment, the members affixed their is, he was no Protestant,-he “conformed," signatures-some of them at the earnest im- or, in plain terms, he relapsed—he had a priest, portunity of the King, and among them Cran. confessed, altended mass, &c. mer and Cecil. This document, a part of The probability which 'finally suggests itself which Dr. Nares has printed, bears evident to the biographer is, that he must in ibis othermarks, by the erasures and interlineations in wise unaccountable embassy, have been also Northumberland's own hand, of trickery. It politically employed, to discuss, perhaps, the seems pretty manifest Edward had been se- affairs of Europe with the Emperor, admirabiy duced into setting aside his sisters under the fitted as he must be allowed to have been from notion of excluding females, and Jane Gray the confidential situation he had held under among the rest.
the lale King, and his " well known eminence." By this act Ceci!, with the rest of the Coun. But this is all pure conjecture. The Emperdi, cil, was brought into difficulties on Mary's ac. to be sure, was at Brussels-Pole was there at cession : but before Edward's death, penetrat. his court—and thither the commission went to ing the purposes of Northumberland, he had fetch him—and time enough, no doubt, there hoiden back, and for a time even feigned sick might be to talk of the affairs of Europe ; but ness to be out of the way; and on the King's this is not evidence. In his journal he says, death, when he as well as the Council were “ vi. Nov. 1554, cæpi iter cum Dom. Paget et all at Greenwich, and Northumberland re- Mag. Hastings versus Cæsarem pro reducendo quired him, as Secretary of State, to prepare Cardinale;" but surely it was perfectly natua proclamation setting forth Jane's title, he ral to say he was going to the Emperor's (this refused; and again, also, when commanded to we suppose is all that was meant- very little pen a letter justificatory of that title, in which can be said at any time for Cecil's Latin) with Mary was to be designated bastard. So far out its involving a political implication. Nor from Cecil's seconding his views, Northumber- did Cecil's connexion with the Cardinal cease land had apparently, for some time, been con. with the embassy; he was remarked on bis templating his removal, and from some dis- return to have had more of the Cardinal's fa. trust of him it probably was, that he at this vour than any other Englishman, and be again time appointed Cheke a third secretary. accompanied him when he went back to the
Cecil, according to his own account," prac. continent to negotiate the peace. At court he tised" with the members of the Council; and was so much in favour, that when suminoned as soon as they had withdrawn to Baynard's before the Council on a somewhat suspicious Castle, Lord Arundel and Sir W. Paget were occasion, he was dismissed with the utmost despatched to Mary with an offer of service, courtesy on his own simple explanation; and and were soon afterwards followed by Cecil, though not conspicuously employed-there who met with a very gracious reception. In might perhaps have been no present opportu. the arrangements consequent on her acces. nity-he was among those who presented and sion, the new Queen offered to continue hiin received new-year's gifts, no slight distinction in the office of Secretary, if he would change in those days. his religion-a condition which he, of course, But all this his friends in their confiding rejected. This we learn from the testimony good-nature, and certainly by a palural bits, of his" domestic,” who wrote a brief account his able and amiable biographer, are willing to "his master, and from whom the chief infor- understand as a wise compliance with the tion, indeed, relative to his earlier days is times, for the sake of watching over the latent ved—a man who was in his service twenty. interests of Protestantism, and protecting, and years, apparently in some confidential ein.
counselling, and advising the Princess Eliza
beth. It is pretty evident that he did keep up | petrate in this way, till there is a surplus quana correspondence with her, and did advise her lity of labour that may be removed from proon all important occasions; and if all this in- filable occupations?
There should be an extercourse did not escape the notice of the press law of congress to prevent any citizen court, as we can scarcely imagine it could, indulging in the luxury of romance composithen the fair inference is, that he was playing tion while there was a slave in the land. At a double and a triple game, and we must ad- any rate they should write history. Five years mire the good luck with wbich he finally fell ago, who would have dreamt of seeing a Phion his legs.
ladelphia Annual? But if we cannot concur entirely and abso- But it is a pretty Annual, this same “Atlanlutely with the biographer in his admiration, tic Souvenir;" and comes forth with as jaunand even veneration for his very distinguished ty a new coat as the best of the family. The subject, we can well appreciate his own merits engravings are, of course, inferior to ours; for -they are of the very highest order. His England possesses the finest engravers in the work exhibits great research, great honesty, world; but they are exceedingly creditable to powerful statement, good feeling, liberal inter- the artists of the West. The best plates of this pretations, and no little ingenuity; and no little book are after Newton (we recant all that man, be he king, priest, or minister, need wish we profanely hinted about American art), and for a gentler chronicler.
