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HAMLET IN THE SOUTH SEAS

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or a lawyer or a merchant under the Those dreamy spectators of the world's “Lena is a little vagrant violinist stranded circumstances—go to the market in agitation are terrible once the desire to upon a shore whose name even is unknown which they will thrive and in which act gets hold of them. They lower their to her, a member of a troupe of wandertheir profession has the greatest recog- heads and charge a wall with an amazing ing musicians, persecuted by the Schom

indis- bergs of the world, as helpless as a denition. But the opposition to the in- serenity which nothing but an corporation of the Academy as an aris- ciplined imagination can give. He dates fenseless young animal

. But, like the anitoo late to meet violence with violence; mal, she protects herself by neutral colortocratic and snobbish institution was

his is one of those souls old as the race, ing and by silence; she hides close to the eloquently crystallized in the seemingly vet forever ahead of their time, in whom ground, and danger' passes over her head. unanswerable interrogation of the gen- the native hue of resolution is sicklied When it does not pass, but pauses and tleman from Nebraska, Mr. Sloan, who o'er by the pale cast of thought, who find threatens, her instinct again leads her said: "I desire to ask if any one has in passivity and in detachment from life straight to the man who fears above discovered why Walt

all things that 'life will Mason, the most

get hold' of him — and

he accepts the charge widely read and the

and the challenge. Tho most generally read

Lena is by no means an and the best paid

important visible factor poet on the Western

in the book — she apcontinent, a citizen of

pears in less than a Nebraska, loaned tein

fourth of its bulk-we porarily to Kansas, is

feel after we have finnot mentioned on that

ished it as tho she had list." Evidently no

breathed

upon every satisfactory reply was

page. She is a woman,

but she is also a floatforthcoming, and the

ing, a permeating esbill quietly expired.

Heyst felt her

quality, and tried to South Seas.

grasp it in vain. He 'HE romance of

does not understand Axel Heyst and

her, nor she him; one

feels between them the the girl member

profound spiritual gulf of a traveling Ladies'

which often separates Orchestra with whom

those who he runs away, to live

est in the flesh.

But on the desert island

they yearn toward each of Samburan in the

other - that is their Southern Pacific, in

love. ... Finally the the ruined buildings

woman triumphs, she of the "Tropical Belt

gains the victory, she Coal Company,” as re

buys her beloved with counted by Joseph

a price—even her life.

Above and beyond the Conrad in his latest

flagrant melodrama of book,“Victory” (Dou

her taking-off, we feel bleday and Page),

a keen sense of the suggests

eternal lack of adjustviewer in the New

ment between

man's York Times a Shake

love and woman's, bespearean mastery of

tween his dreams and material. For, as in

her realities, and, fur

ther, that it is the the plays of Shake

woman who is sure to speare, there appears

win in the end - but to be "scarcely one

only if she is willing incident of his own

to lose. A cryptic sayinvention, yet under

ing, perhaps, but a true his hand the old tales

one.” take on the aspect of

In a recent apprecreation. Mr.

ciation in Conrad seems to take

T. Pi's

Weekly pleasure in

Holbrook seeing THE MOST REMARKABLE PHENOMENON IN MODERN ENGLISHI LITERATURE what freshness he,

Jackson pays a high Tho he was born a Pole, Joseph Conrad has attained the enviable position of being one

to Conrad's too, can evoke from of the first six among novelists using the English language, at the age of fifty-eight. tribute

"I do not invent,” he confessed the other day to Holbrook Jackson. **All these things sincerity. He writes: material old

you admire happened in my experience." the Pharaohs.” Axel

“This tremendous sinHeyst is a veritable Hamlet of the the strongest weapon against the on- cerity rescues his work from photoSouth Seas, but essentially a Hamlet of slaughts of life.”

graphic realism. If he is the antithesis our own days. To quote the Times:

of Wells and the propagandist novelists Conrad's Delineation

and playwrights in idea, he is also the op“The character of Heyst is a piece of

of Womankind. fine analysis. His life was, a pause—'I

UT “Victory” also proves that posite of Zola and the scientific realists have managed to refine everything away.

