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SPIRITUAL DYNAMITE AND SOCIAL SERI’ICE

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language, the expression and agent of trace lines of communication which there are uniting forces still at work, human unity and advance, and the have ensured that the heritage of knowl- stronger than ever in the world, and a surest index of history as progress. edge, sympathy and collective effort has closer texture of international unity in sci“Those matters which spring directly come down enlarged to our own day.

ence, commerce, and the arts of life, which from man's common reason are also those History is seen as progress as soon as may be torn but cannot be destroyed. We

shall no more believe that a great war can most capable of universal application in the growth of the common factors in

perinanently or even long delay the onameliorating his life and strengthening his humanity is realized. Mr. Marvin's so

ward march of the common cause and powers. The constitution and legal sys-' ciological hope is thus phrased: collective strength of mankind, than we tem of a country—tho in these, too, uni

can think that the loss of one or two great fying tendencies become more and more

“That this growth is real—has taken ocean liners will seriously check communiprominent-must to the end remain distinctive and national. But the science of place and will continue—is as demon- cation and transport round the globe. biology is universal, and a new medical

strable as any other fact in the world of Science will grow and fellowship will treatment based upon it is at once adopted obstruct it, is equally patent, when men life and things. That we may delay and spread. The temporary losses, the check

to certain causes in certain places, will everywhere, subject only to minor, differ- deliberately spend life and wealth in make the mass of men set their faces ences of race and climate, while the ap- manufacturing hatred and means of deplications of physical science are absolutely struction against other inen.

more firmly towards the light, and they

But to will see that what man has achieved in unrestricted in their generality. ... There has been for the last two hundred years

wards the future this juster estimate of the millenniums of his growth, often uninfinitely more science, more service to

the social forces of the present and the consciously, or against the odds of a hosmankind, more internationalism, in en

past will give us an unconquerable hope. tile nature or a perverted human will, is

We shall see that beneath the turmoil of a permanent and supreme thing, guiding gineering than in diplomacy."

conflict, the outbreaks of savagery, and and ruling us above the impulses of the Within the historic centuries we may the just certainty of heavy retribution, individual agents or the passing hour.”

THE QUARREL BETWEEN

BETWEEN SUPERNATURAL AND
SOCIAL SERVICE RELIGION

T

O DABBLE in social service This attitude Dean Bell considers the ing love that brooks neither cant nor in-
is not the real business of the natural outgrowth of non-supernatural justice, in revolutionary zeal.'”
church. Such work is done beliefs: that man is by nature good,
more efficiently by other agen- and that the main business of the The great difference in the religious
cies. C'nless the church has church is to help along a natural evo-

worldl, asserts Dean Bell, is between

religion, both supernatural spiritual aid for strug- lution which in the course of ages will supernatural

Roman gling men what excuse for existence produce bit by bit a perfected human- Catholic and Protestant, and natural has it? Thus sharply does Dean Ber- ity. Good as such ameliorative activ- religion, neo-Protestantism. He quesnard Iddings Bell of the Protestant ities are, to the supernaturalist they tions whether the world of men is furEpiscopal cathedral at Fond du Lac are not the church's real business. He ther along toward perfected humanity take issue, in the Atlantic llonthly, with waxes wroth that many churches whose

than it was four thousand years ago. the social service trend of what he calls real purpose is “to sow spiritual dyna

That man needs supernatural grace neo-Protestantism. This new Protes- mite and to encourage men to explode ever to develop to the heights of pertantism is as different from the old-time it," should be found substituting "a sonality or perfection of humanity he Protestantism of Calvin, Luther, Knox combination of inexpert sociological holds to be still at least a debatable poand Campbell as their religion was dif- teaching and usually inefficient social- sition. ferent from Roman Catholic Christian settlement activity." Ile says, “One

“The demand that the churches dabble ity, according to Dean Bell. The ex might as well admire the spectacle of

in social service is not nearly so general treme to which the church has been led Joan of Arc forsaking her place at the

as many of the neo -Protestant ecclesiolhe describes acutely : head of France's armies while she de

ogists suppose.

