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PARIS HURLS DEFIANCE AT BERLIN
against the system of collective murders and pillages which Germany calls war, and against the insolent domination of a military caste, which let loose this scourge of the world, France, an emancipator and an avenger, rose with her allies at a bound.”
The French Government in
Its Official Home. ONFIRMING by the mere circumstance of its
appearance in Paris the determination of the Viviani ministry to deem “the danger of assault upon the capital finally removed," and hence the first great object of German strategy permanently foiled, the chamber of deputies is an object lesson to the Emperor in Berlin, opines the London Telegraph. “That is the prime significance of the coming together of the national legislature in the ancient heart of France.". Had it been foretold to the makers of war in Germany, adds the British organ, that more than five months after the end of peace the whole machinery of the French State would be performing its functions in an unthreatened Paris, the prophecy would have been “scouted as a madman's dream.” That, nevertheless, is the situation today. The fact reminds the English newspaper once more of what it calls “the total ruin which has overtaken the whole fabric of calculation on the strength of which the German club was raised.” Premier Viviani, we read too, is the head of an administration which has no parallel in French history—an executive body in the organization of which all the domestic quarrels of republican France are reconciled and which is supported even by those Frenchmen who have no love for the re
public. The impression of the opposition organ is "HALF AN INCII, HALF AV INCH, HALF IN INCII ONWARI)”. confirmed from another point of view by the radical
-Carter in N. Y. Eicmg Sun
London Cluronicle thus:
"If Germany has lost her soul in this war, France has
found hers. Nowhere, least of all in Germany, was it Premier Viviani. Until then, he confessed, the task thought that France had such inexhaustible reserves of will be a hard one. “Let us steel our wills and our
moral strength as she is now proved to possess. The war Heir as she is to the most for
has revealed to the world a courage to this end.
new France, regenerated,
purged of dross, virile, enduring, capable of any sacrifice. midable burden of glory any people has to bear, France
To Germany that revelation has come as a terribly disagrees in advance to any sacrifice." The allies know it,
agreeable surprise. German writers were never weary of he insisted, and the neutral nations know it. Germany
expatiating on French decadence. They have had a rude professed at first to be in doubt respecting the sympa awakening. Just as the German General Staff by its inthies of the neutral powers, but her eyes have been vasion of Belgium showed its incapacity to measure the opened. "She is also realizing once again that the soul of a people, so German professors and politicians, in French Parliament, after more than five months of war, their disdain and scorn for France, proved that they were has renewed before the world the spectacle it presented incapable of «listinguishing between essentials and nonon the day when, in the name of the nation, it took up
essentials-between, for example, the frothy declamation the challenge.” To secure victory, however, the heroism
of warring politicians and the strong heart of France." of the troops of France will not alone suffice. There must be union within, a union which now exists and
France Corrects a German
Impression. which will be maintained :
ERNIANY has of late cherished an impression that “To-day as yesterday and as to-morrow, let us have but
France might be won over to a plan for peace in one cry: Victory! but one vision : Our Country! and but
the near future, declares the Homme enchaîné, inspired one ideal: Right! It is for these that we are striving by the great Clemenceau. Premier Viviani aimed parBy our sides Belgium, which has given for those ideals all ticularly at removing Berlin misconception on this head. the blood in her veins, unshakable Britain, loyal Russia, His oration was an echo at least in part of the statement intrepid Servia and the daring Japanese navy. If this
at the Guildhall in London last November by Prime war is the most gigantic in history it is not because peoples
Vinister Asquith. "Ile shall never sheath the sword,” are flying at each other's throats to win territories and markets, an aggrandizement of material life or political
the English statesman said then, "until Belgium recovers and economic advantages. It is because they are in con
in full measure all and more than all that she has sacriflict to settle the destiny of the world. Nothing greater
ficed, until France is adequately secured against the has ever been shown before the eyes of men. Against
menace of aggression, until the rights of the smaller barbarism and despotism, against the system of method nationalities of Europe are placed upon an unasssailable ical provocation and threat which Germany calls peace,
foundation and until the military domination of Prussia