Conrad is equally a master in the in method. He has no use for impersonal

reality; his realities are not facts but feelI've said to the Earth that bore me: “I

delineation of womankind. The

ing; but so anxious is he to tell the truth, am I and you are a shadow.”—I have lost

heroine, Lena, almost equals the Flora the whole truth and nothing but the truth, all belief in realities'; yet, confronted with

de Barral of “Chance,” said to be first that the loose observer might overlook another's need—truth to say, Heyst was among the Conrad women. The Times the deep emotion which glows through his not one of those men who pause much. interprets this remarkable character: words."

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The Revised Edition of

Broke of Covenden.”

modeled after Lloyd-George), embodies
the upward struggle of the British com-
mon people, and Delia Broke, the young
heroine, that of the upper element who
recognize the right of and embrace demo-
cratic teachings. Broke is, in spite of a
20th - century polish, in spirit and de-
meanor a 12th-century baron. His wife is
much of the same character, but the com-
ing change in public and social affairs she
readily anticipates.

“W1r. Snaith embodies in Mrs. Broke all
the virtues and manners of the traditional
lipper-class British matron. lle pictures
her fearlessly and strongly, exposing her
strength and weaknesses; but the drawing
is not without sympathy. She is a remark-
able woman. The six daughters — five
colorless echoes of the unimaginative
father and the sensitive, poetic Delia ; the
son who inarries out of his class and is
disinherited; the horsey Uncle Charles;
Porter and the several other characters
all are admirably portrayed. Much of the
book is given up to the small affairs of the
Broke family, yet with Mr. Snaith's keen
presentation they are devoid of the at-
mosphere of insignificant trivialities. In
the latter part the spirit of ironical come-

dy gives way to family tragedies; but READ ONCE HE IS READ AGAIN

throughout the strong spirit of the mother The author of "Broke of (ovenden," J. C. predominates and never seems to falter.” HE TOO DROPS INTO THE CLASS OF Snaith, carefully avoids so niany faults with

THE BEST SELLERS such skill that he gives the effect of

chorus forced art.

Despite the
Feminism Interpreted by a

of praise which first
He is

easy

read that
to

Mere Man.
hailed Henry Sydnor Harrison

man of distinguished critic believes that his books are

genius, the critics now S IT possible that women are to

sneer at him as one hard to write.

whose novels are almost as popular as those of write the best stories of men and

Ilarold Bell Wright.

women in this coming woman-era ?" RATHER unusual literary event queries Robert Herrick, in the New Re- The Brooklyn Eagle is frankly imis the republication of J. C. public, in a criticism of Henry Sydnor pressed by this portrait of the modern

Snaith's "Broke of Covenden" Harrison's new novel of feminism, “An(Small, Vaynard), originally intended gela's Business" (Houghton Mifflin).

This novel, which is no less successful "Vary is really fine; far less amusing as a "picture of life and manners at the dawn of the 20th century," and in

than Mr. Harrison's "Queed" and "V. and less subtle than Angela and with less its new edition revised to meet the V's Eyes," suggests to Wr. Ilerrick two conspicuous points for the author to 'play changes in English life. It is rather other books which also deal with the up for the interest of the readers. But

the merit of Mr. Harrison's portrait is a curious idea to write a novel depict- changes in the character of women

that he does not do violence to the self-. ing a particular period and set of cir

which have been brought about by new control or to the simple manners of a cumstances and then move it along economic and other conditions—"Satur- business woman in order to make Vary with revised editions to keep it abreast day's Child." by Kathleen Norris, and interesting. She remains placid and comof the time, notes the Springfield Re- "The Rise of Jennie Cushing." by Vary petent until the end, when she realizes publican. But as this book is concerned Watts. “Both these novels,“ Jr. IIer- that the man who has filled a large place with the gradual submerging of the rick points out, “set forth the charac- in her life as a friend is really in love class "born to rule,” in the rising tide ters of modernized women; but Jennie with her and knows it. Then Mr. Harri

son closes his book in the nick of time. of British democracy, it is well adapted and Susan are pegs of example, draped It is very deftly and nicely managed. And to such revision. And Mr. Snaith has abstractions of the thinking mind.