Farrier, and Corbould. Mrs. Hemans has sent a contribution all over the Atlantic. Her in. dustry is beyond all praise. Blank verse is a tempting instrument for aspirants; but it is like the violin-very easily tortured into most
execrable noise. We must try a specimen From the London Magazine.
which is meant to be funny :THE EDITOR'S ROOM. The season is begun-not the parliamentary or the fashionable season—but the booksellers'. 'Tis said that music is the food of Love, This season is in some sort a campaign; but a Light diet, certes, though excess of it, campaign in very odd weather. It commences As the bard sings—THE BARD, par excelin November, and it lasts till July. The Long.
lencemans take the field with the heavy horse, the May give a surfeit and the appetite Murrays with the dragoons, and the Colburns Sicken and die-the Irish way, perhaps, with the light infantry. Heavens! what blood- The poet meant-to live a little longer. less battles of the books, and what Buona- If some have died for love, 'tis probable parteish bulletins of the booksellers. Volume Not over-eating, but the lack of food after volume perish in the affray_"they course Led to such sad catastrophes. The limners each other down like the generations of men, Have sometimes made this Love a chubby and after a moment's space are hurried to- child, gether to oblivion.” We delight in the excite. Like Clara Fisher, (who's a little love, ment. We love to mark the progress of the Par parenthese,) in Gobbleton. But who strategy. We can trace the genius of the com- Would think of Crpid, as of one o' the quorum, mander, from the insinuating paragraph in the (Not but that aldermen can love, however,) * Morning Post,” to the elaborate praise of all Dying of calipash and calipee! magazines (we had forgotten our own and one Yet music is the food of love, nay more, or two others). It is a stirring time; and to us It is the vital air of love, its soul, the peculiar happiness is that we look upon Its very essence, love is harmony the bustle and the brain-sinashing with the Or nothing; love's the music of the mindsame satisfying composure with which Campo (Perhaps that thought is stolen from Lady bell looked upon the fight of Hohenlinden.
Morgan, But we have our own work to do; and certes Whose books I read with pleasure notwithlight reading is the heaviest work in the world. standing The annuals have well nigh killed us. In the Some pigmy critics here, and those they ape, days of folios reviewing must have been a Those barbarous, one eyed Polyphenuses, treat. We should have delighted to have The Cyclopes of the English Quarterly.) grappled with the Cudworths and Barrows- But to return from rambling-Cupid's movethe Hobbes' and Lockes of the old glorious times. Grotius and Puffendorf would have fur. Are the true “poetry of motion," (that nished recreation for a year, after the toil of I'm sure belongs to Lady Morgan,) full novel-reading and essay writing upun passing We must confess of strange variety, things. There are no such books now publish | From epic down to ballad. ed. Even the lawyers and doctors are labour. ing to make their enigmas popular.
The tales are too long for quotation; but The Americans have begun to turn their several of them are exceedingly interesting thoughts to this all-engrossing manufacture of of the poems we shall give one which we think literary sweetmeats. Have they no more wouds far above mediocrity,- à character indeed to clear? What have they to do with art or which belongs to a great part of the book; and literature (by literature we mean those useless truly, since we have looked into the matter, we dishes of whipt cream which every body with have no objection that the Americans do prous writes as well as reads) for a century at ceed with song and sentiment after the fashion least? Can they not republish what we per- / of their own honourable ambition
“ In closing these remarks upon the consti. O BURY not the dead by day,
tutional jurisprudence of the United States, When the bright sun is in the sky,
we repeat what we said at the beginning of But let the evening's mantle gray
them.' We think the course which things are Upon the mouldering ashes lie,
taking in this country, must lead to a passive And spread around its solemn tone,
and slavish acquiescence under usurpation and Before ye give the earth its own.
abuse. Liberty is a practical matter-it has
nothing to do with metaphysics—with entity The gaudy glare of noon-day light
and quiddity. It is a thing to be judged of altoBefits not well the hour of gloom,
gether in the concrete. Like the point of ho. When friend o'er friend performs the rite nour, or the beauties of art, or the highest per
That parts them till the day of doom- fection of virtue, it addresses itself to the comOh, no!-let twilight shadows come, mon sense and feelings of mankind. There is When heaven is still and nature dumb. no defining it with mathematical exactness
no reducing it to precise and inflexible rules. Then, when the zephyrs in the leaves
What, for instance, does it signify, that a skil. Scarce breathe amid their mazy round,
ful disputant might possibly prove the tarifi And every sigh that air receives
law to be within the words of the constitution; Is heard along her still profound
would that prevent its being a selfish and oppresThen at night's dusky hour of birth,
sive, and, therefore, a tyrannical measure? Is Yield the lamented dead to earth.
