Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

THE PASSING OF INDISPENSABLE NATIONS

41

An investigation by a New York re- East and middle East, be suffering an theory) virtually identified with a very ligious paper, Federation, graded the actual decrease on a large scale, since extreme type of Malthusianism, and different religious bodies in this city the average fertility of each marriage that in consequence of this state of with respect to the number of children in this section falls short of the affairs it is being driven back in pracper marriage in the following order: four children requisite for maintenance tically all the great centers of civilizaJews (highest number), Roman Cath- of the stock.

tion, both in the old world and the olics, Protestant (orthodox), Protes In Canada, Dr. Booth compares a new, while the cream of its human tant (liberal), Agnostic. A German birth-rate in Roman Catholic Quebec material is suffering gradual extincsociological review states that 40 per of 37.2 and in Nova Scotia of 25.0 with tion. If Protestant thinkers are alive cent. of the upper-class marriages in the mainly Protestant provinces of

the mainly Protestant provinces of to the gravity of the situation, is it not New York city are childless.

Ontario, 22.6; Alberta, 23.5; Saskatche- time that they should ask themselves Looking at the situation as a whole, wan, 17.7; Manitoba, 15.9 and British very seriously the question: Are we says Dr. Booth, there is good reason Columbia, 14.9.

prepared to accept this extreme Malto think that the Protestant Anglo Dr. Booth, who is himself a Protes- thusianism, this anxious and drastic Saxons are not only losing ground tant, concludes that “modern Protes- restriction of the family, as the true relatively, but must, at any rate in the tantism is now (in practice if not in ideal of Christian marriage ?"

H

war

[ocr errors]

as

no

IS ANY NATION INDISPENSABLE TO THE FUTURE

OF CIVILIZATION? OW SHALL we appraise ideal as anything is likely to be in this possible for contemporaries to judge the sincere claim of each imperfect world.”

correctly in deciding whether resistof the European nations at

Looking into the past, it is difficult ance to aggression is really a safeguard that the welfare of

to concede to any generation the ability for the future or merely an attempt of future civilization depends to tell in advance what will benefit or the obsolete and the outworn to retard upon its continued existence ? The

will injure civilization. Greek culture progress. There can be absolutely no view that none of them is indispensa

was actually spread by the downfall of doubt, he says, “that the monasteries ble is forcefully expressed by Roland political Greece, and Professor Usher rendered indispensable service to the G. Usher, author of "Pan-Germanism”

supposes that scarcely a Roman citizen cause of civilization in the early midand professor of history at Washington could have been found in the fourth dle ages, not only by the preservation University, St. Louis. He writes in

century, A. D., who would not have of art and letters but by the preservaThe New Republic, a weekly review bewailed the invasions of the "bar- tion of technical skill in many mechanrecently started by a group of editors barous” Germans the death of ical trades. But in the sixteenth cenassociated with Herbert Croly. It is civilization.

tury the monastic orders

had noteworthy that this commentator, like

“Indeed, educated men were pretty posi

friends sufficiently ardent and powerhosts of others who consider the war, is found at once to be dealing with

tive for nearly a thousand years that the ful to ward off destruction, and there Barbarians had destroyed civilization. Of

are not many students to-day who are religious and ethical values. He says: this the Renaissance had no doubt what- inclined to question the general gain “We find it personally a little difficult ever, and named the centuries subsequent for civilization by the breaking of

to the fall of Rome and previous to their their power.” to concede to any of the nations the gift

own time as the dark ages, when the light of prophecy and an ability to read the

If there is anything in the tenet of of civilization had been quenched. It is the relativity of truth, declares Prowriting in the stars. Can we be abso

an astonishingly different notion of the lutely positive that the future of the hu

fessor Usher, we have not now and are Barbarian invasions which we find in the man race, let us say, depends upon the pages of ardent Teutonists like Lamprecht

not likely to have any notion of what ruling of Asia, Africa, or South America or Chamberlain. They are quite con

is really indispensable to the future of by any European nation? In the face of

vinced that those centuries saw the dawn civilization, because we have not and the fact that every religious creed which

of civilization. In 1630 Gustavus Adolphus cannot have a definite notion of what has shown any strength in history has

arrived in Germany for the purpose of the future of civilization is.
come out of Asia, can we believe that saving civilization, which he identified
upon the direction of the occidental na-
with Protestantism, yet he succeeded (as