so, too, is the exposition of Angela, altho not lost sight of the idea suggesting They are women and exemplify no she is the terrible example of an outworn the story in the first place, an idea question, except the question of living, feminism. Mr. Harrison and the reader which still predominates in spite of the which they illustrate quite as modernly both get fun out of Angela, but it is hardfact that events moved forward a bit. as the admirable Vary Il'ing, and more ly unfair fun, for he skill and resource “Broke of Covenden" remains the novel richly. Mr. Harrison as a Meredithian in the business which she has grown up which lifts its author to the front rank is a cleverer writer, a more light-fin- into without much volition on her own of present-day English novelists. its gered novelist, than either Miss Il'atts part are very fully and clearly set out. or Mrs. Sorris. But he does not dip wonderful manipulation of the slimmest

Angela gets the credit due her for her the Springfield Republicun critic notes: so deep nor bring up so much in his

resources. Dr. Harrison makes his point "It is a tale fascinating in its analysis net, nor has he made his very own his of the despicableness, even the degradaof contrasting and conflicting types, rich recovered treasures."

tion of bringing up girls with no other in ironical humor, sympathetic with the The Boston Transcript is not certain resource in the world than to 'catch' a efforts of the sons of the proletariat to whether this novel is meant to be a husband, but he brings out the pathos of rise to distinction, and exhibits a lurk- satire, a burlesque, an extravaganza, a

it by showing how little chance Angela ing aclmiration for the stiff-necked pride plea for feminism, an apology for mas

had ever had to be brought up to anyof the men of long lineage who suffer pecuniary and social extinction in prefer- ly the tale drones along its erratic almost certain to become a campaign docuculinism, or a record of fact.” “Leisure- thing else. By and large Angela is quite

as pitiful as she is amusing. The book is ence to vielling to the inevitable progress of democracy. Two of the principal char

course, humming and buzzing in the ment in the feminist movement. It isn't acters herc-Edmund Broke and his wife

reader's ear with all sorts of reflections, often that men novelists take Harrison's -typify the ancient order, while Porter, wise and otherwise, upon man and attitude toward the traditional woman's the hero (originally said to have been woman and the error of their ways." game.".

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KATHARINE FULLERTON GEROULD

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ARE WE NEGLECTING THE LITERATURE OF

SOUTH AMERICA?
UBÉN DARÍO, one of the “Yet not merely is the past of Latin- of South American literary and artistic
most distinguished

South American literature of consequence; its activity, and the Nation is of the opin-
American poets, recently vis-

present is alive. Only last year we had ion that a similar summary should be
ited New York. He was wel-
Guglielmo Ferrero's overenthusiastic an-

published for the benefit of North
comed by the Hispanic So-
nouncement that the great American novel

Americans. We are not aware that
had at last been written in Brazil. He
ciety: but he was quite generally ig- referred to the "Canaan' of Aranha, a

any such attempt has been made by the nored not only by the public and the novel dealing with the interplay of Old Bulletin. of the Pan-American Union, press but even by literary and artistic World and New World forces, the which is devoted to the interests of groups. This neglect is even more sig- Americanization of Europe and the Latin America. nificant in view of the fact that Señor Europeanization of America. It is true The thousands of American students Rubén Darío was here to lecture on that Europe has every reason to know who are to-day studying Spanish, the international peace, and indirectly to more of these writers hai Up to Nation notes, are “primarily concerned strengthen Pan-American literary ties.