There is among us tovoted her time to mending her soldiers' day a great soul-hunger. Let the churches “Time was when the success of hosiery":

cease their dilettante concern with soany church was estimated according to the “In the opinion of the believer in super

ciological minutive, and, as did the prophnumber of souls who humbled themselves natural religion, the imparting of spiritualets

: as did the Christ, let them once more before the heavenly Fatlier and became assistance to man, whereby he may be

lift their mighty voice in a cry for spiritcitizens of that Kingdom which is eternal. transformed from a creature merely of

ual regeneration and revolution. Let them Nowadays, however, when churches seek environment, a mere product of the world.

reason once more of ‘righteousness and to justify their existence they tell of the into a creature of spirituality, who shares

temperance and judgment to come,' and it number of social clubs, penny lunches for with that Christ who overcame the world,

is just possible that the world, like Felix working girls, gymnasium classes, men's is the true function of the church. Is a

of old, will cease to yawn and begin to clubs, kindergartens, penny savings banks, cure for the sordid sellishness of man,

tremble.” children's story hours, sewing schools, which is the cause of all of those social manual training classes for little boys, and festerings which 'social service' seeks to

On the other hand a vigorous brief so forth, housed under their roofs, man mollify, supernaturalism holds aloft a cru

for “The Social Mission of the Church" aged by their clergy and lay workers and cified Christ, «lespised by the world but by another Episcopalian, John Howard financed by their people. Instead of ser glorified by God, murdered by the world Vellish, rector of Holy Trinity, Brookmons dealing with the eternal verities we but raised to eternal life and alive for lyn, follows Dean Bell's article in The are apt to hear from the pulpits of the evermore. It bids man touch his radiant Atlantic. Ilere we read: “The church really ‘advanced churches continual treat- personality, in prayer, in sacrament, and ments of local politics, the vice question, from Ilim derive strength to go out into tradition and heaven to the Christ of

is shifting its basis from the Christ of prison reform, and so on. It used to be the world and defy it

, battle with it

, science and social redemption. . . . Suthought that a guild-house was an master it, revolutionize it. It says to him, cellent adjunct to a church. Now it is ‘Here you touch perfect humanity and pernaturalism, the expectation of somequite commonly assumed that possibly a manifest divinity. Go forth, and in God's thing or other which is to come down church is a right pretty thing to have at name let your lives show it, in your fear- from the stars, should be consigned by tached to a guild-house."

lessness, in transcendental fire, in burn- all socially-minded men and women to

CX

the museum of ecclesiastical and theo "The Kingdom of God is that social the Gospel of the Kingdom, with the logical antiquities": order which it is the will of God to have

same revolutionary vigor and life with prevail upon the earth. It is a society of which the Protestant Reformation wit“The modern parish more closely re

individual wills, knit into one corporate nessed the rediscovery of the Gospel sembles the Christian Church which will, which resembles more and more the

of individual soul.” braved the Roman Empire and conquered Will of the Father. It is an organization the world, than any form of religion of humanity which is according to the which the world has seen for many cenplan of the Creator. The scene of its

But we find “A Danger to Protesturies. At its heart is a great faith in a

triumph is not the clouds but this earth. tantism” displayed on the cover page living and present Christ. ... Playgrounds Thy Kingdom come on earth. As the of Zion's Herald (Methodist Episcopal, and politics, business and family, charity ideal social order, it is always here in part Boston), in the words of Shailer Maand social justice, individual relief and and yet is always coming. In so far as

thews, president of the Federal Council social revolution, parish-house activities the ideal has been partially realized, in of Churches. A Protestant church canand community effort are ‘outward and the family and in the political democracy,

not be an ethical asylum, he says; it visible signs of the inward and spiritual the kingdom is here; in so far as it has

must be a home in which souls are born grace' of a many-sided modern Church. yet to be worked out, in industrial life and elsewhere, it is still to come.