“It ought to be sufficient for us to re-
tions depends the spiritual progress of the
most authorities now agreed) in

member that northwestern Europe, which human race? We find in Europe at wrecking and desolating Germany, and he

we now look upon as the seat of civilizapresent two different notions of administration; one called parliamentary gov

was certainly one of the chief authors of tion, was, at the birth of Christ, scarcely ernment, and the other bureaucratic gov- ceeding centuries. her poverty and weakness in the two suc

known to be upon the globe, and was in Vor do we

all honesty believed by scientists to be the ernment. The one works admirably in England, and rather badly elsewhere; the

present eye to eye with the savior of place where the world came to an end and

civilization in 1815. Louis XVIII. and the space began. And in the history of the other is astonishingly efficient in Germany, Duke of Wellington now occupy quite un

race and of the world two thousand years and less conspicuously useful in other enviable positions as blind reactionaries

are but a moment. In reality we are dealcountries. Shall we not really need the powers of a seventh son to tell which of

in the path of progress, while for those ing to-day with essentially different nothese is more essential to the world at

masters of foreign politics, George Can- tions of civilization, of its object, of the large? We find in England a notion of speeches impressed their contemporaries hands which will perform the work. It is

ning and Metternich, whose policies and methods necessary to attain it, of the individual liberty which, on the whole,

as utterances divinely inspired, we have the difference of opinion about the future allows the individual to do pretty much scarcely a respectful word. Yet in 1815 which lies at the root of the present diffianything he wants to until some other individual sues him in court. The govern

there was probably no individual whom culty, and in that opinion we shall find, as ment is to arbitrate between the two, but

his contemporaries would have considered in a looking-glass, the images of the nasane who did not breathe fervent prayers

tions as they successively step forward. is to direct neither. In Germany the

of thanks in the belief that the future They differ in their national character, government promulgates sets of rules regarding the conduct of individuals toward passed into the hands of its saviors.” of civilization was now assured, having their ideas of morality, their ideas of the

future, because of their past. Their naeach other, and compels individuals to

tional aims and ambitions are the result observe them. The citizens of both na From history it also appears to of the history of Europe, the result of tions claim that the results are as nearly Professor Usher that it is almost im- their deep hatreds, antagonisms and rival

are

see at

--
. --

owe

ries during the fifteen hundred years “The small states, whose absorption is “The world is already too uniform, and since their ancestors poured down from now threatened, have been potent and use is becoming more uniform every day. A the forests of the North upon the prov- ful—perhaps the most potent and useful few leading languages, a few forms of inces of decadent Rome. From such a factors in the advance of civilization. It civilization, a few types of character, are long and tangled past have come deep- is in them and by them that most of what spreading out from the seven or eight rooted ideas, intense passions, strong be- is most precious in religion, in philosophy, greatest States and extinguishing the liefs, determinations to prevail. It is with in literature, in science, and in art has weaker languages, forms, and types. these we have to deal. been produced.

“Altho the great States are stronger and "Somehow, in some way of which we "The first great thoughts that brought more populous, their peoples are not know nothing, the future civilization will man into a true relation with God came necessarily more gifted, and the extincemerge, as in the past, from the clash of from a tiny people, inhabiting a country tion of the minor languages and types these ideals and ambitions. The past smaller than Denmark. The religions of would be a misfortune for the world's makes it clear that civilization will be mighty Babylon and populous Egypt have future development.” safeguarded, whatever happens. The fu vanished: the religion of Israel remains ture no more depends upon a single race in its earlier as well as in that latter form

We may not be able to arrest the or a single nation than a nation depends which has overspread the world.

forces which seem to be making for upon a single individual. When we talk “The Greeks were a small people, not

such extinction, but we certainly ought of worlds, of aeons of time, of the human united in one great state, but scattered race itself and the future of its civilization, over coasts and among hills in petty city

not to strengthen them, urges Mr. nations, like individuals, become pygmies communities, each with its own life, slen