1824 the undisputed intellectual capital of with South America” and “should some Our lack of interest is even more strik- South America was Madrid, and since day present a field encouraging the disingly emphasized by our apparent ignor- himself, José María de Heredia, the

tribution of South American books and ance of the literary verdict of Europe Cuban-born member of the French Acad- periodicals. The interchange of travon the genius of this poet. For he has

emy, are typical of a considerable class elers is yearly becoming greater, the been honored not only by Nicaragua, of authors attracted abroad not only for number of college courses in the pohis native land, by Argentine, and by study but for residence. With but a litical and economic history of South Madrid, where he served as Vicara- slight debt in science to Germany, South America is increasing, and there are guan minister, but in Paris, where he Americans naturally look for their main already one or two vigorous learned has resided for some time, and where ideas and inspiration to Spain and to societies of a Pan-American character. translations of his chief book have been Italy and France, akin in race and tongue. The movement will make head slowly

The currents of travel help maintain the and probably will not arouse real litpublished in French; and English trans

mutual interest. When the Spanishlations are about to be published in American writer has time and money,

erary enthusiasm for years. But with London. he thinks as instinctively of Europe as

the day at hand when anything touchThis instance of our indifference to

until recently young Spanish-Americansing in a commercially valuable way things literary and artistic coming from thought of European universities. But upon Latin-American affairs is read Latin America is indignantly resented the interests of our neighbors to the with avidity, literary relationships are by a correspondent of the Chicago Dial. South have been greatly enlarged, and sure to be established.” The New York Erening Post also

now include the United States more than points out our "ignorance of almost ever before. Señor Darío has borne wit “The mere reason of proximity is not everything in Latin-American litera ness to the growing esteem for Poe, the only reason why this is desirable; it ture and art.” But this paper optimis- Longfellow, and Hawthorne in South is desirable because we can learn sometically hopes that with the tightening enterprize has kindled curiosity as to our America; acquaintance with our business thing from South American civilization,

and achieve something in cooperation with of commercial and political bonds there general culture; and the increased Latin- it. Our indifference to the work of the must come a better social understand- American attendance at our universities Latin-Americans rises less from their ing between the two peoples, and that has been notable. All this it would be poverty in original writers than from our this will pave the way to a juster lit- profitable to think of reciprocating." ignorance of the special features of their erary appreciation on both sides. It is

life. European periodicals like the Paris

No North American would find well to remember, however, this jour- Mercure de France and perhaps more

much interest in Aranlia's tale of Brazil. nal points out, that Latin America is especially the Berlin Literarische Echo

ian immigration, or in a study of society

on the pampas, or in the Amazon forests. not without a significant literary his- have for a number of years attempted The foundation of common knowledge tory.

to keep abreast of the general current has been wanting.”

THE EUGENIC MOTIVE BREAKS ITS WAY

INTO FICTION

T

HOSE interesting discoveries with a peculiar and fascinating per- upon which its superstructure is reared.
of the famous abbot of sistency.

She had divined the coming of her lover
Brünn - Gregor Vendel — When Mrs. Gerould published her from the United States. She had thought
which have enabled eugenists first volume of short stories, "l'ain Ob- out a plan to foil his purpose of rescue
and others to teach us that lations,” a year or two ago, her debut which brings the episode to its climax.

'The vivid vision of that scene leaves our parents divide their virtues and was hailed as the most important in

"Phedre" quite tasteless to me,' to quote their vices among us as they do their this field since that of Mrs. Edith the last sentence but one. I subscribe to it family furniture, books and heirlooms, Wharton. A writer in Reedy's Mirror heartily. Decidedly; Mrs. Gerould should have been curiously neglected in fiction. even ventured to call “Vain Oblations"

never have mentioned Jocasta in the same It has remained for a new but brilliant the greatest short story in the English breath with Vary Bradford. Vary BradAmerican writer of short stories, Kath- language. He said:

ford has been immortalized in ten thouarine Fullerton Gerould, to use with

sand words of more powerful narrative

“ 'Vain Oblations' is concerned with the than that of Prosper Vérimée in ‘Mateo consummate artistry the Mendelian theory of heredity as a factor in the tragedy of Mary Bradford, the exquisite Falcone.'» human comedy. The eugenic or Men- captured in a village battle and made the New England girl, whom a black chief