FINAL victory has not yet come to France, admitted
is wholly and finally destroyed.” So marked an identity Cologne paper, such "misconceptions" are really of of language in these declarations seems to the Paris brief duration. It believes that the truth will yet beDébats much more than coincidence. French news come obvious to the French people. They are all too papers of weight and responsibility agree that the excited at present against Germany and all things GerViviani echo of Asquith was for Germany's benefit par man to be able to weigh the evidence in the case in a ticularly and it reflects the determination of the French. frame of mind that can be deemed judicial. The monarchical Gaulois agrees upon that perfectly
“A desire to put an end to the struggle will not be long with the socialist Humanité. The chagrin of Berlin,
in arising in the French and the decision at which they says the Figaro, is unmistakable. If anything could
have arrived not to conclude peace except in common with make the Germans pause, notes the London West
England and with Russia will be abandoned as they grow minster Gazette, "it should be that this declaration could
aware of the purpose of the allies to sacrifice France. be made after five months of war in the parliament “The middle-class Frenchman, having as his supreme house of the capital they confidently reckoned upon desire a life of contentment and of the satisfaction of his having securely in their hands within three months." desire for comfort, will not be able to support much longer
the sacrifice of his ease, especially when the prospect opens German Doubts of French
of a loss of that ease for good. Endurance.
“He will have but one thought, but one resource—to as is the tone of French statesmen and of open negotiations for peace with ourselves. We shall apFrench newspapers in hurling fresh defiance at proach that question with all essential firmness, but we Berlin, the opinion prevails in Germany that all this is
shall be able at the same time to demonstrate to the French but a manifestation of a French mood, a display of
people that we are not a horde of brigands, as the governwhat the Berlin Post deems the histrionic temperament.
ment in Paris, with the support of the newspapers it is able It is beyond all doubt, says the Cologne Stadtanzeiger,
to inspire, pretends.
“The French people will realize in the end that we have that a majority of the French believe Emperor William
crossed their frontiers with no desire for making conquests mainly responsible for the war, and they feel sure that
and that we do not understand warfare after the fashion the German army has invaded its neighbors' territories
of Louis XIV, and Bonaparte. So when the time comes through a wish for plunder. Fortunately, explains the the French will experience surprise after surprise."
Berlin says the latest French report is "pure fiction.” Don't believe it. Never knew any pure fiction to come out of Paris. -Nashville American.
The papers say that more German soldiers are dying from disease than from bullets. But neither of them can hope to kill off as many as the Petrograd news bureau.—Southern Lumberman.
ENGLAND'S EFFORT TO SECURE
TO SECURE THE POPE AS
AN ALLY IN IRELAND T NO time since the loss of the temporal power has Premier Viviani is alleged to have told London
the Vatican been so assiduously courted by the unofficially that the government of republican France, in foreign offices of Europe, laments the Socialist Berlin view of the recent separation of Church and State, could Vorwärts, a suggestion prompted by the satisfaction of not send anyone to the Vatican. It was highly inconthe Osservatore Romane at the resumption of diplo- venient, in view of Prussian pressure upon His Holiness, matic relations between England and the Holy See. to leave the Allies without a spokesman at the court of These relations were severed generations ago. They Benedict XV. Indeed, it is mainly for the sake of counare resumed, avers the Berlin Vossische Zeitung, large- teracting the influence of Germany, according to the ly because Sir Edward Grey is eager to neutralize the Milan Perseveranza, that Sir Henry Howard is appearefforts of extreme patriots in Ireland, where a strongly ing in Rome. Berlin will now insist that Turkey send seditious movement is undergoing suppression. There her envoy to the Vatican, a suggestion politely evaded by exists an additional motive, notes the Berlin paper, in the pontifical secretary of state, lest France take offense. the hint conveyed recently by Premier Salandra that France has in the past set great store by the protection Italy may soon cease to be a neutral. The tremendous she accorded Roman Catholic missions in the Orient earthquake will not, the despatches say, affect the for and developments at the Vatican have stirred the press eign policy of Italy in the least, whatever may be of Paris to comment. The Débats, for instance, obthought of it at home. What if by any chance thé serves : Quirinal decided not to fight with the Allies? The
"The English have always feared that in case of war British ambassador in Rome must then be withdrawn.