Bryce. “Rather we ought to maintain and almost disappear from siglat. We der in numbers, but eager, versatile, in

and defend the smaller States, and to cannot tell in advance what the future is tense. They gave us the richest, the most favor the rise and growth of new going to be, we cannot tell in advance varied, and the most stimulating of all peoples. Not merely because they were which of us will render the service which literatures.

delivered from the tyranny of Sultans will be seen a thousand years hence to "When poetry and art reappeared, after like Abdul Hamid did the intellect of have been important; but surely we can the long night of the Dark Ages, their

Europe welcome the successively won all be pardoned for believing that we have most splendid blossoms flowered in the

liberations of Greece, Servia, Bulgaria some part to play in it."

small republics of Italy.
“In modern Europe what do we not

and Montenegro; it was also in the Professor Usher concludes that the

to little Switzerland, lighting the

hope that those countries would in real problem with which we have to torch of freedom 600 years ago, and keep

time develop out of their present crudedeal is not that of providing for civili- ing it alight through all the centuries ness new types of culture, new centers zation's future, but that of providing when despotic monarchies held the rest of of productive intellectual life.” for the immediate future of those of us the European continent; and what to free who are now alive.

Holland, with her great men of learning What many Americans consider one

and her painters surpassing those of all of the most notable reviews of the Viscount James Bryce, long British cther countries save Italy?

fundamental issues involved in the ambassador to the United States, has “So the small Scandinavian nations

great war, by ex-President Charles ll'. contributed to current war literature lave given to the world famous men of

Eliot, of Harvard, in the New York an ardent plea for the liberty, indi- science, from Linnæus downward, poets like Tegner and Björnson, dauntless ex

Times, reaches the conclusion that the viduality and integrity of the small

desirable outcomes of the war are: nations. Under the title “Neutral Na- plorers like Fridthiof Nansen. England

had, in the age of Shakespeare, Bacon, tions and the War,” this plea has been

and Wilton, a population little larger than "No world-empire for any race or na: issued in pamphlet form by the Mac

tliat of Bulgaria to-day. The United tion, no more ‘subjects, no executives, millan Company. History declares, States, in the days of Washington and either permanent

temporary, with says Mr. Bryce, that no nation, how

Franklin and Jefferson and Hamilton and power to throw their fellow-countrymen ever great, is entitled to impose its Marshall, counted fewer inhabitants than into war, no secret diplomacy justifying type of civilization on others. "No Denmark or Greece.

the use for a profit of all the lies, conrace, not

even the Teutonic or the "In the two most brilliant generations cealments, deceptions, and ambuscades Anglo-Saxon, is entitled to claim the of German literature and thought, the age which are an inevitable part of war and leadership of humanity.

Each people
of Kant and Lessing and Goethe, of assuming to commit nations on interna-

tional questions, and no conscription arhas in its time contributed something Hegel and Schiller and Fichte, there was

no real German State at all, but a con mies that can be launched in war hy that was distinctively its own, and the world is far richer thereby than if dependent centers of intellectual life, in geries of principalities and free cities, in- executives without consulting independent

representative assemblies. There should any race, however gifted, had which letters and science produced a come out from this supreme convulsion a established a permanent ascendancy. richer crop than the two succeeding gen federated Europe, or a league of the freer The world advances not, as the Bern erations have raised, just as Britain also, nations, which should secure the smaller hardi school suppose, only or

with eight times the population of the States against attack, prevent the larger mainly by fighting. It advances main year 1600, has had no more Shakespeares from attempting domination, make sure ly by thinking and by a process of or Miltons.”

that treaties and other international conreciprocal teaching and learning, by a

tracts shall be public and be respected continuous and unconscious coopera

No notion is more palpably contra

until modified by mutual consent, and tion of all its strongest and finest dicted by history, continues Mr. Bryce, provide a safe basis for the limitations

and reduction of armaments on land and minds. Each race has something to than that relied on by the school to

sea, no basis to be considered safe which give, each something to learn; and which General Bernhardi belongs, that

could fail to secure the liberties of each when their blood is blended the inixed "culture”-literary, scientific, and ar

and all the federated States against the stock may combine the gifts of both.” tistic—flourishes best in great military attacks of any outsider or faithless memMr. Bryce denies that the State is States.