into newness of life. What it calls ‘social service' is a new ex

We want the

John the pression of religious life, an attempt to

Baptist announced that the Kingdom of message of the pulpit to be heartily in relate many different types of minds to God was imminent. Jesus declared that sympathy with our modern thinking, the larger community of city, nation, and it was here among men, growing up as a “but most of all does American Protworld. It believes in a better world and

seed, at work in society like leaven, des- estantism need a spiritual passion, a sets out, inspired by its faith in a present tined in time to fill the whole earth.” contagious faith in the supremacy of Christ, efficient tho unseen, to produce it,

God's spiritual order and an alarm at by evolution or by revolution.”

When the church awakes from me the misery that waits on sin.” He con

dieval and sixteenth-century dreams cludes that men want to be assured of In the light of our needs and new and consecrates itself to preaching and God and immortality and the worth of knowledge of the gospels, Rector Mel- realizing the Gospel of the Kingdom, righteousness. “They want companionlish declares that Protestantists and Rector Mellish predicts that “there will ship in spiritual loneliness, comfort in Modernist Roman Catholics are restor be such a Day of the Lord as super- hours of pain, courage in moments of ing a part of the gospel, namely, “the naturalists never expected nor hath it moral wavering. Their souls are athirst gospel of the Kingdom.” To the ques- entered into the heads of Catholics and for the Unknown, and they will be sattion, What is the good news? succes Protestants conceive. Men and isfied with nothing save the water that sive answers have been : The end of the

women are groping for it, hungry and comes from the River of God. If world, in the first century; the creator- thirsty for something, they know not the awakening of Protestantism were hood of God, in the Nicene age; the just what; expecting the church to give to mean simply a renascence of ethics, Church, in medieval times; salvation it and cursing the church because it · or a sort of bescriptured positivism, by faith only, in the sixteenth century; disappoints them; turning to panaceas American society would be defrauded. forgiveness of sins, in recent times. which promise more abundant life and When it asks for the bread of life, it Our modern age is about to give a yet leave them unfed. ... What the will not be satisfied with treatises on

church needs to-day is a restoration of eugenics."

to

new answer:

C

GLIMPSES OF THE SPIRITUAL POSSIBILITIES OF

BUSINESS LIFE AN the idealism in business existence of business depends on the manipulators and you have named the be connected with the ideal- maintenance of certain moral princi- main offenders in business to-day. These ism of Christ? Why should ples.”

flagrant offenders have victimized the not the Church allow proper

great body of business men who are “credits” for the idealism

“The more elaborate business becomes, honestly serving the public and are proof which finds expression in unfamiliar

the more dependent it is upon these moral against the peculiar temptations to which qualities. Business to-day is done not

their work exposes them. ways and for the multitudinous disin

with cash but with credit, and credit is “An unusual amount of publicity has terested striving of modern life? The

reputation. Immense transactions are put been given in recent years to business, and spirit of religion has grown far beyond through without the exchange of a penny. is it not probable that the spirit which the churches and there is a tremendous Deals are made and purchases effected by has forced hidden things to light and amount of “anonymous religion” in the men on opposite sides of the globe on the condemned them evidences that we are world to-day. Idealistic genius for basis of the integrity of both parties. The morally more sensitive and not that we business organization should grasp the

very existence of modern business rests are more sinful than the preceding genopportunity of recognizing the religious upon reputation, and reputation is the eration?"

shadow of character. It is essential that quality in all work for the common

the business man have a reputation for good and gathering all kinds of reli

Business rests upon the discovery honesty and that he safeguard his credit, and the supply of social needs. The gious workers about the standard of

Col. Charteris once said to a friend, I'd the church for most effective commu

give fifty thousand pounds for your good organization of business as a whole is nity service. Such is the pleading and name!'“Why so,' asked the other. “Be

"a vast and complex movement of sothe exhortation for “The Reconstruc cause I should make a hundred thousand cial service.” Says Dr. Strayer: tion of the Church” (Macmillan Com out of it,' was the reply.” pany) by the Rev. Dr. Paul Moore