the Irish would rebel in order to be revenged at last for The presence of an envoy from England to the Vatican
secular persecution. That was one of the main reasons for would provide Sir Edward Grey with facilities for the the opposition to Home Rule. It was, too, in these latter system of espionage which is such an essential instru days, the hope of Germany, which has maintained in Irement of his work as foreign minister in London. Pro land very active agents. Nor was it one of the least of tected by the Italian law guaranteeing the inviolability the disillusionments of William II. to see the Irish join of the Vatican, Sir Henry Howard can be as useful to
the combination against him at the beginning of August. his country as tho accredited to the Quirinal itself.
He was convinced, and his agents had confirmed hiin in the opinion, that civil war would surely break out in the
British Isles. English, Scotch and Orangemen did instant France Still Holding Aloof justice to Irish loyalty. Their leaders declared in ParFrom the Vatican.
liament that after what had just been witnessed, there FRANCE is affirmed in German dailies to have been could no longer be any question regarding Ireland. It is
sounded by the English before Sir Henry Howard, certain, indeed, that after the war the question of Home an experienced diplomatist, was despatched to the Vati Rule will settle itself. The union of Ireland and of Great
EGYPT GETS A SULTAN INSTEAD OF A KHEDIVE
Britain is henceforth cemented by the blood they have shed
“Nothing, moreover, could be more pleasing to the Irish
the screen of the military, censorship. There may be a change in the office of Lord Lieutenant this month. The Home Rule followers of Mr. John Redmond have vehemently repudiated Sir Roger Casement "and all his works.” They deny that Sir Roger has the least right to speak in the name of the Home Rulers. “Sir Roger Casement, so far as we know anything at all about him, is one of a small minority which is trying to wreck the constitutional movement in Ireland.”
Ireland Not Pacified
What the Pope May Do by the Pope.
in Ireland. IRELAND has by no means subdued her nationalist SYSTEMATIC as have been the efforts of the Enga
lish to conceal the fact, the seditious movement in envoy at the Vatican. There was a great outpouring of Ireland grows constantly, affirms the Berlin Kreuz-Zeithe masses in Dublin a few weeks ago to protest against tung. German dailies have sources of information rethe suppression of certain Irish papers which are specting events in Ireland which are denied to the charged with inciting to sedition. The daily Ireland, English, suspects the London Post. It insists that Dubwhich supported the Sinn Fein movement, had to sus lin, Cork and Belfast are filled with German spies and pend its appearance owing to the action of the military that German money supports the extremists who repuauthorities. Dublin extremists, especially the Irish who diate John Redmond. Such, in outline, is the crisis have. no faith in John Redmond, are agitated by the which Sir Henry Howard will submit to the pontifical episode involving Sir Roger Casement. This gentle secretary of state, to follow one report in the Berlin man, who has held responsible positions under the Vossische. London hopes the priests in Ireland will British government, had an interview in Berlin-or so cease to stand apart. The influence of the Pope is to the story goes—with a German diplomatist on the sub be used to that end, if the English envoy be sufficiently ject of Irish freedom. Official Berlin was highly inter persuasive. For the time being, as the London Post ested in Sir Roger, assuring him that if an army corps puts it, “Anti-British Irishmen continue to preach profrom the Fatherland trod Irish soil soon, the forces Germanism under the guise of Irish patriotism in the would appear in the capacity of liberators of an op streets of Dublin.” The organs of this movement have pressed people. Sir Roger is reported to have been been suppressed all over Ireland, especially Irish Freedelighted with the assurance, after which he proceeded dom and Sinn Fein, while the solidly respectable dailies, in the direction of the United States. There has been acting upon hints from the military authorities, now in a fierce controversy in consequence between the liberal supreme control, have closed their columns against "seLondon News and the conservative London Post. The ditious" speeches. London organs hint that the enemies former accuses the latter of “dividing the nation” and of John Redmond in Ireland receive German subsidies of breaking the political truce between parties in Eng- by way of America. The money is remitted from the land. The definite fact in this discussion is that events United States, but its place of origin is said to be of great importance are taking place in Ireland behind Berlin.