ber." wiser or more righteous than the human beings of whom it consists, and “The decay of art and literature in the

No one can see at present, Dr. Eliot whom it sets up to govern it; he denies

Roman world began just when Rome's admits, how such a consummation is that the strong Power is a moral law military power had made that world one

to be brought about, but any one can

The opposite uinto itself as against smailer and great and ordered State.

see that this consummation is the only view would be much nearer the trutlı; tho weaker States standing in the way. one must admit that no general theory re

one which can satisfy lovers of liberty Among considerations which he thinks garding the relations of art and letters to

under law, and believers in the progshould appeal to men in all countries

governments and political conditions has ress of mankind through loving service are these:

ever yet been proved to be sound. each to all and all to each,

or

one

even

ARTIFICIALLY PRODUCED INSANITY

43

P

severe.

HOW WAR MADNESS REDUCES THE FREEDOM

OF THE WILL
EOPLE have rushed madly to animal will, according to Dr. Loeb, ap to lead to opposition or even rebellion.
war, explains Dr. Jacques plies generally to the understanding of The effective method of leadership con-
Loeb, a distinguished biol- animal and human conduct. The reac-

sists in the reduction of the degrees of

freedom of the masses from within. ogist of the Rockefeller Insti- tions of the animals toward light are tute for Medical Research, determined by the presence of a defi

“All great movements in history have

been produced by the discovery of means quite as moths and crustaceans rush nite chemical substance; but so also are

by which all degrees of freedom but one madly to light artificially produced. the other desires and actions of animals

were suppressed in human beings. The Among masses of people the introduc- and human beings. It is perfectly mad Crusaders furnish an example. They tion of such a phrase as "racial su for the crustaceans to rush to the light, were rendered unfree by having their periority” and “racial antipathy” acts but with carbonated water the water minds filled with the phrase of the liberalike chemicals among crustaceans in crustacean has no other choice but to tion of the tomb of Christ. Church and reducing the degrees of freedom of the rush to the light.

Court historians have at all times glorified will to go except in one direction.

this condition of artificially produced in

sanity. The unanimity with which the Such an analogy is interesting, even “It is worthy of nouce that these cases

Germans, French, and possibly Russians, if not wholly convincing when ap cannot be interpreted in the terms of the

rushed to the front has a similar basis." plied to human conduct, since it is psychologist. We cannot say that it is drawn from the so-called theory of ‘passion' which dominates these animals,

Dr. Loeb then proceeds to denounce animal tropisms (the inherent tendency because the word “passion' does not exof a living thing to respond definitely plain why they do not act in the opposite such false-light phrases as “glory," to an external stimulus), developed in

way. We do not know the specific nature “territorial aggrandizement,” “nation

of the active chemicals in all cases, but alism," "imperialism,” and “race supeDr. Loeb's “Mechanical Conception of

we know the nature of the chemical when riority,” invented and developed to reLife," published by the University of we make the little crustaceans light-mad duce natural degrees of freedom of Chicago Press. He writes in the New by carbonated water. It is surely not Review, an international Socialist pub- ‘passion' which makes the crustaceans go

will to the one mad desire of rushing lication, primarily for Socialists whose to the light.

to the front. internationalism has gone to pieces in

“We are still accustomed to speak of the present European war. He asks,

'the blinding effect of passion in humans.' “The English apparently do not lend What induces the masses, even the So

What happens in the case of the ‘passion' themselves as yet so easily to a complete

or supreme 'emotions' of a human seems cialists, to become the dupes of the

annihilation of all degrees of freedom of to be the setting free of definite chemical will, and we actually notice the astonishdestructive minority elements, medie

substances by some agency—e. 9., those ing spectacle that they do not all rush to valists, armament mongers, industrial which cause the complex of reactions the front. But the Kiplings will perexploiters, military caste, vested inter- called fear. Such substances often anniests, "rulers” and “statesmen”?