"Perhaps most men would say that they Strayer, an active Presbyterian pastor

Big interests which use corrupt meth are in business for the money and not for in Rochester, N. Y.

ods, it is pointed out, do so in defi- the purpose of performing social service; The sins of big business are not

ance of the accepted principles of busi- and yet the laws of business are such glossed over by Dr. Strayer; but he

ness as well as in defiance of the laws that a man must render service to the reminds us that "the law of service is of the State and humanity.

community or the community will have

none of him. It is 'good business' to be fundamental to business and the very “Couple with the big interests the stock honest, and to play fair, and to make or

PATENT MEDICINE ALCOHOL IN THE CHURCH

263

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sell a real commodity and at least to lead checks upon the abuse of power: “Busi man has a genius for business let the people to believe that one is in busi ness itself has made rules for its own him think of that as a call to a field ness to serve them.

If one's needs are protection, the State has made laws to of activity in which he can help many only selfish and he is thinking only of protect the small competitor and the to find a larger, richer life. ... Rehow much more he can get out of the community than he puts back, the people

common man, workmen have organized ligion is imbedded in all ideal strivwill soon find it out. ... The underlying for collective action, and, more potenting, in all disinterested striving, for all principle of any successful business is the than all, public opinion has changed so such striving implicates faith in somepower to inspire confidence that just that no modern man will dare to say, thing beyond the immediate. . . . When value is given for value received. And I shall do what I please with my busi men understand that a religious life is there can be no establishment of confi- ness. All forms of business are being not something different from the good dence aside from the spirit of the Golden regarded as public service.”

life, but is just living it more abunRule. If a business does not serve some Business ideals of democratizing in- dantly, straightway they will become social need it is uneconomic and useless dustry to conserve human values, to more religious. They may have and will soon be cast aside."

gether with the scientific demand for dropped away from the church," says We sometimes forget that the dis- perfection in the quality of what is Dr. Strayer, “but it was only because honesties of misrepresentation are not produced (note the corresponding re the program of the church has not the stock in trade of successful busi- ligious demand and quest for reality) been big enough and heroic enough to ness; they are the resort of the unsuc do not leave business men far from the captivate their imagination and hold cessful. And this minister cites many kingdom, according to Dr. Strayer. "If their allegiance.”

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ALCOHOL IN PATENT MEDICINE PRECIPITATES A

METHODIST CHURCH CONTROVERSY OHN A. PATTEN, chairman of drug demonstrably present in sufficient his business, says the character of adthe book committee of the Meth quantities to give any appreciable ther- vertizing has been modified since he odist Episcopal Church, said to apeutic effect. Yet this advertizing came into control, and declares that by have occupied the most influen- in bold disregard of the decencies, lays repeated experiment it was found that

tial position, officially or other bare every detail of female ailment, 20 per cent. of alcohol was the least wise, of any layman in the church, has sex mystery and sex relations, and amount which would preserve the therresigned in view of attacks upon him blandly promises miraculous remedial apeutic qualities of other ingredients. as president of the Chattanooga Medi- effects."

He further claims that the medicine is cine Company. The book committee is Many columns in the various Chris- intrinsically unfit as a beverage. the important supervisory body of tian Advocates published by the Meth The Northwestern Christian AdvoMethodist publishing interests. The odist Church under the authority of the cate (Chicago) says: medicine company makes and sells book committee are devoted to reviews Wine of Cardui, a woman's tonic. Mr. of “The Patten Case.” Within the

“A very pertinent inquiry, and one

which must be understood, is: In what Patten has begun legal proceedings for church it took the early form of ex

situation does the church find itself as a libel against The Journal of the Ameri onerating reports by official investigat- result of Mr. Patten's voluntary withcan Medical Association (Chicago) for ing committees, accusations by unsatis- drawal? The issue has been greatly simthe criticisms which were first made by fied critics that the church press was plified by Mr. Patten's action in withthat publication and against Harper's muzzled because columns

not drawing from official position in the Weekly, which has also attacked him. opened to submitted articles, and lastly church. The signatories of the communiHis resignation from the book commit the raising of a specific issue by thirty cation published last week used Cardui as tee and other general church boards is members of the Illinois conference, in

a text to propound a general question as

to the church's attitude on patent or made to relieve the church of embar- cluding seven district superintendents,

proprietary medicines of large alcoholic rassment pending the justification he one theological professor in one of

content, sold indiscriminately, persistently seeks in the courts.