Maybe Mexico's object in life is to make the t'nited States appreciate Canada as a neighbor.–Toledo Blade.
A first-class country with a second-class navy is like a bank without a safe.- Phila. Ledger.
THE FIRST STEP IN THE DISMEMBERMENT
OF TURKEY 'GYPT has now passed from the sway of a Khedive spiritual metropolis of that faith. It is therefore highly
to that of a Sultan. The country itself ceases offi astute, it thinks, for Great Britain to refrain from the cially to be a dependency of Turkey. No more tribute annexation of Egypt, as some propose, and to set up, will be paid. The British protectorate becomes hence instead, a Sultan who may become the logical comforth formal as well as actual. Hussein Kamel Pasha, mander of the faithful when the city of Constantinople eldest living prince of the line of the great Melemet is no longer held by the Turk. Ali, reigns in Cairo. Abbas II., Khedive of Egypt for nearly twenty years, was last heard of in the neighbor
The British Vassal on the hood of Vienna. He is accused by the English of hav
Throne of Egypt. ing aided the expedition which, under Enver Pasha, ENGLAND has a warm admirer in Sultan Hussein, was to have invaded Egypt some weeks ago. Arrange who will rule Egypt, as the German dailies conments were actually made with the German embassy in cede, in complete submission to the resident sent out Constantinople for his presence with a military expedi from London. Martial law has existed in Cairo and tion that was to have crossed the frontier of Egypt to Alexandria since last November. There has been a effect the delivery of the land from the English. rigorous censorship of the vernacular press. Political Turkish diplomatists have sent a protest to the neutral arrests have been made in all Egypt on a large scale, a powers against the Khedive's expulsion. When the fact admitted by the British. Troops from Australia house of Osman is driven from Constantinople, as the fill the land, now held down by an unusually large army British intend it shall be, it is highly probable, accord of occupation. The Moslem press of Cairo was veheing to the London News, that Cairo will become the ment in its comments at first; but the Shaab, organ of official metropolis of Islam, precisely as Mecca is the the young Turks and of the Egyptian Nationalists as
well, had to cease publication. Princes of the Khedivial family have been flying to the continent until Hussein, the new Sultan, has few relatives left. Germans and Austrians in Egypt have been placed under arrest and concentrated in Malta. Italy seems pleased at the new situation, which, as the Giornale d'Italia remarks, "is accomplished silently and politely, without shocking anyone.”
and an invalid in a palace on the Bosphorus, as the month's European despatches hint. His convictions are said in London to lie with the moderate party, which, mindful of "the sympathy extended by Great Britain to every effort towards reform in Turkey," wanted their country to remain neutral. On the other side was what the English call "a band of unscrupulous military adventurers" who sought in a war of aggression a means of retrieving the disasters, financial, military and economic, into which they had plunged their country. The crossing of the Egyptian frontier by armed bands and the attacks upon Russian ports by Turkish seaforces under German officers proved too much for London. Mahmoud V. is absolved from blame, but his dynasty has been doomed by the English newspapers, if not by the English foreign office. Thus is marked a fresh stage, we read in the London Telegraph, in “that steady process of disintegration and decay which has for many years been overwhelming” the empire of the
“WHO WISHED THAT ON ME?” Ottomans. The result of the recent wars in the Bal
-Carter in N. Y. Evening Sun kans, it adds, was to deprive the Sultan in Constantinople of much of his European territory. Now Egypt teachers expelled and the seminary buildings turned goes.
into barracks, as one report in the Paris Figaro has it.