hilate all degrees of freedom of action in “The attitude of the French and Ger

the individual except in one direction or man Socialists has been a surprise to "Organisms differ in their conduct from way. Humans with such a reduced num

many. Closer analysis will show that we a steam engine or any other machine byber of degrees of freedom are ‘mad' in must judge them mildly, in spite of the possessing a greater number of degrees the same sense of the word as the crusta- irreparable harm they have done to the of - freedom. Under ordinary circum ceans in the above-mentioned experiment. belief that through Socialism humanity stances a swarm of certain small water The blinding effect of 'passion' is only a will be freed from war. We have pointed crustaceans in a jar shows an apparently special case among the many in which the out that the phrase used by the German absolute freedom (strictly speaking, a degrees of freedom of individuals are re (and in all probability also by the Ruslimited number of degrees of freedom) duced.

sian) press is that this is a 'race war'in their movements; i. l., nobody would

"It is well known that we can arouse Teutonism V's. Slavism. The Socialists be able to predict the direction in which human beings by certain phrases, and it is had learned enough not to be deceived by any of the individuals will move in the possible that in some cases they influence the clamoring for expansion of trade: they next moment. They are as 'free' and in- human beings indirectly, inasmuch as the were also probably prepared to resist a calculable in their movements as human phrases lead to the secretion of certain desire of the Nationalists for territorial beings. If we put into such a jar, con substances in the body and that these sub- expansion, but they had not yet recogtaining a swarm of these crustaceans, a stances arouse those physical alterations nized the danger of the phrase, ‘racial sutrace of a weak acid, e. g., carbonated

which are the symptoms of passion.' periority'—it is indeed a mere phrase, water, the picture changes in a few (But it is not necessary that the influence unsupported by any scientific fact and seconds. The whole mass of animals is of phrases should in all cases be explained contradicted by the laws of heredity. filled with one will, all rush madly to the in this way.) Humans with such a re "Talent and, in all appearance, moral side of the dish from where the light duced number of degrees of freedom of qualities run in families and strains, indecomes. If the position of the dish in re will can easily be led in that single direc- pendently of race. The hereditary characgard to the window is changed, the tion which corresponds to the single de

ters are transmitted as a rule independmasses will rush again to the window- gree of freedom left open to them.” ently of each other, and with a black skin side of the dish. We can now predict

the highest talent and the highest moral precisely how each individual will act, the

So, reasons Dr. Loeb, those who powers may be combined, while a commachine-character of their conduct is ob- wish to “lead” masses or who wish to plete absence of both may accompany a vious. What has the carbonated water done to these animals? Has it destroyed desire to make them sacrifice everylitilize them for their purposes, or who white skin. As long as the Socialists wor

ship at the shrine of 'racial antipathy' and their ‘freedom of Will'? Not exactly,

‘racial superiority,' as many of them acsince they never possessed it

, but it has thing for a cause, must do so by first tually do, they will continue to be an diminished the number of their degrees reducing in these beings all degrees of

unreliable factor in the progress of civilof freedom, by making their sensitiveness freedom but one, namely, that in which

ization. It is a great pity that the Socialto light so preponderant that all the other they expect them to act.

ists get their information on heredityagencies which are able to influence their

the laws of which have only become clear motions are annihilated. All the animals "It is possible to restrict the degrees of in the last decade-either from the older can do now is to rush to the front—from freedom from without, by the police. scientific literature or from purely literary where the light comes."

This is a clumsy method and it is ineffi- writers who are also responsible for the

cient, since as long as the internal degrees ideas of racial superiority which dominate This theory of animal reaction and of freedom are not restricted it is bound Germany to-day.”

Dr. Loeb, after warning us of war workingmen, who, in a war are the “racial superiority” and “racial antidanger in the “racial superiority” fetish main dupes, to free themselves (by pathy,” as they have freed themselves regarding negroes or Japanese, con means of other tropisms, shall we from the grip of manufactured impericludes with an exhortation to the say?) from the grip of the phrases alistic phrases.

SCIENTIFIC AND LITERARY BELIEF IN

LIFE AFTER DEATH

[ocr errors]

ence.