there any practical difference whatever, beYield him to earth and let the dew
tween the usurpation of a power not granted,
and the excessive and perverted exercise of one Weep o'er him its ambrosial tears,
that is? If a man abuses an authority of law And let the stars come forth and view The close of human hopes and fears
under which he is acting, he becomes a tresTheir course goes on-he ne'er again
passer ab initioand if it be an authority in Shall tread the walks of living men.
fact, he is a trespasser for the excess. The
master of a ship and other persons in authoriFar in the west the ruddy glow
ty, have a right to correct those who are subOf sunset clouds is lingering yet,
ject to their control—is an act of immediate seAnd with its brightness seems to show verity less a trespass and an offence on that acThe relics of a “golden set"
count? What, if the government should sus But soon the fading grandeur flies,
pend the habeas corpus act, without such an And sadden'd night assumes the skies. overruling necessity as could alone excuse the
measure, and the courts would not control its It is an holy hour of quiet,
discretion, would not the people, with reason. By which the softened heart is woo'd
laugh at the man who should talk of such as To thoughts that in the time of riot
outrageous abuse of power as constitutional, Are rarely welcome to intrude
because the judges did not pronounce it other To thoughts which evening's balmy kiss wise? Nor does this depend upon the express Will often bringnor bring amiss.
provision in the constitution. Not at all. In a No sound awakes through all the sky,
free country, every act of injustice, every vioSave the small voice of summer-bird,
lation of the principles of equality and equity, That chants his little note on high,
is er vitermini a breach of all their fundamental So distant that it scarce is heard,
laws and institutions. In the ordinary adminAnd yet comes floating softly by,
istration of the law, indeed, the distinction be As 't were a parted spirit's sigh.
tween usurpation and abuse may sometimes be
important, but in great questions of public A little cloud of snowy whiteness
berty, in reason, and in good faith, it is wholls Is sailing through the fields of air,
immaterial. The moment that this sensibility And seems with all its fleecy lightness,
to its rights and dignity is gone, a people, be Like a bright angel wandering there, its apparent or nominal constitution what it That little cloud so calmly stealing,
may, is no longer free. A quick sense of inBrings to the heart .a saddened feeling. justice, with a determination to resist it in every A spell of silence breathes around,
shape and under every name and pretext, is of Or if a single voice is shed,
the very essence and definition of liberty, polr It is a soft and stilly sound
tical as well as personal. How far, indeed, this
resistance is to be carried in any particular ir Oh! what an hour to quit the dead! Choose not the day-take twilight's tone,
stance, is a question of circumstances and dir And let the earth receive her own.
cretion. So dreadfulare all revolutions in their
immediate effects—so uncertain in their olti Apropos of America, we are really grieved mate issues, that a wise man would doubt long that the tariff, which must prove for half a cen- --that a moderate and virtuous man would best lury imbelle telum as regards this country, much-before he could be prevailed upon 20 should be likely to become the apple of discord give his consent to extreme measures.
We to the United States. We extract the follow. I would be any thing rather than apostles of dising passage from the last Southern Review, cord and dismemberment, sorely as the govern which looks rather belligerent. We should be ment to which South Carolina, and the souli truly sorry to see any rupture in that greatest in general, have been so loyal and devoted, is of republics. The very existence of its power beginning to press upon all our dearest interand political energy is a standing reproach to ests and sensibilities. But we feel it to be our all worn-out governments.