The same critic notes Mrs. Gerould's delian motif runs through her second mother of his child despite her fierce re

perfect realization of the material of volume of short stories, “The Great volt against this doom. Not that this tragedy. “Every short story in her Tradition" (Charles Scribner's Sons), comprises the story. It is the foundation book is a tragedy, built up, that is to

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settings.” Mrs. Gerould duty as a father and a steward of God's
possesses uncanny wealth had I wanted less.” Evidently
faculty for probing into Rodney Teele correct in his
the eternal tragedy of eugenic forecast for the narrator
parent and child, the characterizes the child of the younger
mysterious chain of life Teeles as “a pure recessive,” and with
and of the succeeding his parents' untimely death “the dom-
generations, the mystery inant strain was lost forever.”
of birth-in short, into But perhaps more striking and more
the eternal elemental and tragic is the story of Roland Glave, a
primitive activities of the literary genius, forced into hack-work
human organism.

to support his wife and three children. The eugenic note is finally his opportunity comes. A small not emphasized in all of diplomatic post is offered him—“minthese stories, and in ister to Something - or - other (Hesthose in which it does peria), where you can afford twenty play a part it is touched servants and pick your food, in courses, upon with the utmost off the trees. Not a thing for Glave artistic delicacy and re

to do ... but produce masterpieces." straint. It is most prom But to accept the post means to sacinently exemplified in a rifice the extremely problematical life

of of the little son Stanton, a child alAmerican emperors of most incurable defective. Their friend, finance, Rodney Teele- Geoffrey Haysthorpe, pleads for the

story entitled “The survival of the fittest—the father—but Dominant Strain.” This neither father nor mother can bring financier disowns his son

themselves to make the sacrifice. The because the latter has story concludes: chosen a wife with no regard toward the pre “ 'I was glad, in a way, to have Geofservation of the Teele frey say it to me,' she said. “I've so often strain of sturdy Ameri- felt it without daring to say it. Nature is strength. “What a terible futurist-and I'm not. Nothing

It seems mating had produced is worth your chance to me.

like madness to give it up. My brain Rodney Teele, I

can't justify us. Once it seemed the most dhe ed, as I stood before

beautiful thing in the world for you to be him," muses the narrator

repeated in human form. Now I know of this story. “I remem

you can't be. In a thousand years nothber thinking fantastic- ing will happen so good as you.

We're ally that I ho's Who riot even gambling. But it's the way we must have lied. By what choose. . . . Mendelian miracle could “ 'It's the way we choose !' he repeated the simple Middle-West- firmly. ern pair who were his

'The world won't thank us,' she went MODERNITY

on. “What will, I wonder?' Not the deaf Mrs. Vernon Castle as she appears to Prince Paul Troubetskoy.

accredited progenitors
have achieved this off- generations, she thought to herself, to

which we all sacrifice. say, out of the natural inevitable ele spring ?" Rodney Teele feels that it is

"Not Geoffrey,' she heard Glave sayments of the greatest art."

his religious duty to preserve the ing. 'He will never understand. But he This keen sense of tragedy may be strength of the Teele stock. His eugenic will always love us just the same. We responsible for Mrs. Gerould's selec- morality is presented as a fully devel

morality is presented as a fully devel- haven't answered him. Life has tion of the biological and eugenic fac oped religion. In explanation of his swered him. Call it God, if you must. tors of human behavior as material for irrevocable action in cutting his son

I'm awfully tired.' her more recent stories. Despite the and grandson out of the Teele pedigree head rose with the old quick gesture.

“'Tired, my darling?' Her drooping fact, as the New York lation points and family, he asserts: “The imporout, that she works in a “somewhat

"Not really tired, my own. No, never tance of heredity is being so completely really tired! narrow and colorless vein of life," and demonstrated at the present day by

"They clasped each other, so utterly that the lives she describes are passed the men of science that I should have

at one that even Hesperia seemed a mere for the greater part "in strictly urban considered it a gross dereliction of my trick of sunlight upon the sea.”