IR OLIVER LODGE, the to the Infinite Intelligence Himself. Once selves? Can one possibly doubt it? Have physicist who is president of having gone beyond man, you go on and you ever imagined that you would perish the London Society of Psy- must go on until you come to God. entirely? As for me, what I cannot conchical Research, has now de

“But is no strange land to which I eive is the manner in which you would clared his conviction "upon

am leading you. The cosmos is one. We picture that total annihilation. But, if you scientific evidence" that future exist

here on this planet are limited in certain cannot perish entirely, it is no less certain

ways and blind to much that is going on, that those who came before you have not ence is real, having himself conversed but I tell you that we are surrounded by perished, either; and hence it is not altowith friends who had passed away. beings, working with us, cooperating and gether improbable that we may be able The scientific evidence, as the New helping, such as people in visions have to discover them and communicate with York World notes, is not yet proffered had some .perception of, and that which them. In this wider sense, the spiritualto the public, but such an opinion from religion tells us saints and angels are. istic theory is perfectly admissible; but an eminent man of science who speaks That the Master Himself is helping us is, what is not at all admissible is the narwith more than “forty-parson power” I believe, literally true.”

row and pitiful interpretation which its will “command an attention which the

exponents too often give it." entire faculty of a theological seminary

Maurice Maeterlinck, the Belgian

It is within ourselves, says Maetercould not inspire." Sir Oliver, in author, inimitably expresses his conprevious addresses before the British fident belief in the future life in the linck, in the silence and the darkness Association for the Advancement of closing chapter of his new book, "The of our being, where it is ever in moScience, approached this subject by Unknown Guest." He gives that title tion, guiding our destiny, that we warning scientists that their methods to the mysterious force which has been should strive to surprise the mystery of arriving at truth might not be the called the subliminal self, conscious- and discover it. only ones. His latest declaration, in ness, superior subconsciousness, or su

“I am not speaking only of the dreams, the opening address of "science week” perior psychism. Regarding this un

the presentiments, the vague intuitions, at Browning Hall, Walworth, as cabled known guest he asks:

the more

or less brilliant inspirations to American papers, reads:

which are so many more manifestations, “Does it really exist-this tragic and specific, as it were, and analogous with

comical, evasive and unavoidable figure, those that have occupied us. There is an"The mind works the body and not the

which we make no claim to portray, but other, a more secret and much more active body the mind. Once realize that con

at most to divest of some of its shadows? existence, which we have scarcely begun sciousness is something greater and outside of the particular mechanism which it It were rash to affirm it too loudly; but to study and which is, if we descend to

meanwhile, in the realms where we sup the bed-rock of truth, our only real existmakes use of and you will understand pose it to reign, everything happens as tho

From the darkest corners of our that the survival of existence is the nat

it did exist. Do away with it, and you ego it directs our veritable life, the one ural, the simplest thing.

are obliged to people the world and to that is not to die, and pays no heed to our We ourselves are not limited to the

burden your life with a host of hypo- thought or to anything emanating from few years that we live on this earth. We

thetical and imaginary beings—gods, demi our reason, which believes that it guides should go on without it; we should cer

gods, angels, demons, saints, discarnate our steps. It alone knows the long past tainly continue to exist; we should cer

spirits, shells, elementals, ethereal: entities, that preceded our birth and the endless tainly survive.

interplanetary intelligences, and so future that will follow our departure from "Why do I say that? I say it on defi, Accept it, and all these phantoms, without this earth. It is itself that future and that nite scientific grounds. I say it because I

past, all those from whom we have sprung know that certain friends of mine still disappearing--for they may very well con

tinue to live in its shadow-become su and all those who will spring from us. It exist, because I have talked to them. perfluous or accessory.”

represents in the individual not only the “Communication is possible. One must

species, but that which preceded it and obey the laws and find out the conditions.