Methodism's largest schools, one presi- used and administered upon self-diagnoThe medical journal charged that dent of a prominent Methodist college, sis. The editor of the Northwestern does Wine of Cardui "is a vicious fraud, that and other pastors of leading Methodist not feel called upon to step beyond that the business is a public nuisance, and Episcopal churches. The issue is stated phase of the question. But that question that its exploitation has been vicious thus:

has been brought squarely before the and fraudulent,” that the advertising

church. The men who were back of the

“The question for the Methodist Epis- Illinois deliverance have disentangled this was “vile, loathsome and indecent,”

copal Church to decide is whether it de- question from the claimed libelous feaand that the medicine belonged to that sires in place of high leadership a man

tures of the case and hold it before the class known as “bracers,” "booze" or who is selling a medicine consisting of church for an answer. That answer must “tipple.” It was argued that its chief one-fifth pure alcohol; nay, more, who is be forthcoming irrespective of the outsponsor should not be permitted to urging through large advertizing the buy

come of the approaching libel proceedhead the big business of the Methodist

ing of this medicine. The outcome of the ings. That is why the Methodist minChurch. Harper's Weekly returns to suit has nothing to do with the answer of

isters of Chicago, on the morning of its attack, which is made not so much the Church to this question. . . .

February 8, adopted unanimously a de

“Even if he (Mr. Patten) should gain liverance pledging themselves to a defibecause of the amount of alcohol in the

the suit and recover $300,000, it would not preparation, as because Mr. Patten, so

nite propaganda of enlightenment in this
change in the least degree the fact that
it claims, “was preying upon the fears

matter."
he has been making money by encourag-
of the womanhood of the country, ing the use of a so-called remedy which

The Western Christian Advocate
alarming young girls and terrifying contains twenty per cent. alcohol-an
wives through newspaper advertizing

(Cincinnati) takes a similar position, amount of alcohol double the amount conthat was as false as the nostrum it ex tained in champagne, or three times the quotes certain percentages of alcohol ploited. Expert analysis reports that

amount contained in the heaviest beer sold prescribed for compounds by the United the essential drug in Wine of Cardui in the market."

States Pharmacopæia, and says: is alcohol and that it is the only Mr. Patten de fends the legitimacy of “The church, like the Anti-Saloon

cent.

League, is pledged to the abolition of the "We do not believe in a medicine with fully weighed and then decided. This is beverage liquor traffic, but that has not a strong alcoholic base. The twenty per the conclusion to which reason and fair been understood to outlaw the maker or of alcohol in Wine of Cardui play impel us, and it is the conclusion seller or buyer of liquid medicinal pre means under two-thirds of a teaspoonful which it would seem would influence the parations which can only be prepared and of alcohol in every so-called tablespoon- world, certainly the church, before the preserved with alcohol.

ful of Wine of Cardui. ... Would it ac guillotine is brought into action.” “However, a satisfactory judgment in cord with sound therapeutics to reduce the subject is not easily obtained. In the percentage of alcohol when everybody The New York Christiani Advocate, deed, science and ethics would seem, at knows that, throughout the whole range the most prominent of the Methodist least to some minds, to stand in open op of our pharmacopeia, the amount of alco- church papers, handles the case editoposition. In order to be consistent on one hol used is arbitrarily determined by the side by the exercize of private judgment, character of the drug. Check this up by rially under the caption "For Thoughtwe are liable to compromize ourselves on

your nearest pharmacist. Our position, ful Consideration” as follows: another side. The question cannot be however, is as stated. settled categorically. Accredited authority "We disapprove absolutely of advertiz "Elsewhere in this issue we present must be relied upon when the individual ing methods which are improper. At the documents bearing on the business of cannot form his own judgment on tech same time, will anyone furnish a speci- John A. Patten, who has proffered his nical subjects."