Two American institutions, Robert College and ConHow Matters Stand With the Turks.
stantinople College, escaped injury. The banks and the NOW
OW Constantinople is virtually cut off from the railroads have likewise been taken over by the agents
outside world, observes the Manchester Guardian, of Enver Pasha. Steamship sailings have been canwhich states that the native populace lived last month celled. But one train a day entered Turkey last month, on imaginary victories reported by Enver Pasha and his it seems, apart from the cars used for the transportation followers. “They have been confiscating foreign con of troops. Foreigners leaving the land may not carry cessions by wholesale and seizing foreigners as hostages documents or letters. Notwithstanding these efforts to against the possible bombardment of Turkish ports.” suppress all news, stories are printed abroad concernTurkey, in the opinion of the British daily, has only ing the scramble among the factions for possession of failures to record. She has done badly on the Russian the aged Sultan's person. The Sheikh-ul-Islam is defrontier. Her expedition against Egypt has yet to be
scribed as a creature of the militarists now in power. taken seriously. The Turkish fleet, even with Germans His fetvas or edicts are the supreme law of the land in command, has won no victory. That holy war which and they proclaim a war on the infidel. Germany is the Berlin Kreus-Zeitung calls such a menace to Eng- behind all these proceedings, in the opinion of the wellland is laughed at in the columns of our Manchester
informed London Telegraph. contemporary. There are reports of a Moslem army in
Future of the Caliphate action against the Suez Canal; but that waterway was
of Islam. at last accounts in operation. Should Enver Pasha and SINCE the commander of the faithful is to be driven his German allies involve the Turkish army in disaster, from Constantinople, what shall the Moslems do there would ensue a native revolt. There was an ele for a capital? Hitherto, replies Hafiz Awad, the editor ment even among the Young Turks which opposed of the Moayad, Egyptian organ of the faith, Moslems Enver Pasha and his scheme of intervention, but the have accepted the Ottoman caliphate as a historical Germans made short work of it, as the English think. necessity. Now, however, they have to face a revoluThe Berlin daily denies the existence of any such
tionary state of affairs, for "it is impossible that the Young Turks.
Caliphate can still be suffered to remain in the hands
of a member of the House of Othman, who is under the Riot and Bloodshed in Constantinople.
thumb of a handful of renegade Salonica Jews while
Germany pulls the strings.”
to Constantinople, affirm French dailies. All foreign “The whole scene is changing and soon the political censchools in Turkey were entered by the military, the ter of Islam may have to move from Constantinople; but
whither? Now Egypt is geographically the center of the of Al Azhar are the only body in Islam which can be reIslamic world. It is also the linguistic center, since our garded as an authorized intellectual hierarchy. Cairo, hisT'aith is essentially bound up with the Arabic language, torically and architecturally, is preeminently the city of and nowhere is that tongue spoken and taught better than cities of Islam, and its convenience as a central point behere. Again, Egypt is the educational center, for Al Azhar tween the holy places of Arabia and Constantinople marks is the greatest Moslem University in the world, with its it out for the ideal center of the Caliphate. Great Britain twelve thousand students drawn from every country be could pay no greater compliment to Islam in general and tween Morocco and Malaya. Moreover, since education Egypt in particular than by reviving the glories of the with us is so intimately connected with religion, the Ulema Fatimites Caliphs and Ayoubite Sultans in their own city.”
If the Frenchmen who make the styles for the women have gone to the front, Lord help the German sharpshooters to draw a perfect bead on them.—Houston Post.
The Colonel says he has seen two plans for capturing this country. Yes, we know, once in 1912 and again in 1914.–Philadelphia Ledger.