The great quarrel between the sub- that which will follow it; and it has sible, and I have conversed with them as I could converse with any one in this au is based, in the main, Maeterlinck nothing touches it, nothing moves it which

does not concern that which it represents." dience.

thinks, upon a misunderstanding. "Now being scientific men, they have

That great figure, that new being, given proof that it is real, not an im "It is quite possible, and even very prob- Maeterlinck observes, has been there personation, not something emanating able, that the dead are all around us, since from myself. They have given definite

in our darkness from all time, tho its it is impossible that the dead do not live. proofs. Some of them are being pub- Our subconsciousness must mingle with awkward and extravagant actions, unlished. Many are being withheld for a all that does not die in them; and that til recently attributed to the gods, to time, but will be published later.

which dies in them, or rather disperses the demons, or to the dead, are only "I tell you that it is so with all the and loses all its importance, is but the now asking for our serious attention. strength and conviction I can muster little consciousness accumulated on this that it is so; that we do persist; that earth and kept up until the last hour by "It has been likened to an immense people still take an interest in things going the frail bonds of memory. In all those block of which our personality is but a on; that they still help us and know more manifestations of our unknown guest it is diminutive facet; to an iceberg, of which about the things than we do and that they our posthumous ego that already lives in we see a few glistening prisms that repreare able from time to time to communi us while we are still in the flesh and at sent our life, while nine-tenths of the cate with us.

moments joins that which does not die in enormous mass rem.uin buried in the dark“I know that man is surrounded by those who have quitted their body. Then ness of the sea. According to Sir Oliver other intelligences. If you once step be- does the existence of our unknowu guest Lodge, it is that part of our being that has yond man there no limit until you come presume the immortality of a part of our not beconie carnate; according to Gustave

on.

sible

, not say he is easy.epsed say thermosas conscious school and the spiritualists neither beginning nor end : that is why

IVHERE ARE WOMAN'S RIGHTS" IN WAR?

45

le Bon, it is the 'condensed soul of our ber of images striving to give us an idea ourselves, whole and complete in ourancestors, which is true, beyond a doubt, of a reality so vast that we are unable to selves, separated, isolated, circumbut only a part of the truth, for we find grasp it. It is certain that what we see

scribed by our body, our mind, our in it also the soul of the future and prob- from our terrestrial life is nothing com

consciousness, our birth and our death. ably of many other forces which are not pared with what we do not see.”

We become possible and probable only necessarily human. William James saw in it a diffuse cosmic consciousness and

Besides, if we think of it, adds Mae on the condition that we project bethe chance intrusion into our scientifically terlinck, “it would be monstrous and yond ourselves on every side and that organized world of remnants and vestiges inexplicable that we should be only we extend ourselves in every direction of the primordial chaos. Here are a num what we appear to be—nothing but throughout time and space.”

A

HAS WAR KILLED THE “WOMAN'S RIGHTS” MOVEMENT

IN EUROPE? T the recent National Woman's ticians with an eye to popular favor in ness or secondariness, if one so chooses Suffrage Convention in Chat response to agitations too utterly feelle

to call it, always the same conclusion is tanooga, Tenn., Miss Chris ever to put their issue to the test of any arrived at: an effectual assertion of tabel Pankhurst, the English tribunal other than that of words and in- physical force is the first essential to militant suffraget, cited the trigue. It is a highly pernicious process,

because it misleads and subdues spirit, and any successful digression from the European war as “an instance of the danger and injustice of depriving modern political institutions that the it is to this increasing vogue of ultra- normal womanly protected sphere. It

is a blunt fact, with a none too atwomen of the ballot.” Women suffer, 'Woman's Rights' agitation is largely due." tractive sound, and there will be few in the knowledge that they had no

women who will care to give voice to power to avert the war. The inference

Reviewing the confusion of two

it: which silence, by the way, is more one is expected to draw is that if

brands of vote-seeking propaganda this telling evidence of the amount of diswomen had possessed the right to vote writer describes one as the instinct to

tance which the 'movement has travthey might have prevented what men, wards the emoluments and confused eled than fifty years of platform orawith the right to vote, did not prevent.

status which goes with “property," and tory." Moreover, various suffrage advocates

the other as the instinct towards the predict an advance of the woman's self-responsibilities of “freedom” which

“Whether the revolting' women will

ever move on to the point of acquiring the movement as a result of the great war.