men of proprietary medicine which is not resignation from the 'general church po

accompanied with matter which interprets sitions' which he has been occupying. The Central Christian Advocate diagnosis? Is not such printed matter These communications provide a sufficient (Kansas City) comments in part as fol- implied in the fact that the medicine is basis for arriving at a sober judgment lows:

sold without a physician's prescription ? concerning the relation of this case to the

Wine of Cardui is prepared for certain interests of the Methodist Episcopal "Personally, we do not believe in self- complaints. What else than those com Church, which is the only aspect of the medication—but millions of people do. plaints can it touch in its printed matter? matter which can with propriety be dis

. . Men and the medical profession "We disapprove of its flamboyant ad- cussed in the denominational press while judge medicines by their fruits.' Regular vertizing. But if Il'ine of Cardui is the Mr. Patten’s several libel suits are pendphysicians prescribe Wine of Cardui. Our poor man's medicine, if it is a valid pre- ing in the courts. We assume that our point is, we do not believe in prescribing scription, to advertize it as widely as pos- readers are intelligent enough to form: for oneself. First the doctor, then the sible is regarded by some as a boon. The an opinion on this subject without edidrug store.

question involved should be carefully and torial advice.”

SOME GENTLE MEDITATIONS ON THE SUBJECT

OF VOTES FOR WOMEN

S

con.

is 110

TATES like New York, New Jer ment for equal suffrage is not Femi- the argument. To change sides, as he sey and Massachusetts, where nism but democracy . .

points out, is an awkward and perilous. votes on constitutional amend- “That agitators sometimes deliberately maneuver, like changing seats in a ments this year will determine endeavor to make themselves disagree- canoe. In order to preserve the equi

whether suffrage is to be ex alle and that they frequently succeed librium of the discussion we must keep tended to women or not, are flooded beyond their expectations .

our original place. On the other hand, with statistics and arguments pro and “That in dealing with high-spirited people in meditation we are free to consider

Both vocal and printed pleas we should remember that the question one side and then the other without emreassemble and reiterate the fighting

of right must always be settled before barrassment: claims of advocates and opponents fa

a question of expediency is considered miliar to those who have followed pre"That husbands have some political rights

"If we change our opinion because the vious campaigns elsewhere. At such a

that their wives are bound to respect · weight of evidence has shifted there is time of strenuous agitation our atten “That a voter does not vote all the time, no one to exult over us and make us tion is attracted by a call to meditation. but is allowed a number of days off in ashamed. If we recognize that we have It is addressed to “the American gen

order to attend to his private business . been mistaken in our assuniptions there tlewoman" and comes in the subtle dis- “That these meditations do not remove

one to say 'I told you so. We arming form of good humor character the weighty practical difficulties in the quietly make the necessary adjustments istic of the author of "The Gentle way of woman suffrage

to ever-changing reality, and go on with

our business of thinking. We are not reReader,” Samuel McChord Crothers. “That most women do not take large and quired to reach any predetermined conThe "table of matters” on which we

disinterested views of public questions · clusions. are asked to meditate by this little vol. “That most

including crowned "Ilhen meditate sometimes ume of "Meditations on Votes for heads — do not take large and dis- change our minds. This is a beneficent Women” (Houghton, Mifflin Co.), of

interested views of public questions . . achievement, for it renders it unnecessary fers, instead of chapter titles, such bits “That nevertheless public questions must for us to spend all our strength in atof food for thought as these:

be considered and human interests must tempting to change the order of the unibe entrusted to human beings

verse and the whole direction of human "That women have existed since the be "That all great and honorable actions are

progress, in order to get a sense of the

fitness of things." ginning of the human race, and that accompanied with great difficulties and they have always taken part in human must be both enterprized and overcome development with answerable courages