JAPAN IN THE THROES
THROES OF A NATIONAL
HATEVER be the outcome of the approaching He favors the laying down of two super-dreadnoughts
general election in Japan, the advocates of a annually as well as of two swift battle-cruisers, with stronger army and navy will secure a majority in the a complement of submarines and of torpedo-boat popular branch of the legislature or the great dailies destroyers. At any rate, the Berlin Kreuz-Zeitung and of Europe are much mistaken. The crisis that brought its German contemporaries translate the imperial policy on the recent dissolution was caused by Premier in terms of naval power along these lines. The ensuOkuma's desire to augment the forces on land, says ing taxation has been enormous—a point of great imthe Berlin Vossische, but we are warned against any portance as the political campaign grows warmer. inference that the people at large oppose militarism. Count Okuma might have had his way were he dis
Why Japan May Not Give posed to grant concessions in matters of domestic
Kiao-Chau to China. policy to the radical element. The Premier does not A
N issue of importance in Tokyo just now concerns think his country ripe for parliamentary government
the future of the territory wrested from Germany. in the British sense. He would not come to a com
Japan's point of view is set forth with something like promize with deputies from rural districts. The
authority by the Tokyo correspondent of the London
Post. In western countries, he says, emphasis appears Count knows well that his countrymen are in a somewhat bellicose mood, as anyone must realize who
to be laid on the conditions of Japan's ultimatum to studies the vernacular press circulated
She promised to return the territory to
among masses. These sheets have developed a fresh tendency
China on condition that Germany relinquished her hold to distrust of the United States. The one thing the
without force. Now, Germany did not surrender withvernacular press refuses to tolerate, as the London Post
out putting Japan to great expense as well as effort. admits in its comment on the crisis at Tokyo, is any
Hence, the circumstances, from the Tokyo official point idea of a Japanese understanding with America re
of view, have greatly altered. Nor do Japanese statesgarding the future of the Pacific. Japan is to decide
men fail to remind the allies that the policing of the her policy in those waters for herself without com
Pacific with a fleet widely scattered depletes the treaspromize with any other power.' This is the creed of
ury in Tokyo. Japan, in fact, is the supreme naval the Jingoes in the present political campaign.
power in the Pacific to-day, or so she deems herself.
It may, then, be taken for granted that Japan will rule Yoshihito Exerts his Imperial
over Tsing-tau for some time at least. None of the Influence in Japan.
possessions taken from Germany in China will be reA POLITICAL force to be reckoned with in the
leased by Japan "lightly." She will want an equivalent Japanese crisis is the personal influence of Em in concessions elsewhere. A tendency to apprehenperor Yoshihito. His Majesty is no such divinity as sion in the United States causes all discussion of these was his father, according to the Manchester Guardian.
things to be cautious in Japan, except in the vernacular Nevertheless, the present emperor is regarded with a popular press, represented by the Chu-Wo. Jingo paspecies of religious awe.
When the Emperor passes pers all over Japan assert that the nation will not be through the streets on his way to some function, school
coerced into any policy by any power. They deem children are still lined up along the route and made to the submission to any foreign office abroad of Japanese wait, quite unnecessarily, for hours before the proces naval plans in the Pacific a humiliation not to be consion arrives. Instances of sunstroke and other illnesses
sidered. Premier Okuma has set up a native Japanese from this practice are not uncommon. No one dreams
government over the territory taken from Germany. of rebelling, says the British daily. His Majesty is
The newspapers in Tokyo take an intense interest in the still the sacred emanation from heaven above. That
future of Kiao-Chau. Japanese public opinion might is why the conversion of Yoshihito to the militarist
be described as almost defiant of western influence. idea is taken so seriously. The German dailies incline to exalt him as the head of the Jingo party in Japan,
Difficult Position of but this is evidently going too far. Yoshihito is in the
Count Okuma. hands of the elder statesmen or rather of their suc
TOKYO has not taken the unofficial elements into cessors, for the men of Ito's prime have all passed on. its confidence in dealing with the delicate Pacific His Majesty wants a great navy and a large army. problem created by the war. Prior to the fall of Tsing