duty to exhort our fellow-citizens to renewed
exertion, and to a jealous and sleepless vigi. we know not why, principle. They deem any lance upon this subject. The battle must be thing preferable. Extinguish the light of a fought inch by inch-no concession or compro. Kent or a Spenser-submit to the drivellings mise must be thought of. The courage and of dotage and imbecility--ney, even resort to constancy of a free people can never fail, when the abominations of an elective judiciary systhey are exerted in defence of right. It is, in- tem-any thing rather than adopt the plain, deed, an affecting spectacle, to look around us manly, and only sure means of securing the at the decay and desolation which are invading greatest blessing, but liberty, which civil soour pleasant places and the seats of our former ciety can attain to, the able administration of industry and opulence-There is something un- the laws." natural and shocking in such a state of things. A young country already sinking into decrepi. Lord Lyttleton's Letters.-Upon the last tude and exhaustion--a fertile soil encroached mentioned book we have an amusing commuupon again by the forests from which it has been nication from a bencher of the Inner Temple, so recently conquered—the marts and sea-ports which we shall now print :of what might be a rich country, depopulated “I think this book is sufficient to shake all and in ruins. Contrast with this our actual faith in what is called 'internal evidence' in condition, the hope and the buoyancy, and the literary disputes. That these letters are not vigour and the life that animated the same written by Lord Lyttleton proves to what a scenes only twenty-five years ago, and which degree of perfection literary simulation can be have now fled away from us to bless other and carried. I was familiar with the letters long more favoured regions of this land. It is before I ever heard a doubt as to their authenscarcely less discouraging to reflect upon the ticity. When I first was told that they were probable effects which the admission of an in- by another hand, I said, 'If that be so, I will definite number of new states into the union, never believe in the internal evidence of a with political opinions, perhaps, altogether un- book ;' and, now that the truth (which, I besettled and unsafe, will produce. But we are lieve was always currently reported, but which yielding too much to feelings, with which re. I had never chanced to hear) is become fully cent events have, we own, made our minds but known to me, I certainly never will trust to too familiar, and we will break off here. such evidence, unless corroborated by extra
" We take our leave of Chancellor Kent, in neous circumstances. The letters bear, to an the hope of soon meeting with him again. We extraordinary degree, the character of being have generally given him, throughout this ar- the easy, unpremeditated talk of an acute and Licle, the title which he honoured far more than cultivated mind. There is not the slightest trace it honoured him, and which it is an everlasting of effort or restraint of any kind. It is true that disgrace to the greatest state in the union, that ordinary letters have more (though in these he does not still bear. What a mean and mi- there is a good deal) of merely passing and inserable policy ! Lest it should have to pay their significant topics; but this never shook my paltry salaries to a few superannuated public faith in them; for, I concluded, that (as ought servants, to deprive itself of the accumulated always to be the case) the majority of such learning, the diversified experience, and the parts had been omitted in arranging them for ripe wisdom of such a man at the age of sixty! publication. Setting the question of author. A commonwealth, flourishing beyond example ship aside, it is impossible that there can be or even imagination, wantoning and rioting in more delightful reading than these celebrated the favours of fortune wliich have been poured letters. They are always lively, always acute, upon it without stint, chaffering and haggling displaying great knowledge of the world, and in by far the most important concern of socie- of human nature, and, here and there, making ty, like an usurious pawnbroker, for a few thou- a remark of a depth beyond what, from their sand dollars. In some of the poorer states, such general lightness of style, would be anticistupid economy would be more excusable, or ra pated. They are a little wicked, occasionally, ther !ess unaccountable, for nothing can excuse it is true; but that is the more in character, it. The rarest thing in nature-certainly, the and they are never offensive. The vice is rarest thing in America-is a learned and able that of an accomplished, not of a coarse, projudge, at the same time, that he is not only, in Aigate. Nor is the profligacy, wholly unrethe immediate administration of justice, but still deemed. There is occasional indication both more, if possible, by his immense influence over of generosity of feeling and of goodness of the bar and the community at large, beyond all heart, seldom possessed by men of dissolute price. But we Americans do not think so, or manners. Such men are often careless and rather we act as if we did not. The only good-humoured, but rarely good-natured, in means of having a good bench, is to adopt the its truer and higher sense. When they are English plan-give liberal salaries to your so, the union is, generally, very fascinating; judges, let them hold their offices during good and, certainly, in this case, a strong feeling of behaviour, and when they begin to exhibit favour towards the party is the result of (that symptoms of senility and decay, hint to them which appears to be) the exhibition of his that their pensions are ready to be paid them. mind and heart in perfect undress. The last is a necessary part of the system-but " There is also a very great quantity of someit is what the American people can never be thing between wit and humour, though not brought to submit to. They are economical, exactly either, in these letters. "The story of (God save the mark!) and, therefore, will not the King of the Cats, and, still more, the Hisspend money without a present and palpable tory of the Plum Pudding, are admirable. The quid pro quo-they are metaphysical, and, latter, also, has the merit of being the best therefore, they will not violate what is called, I receipt for a plum pudding extant. The reaMuseum.- Vol. XIV.
