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in new hands if they think it not safe to intrust it to the same person any longer.

The constitution does not limit the number of terms for which a president may hold his office, but it has been a custom, thus far, to re-elect him but

Therefore when a president is re-elected he holds his office eight years, or two terms; when not re-elected he holds his office for four years, or one term.

once.

VICE-PRESIDENT.

A vice-president is chosen at the same time that the president is chosen, and holds his office for the same time. The vice-president may also be re-elected. In case of the death, resignation or impeachment of the president, the vice-president performs the duties of president till the next election.

While the president is performing the duties of his office the vice-president's only duty is to preside over the senate during the sessions of congress, and in case of a tie to give the casting vote.

The only instance of the death of a president, was that of William H. Harrison, who died on the 4th of

Can ho be re-elected ?
What has been the custom ?
When and for how long is the vice-president chosen ?
Can he be re-elected ?
When does the vice-president perform the duties of president ?
At other times what is his duty ?
Which one of the presidents died, and when ?

April, 1841, only one month after his inauguration. John Tyler, who was elected vice-president, thus became acting president, and continued to perform the duties of the office till the expiration of the term, which was on the 4th of March, 1845, when James K. Polk was inaugurated.

PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT, HOW CHOSEN.

The president and vice-president are not elected directly by the people. The people vote directly for electors, and the electors vote directly for the president and vice-president. Each state is entitled to as many electors as it is entitled to have senators and representatives in congress. The number of electoral votes in the presidential election of 1844 was 275. Necessary to a choice, 138. Maine had 9 Michigan

5 New Hampshire 6 Maryland

8 Massachusetts 12 North Carolina 11 Rhode Island 4 Mississippi

6 Connecticut 6 Ohio

23 Vermont 6 Illinois

9 New York

36 South Carolina 9 New Jersey 7 Louisiana

6

Who succeeded him ?
How are the president and vice-president chosen?
How many electors is each state entitled to ?
How many votes were all the states entitled to in 1844 ?
How many were necessary to a choice ?

Pennsylvania
Delaware
Virginia
Alabama
Kentucky

26 Indiana

3 Arkansas 17 Georgia

9 Tennessee 12 Missouri

12

3 10 13 7

To the above list 7 more electoral votes are now added, three for the new state of Florida, and four for Texas, as each state is entitled to as many electors as it has senators and representatives in congress.

No senator or representative, or person holding an office of profit or trust under the United States can be an elector. The manner of choosing the president and vice-president is as follows:

The electors meet in their respective states, and vote by different ballots for president and vice-president, one of whom must not reside in the same state as themselves. They make out a correct list of all the votes cast, and for which office. This list they seal up and send to Washington city, directed to the president of the senate. The president of the senate, in the presence of the members of the senate and the house, opens these lists and counts the votes.

And if either of the candidates for the presidency

Who was elected ?
Which state has the largest number of electoral votes ?
Which has the smallest number?
Which states have 6 votes?
Which 9? Which 12 ?
Who cannot be an elector ?
What is the mode of choosing the president and vice-president ?

has a majority of all the votes cast for that office, he is declared elected. If no one has such a majority, then the house of representatives proceed immediately to choose the president by ballot from the three highest candidates voted for, for that office. In that case the votes are by states; the representation from each state having but one vote on the occasion.

Representatives from two-thirds of the states are necessary for a quorum, and a majority of all the states is necessary for a choice.

If the house do not make a choice before the 4th of March next following, the presidential chair is considered vacant, and the vice-president acts as president.

When the president of the senate has counted the votes for president, he then counts the votes for vicepresident. And if either of the persons voted for, for vice-president, have a majority of all the votes cast for that office, he is declared elected.

If no one has such a majority, then the senate choose the vice-president, from the two highest on the list. Two-thirds of the whole number of senators is a quorum for this purpose, and a majority of the whole is necessary to a choice.

Under what circumstances do the house of representatives choose

the president and vice-president ? In that case how many votes has each state? How many representatives are necessary to a quorum ? What majority is necessary for a choice? What if the house do not make choice before the 4th of March

next following ? How many votes must the vice-president have in order to be

elected by the people ?

The same qualifications are required for vice-president as for president.

QUALIFICATIONS FOR PRESIDENT.

years of

To be eligible to the office of a representative, as we have seen, a person must be 25 age,

and must have been seven years a citizen of the United States.

To be eligible to the office of senator, a person must be 30 years of age, and must have been nine years a citizen of the United States.

The office of president being the highest office in the United States, the highest degree of qualification is necessary to render a person eligible to that office. The president therefore must be a natural born citizen of the United States. He must have been fourteen years a resident of the United States, and also must be 35

If the presidential chair become vacant during a presidential term, the vice-president would take his place and act as president. If the vice-president,

years

of age.

If there is no choice of vice-president by the people how is he to

be chosen ? What are the qualifications for a representative ? What are the qualifications for a senator ? What are the qualifications for president and vice-president ? If the presidential chair becomes vacant who succeeds to the of

fice of president ?

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