Extension of the right of suffrage

to women, Dr. Crothers observes, seems "That theories are sometimes several sizes too large for their practical applica

Dr. Crothers insists that meditation to offer peculiar enticements to controtions . ..

has an advantage over discussion be- versialists. "So much can be said for "That equal suffrage is not the first step

cause it takes two to carry on a dis- and against it, and so easily." Morein an impending revolution, but only a cussion, whereas anyone who is so dis- over, "a citizen who gets the notion that necessary adjustment to the results of posed can meditate. Sometimes, too, the Iloman Peril threatens to over

a revolution that has already happened in debate, we must assume something whelm all things holy may see it smil"That the driving power of the move which is quite doubtful for the sake of ing at him across the tea-table.” Hence

inen

We

we

NEDITATILE OBSERVATIONS OF VOMAN SUFFRAGE

205

It re

the necessity of meditatively reminding "Perhaps before we are through we of independence, like having a check book ourselves now and then of obvious, shall come back to the old-fashioned idea of his own." broad, background aspects of the sub- that the work of men and women is for

Observing that conscience works betject that ordinarily “go without saying." the most part non-competitive, that one Reviewing the demand for equality chivalry will arise from a fresh percep

is the complement of the other. A new ter when it has a steady job, Dr. Croof opportunity for women with men in

thers seriously meditates upon the eftion of differences. But these finer ap- fect of merely intermittent political acmodern society, Dr. Crothers does not

preciations will not come by reverting to see that it follows that women will

tivity on conscientious women. the medieval conception of fixed status.

minds him of what St. Paul described choose to seize all these opportunities They will come slowly as the result of and use them: “This would be a new innumerable experiments, as women dis

as "fighting uncertainly and beating the and intolerable tyranny." cover the things they can do best.”

air.”

"During the past generation there has "When 'women's rights' have become a

Meditating on the embarrassment of

been a great deal of it. While having no dead issue because they have all been that prevailing situation in which a

interest in the commonplace routine of frankly admitted, it does not follow that voting husband is placed by a voteless public affairs, they have been called in to women will be competing more fiercely wife, Dr. Crothers seems to have a use their influence in regard to great with men for the same positions. It is new angle of vision:

moral questions which concern the home. more likely that their work will be more

They have been called to work for temhighly differentiated as their natural apti "When the husband and wife have set

perance legislation, and now they are intudes have free play. Once let the dis- their ininds on the same vote, the result

terested in all that concerns the public tinction of higher and lower be done is not doubtful. The husband, in voting

health. away with, and distinctly feminine emaccording to the dictates of his wife's

"Organizations of women have worked ployments will take a new dignity and conscience, feels a bitterness that he is

with the greatest enthusiasm and effiacquire social prestige. New professions unable to express. It was not quite fair. ciency for specific legislation. They have and arts will arise where women have a If his wife could have used her con

brought to bear the power which comes natural advantage.” science in a more impersonal way, it

from an awakened conscience, and they

have succeeded in their immediate aims. would have been a good diffused over the

But this moral activity is spasmodic. It The struggle for equal educational whole community. But she concentrated opportunities with men which neces

it all on him and bore down all opposi- is of the nature of a crusade.”

tion. sarily at first demanded the right to

"If instead of having only one vote for

“The moralizing of politics is a the same education as men. Dr. Cro- the family they could have their indi- steady job,” reaffirms Dr. Crothers, thers recalls to mind as a phase of a vidual votes, what a convenience it would "and it tends to develop a better baltransitional development:

be! It would give the husband a sense anced character.”

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THE MAP THAT GROWS WHITER EVERY YEAR
WHITE STATES: Full Suffrage

SHADED STATES: Taxation, Bond or School Suffrage
DOTTED STATE: Presidential, Partial County and State, Municipal Suffrage

BLACK STATES: No Suffrage -From the Suffrage Number of the New York Ezening Post.

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