No. 82.-2 F
sons too, which he gives for the severity of his condolence and congratulation, with a my lord father's anathemas against his intriguing with in every line. I will make that rascal lick the two ladies of quality at once-how fine and dust, and when he has flattered me till his keen the satire! The first Lord Lyttleton was tongue is parched with lies, I will upbraid him a good man, and an affectionate father; but with his meanness and duplicity, and turn my he was an egregious twaddler; and that in back upon him for ever. May eternal ignoitself was enough to counteract all his useful. miny overtake me if I have not ainple revenge ness in the education of his son. Although, on him, and a score or two more of reptiles of writing to you, I do not profess to give quota- | the same character! I will make the tenderest tions, I cannot resist transcribing the follow- vein in their hearts acho with my reproach!' ing remarks, for the sake of their extreme jus. -Who would think that this was not written tice, force, and truth:-'1 do not mean to by the person into whose mouth it is put? write disrespectfully of iny father, but he was How exactly it speaks the feelings of a man of very ignorant of mankind;-though an able great vices and abilities, but not of great mind, writer, with considerable understanding and who was suddenly become possessed of the knowledge, he was almost childish in his ma- power to revenge and return the indignities nagement of domestic parental concerns. He shown him by persons he despised! wanted that necessary discernment which en- “ The more I dwell upon this charming little ables a father to read the character of his book, the more its authorship is to me matter child, to watch its growing dispositions, and of wonder. Nay, its authorship, as regards gently mould them to his will. I have been talent, as well as in the view in which I have sacrificed to family vanity, and at a time when bitherto considered it, surprises me. It is the I was not sensible of it. There is a good deal work of Mr. Coombe, a literary gentleman of of difference between a good man and a good the last age, who lately died very far advanced father. I have known bad men who excelled in years. He wrote in his youth a book called my father as much in parental care, as he was the Diaboliad,' which I have never seen, and superior to them in real virtue. Being the in his old age, a work very widely known, only boy, and only hope of the family, and The Tour of Dr. Syntax. Of this, Rowlandtaught almost before I could understand it, son's prints for an the chief attraction. It is that I had an hereditary and collateral right vain to seek in the grotesqueness of this work, to genius, talents, and virtue, my earliest sometimes funny, but more often feeble, the prattle was the subject of continual admira. fine irony and wit, the force, or the delicacy, tion; as I increased in years, I was encouraged of the fascinating book upon which I bave been in boldness, which partial fancy called manly remarking. In every point of view, it is a liteconfidence; while sallies of impertinence, for rary phenomenon, of a very extraordinary wbich I ought to have been scourged, were
kind." fondly and fatally considered as marks of an astonishing prenaturity of abilities .... After travelling, without any control in point of expense, and gratifying every excess and every
From the Monthly Rericu. passion, at my return, because I made a bold Rowery speech in Parliament, I was received at
SYDNEY'S LETTER TO THE KING ; home with a warmth, and delight, and triumph,
and other Correspondence, connected with which were due to virtue alone. To give so
the reported exclusion of Lord Byron's Holidity to my character, and to correct youthful
nument from Westminster Abbey. 12mo. PP. inexperience, a rich and amiable young lady
56. London: Cawthorn. 1828. was chosen for my wife. I confess she was “Sire,—The hand of Death has laid its handsome, and had many good qualities; but sceptre on the Poet's head! His laurelled she was cold as an anchorite, and though form- brows are trailed along the dust, like Hector's ed to be the best wife in the world to a good corse, insulted, not dishonoured. A mighty ashusband, was by no means calculated to re- pirant appears before Your Majesty, and apclaim a bad one.'— These are among the more peals to your benevolence and justice. The sober reflections; and are, I think, admirable. remains of Genius, cry out, Sire-from the The chief fire, however, of the book lies in the tomb. A voice is in its ashes, which invokes invectives against the sycophants who aban- Your Majesty to spare the liring and protect doned, and affected to censure, Mr. Lyttleton, the dead!" when he lay under the ban of his father's displeasure. There is a vein of this in the fol- “ The chains of Superstition are unloosed : lowing letter, (which purposes to be) written -The empire of Idolatry is at an end; and immediately on hearing of his father's death : forth has rushed one universal and Angelic but there are other qualities in it also : And I awoke, and behold I was a Lord! No disa
shout, proclaiming loud:-- Peace upon earth
-Grace and good will to men! greeable change from infernal dreams, and an - But there are Household deities which still uneasy pillow, from insigniticance and deser- survive, and find a temple and a shrine in the tion, to a peerage, with all its privileges, and a breast of every faithful Englishman. Among good estate! The carriage of those about me the holiest and the first of these are 'Ciril and is already altered, and I shall now have it in my power to look down on those who have pre
“Between these deities we place your Royal tended to disdain me; my coronet shall glitter bust, the tutelary genius and the guard of scorn at them, and insult their low souls to the both.”—p. 8. extreme of mortification. I have received a letter from that dirty parasite
Such is the opening of this farrago of prose s full of
run mad—and it is quite enouglı, we think, to