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HOW MODERN ART ATTEMPTS TO INTERPRET

THE DANCE NONG the innumerable results American sculptors who have been in- manner, suggesting figures dancing in

that have followed the renais- spired by the dance, recently held in a marvelous light. Mr. Davies' drawsance of interest in the dance the Macbeth Galleries in New York ings of dancers were also a conspicduring recent years, perhaps City, disclosed some remarkably inter uous feature of the Macbeth exhibition.

none is more interesting or will esting results. At the Montross Gal At the Reinhardt Galleries, Prince prove of more permanent value than leries, where an exhibition of the more Paul Troubetskoy had also been exthe interpretations of the dance that modern American artists has been held, hibiting statues of dancers of widely have been made by painters and sculp one of the most attractive features was diversified type — Madame Pawlowa, tors. An exhibition of the work of a canvas in Arthur B. Davies' latest Lady Constance Stewart Richardson,

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THE DANCE IN SCULPTURE

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and that quintessentially modern type, courses throughout your Mrs. Vernon Castle.

body in movement of It is one of the evidences of the vi- feeling and animates the tality of modern dancing, as the New

action. York Sun points out, that the irre

“Movement, then, is the sistible sweep of its influence has been

expression of spirit within into all circles of society. “All of our

the body, and it affects the

action somewhat, as, in sculptors have felt the influence,” and music, phrasing affects the the exhibition at the Macbeth Galleries

tempo. Accordingly if you eloquently comprised every type of regard dancing less as dance and every possible influence. mode of exercize than as Wood nymphs, fauns, dancing Bac an expression of the spirit chantes, as well as primitive Indian

of the dancer, it must be dancers, and the dancing urchins of

important that Avenue A trotting to the music of a

sculptor shall try to inter

than hurdy-gurdy—all figure in this exhibi- pret the movement

show us the postures of the tion. The Russian dancers of the

action." Diaghilev troupe, the famous Pawlowa gavot and Bacchanale, as well as the

It is less difficult to charming pupils of Miss Isadora Dun

accomplish this through can, who are now dancing with great

painting than through success in New York, are likewise

sculpture, according to shown.

this critic. “But if the The difficulties of retaining the essen

sculptor is not satisfied to tial character of the dance in marble

suggest only action, he or bronze are thus indicated by Charles

must discover some means H. Caffin, writing in the New York of creating the illusion of American:

niovement. I do not see

how he can succeed un“Let us consider a moment the differ.

less he have the sense of ence between action and movement, which are too often confused as amounting to

movement in himself; the the same thing. You are walking along consciousness of feeling the street, your body performing the ac eager to express it in the tion of walking, but automatically, me

action of his own body." chanically, for your mind is occupied, we Vr. Caffin may be dewill say, with the panorama of objects in siring too much when he the store windows or of people passing. declares that many of the Su 'denly, however, you catch sight of sculptures of the dancers a friend approaching. Immediately the character of your walking action changes.

suggest only a pose-a It quickens or slows down, as the feeling

movement of action, kept prompts you; your face kindles with ani

more or less elastic. Some mation, your hand is extended, the whole of them, even tho they action of the body is transformed. The represent the dancer at gladness at the sight of your friend rest, seem to suggest grace

ONE OF ISADORA'S DANCERS A Duncan dancer interpreted by Alice Morgan Wright.

and movement, and present bodies adapted, as it were, to certain inevitable movements. Such a figure is that of Mrs. Vernon Castle, as modeled by Prince Paul Troubetskoy.

But the most successful and gratifying interpretation of the dance is not that of the sculptors', according to the New York Evening Post, but it is to be found in the color sketches of Arthur B. Davies, exhibited with the dance sculpture at Macbeth's. These sketches contain a lesson for the sculptors, declares the critic of the Post.

“The drawings are notes of movement set down with the compelling authority of a great draughtsman, in the best sense of the word, not in the school sense. The flashes of pure color are used with thrilling effect to intensify the rhythm. The line is full of force, of nervous energy, the sense of balance simply infallible. . These drawings show his astonishing capacity for transmitting his thought to paper, through the medium of line and color, with an effect of its having appeared all at the same instant. Color and line both have the same sparkling freshness."

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