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Abba Oumna, a distinguished Jewish
physician, i. 390.
the capture of Beziers, ii. 59.
Tours, ü. 28.
Court of, ii. 31.
Spain, ii. 373.
metry of the stars, ii. 41.
Tripoli, i. 323.
regard to the church of Damascus,
trines, ii. 10.
gating Africa, i. 323.
the moon, i. 315.
of the songs of, ü. 34.
Veda doctrine of, i. 57.
and first Khalif, i. 323.
tenth century on trade and com-
merce, ii. 42.
zoology, ii. 37.
communicates Felix, the Bishop of
Academies, accusation of heresy against
the Italian, ii. 207.
Middle, founded by Arcesilaus, i. 163.
calon, i. 164.
lieved to lead to hell, i. 34.
as one of four arguments against
the possibility of motion, i. 117.
mena of, ii. 358.
Charlemagne in consequence of
On Christendom, ii. 106.
blasphemy, but saved by his bro-
ther Aminias, i. 47.
cine, i. 382.
acceptation by Albertus Magnus,
Africa, circumnavigation of, by the ships | Alchemists, minor, of England, France,
and Germany, ii. 151.
Alexander, Bishop of Constantinople,
his controversy with Arius, i. 276.
Alcuin, a Benedictine monk, founded
the University of Paris, i. 425.
Alexander II. excommunicates the
Bishop of Milan, ii. 16.
Alexander IV., Pope, he endeavours to
of Reason, ii. 377. and tendencies, i. 251.
His character, i. 168.
Alexandria, foundation of, i. 167.
Decline of the school of, i. 199.
Description of, i. 312.
Its capture, i. 324.
“ Alexiad” of Anna Comnena, ii. 57.
Algazzali, his writings and doctrines,
tion, ii. 40.
His conclusions on the extent of the
Ali, believed by the Shiites to be an in-
His patronage of literature carried
Alineations, employed by Hipparchus
in making a register of the stars, i.
Alliacus, Cardinal, the five memoirs of,
Almagest, of Ptolemy, description of
Translated by Averrhoes, ii. 64.
Theophilus, ii. 38.
Also the size of the earth, ii. 40.
His accuracy confirmed by the mea-
Almansor patronizes learned men irre-
Al-Sirat bridge, spoken of in the Koran,
Alwalid I., Khalif, prohibits the use of Animals, cold and hot-blooded, ii. 321.
Characteristics of, ii. 327.
are automatic, ii. 337.
Their nature, ii. 350.
Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury,
the realists and nominalists, ii. 11.
Ideas, prominence of, i. 61.
Philosophy, review of, ü. 278.
Delusions of, i. 418.
name, ii. 152.
fourth Academy, ii. 164.
of Church and State in, ii. 138, 220. Antisthenes, founder of the Cynical
Antonina, wife of Belisarius, her cruel
Antoninus, Marcus Aurelius, Emperor,
his acknowledgments to Epictetus,
the doctrines of Neo-Platonism, body of, ii. 219.
Apennines, upheaval of, i. 29.
Apollonius Pergæus, the writings of,
His geometry underrated by Patristi-
Apollonius of Tyana aids in the intro-
Wonders related of, ii. 111.
rival of Duns Scotus, ii. 14.
Sojourns with Albertus Magnus, ii.
Arabian, influence, importance of, i.
Sorcery, i. 379.
Practical science, ii. 37.
Astronomy, ii. 39.
trine that air is the first principle, Commerce, ii. 42.
Numerals, ii. 47.
Arabs cultivate learning, i. 325.
Are localized as well as plants, ii. 298. lopement, i. 326.
Invade Spain, ii. 27.
Arabs, civilization and refinement of Astronomy affords illustration of the
magnitude and age of the world, i.
Athanasius rebels against the Emperor
ing of calico by wooden blocks, ii. First introduces monasticism into
Italy, i. 421.
Athens, her progress in art, i. 127.
Her fall, ii. 105.
contempt by Patristicism, i. 306. Alhazen, ii. 45.
The phenomena and properties of, i.
Atomic theory, suggested by Democritus,
Attalus, King of Pergamus, effect of his
bequests to Rome, i. 239.
of God,” invades Africa, i. 340.
Augustine, St., causes Pelagius to be
Writes the “City of God,” i. 292.
Character of that work, i. 294.
podes, i. 305.
On spontaneous generation, ii. 318.
Auricular confession, introduction of,
“ Ausculta Fili,” Papal bull of, ii. 81.
circumstances, i. 25.
sketch of, ii. 126.
Averrhoes, of Cordova, the chief com-
mentator on Aristotle, ii. 37.
His theory of the soul, ii. 188.
principle, ii. 331.
A physician and philosopher, ii. 37.
Azof, Sea of, dependency of the Medi-
terranean, i. 27.
Babylonian, extent of, astronomical ob-
Astronomy, i. 193.
macy, ii. 37.
Bacon, Lord, nature of his philosophy, Benedetto Gaetani, Cardinal, his parti-
cipation in causing the abdication
Berengar of Tours, opinions of, ii. 9.
derstood and carried into practice Wickliffe, ii. 96.
of matter, i. 224.
cond Crusade, ii. 23.
tyr, denies transubstantiation, ii.96. Bernardini, Peter, the father of St.
Bertha, Queen of Kent, assists in the
anity, i. 355.
Beziers, the capture of, by Abbot Ar-
Council of, opposes the Jewish phy-
Hungary, at the battle of Nicopolis, Bible, translated into Latin by Jerome,
on civilization in Italy, i. 404. Bishops, rivalries of the three, i. 289.
nold of Brescia to the Church, ii. Accusation of House of Commons
against the English, ii. 227.
Their reply, ü. 229.
Black Sea, a dependency of the Medi-
of the Basilean order of monks, Bleaching by chlorine, ii. 373.
Blood admixture, effect of, i. 15.
Degeneration, its effect, ii. 139.
Bodin's, ' De Republica,' i. 6.
ontius Pilatus, ii. 188.
Theodoric, i. 343.
Boilman, Tom, origin of the nickname,
Boniface VIII., Pope, “Benedetto Gae-
tani,” his quarrel with the Colon-
terbury, his rapacity, ii. 73.
ry, ii. 276.
nas, ii. 78.