means “power.” The question is, she elements of self-defensive and aggressive A different opinion is expressed at

says, whether women have the power, force depends on the extent to which the length by Dora Marsden, contributing the genuine self-supplying power, and ardor of ambition can survive the depresseditor of The Egoist, London, who says: not the bogus counterfeit of conferred ing effects of the present too realistic pre

sentation of their actual position. In any “The War-still the l'ar-has brought power.

case, the set of circumstance and environthe wordy contest about Women's Rights

ment are against it. For it, there is nothto an abrupt finish, and only a few syin

“Every form of self-responsible power ing but pride of temper; the same ferment, pathetic words remain to be spoken over

demands—not last, but first-capable pliys- however, which has been responsible for the feminist corpse. Two parties were ical self-defence. One might venture to

the rising of every subordinate race and quarreling about the validity of the one say it would be impossible to find in these

class. If Englishwonnen elected to, there party's claim to ‘rights,' and without any islands any advanced' woman who has

exists nothing in themselves to prevent warning preliminaries both parties, with

not felt herself made into something of them from being as good a fighting force the rest of the world, stand spectators at a fool by the unequivocal evidence as to

as the Japanese, for instance: and that a demonstration in the natural history of the position of women presented by the

would do to be getting along with. What ‘rights.' . .. In the countries at war the

war—not merely in the countries actually does prevent them is lack of desire, and inhabitants are entitled to the rights of

devastated by the war—but here in Eng- therefore lack of initiative; consequently the inhabitants of Louvain, or to those of

land. They find that they may busy them- there is no apparent necessity to make a two aviators fighting in the air, i. (., to

selves with efforts to assist their less ‘pro- drive through that heavy inertia which the what they can get. Civil rights, as well

tected' sisters towards maintenance: they substantial triumphs of passive womanlias courtesy rights, circumstances have may form an admiring audience: they may

ness have fostered. They are accustomed called in, pending a settlement of funda have the honor of being allowed to share

to win success almost solely through wellniental rights, the rights which tally with

in their country's defence by dint of knit- utilized inertia, and the better they sucthe arbitrament of might when exhaustion

ting socks: or ‘serve,' as one ungallant ceed as 'females,' the more encouraged compels one body of combatants to ask soldier put it, by providing one of the they are to remain inert. The spur of for terms. Those terms will be the 'abso- horrors of war' as a Red Cross Nurse.

necessity, occasionally, will overcome it; lute right at the moment of settlement,

In the war-area itself, they form part, but, lacking that, there is nothing to urge and will be the foundation and the ulti- along with the rest of the property of the them on, and everything to pull them back. mate autliorization of all subsequent civil

spoils of the conquered. One cannot easily Even status — women's status — lies that or permitted courtesy rights, both of which

refrain from the inference that, tho they way. Ninety-nine out of every hundred species of right those who control the have weakened the pull of the old-woman

women can better hope to improve their armed forces of a community can abro ly competence, the advanced women' have gate whenever they see fit. ... done very little in the way of furnishing than by carving a career. Only a per

status by looking to their marriage chances "The great charters embodying new the necessary foundations for its suc

sonal pride (out of the ordinary), and rights have all been given in response to cessor.”

intelligence, and the unique something actual or threatened insurrections in might

which sets straight for individual power, -i. l., in spirit-of those who desired Both the "advanced” women and the remains to count on. Their possession is them, and as such they fall into harmony"womanly” women, according to Dora rare enough, and even when possessed are with the spirit of the absolute rights acMarsden, have sought to advance their

to be exercized only if something quite as tually established at the sword's point. Between such rights and the courtesy rights of their mankind, but have differed status through the obliging acquiescence vital to women can be fitted in alongside.

In exchanging the old competence for the which men have conferred on women there is a swing almost to an opposite; a only as to the civil means used: "de

new, no women can afford to forego that

end which was the main objective of the sweep of difference, bridged to a certain mand” or “courtesy.” Whichever path, old competence, and which this earlier degree by what may be called "bluffed

she says, "one takes in considering this proved so superlatively successful in atrights'-rights conferred by astute poli- question of womanly complementari- taining."

« AnteriorContinuar »