Universal History, Ancient and Modern: From the Earliest Records of Time, to the General Peace of 1801 ...

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Página 22 - Marathon," says the Greek historian, " were the first among the Greeks known to have used running, for the purpose of coming at once to close fight; and they were the first who withstood, (in the field,) even the sight of the Median dress, and of the men who wore it; for hitherto, the very name of the Medes and Persians had been a terror to the Greeks.
Página 48 - Hippias having directed her to be tortured, she bore the pain very patiently for a considerable time ; but when she could endure it no longer, she bit off her tongue, that it might not be in her power to declare any thing injurious to the man she loved. The Athenians, who always honoured virtue, would not permit the memory of this action to be forgotten. They erected a statue on which was represented a lioness without a tongue.
Página 265 - ... his opposition to his country had been forced ; his eagerness to return to its service proved his patriotic inclination. As for danger to the democracy, men like him had no temptation to innovate ; the...
Página 277 - The accused were not allowed the usual forms of defence, and each was permitted only to make a short speech to the people. The commanders were accused, tried, condemned, delivered over to the executioner, and immediately put to death. This cruelty of the Athenians was followed by a speedy repentance, and punished by the sharp pangs of re.morse, which they endeavoured to mitigate, but without effect, by inflicting a well-merited vengeance on Callinexus, who had been the chief promoter of this unjust...
Página 188 - Roman general, which treacherously delivered tip the city to the enemy. During the sacking of Acradina, Archimedes was shut up in his closet, and so intent on the demonstration of a geometrical problem, that neither the tumult and noise of the soldiers, nor the cries and lamentations of the people, could divert his attention. He was very deliberately drawing his lines and figures, when a soldier entered his apartment, and clapped a sword to his throat. " Hold, friend," said Archimedes, " for one...
Página 57 - ... Attic coast, seated on a lofty throne on the top of Mount ^Egialos, Xerxes observed the scene of action, and attentively remarked, with a view to reward and punish, the various behaviour of his subjects. The presence of their prince operated on their hopes, and still more powerfully on their fears. But neither the hope of acquiring the favour, nor the fear of incurring the displeasure of a despot, could furnish principles of action worthy of being compared with the patriotism and love of liberty...
Página xxxiii - Atreus, and brother of Agamemnon. They had not long enjoyed the sweets of conjugal union, when Paris, son of Priam, king of Troy, universally accounted the handsomest man of his age, and adorned with the frivolous accomplishments that usually captivate the female mind, arrived in Sparta. His person, attainments, and address, seduced the affections of Helen; and she abandoned her country, her husband, and relations ; and was transported with all her treasure to the Trojan land. Menelaus, by the advice...
Página 34 - Sparta, had taken post at these straits, in order te dispute his passage, assembled hit troops, and encamped on the plains of Trachis. But as Xerxes had no particular quarrel with the Spartans, whose opposition, though it could not prevent, might probably retard the punishment of the Athenians, he sent messengers in his name to desire them to lay down their arms; to •which the Lacedemonians boldly replied, " Let
Página 241 - But, should all the efforts of such a powerful confederacy be unable to accomplish the ruin of Athens, there was still another enemy behind, from whose strength and animosity the Athenians had every thing to fear. Darius Nothus, who had now succeeded to the government of the Persian empire, had employed his arms in extending his dominion toward'the shores of the jEgean, and of the Hellespont and Propontis.
Página 46 - It happened once that Pisistratus, who, as prince of Athens, received the tenth part of every man's rents, and of the fruits of his ground, perceived an old man gathering something amongst the rocks, he inquired of the man what he was doing, and what were the fruits of his labours. " Troubles and a few plants of wild sage, replied he, and of these Pisistratus must have the tenth.

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